William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2451. صوغ15 2452. صوف16 2453. صوك7 2454. صول14 2455. صولج2 2456. صوم182457. صون13 2458. صوى8 2459. صيب9 2460. صيح11 2461. صيد17 2462. صير16 2463. صيص10 2464. صيع6 2465. صيغ4 2466. صيف17 2467. صيك5 2468. صيل5 2469. صين6 2470. ض5 2471. ضأ1 2472. ضأبل2 2473. ضأز6 2474. ضأل13 2475. ضأن11 2476. ضب3 2477. ضبأ10 2478. ضبث11 2479. ضبح14 2480. ضبر16 2481. ضبط18 2482. ضبع18 2483. ضبن11 2484. ضبنط3 2485. ضبو4 2486. ضج4 2487. ضجر14 2488. ضجع17 2489. ضجم10 2490. ضح2 2491. ضحك16 2492. ضحل14 2493. ضخم10 2494. ضد5 2495. ضر5 2496. ضرب22 2497. ضرج14 2498. ضرح14 2499. ضرس17 2500. ضرط17 2501. ضرع19 2502. ضرغم11 2503. ضرم14 2504. ضرو4 2505. ضَعٌّ1 2506. ضعف19 2507. ضعو3 2508. ضغث17 2509. ضغط16 2510. ضغن16 2511. ضف4 2512. ضفدع9 2513. ضفر16 2514. ضفو9 2515. ضل5 2516. ضلع16 2517. ضم6 2518. ضمحل5 2519. ضمحن3 2520. ضمخ12 2521. ضمد14 2522. ضمر15 2523. ضمن17 2524. ضن5 2525. ضنأ8 2526. ضنك16 2527. ضنو2 2528. ضنى3 2529. ضهأ8 2530. ضهب10 2531. ضهد9 2532. ضهضب1 2533. ضهو4 2534. ضهى3 2535. ضهيأ1 2536. ضو1 2537. ضوأ13 2538. ضوح2 2539. ضود4 2540. ضور12 2541. ضوز7 2542. ضوض3 2543. ضوع12 2544. ضوف5 2545. ضوم4 2546. ضون7 2547. ضوى3 2548. ضيح10 2549. ضير13 2550. ضيز9 Prev. 100
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صوم

1 صَامَ, (S, M, &c.,) aor. يَصُومُ, (Msb,) inf. n. صَوْمٌ, and صِيَامٌ; (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K;) and ↓ اِصْطَامَ; (M, K;) He abstained, (Msb, TA,) in an absolute sense: (Msb:) this is the primary signification: (TA:) [or] this is said to be the signification in the proper language of the Arabs: (Msb:) and in the language of the law, (Msb, TA,) he observed a particular kind of abstinence; (Msb;) i. e. (TA) he abstained from food (S, M, K, TA) and drink (M, K, TA) and coïtus: (M, K:) and (S, * M, &c.) by a tropical application, (TA,) (tropical:) from speech: (S, * M, Mgh, Msb, * K, TA:) or صَوْمٌ in the proper language of the Arabs signifies a man's abstaining from eating: and by a secondary application, a particular serving of God [by fasting]; (Mgh;) [i. e.] the abstaining from eating and drinking and coïtus from daybreak to sunset: (KT:) accord. to Kh, it signifies [properly] the standing without work. (S.) صام الشَّهْرَ means صام فِى الشَّهْرِ [He fasted during the month]: agreeably with what is said in the Kur ii. 181. (TA.) And it is said (S, M) by I'Ab (S) that the saying, in the Kur [xix. 27], (S, M,) إِنِّى نَذَرْتُ لِلرَّحْمٰنِ صَوْمًا means (assumed tropical:) [Verily I have vowed unto the Compassionate] an abstaining from speech. (S, M, Msb.) One says also, صام الفَرَسُ, inf. n. صَوْمٌ (S, M) and صِيَامٌ, (M,) (assumed tropical:) The horse stood without eating of fodder; (S;) or abstained from the eating of fodder. (M, A, Mgh.) And صام عَنِ السَّيْرِ (tropical:) He abstained from going along, or journeying. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] صامت الشَّمْسُ (assumed tropical:) The sun became [apparently] stationary [in the mid-heaven]: (T, TA:) or attained its full height. (M, TA.) b3: And صام النَّهَارُ, (inf. n. صَوْمٌ, S,) (tropical:) The day reached its midpoint. (S, M, Mgh, K, TA.) b4: And صامت الرِّيحُ, (M, TA,) inf. n. صَوْمٌ, (S, K,) (tropical:) The wind became still, or calm. (S, M, K, TA.) b5: And صام المَآءُ, [inf. n. صِيَامٌ (see صُلَاقَةٌ) and probably صَوْمٌ also,] (assumed tropical:) The water became still, or motionless; syn. قَامَ and دَامَ. (TA.) b6: And صام النَّعَامُ, (M, K,) inf. n. صَوْمٌ, (M,) (tropical:) The ostrich cast forth its dung; (M, K, TA;) and in the same sense the verb is used in relation to the domestic fowl; because each stands still in doing this, or because each becomes tranquil by reason of the passing forth of that which occasions annoyance: and accord. to [some one or more of the copies of] the M, صام النَّهَارُ, inf. n. صَوْمٌ, The نهار, by which is here meant the young one of the كَرَوَان, [or rather of the bustard called حُبَارَى,] cast forth what was in its belly. (TA.) A2: صام مَنِيَّتَهُ i. q. ذَاقَهَا [He tasted, or experienced, his death]. (K.) A3: And صَامَ He (a man) shaded himself by means of the tree called صَوْم. (K.) 8 إِصْتَوَمَ see 1, first sentence.

