William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2388. صقر17 2389. صقع15 2390. صقل14 2391. صك3 2392. صكم10 2393. صل52394. صلب19 2395. صلت14 2396. صلح17 2397. صلخ10 2398. صلد17 2399. صلط7 2400. صلع16 2401. صلغ14 2402. صلف17 2403. صلق16 2404. صلم17 2405. صلهب6 2406. صلو9 2407. صلى8 2408. صم4 2409. صمت17 2410. صمج7 2411. صمخ13 2412. صمد14 2413. صمر13 2414. صمع18 2415. صمغ14 2416. صمقر3 2417. صملخ7 2418. صمي7 2419. صن4 2420. صنب9 2421. صنبر12 2422. صنج16 2423. صند9 2424. صندق6 2425. صندل9 2426. صنر9 2427. صنط3 2428. صنع19 2429. صنف16 2430. صنم15 2431. صنو10 2432. صنى3 2433. صه8 2434. صهب17 2435. صهر16 2436. صهرج9 2437. صهصلق5 2438. صهصى1 2439. صهل13 2440. صهو7 2441. صو1 2442. صوب19 2443. صوبج1 2444. صوت16 2445. صوج5 2446. صوح13 2447. صوخ6 2448. صود5 2449. صور20 2450. صوع15 2451. صوغ16 2452. صوف17 2453. صوك8 2454. صول15 2455. صولج2 2456. صوم19 2457. صون14 2458. صوى8 2459. صيب9 2460. صيح12 2461. صيد18 2462. صير17 2463. صيص10 2464. صيع7 2465. صيغ5 2466. صيف18 2467. صيك6 2468. صيل5 2469. صين7 2470. ض6 2471. ضأ1 2472. ضأبل2 2473. ضأز6 2474. ضأل13 2475. ضأن11 2476. ضب3 2477. ضبأ10 2478. ضبث12 2479. ضبح15 2480. ضبر17 2481. ضبط19 2482. ضبع19 2483. ضبن12 2484. ضبنط3 2485. ضبو5 2486. ضج4 2487. ضجر15 Prev. 100




1 صَلَّ, aor. يَصِلُّ, inf. n. صَلِيلٌ, It sounded; or made, produced, emitted, or sent forth, a sound; (S, M, O, K;) as also ↓ صَلْصَلَ, inf. n. صَلْصَلَةٌ and مُصَلْصَلٌ, (M, K, [in the CK صَلْصَلًا is erroneously put for مُصَلْصَلًا,]) or مُصَلْصَلٌ may be a n. of place; (M;) and صَلْصَلَةٌ [sometimes, or always, implies repetition, as will be shown by what follows, or], accord. to Lth, is more intensive, or more vehement, than صَلِيلٌ: (TA:) the former verb is said of iron [when struck with iron or the like, (see Ham p. 353, and what here follows,) meaning it made a clashing, or a ringing, sound], as also ↓ صَلْصَلَ; (TA;) of a nail &c., (S, O,) of a nail when struck so that it is forced to enter into a thing, (M, K,) as in a verse of Lebeed cited in art. حكم, conj. 4; (S, M, O;) of helmets of iron (بَيْض) when struck with swords, meaning they made a ringing sound; (M, K; *) [see an ex. of the inf. n. voce رَعْدٌ;] also of an empty jar when it is struck; (TA;) and of any dry clay, or baked pottery: (M:) also of a لِجَام [i. e. bit], meaning it made a prolonged sound; (M, K;) and ↓ صَلْصَلَ, (M, K,) inf. n. صَلْصَلَةٌ, (S,) said of the same, (S, M, * K, *) it made repeated sounds, (S, M, K,) and so ↓ تَصَلْصَلَ; (M, K;) which last is also said of a woman's, or other, ornament, meaning it made a [tinkling, or ringing,] sound; (S, K;) and of clay mixed with sand when it has become dry [app. as meaning it made a crackling sound when trodden upon]; (S;) mention is also made, in a trad., of the ↓ صَلْصَلَة [i. e. ringing, or tinkling,] or a bell; (K;) and [its verb] صَلْصَلَ is said of anything dry [as meaning it made a sound, or noise, when struck, or put in motion]; (Lth, TA;) and also of thunder, meaning it made a clear sound. (M, K.) b2: [Hence,] صَلَّتِ الإِبِلُ, (M, K,) aor. تَصِلُّ, (M,) inf. n. صَلِيلٌ, The camels made a [rumbling] sound to be heard on the occasion of drinking in consequence of their intestines' having become dry: (M, K:) [and in like manner الخَيْلُ the horses:] one says, جَآءَتِ الخَيْلُ تَصِلُّ عَطَشًا The horses came making a [rumbling] sound to be heard from their bellies in consequence of thirst: (S, O:) and سَمِعْتُ لِجَوْفِهِ صَلِيلًا مِنَ العَطَشِ [I heard a rumbling sound of his belly in consequence of thirst]. (T, TA.) And صَلَّ السِّقَآءُ, inf. n. صَلِيلٌ, (tropical:) The water-skin became dry, (M, TA,) not having any water in it, so that it was such as would make a kind of clattering or crackling noise (يَتَقَعْقَعُ) [when struck or shaken or bent]. (TA.) And صَلِيلٌ also signifies The sounding of the entering of water into the earth, or ground. (M in art. صم.) A2: صَلَّ, (S, M, O, K,) aor. يَصِلُّ, (S, M, O,) inf. n. صُلُولٌ; (S, M, O, K;) and also, sec. pers. صَلِلْتَ, aor. تَصَلُّ; (O, TA;) and ↓ اصلّ; (S, M, O, K;) or only the latter; (Zj, TA;) or it may be الصُّلُولُ is said, as it occurs in a verse of El-Hotei-ah, and not صَلَّ; like العَطَآءُ from أَعْطَى, and القُلُوعُ from أَقْلَعَتِ الحُمَّى; (IB, TA;) It was, or became, stinking; said of flesh-meat, (S, M, O, K,) whether cooked or raw; (S, O;) said by some to be used only in relation to that which is raw; but ↓ أَصَلَّتْ occurs, in a verse of Zuheyr, said of a مُضْغَة [or bit of flesh-meat that is chewed], which indicates that it is used in relation to that which is cooked and roasted; or, accord. to some, the verb here means أَثْقَلَت [which has rendered heavy the eater]: (M:) and one says also اللِّحَامُ ↓ صَلَّلَتِ [the flesh-meats were, or became stinking (in both of my copies of the S اللِّجَامُ is erroneously put for اللِّحَامُ, the reading in other copies of the S and in the O)]; the verb in this instance being with teshdeed لِلْكَثْرَةِ [i. e. because of its relation to many subjects, or to a pl.]. (S, O.) In the Kur [xxxii. 9], some read أَإِذَا صَلَلْنَا فِى الْأَرْضِ, (M, O, TA,) [instead of the common reading, which is ضَلَلْنَا, with ض,] and some read صَلِلْنَا, (O, TA,) which has two meanings: i. e. When we shall have become stinking, in the earth, and altered in ourselves and in our forms? and when we shall have become dried up? from صَلَّةٌ meaning “ dry ground. ” (TA.) b2: And صَلَّ, (M, K,) inf. n. صُلُولٌ, (TA,) is also said of water, meaning It became altered for the worse in taste and colour. (M, K.) A3: صَلَّتْهُمُ الصَّالَّةُ, (S, M, O, K,) aor. تَصُلُّهُمْ, (S, O,) (tropical:) Calamity, or the calamity, befell them. (S, M, O, K, TA.) A4: صَلَّ الشَّرَابَ, (M, K,) aor. يَصُلُّهُ, (TA,) inf. n. صَلٌّ, He cleared the wine, or beverage. (M, K.) b2: And صَلَلْنَا الحَبَّ, (O,) or صَلَلْنَا الحَبَّ المُخْتَلِطَ بِالتُّرَابِ, (K,) [We cleared the grain that was mixed with dust, or earth, from the dust, or earth, by pouring water upon it; or] we poured water upon the grain that was mixed with earth, or dust, so that each became separated from the other: (O, K:) one says, ↓ هٰذِهِ صُلَالَتُهُ [app. meaning This is its water with which it has been washed; like as one says referring to anything that has been washed, هٰذِهِ غُسَالَتُهُ, and مُوَاصَتَهُ, meaning as above]. (K.) A5: صَلَلْتُ الخُفَّ: see the next paragraph.2 صَلَّلَتِ اللِّحَامُ: see 1, latter half.

A2: صَلَّلْتُ الخُفَّ; (so in my copies of the S;) or ↓ صَلَلْتُ الخُفَّ, (so accord. to the O and TA,) inf. n. صَلٌّ; (TA;) [meaning, as is indicated by what immediately precedes in the S and O, He put a piece of skin such as is termed صَلَّة to the boot, app., to its sole (see صَلَّةٌ): or, as is indicated by what immediately precedes in the TA, he put a lining (termed صَلَالَة) to the boot: the verb without teshdeed (written in the O صَللْتُ) I think to be a mistranscription, notwithstanding the inf. n. assigned to it in the TA: general analogy is in favour of its being with teshdeed; and it is said that] تَصْلِيلٌ signifies The putting skin upon a thing. (KL.) 4 أَصْلَ3َ see 1, latter half, in two places.

