William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2445. صوج5 2446. صوح12 2447. صوخ5 2448. صود5 2449. صور19 2450. صوع142451. صوغ15 2452. صوف16 2453. صوك7 2454. صول14 2455. صولج2 2456. صوم18 2457. صون13 2458. صوى8 2459. صيب9 2460. صيح11 2461. صيد17 2462. صير16 2463. صيص10 2464. صيع6 2465. صيغ4 2466. صيف17 2467. صيك5 2468. صيل5 2469. صين6 2470. ض5 2471. ضأ1 2472. ضأبل2 2473. ضأز6 2474. ضأل13 2475. ضأن11 2476. ضب3 2477. ضبأ10 2478. ضبث11 2479. ضبح14 2480. ضبر16 2481. ضبط18 2482. ضبع18 2483. ضبن11 2484. ضبنط3 2485. ضبو4 2486. ضج4 2487. ضجر14 2488. ضجع17 2489. ضجم10 2490. ضح2 2491. ضحك16 2492. ضحل14 2493. ضخم10 2494. ضد5 2495. ضر5 2496. ضرب22 2497. ضرج14 2498. ضرح14 2499. ضرس17 2500. ضرط17 2501. ضرع19 2502. ضرغم11 2503. ضرم14 2504. ضرو4 2505. ضَعٌّ1 2506. ضعف19 2507. ضعو3 2508. ضغث17 2509. ضغط16 2510. ضغن16 2511. ضف4 2512. ضفدع9 2513. ضفر16 2514. ضفو9 2515. ضل5 2516. ضلع16 2517. ضم6 2518. ضمحل5 2519. ضمحن3 2520. ضمخ12 2521. ضمد14 2522. ضمر15 2523. ضمن17 2524. ضن5 2525. ضنأ8 2526. ضنك16 2527. ضنو2 2528. ضنى3 2529. ضهأ8 2530. ضهب10 2531. ضهد9 2532. ضهضب1 2533. ضهو4 2534. ضهى3 2535. ضهيأ1 2536. ضو1 2537. ضوأ13 2538. ضوح2 2539. ضود4 2540. ضور12 2541. ضوز7 2542. ضوض3 2543. ضوع12 2544. ضوف5 Prev. 100
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صوع

1 صُعْتُهُ, (O, K,) [from صَاعَهُ,] aor. أَصُوعُهُ, (K,) inf. n. صَوْعٌ, (TA,) I measured it with the صَاع [q. v.]. (O, K.) One says, هٰذَا طَعَامٌ يُصَاعُ i. e. [This is wheat] that is measured [with the صاع]. (O.) b2: And (assumed tropical:) [I collected it together, like as the measurer collects the corn &c. in the measure: and the contr., i. e.] I dispersed it, or scattered it; (S, O, K;) in which sense it is [said to be] tropical; (TA;) and صِعْتُهُ, aor. أَصِيعُهُ, (K in art. صيع,) inf. n. صَيْعٌ, (TA in that art.,) signifies the same. (K in that art.) One says, صُعْتُ الأَقْرَانَ, and غَيْرَهُمْ, (tropical:) I came to the antagonists, and others, from their sides: (K, TA:) of a courageous man, or a courageous armed man, one says, يَصُوعُ أَقْرَانَهُ (tropical:) He comes to his antagonists from their sides; (S, O, TA;) and the like is cited in the T from Lth; or as meaning he encompasses their sides; (TA;) or he collects together his antagonists (IKtt, Z, TA) from every side, (IKtt, TA,) like as the measurer collects together that which is measured: (Z, TA:) and of a man, (S, O,) or a pastor, (Lth, IKtt, Z,) يَصُوعُ الإِبِلَ, (S, O,) or مَاشِيَتَهُ, (Lth,) or إِبِلَهُ, (IKtt, Z,) (tropical:) He comes [to the camels or] to his cattle [or to his camels] from their sides; or he encompasses their sides; (Lth, TA;) or he collects them together (IKtt, Z, TA) from every side, (IKtt, TA,) like as the measurer collects together that which is measured: (Z, TA:) but Az says that the foregoing explanations by Lth are wrong; that يَصُوعُ أَقْرَانَهُ, said of a courageous man, or a courageous armed man, means he charges upon his antagonists and disperses them; and يَصُوعُ إِبِلَهُ, said of a pastor, he disperses his camels in the place of pasture; and يَصُوعُ المَعَزَ, said of a hegoat, he disperses the [she-] goats; and صَاعَ الغَنَمَ, aor. as above, and so the inf. n., he dispersed the sheep or goats; (TA;) and الغَنَمَ ↓ اصاع, inf. n. إِصَاعَةٌ, signifies thus likewise: (Lh, TA in art. صيع:) Lh also says that صُعْتُ الغَنَمَ, aor. أَصُوعُهَا, inf. n. صَوْعٌ, and صِعْتُهَا, aor. أَصِيعُهَا, inf. n. صَيْعٌ, both signify I dispersed the sheep or goats: (O in art. صيع:) or, accord. to IKtt, صاع إِبِلَهُ, said of a pastor, has two contr. meanings; he collected together his camels from every side; and also he dispersed his camels. (TA.) b3: Also I frightened him. (Ibn-'Abbád, * O, * K.) b4: And صُعْتُ القَوْمَ, aor. أَصُوعُهُمْ, (Lh, O in art. صيع,) inf. n. صَوْعٌ, (TA in that art.,) I urged, or incited, the people, or party; (Lh, O and TA in that art.;) and so صِعْتُ القَوْمَ, (Lh, O and K in that art.,) aor. أَصِيعُهُمْ, (Lh, O ibid.,) inf. n. صَيْعٌ. (TA ibid.) b5: b6: [And صاع الكُرَةَ He propelled the ball with the صَوْلَجَان. (See صَاعٌ below, last sentence.)] b7: And صَاعَتِ النَّحْلُ, (K,) [app. for صاعت النحل بَعْضُهَا بَعْضًا,] aor. تَصُوعُ, (O,) inf. n. صَوْعٌ, (TA,) The bees followed [as though driving along] one another. (O, K.) b8: And صاع الشَّىْءَ, inf. n. صَوْعٌ, He folded, or doubled, the thing; twisted it; or bent it. (IKtt, TA.) 2 صَوَّعَتْ مَوْضِعًا, (O, K,) inf. n. تَصْوِيعٌ, (K,) She (a woman) prepared a place, such as is termed صَاعَة, (O, K, TA,) and made it even, (TA,) for the separating and loosening of cotton. (O, K.) b2: صوّعت الرِّيحُ النَّبَاتَ The wind dried up, or caused to dry up, the plants, or herbage; (O, K;) as also صَوَّحَتْهُ. (TA.) b3: صوّع الشَّىْءَ He made the thing pointed in its head. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.) b4: And He rounded the thing in its sides. (O, K.) b5: صّوع, (K,) inf. n. as above, (O,) said of an ass, [meaning a wild ass,] He drove his she asses to the right and left: (O, K:) so expl. by Ibn-'Abbád. (O.) And, said of a horse, He went at random, and resisted his owner [or rider]. (TA.) b6: صوّع إِلَيْهِ [said of a man, as is indicated in the O,] He turned about his head towards him: and he turned his face towards him. (O, TA.) b7: And صوّع رَأْسَهُ, said of a bird, It moved, or moved about, its head. (TA.) 4 اصاع الغَنَمَ: see 1, latter half.5 تصوّع It became dispersed, or scattered; as also ↓ انصاع. (S.) You say, تصوّع القَوْمُ The people, or party, became dispersed, or scattered, and remote, all of them, one from another. (O, K.) b2: Also, said of hair, It became contracted, and much split: [app. by reason of dryness: like تصوّح:] (Lth, O, K:) or it became dispersed, or scattered; (Lh, O, K;) and it fell off by degrees. (O, K.) b3: And, said of herbage, It became dried up; (S, O, K;) like تصوّح; (O;) as also تصيّع. (S; and O and K in art. صيع.) 7 انصاع: see 5. b2: Also (tropical:) He turned away, or back, retreating, or returning, (S, O, K, TA,) and went (S, TA) quickly, or hastening: (S, O, K, TA:) or you say, انصاع القَوْمُ (tropical:) The people, or party, went away quickly: and مُدْبِرًا (tropical:) He went away [turning back] quickly. (TA.) [See an ex. voce صَارَّةٌ.] b3: And (assumed tropical:) It (a bird) ascended, or mounted, into the air, between the earth and sky, or into the middle of the sky. (TA in art. صيع, from the book entitled “ Ghareeb el-Hamám ” by El-Hasan Ibn-' Abd-Alláh