صَوْمٌ an inf. n. of 1 [q. v.]. (S, M, &c.) b2: [Hence,] الصَّوْمُ [app. for وَقْتُ الصَّوْمِ] means also (tropical:) [The month of] Ramadán: (K, TA:) whence the saying of Aboo-Zeyd, أَقَمْتُ بِالبَصْرَةِ صَوْمَيْنِ, meaning [I remained, stayed, dwelt, or abode, in El-Basrah] two Ramadáns. (TA.) b3: And [in like manner] صَوْمٌ also means (assumed tropical:) A Christian church; syn. بِيعَةٌ: (S, K, TA:) as though for مَحَلُّ الصَّوْمِ i. e. الوَقْفِ [the place of station: for, as Hooker says, speaking of the ancient usage of the Church, “their manner was to stand at prayer, whereupon their meetings unto that purpose had the names of stations given them ”]. (TA.) A2: See also صَائِمٌ.

A3: Also (assumed tropical:) The dung of the ostrich. (S, M, K.) A4: And, in the dial. of Hudheyl, (S,) Certain trees, (S, M,) or a certain tree, (K,) [but] the n. un. is with ة, of the form of the figure of a human being, (M,) ugly in appearance, (M, K,) very much so, the fruits of which are called رُؤُوسُ الشَّيَاطِينِ, i. e. [the heads] of the serpents, [see شَيْطَانٌ and زَقُّومٌ,] not having leaves: AHn says that they have [what are termed] هَدَب [q. v.], their branches do not spread forth, they grow in the manner of the [species of tamarisk called] أَثْل, but are not so tall, and mostly grow in the districts of Benoo-Shebábeh. (M.) صَامَةٌ, for صَوْمَةٌ, inf. n. of un. of صَامَ: see a verse cited voce تَابَ, in art. توب.

صَوْمَانُ: see صَائِمٌ.

أَرْضٌ صَوَامٌ Dry land or ground, in which is no water. (K.) صَوَّامٌ is like صَائِمٌ but having an intensive signification [i. e. meaning Abstaining, &c., much or often]. (Msb.) One says رَجُلٌ صَوَّامٌ قَوَّامٌ, meaning A man who fasts (يَصُومُ) [often] in the day, and who rises [often] in the night [to pray]. (TA.) صَائِمٌ Abstaining, in an absolute sense: this is said to be the signification in the proper language of the Arabs: and in the language of the law, observing a particular kind of abstinence; (Msb;) [i. e.] abstaining from food (S, M, K) and drink and coïtus: and, [by a tropical application, (see 1, first sentence,)] (tropical:) from speech: (M, K:) it is applied to a man: (S, M, Msb:) and ↓ صَوْمَانُ signifies the same, (S, K,) so applied; (S;) as also ↓ صَوْمٌ, (M, K,) applied to a man, (M,) and to a woman, and to two men, (TA,) and to a pl. number; (M, K;) being an inf. n. used as an epithet; (TA;) or it is a pl., [or rather quasi-pl. n.,] like زَوْرٌ: (M voce ضَيْفٌ:) or, in the proper language of the Arabs, صَائِمٌ signifies abstaining from eating: and by a secondary application, serving God in a particular manner [by fasting: see again 1, first sentence]: (Mgh:) accord. to AO, it signifies any creature abstaining from food, or (assumed tropical:) from speech, or (assumed tropical:) from going along or journeying: (S, Msb:) pl. صِيَامٌ and صُوَّمٌ (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) and صُيَّمٌ (S, M, Msb, K) and صِيَّمٌ and صُوَّامٌ and صُيَّامٌ and صَيَامَى, (M, K,) the last of which [written in the CK صُيَامَى] is extr. (M.) b2: Applied to a horse, (assumed tropical:) Standing still (S, (M, Msb) without eating of fodder (S, Msb) or without eating anything: (M:) or abstaining from the eating of fodder: (Mgh:) or standing upon his four legs. (Az in art. صون, and TA.) b3: And بَكْرَةٌ صَائِمَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A sheave of a pulley that remains still, (Mgh, TA,) that will not revolve. (S, Mgh, TA.) b4: And مَآءٌ صَائِمٌ (assumed tropical:) Water that is still, or motionless; syn. قَائِمٌ and دَائِمٌ. (Mgh, TA.) مَصَامٌ (tropical:) The station, or standing-place, of a horse; as also ↓ مَصَامَةٌ. (S, K, TA.) b2: and مَصَامُ النَّجْمِ (assumed tropical:) The [imaginary] place of suspension of the asterism [meaning the Pleiades]. (M.) Imra-el-Keys says, كَأَنَّ الثُّرَيَّا عُلّقَتْ فِى مَصَامِهَا بِأَمْرَاسِ كَتَّانٍ إِلَى صُمِّ جَنْدَلِ [As though the Pleiades were hung, in their place of suspension, by means of ropes of flax, to hard and solid rocks: i. e. they seemed as though they were stationary: he means that the night was tedious to him]. (S. [See EM p. 36, where a reading of the former hemistich different from that above is given, with the same and another reading of the latter hemistich.]) b3: One says also, جِئْتُهُ وَالشَّمْسُ فِى مَصَامِهَا, meaning (assumed tropical:) [I came to him when the sun was] in the middle of the sky. (TA.) مَصَامَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
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