A2: اصلّ المَآءَ It (oldness) altered the water for the worse in taste and colour. (M, K.) R. Q. 1 صَلْصَلَ: see 1, former half, in four places. b2: Also He threatened, or menaced; and frightened, or terrified. (IDrd, O, K.) b3: and He slew the chief man of the army. (IDrd, O, K.) A2: And صلصل الكَلِمَةَ (tropical:) He uttered the كلمة [or sentence] with a feigning, or making a show, of skilfulness. (Z, O, TA.) R. Q. 2 تَصَلْصَلَ: see 1, former half. b2: It is also said of a pool of water left by a torrent, as meaning Its black mud became dry [app. because such dry mud makes a crackling sound when trodden upon]. (IDrd, O, K.) صَلٌّ: see صَلَّةٌ, latter part.

صُلٌّ Flesh-meat, &c., altered [for the worse]. (K.) صِلٌّ A serpent: (K:) or a serpent against which charming is of no avail: (S, O:) or a serpent that kills at once when it bites: (M:) or a yellow serpent (K) in the case of which charming is of no avail: (TA:) or a yellow serpent that is found in the sand; when a man sees it, he ceases not to tremble until he dies: (Har p. 102:) pl. أَصْلَالٌ. (S, M, * O, K. *) One says, إِنَّهَا لَصِلُّ صَفًا [lit. Verily it is a deadly serpent of smooth stones; i. e., such as is found among smooth stones;] meaning, an abominable serpent like the viper. (S, O.) And إِنَّهُ لَصِلُّ أَصْلَالٍ [lit.] (assumed tropical:) Verily he is a serpent of serpents; thus one says of a man, likening him to a serpent; (S, O;) meaning cunning, or crafty, and abominable, (S, M, O, K,) in contention, (M,) or in contention and in other cases: (M, K:) like as one says ضِلُّ أَضْلَالٍ, and ضِرُّ أَضْرَارٍ. (TA in art. ضر.) b2: And (tropical:) A calamity, or misfortune; as also ↓ صَالَّةٌ. (M, K, TA.) So the former in the saying, مُنِىَ فُلَانٌ بِصِلٍّ (tropical:) [Such a one was tried with a calamity]. (TA.) b3: And (tropical:) A sharp sword: pl. as above. (A, O, K, TA.) b4: And (tropical:) An equal, or a match. (Z, K, TA.) One says, هٰذَا صِلُّ هٰذَا (tropical:) This is the equal, or match, of this. (Z, TA.) And هُمَا صِلَّانِ (assumed tropical:) They two are likes. (Kr, M.) A2: See also صَلَّةٌ, latter part.

A3: Also A certain plant: (S, O:) or a species of trees. (M, K.) صَلَّةٌ [as an inf. n. of un.] The sound of a nail and the like, when it is struck with force; as also ↓ صِلَّةٌ. (K.) And The sound of the لِجَام [or bit]. (K.) A2: Also Dry ground: (S, M, O, K:) or ground, or land, not rained upon, between two tracts of ground, or land, that are rained upon; (M, K;) because, being dry, it makes a sound [when trodden upon]: (M:) or accord. to IDrd, ground, or land, rained upon, between two tracts not rained upon; (O:) or simply ground, or land, (M, K,) whatever it be; like سَاهِرَةٌ: (M:) pl. صِلَالٌ. (M, O, K.) b2: And A sole: (K:) [ISd says,] خُفٌّ جَيِّدُ الصَّلَّةِ means [A boot good] in respect of the sole; which is thus called by the name of the ground, not otherwise; in my opinion because of its dryness, and its making a sound on the occasion of treading. (M. [See also another explanation of this phrase in what follows.]) b3: Also Skin: one says خُفٌّ جَيِّدُ الصَّلَّةِ [A boot good in respect of the skin; somewhat differently expl. above]: (S, O:) or dry skin, before the tanning. (M, K.) And Stinking skin in the tan. (K.) b4: Also An extensive rain: (K:) and a scattered, scanty rain: (M, K:) and so ↓ صَلٌّ and ↓ صِلٌّ: thus having two contr. meanings: (K:) pl. as above: (M:) or صِلَالٌ, its pl., signifies portions of scattered rains, falling by little and little. (S, O.) b5: And (assumed tropical:) A portion, (K,) or a scattered portion, (M,) of herbage: (M, K:) pl. as above: (M:) or [the pl.] صِلَالٌ signifies (assumed tropical:) herbage; which is thus called by the name of the rain. (S, O.) b6: And Moist earth. (O, K.) b7: See also صُلَّةٌ.