El-Kátib El-Isbahánee.) صَاعٌ (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K) and ↓ صُوعٌ and ↓ صَوْعٌ (O, K) and ↓ صُوَاعٌ (S, O, K) and ↓ صِوَاعٌ, (O, K,) thus accord. to five different readers of the Kur in xii. 72, (O, K, * TA,) A certain measure used for measuring corn (& c.], (S, O, Msb, K,) and upon which turn [or depend] the decisions of the Muslims [relating to measures of capacity]: (K:) or the صاع is different from the ↓ صُوَاع; (S, K;) the latter being a certain vessel, in [or from] which one drinks [as will be expl. hereafter in this paragraph]: (S, TA:) the former is four أَمْدَاد [pl. of مُدٌّ]; (S, O, Msb, K;) i. e. (Msb) five أَرْطَال [or pints] and a third, (Mgh, Msb, TA,) by the measure of Baghdád; (Msb;) the مُدّ being a pint and a third: (K, TA:) so with the people of El-Hijáz, (Mgh, TA,) [i. e.] so with the people of the Harameyn, as was proved by a number of specimens of the صاع used in dealings with the Prophet, (Msb,) and so accord. to Esh-Sháfi'ee: (TA:) but with the people of El-' Irák it was eight pints, (Mgh, Msb, TA,) with whom agreed Aboo-Haneefeh; the مُدّ with them being two pints; (Msb, TA;) but the addition was made by El-Hajjáj; and their صاع was the قَفِيز حَجَّاجِىّ, and was unknown to the people of El-Medeeneh, as is said by Az: (Msb:) accord. to Ed-Dáwoodee, its invariable measure is four times the quantity [of corn & c.] that fills the two hands, that are neither large nor small, of a man; for the صاع of the Prophet is not found in every place; and this (the author of the K says, TA) I have tried, and found to be correct: (K, TA:) the word is masc. and fem.: (Zj, Msb, K, TA:) accord. to Fr, the people of El-Hijáz make it fem.; and Benoo-Asad, except some of them, make it masc., as do the people of Nejd; and Zj says that the more chaste way is to make it masc.: (Msb:) the pl. (of pauc., used by those who make the sing. fem., O, Msb) is أَصْوُعٌ, (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K,) for which one may say أَصْؤُعٌ, (S, O, K, *) changing the و into hemzeh, (S, O,) and accord. to AAF some say آصُعٌ, like آدُرٌ, (Mgh, Msb,) a pl. of دَارٌ, (Mgh,) but AHát says that this is a vulgar mistake, (Msb,) and أَصْوَاعٌ, (O, Msb, K,) which is used by those who make the sing. masc., (O, Msb,) and [of mult.] صُوعٌ, (K,) which is app. pl. of ↓ صِوَاعٌ, with kesr, (TA,) and صِيعَانٌ, (Mgh, O, Msb, K,) which is [likewise] a pl. of mult., (Msb,) or this last is pl. of ↓ صُوَاعٌ: and this sing. signifies a [vessel of the kind called] جَام, [app. here used in the sense which this word commonly has in Pers., i. e. as meaning a cup,] in which, (K, TA,) or from which, (TA,) one drinks: (K, TA:) Sa'eed Ibn-Jubeyr says that the صواع of the king [mentioned in the Kur xii. 72] was the Persian مَكُّوك, of which the two extremities [are compressed so that they] meet together [app. in such a manner that the whole vessel resembles a small boat, the word مكّوك being expl. in several dictionaries as applied to a drinking-vessel of this form, probably from the Pers. مَكُّوكْ signifying “ a shuttle ” and used in this sense in modern Arabic]: El-Hasan says that the صُوَاع and the سِقَايَة are one thing, as Zj also says; and that the