A3: Also The اِسْت [i. e. podex, or anus]. (TA.) صُلَّةٌ, with damm, (K,) or ↓ صَلَّةٌ, (so in the O,) Remains of water (O, K) in a watering-trough; thus expl. by Fr; (O;) and of other things, (K,) such as [the oils called] دُهْن and زَيْت. (TA.) [See also صُلْصُلَةٌ.] b2: And A fetid odour. (K.) b3: And The flabbiness of moist flesh-meat. (K.) صِلَّةٌ: see صَلَّةٌ, first sentence. b2: هُوَ تِبْعُ صِلَّةٍ, or with ض, [i. e. ضِلَّةٍ,] accord. to different relaters, means He is a very cunning man (دَاهِيَةٌ), one in whom is no good. (TA.) صِلَالٌ pl. of صَلَّةٌ [q. v.]. (S, M, O, K.) b2: Also The leg of a boot; (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K;) and so ↓ صِلَالَةٌ: (K:) or ↓ the latter signifies the lining of a boot: (M, K:) the pl. of the former is أَصِلَّةٌ. (Ibn-'Abbád, O.) صُلَالَةٌ: see 1, last sentence but one.

صِلَالَةٌ: see صِلَالٌ, in two places.

صَلَّالٌ Clay that makes a sound like as does new pottery; as also ↓ مِصْلَالٌ. (S, O.) b2: and رَجُلٌ صَلَّالٌ مِنَ الظَّمَأِ [A man making a rumbling sound to be heard from his belly in consequence of being thirsty: see 1]. (TA.) A2: Also, (K,) i. e. like شَدَّادٌ, (TA,) or ↓ صُلَّالٌ, (so in a copy of the M,) Water altered for the worse in taste and colour. (M, K.) صُلَّالٌ: see what next precedes.

صِلِّيَانٌ, of the measure فِعْلِيَانٌ, (S, O,) or, accord. to some, of the measure فِعِّلَانٌ, (TA in art. صلى,) A certain plant; (K;) a certain herb, or leguminous plant; (بَقْلَةٌ;) (S, O;) a sort of plants (شَجَرٌ [which means thus as well as “ trees ”

&c.]), said by AHn to be of the [kind called]

طَرِيفَة, that grows upwards, the thickest portions whereof are the stems (أَعْجَاز) and the lower parts, of the size of the حَلِىّ, and the places of its growth are the plain, or soft, tracts, and the meadows (رِيَاض): AA, he adds, says that it is of the [kind called] جَنْبَة, because of its thickness and lastingness: (M:) Az says that it is of the best kind of herbage, or pasture, and has a [root such as is termed] جِعْثِنَة, and thin leaves: (TA:) it is called خُبْزَةُ الإِبِلِ [the bread of the camels]: (TA in art. صلى:) the n. un. is with ة. (S, M, O, K.) It is said in a prov., (S, M, O,) of a man who hastens to swear an oath, (S, O,) or of one who boldly ventures to swear a false oath, (TA,) and has no impediment in his speech (S, O, TA) in doing so, (TA,) جَذَّهَا جَذَّ العَيْرِ الصِّلِّيَانَةَ (S, M, O, TA) He hastened to it as the ass hastens to the صلّيانة: (L in art. جذ:) because the ass often plucks out the صلّيانة by the root when he takes it for pasture. (S, O.) صَالٌّ: see صَلْصَالٌ, in two places. b2: Also, [app. a part. n. used as a subst.,] Water that falls upon the ground, which then cracks, (O, K,) or, as in the L, which then dries (فَيَيْبَسُ فَتَجِفُّ [correctly فَتَيْبَسُ فَتَجِفُّ, as referring to الأَرْض, or rather فَتَيْبَسُ وَتَجِفُّ]), causing a sound to be heard. (TA.) صَالَّةٌ: see صِلٌّ.

صَلْصَلٌ: see the next paragraph.

A2: It is [also] said to signify Stinking; from صَلَّ said of flesh-meat. (O.) صُلْصُلٌ: see صَلْصَالٌ.

A2: Also A certain bird: (K:) a certain small bird: (M:) or (K) the [collared turtle-dove called] فَاخِتَة; (IAar, S, O, K;) the bird which the Persians (العَجَم) call by this latter name: (Lth, TA:) or a bird resembling the فَاخِتَة: Az says, it is what is called موشجة [evidently a mistranscription for مُوَشَّحَة, q. v.]: (TA:) pl. صَلَاصِلُ: (IAar, TA:) and ↓ صُلْصُلَةٌ signifies a pigeon, (IAar, O, K, TA,) or a female pigeon. (IAar, TA.) A3: Also The forelock of a horse; (S, M, O, K;) and so ↓ صَلْصَلٌ: (K:) or a whiteness in a horse's mane. (M, K.) b2: and Hair of the back of a horse, and of [the part of the breast called] the لَبَّة, that has become white in consequence of the falling-off of the hair. (K.) A4: And A [drinking-cup, or bowl, such as is called] قَدَح: (K:) or a small قَدَح; (As, O, K;) [i. e.] a قَدَح such as is called غُمَر. (AHn, M.) A5: And A skilful pastor. (IAar, O, K.) A6: See also صُلْصُلَةٌ.

صَلْصَلَةٌ: see the next paragraph.

صُلْصُلَةٌ: see صُلْصُلٌ.

A2: Also A portion remaining of water (S, M, O, K) in a pool left by a torrent, (M, K,) and in a vessel, or in the [kind of small skin called] إِدَاوَة, and in the lower part of a pool left by a torrent, (S, O,) and likewise of [the kinds of oil called] زَيْت (S, * M, O, * K) and دُهْن; (M, K;) as also ↓ صَلْصَلَةٌ, (Ibn-'Abbád, M, O, K,) and ↓ صُلْصُلٌ: (M, K:) pl. صَلَاصِلُ. (S, M, O.) [See also صُلَّةٌ.] b2: and i. q. وَفْرَةٌ (IAar, O, K) and جَمَّةٌ (AA, TA) [i. e. Hair collected together upon the head, or hanging down upon the ears, or extending beyond the lobe of the ear, &c.].

صَلْصَالٌ A noisy ass; as also ↓ صُلْصُلٌ and ↓ صُلَاصِلٌ and ↓ مُصَلْصِلٌ: (M, K:) an ass strong in voice [or bray], vehement therein. (Aboo-Ahmad El-'Askeree, TA.) And A horse sharp and slender [or shrill] in voice [or neigh]. (M, TA.) And A wild ass sharp in voice; as also ↓ صَالٌّ: so says Aboo-Ahmad El-Askeree: and thus is expl. the saying in a trad., أَتُحِبُّونَ أَنْ

↓ تَكُونُوا مِثْلَ الحَمِيرِ الصَّالَّةِ, app. meaning [Would ye love to be like the asses] sound in bodies, vehement in voices, by reason of their strength and their briskness? (TA.) b2: Also Clay not made into pottery; (M, K;) so called because of its making a sound (لِتَصَلْصُلِهِ: (M:) or clay mixed with sand; (S, O, K;) which, when it becomes dry, makes a sound; and which, when baked, is فَخَّار: (S, O:) or dry clay, that makes a sound by reason of its dryness: (Z, O, TA:) thus in the Kur lv.13 [and xv. 26 and 28 and 33]: or, accord. to Mujáhid, i. q. حَمَأٌ مَسْنُونٌ [which means black mud altered for the worse in odour]. (TA.) A2: and صَلْصَالَةٌ A land in which is no one. (O, TA.) صُلَاصِلٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مِصَلَّةٌ A vessel in which wine, or beverage, is cleared: (M, K:) of the dial. of El-Yemen. (M.) مُصَلِّلٌ Copious, or abundant, rain. (IAar, O, K.) A2: Also A generous, or noble, and honourable, chief, pure in respect of parentage; as also ↓ مُصَلْصَلٌ, with fet-h: (K:) or one who is pure in respect of generosity, or nobility, and of parentage: (IAar, O:) and ↓ رَجُلٌ مُصَلْصِلٌ [thus in the O] a man who is a generous, or noble, chief, pure in respect of parentage, and honourable. (Ibn-'Abbád, O.) b2: And The أَسْكَف [or maker of boots]; who is also called by the vulgar [or the people of the towns and village] إِسْكَاف. (IAar, O, K.) مِصْلَالٌ: see صَلَّالٌ.

مُصَلْصَلٌ may be either an inf. n. of صَلْصَلَ or a n. of place. (M. [See 1, first sentence.]) b2: [Also an epithet, if not a mistake for مُصَلْصِلٌ:] see مُصَلِّلٌ.

مُصَلْصِلٌ: see صَلْصَالٌ: b2: and see also مُصَلِّلٌ.
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