صواع of the king is said to have been of وَرِق [meaning silver], and that they used to measure with it and sometimes they drank with it: Zj says that it is explained as an oblong vessel, resembling the مَكُّوك, with which the king used to drink; and said by some to have been of مِسّ [which (as is said in the TA in art. مس) means copper, from the Pers. مِسْ]. (TA.) [See also صَوْغٌ, with غ.] b2: صَاعٌ signifies also (assumed tropical:) The place [or plot] in which a صاع [of seed] is sown: so in a trad. (TA.) b3: And (tropical:) A depressed piece of ground; (S, O, K, TA;) as also ↓ صَاعَةٌ; (O, K, TA;) like an excavation: or, as some say, a depressed place, sloping down from its surrounding borders: (TA:) or a narrow, depressed place. (TA in art. طأ.) b4: And (assumed tropical:) A place that is swept and in which one then plays: (Ibn-' Abbád, O, K:) [see the verse cited in what follows:] and ↓ صَاعَةٌ is said to signify a piece of ground which a boy sweeps, removing its pebbles, and in which he plays with the ball: and a bare place, in which is nothing. (TA.) b5: And The place of the breast of the ostrich when she puts it upon the ground: (K:) or such a place is called صَاعُ جُؤْجُؤِ النَّعَامِ. (IF, O.) And one says, ضَرَبَهُ فِى صَاعِ جُؤُجُؤِهِ and فى صاعِ صَدْرِهِ meaning (tropical:) He struck him in the middle of his breast. (Z, TA.) A2: And it is said that] صَاعٌ also signifies The [kind of goffstick called] صَوْلَجَان. (K.) In the following verse of El-Museiyab Ibn-' Alas, describing a she-camel, مَرِحَتْ يَدَاهَا لِلنَّجَآءِ كَأَنَّمَا تَكْرُو بِكَفَّىْ لَاعِبٍ فِى صَاعِ [the most obvious meaning of which is, Her fore legs moved briskly for the purpose of hastening, as though she were propelling a ball with the hands of a player in a piece of ground cleared for that exercise,] or, as some relate it, بِكَفَّىْ مَاقِطٍ, meaning with the hands of a player with the ball, it is said by some that he means بِصَاعٍ, [though it is not easy to see why, if so, he did not say بِالصَّاعِ,] and that by the صاع he means the صَوْلَجَان, because it is bent (يُعْطَفُ [see 1, last sentence,]) for the purpose of striking with it, that the ball may be propelled (تُصَاعُ) with it. (O.) صَوْعٌ and صُوعٌ: see صَاعٌ, first sentence. b2: The latter is also a pl., (K, TA,) app. of صِوَاعٌ, with kesr. (TA.) صُوَعٌ Portions of herbage beginning to dry up. (Ibn-' Abbád, O, K.) b2: And of the flesh of a horse, Such as is scattered, or sparse; not collected together in one place. (Ibn-' Abbád, O.) صَاعَةٌ: see صَاعٌ, latter half, in two places. b2: Also (tropical:) A place prepared by a woman for the separating and loosening of cotton: (Lth, O, K, TA:) and (assumed tropical:) a skin, like a نِطْع, which a woman sometimes makes, or prepares, for the separating and loosening of cotton and of wool upon it. (ISh, O, TA.) b3: And (tropical:) A place specially made, or prepared, for guests. (Z, TA.) صُوَاعٌ and صِوَاعٌ: see صَاعٌ, former half, in five places.

أُصَيَّاعٌ occurs as a dim. of صِيعَانٌ [or rather of أَصْوَاعٌ, pl. of صَاعٌ, regularly formed therefrom]. (IB, TA.) مُنْصَاعٌ [part. n. of 7] Turning away or back, retreating, &c. (TA.)
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