William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2457. صون13 2458. صوى8 2459. صيب9 2460. صيح11 2461. صيد17 2462. صير162463. صيص10 2464. صيع6 2465. صيغ4 2466. صيف17 2467. صيك5 2468. صيل5 2469. صين6 2470. ض5 2471. ضأ1 2472. ضأبل2 2473. ضأز6 2474. ضأل13 2475. ضأن11 2476. ضب3 2477. ضبأ10 2478. ضبث11 2479. ضبح14 2480. ضبر16 2481. ضبط18 2482. ضبع18 2483. ضبن11 2484. ضبنط3 2485. ضبو4 2486. ضج4 2487. ضجر14 2488. ضجع17 2489. ضجم10 2490. ضح2 2491. ضحك16 2492. ضحل14 2493. ضخم10 2494. ضد5 2495. ضر5 2496. ضرب22 2497. ضرج14 2498. ضرح14 2499. ضرس17 2500. ضرط17 2501. ضرع19 2502. ضرغم11 2503. ضرم14 2504. ضرو4 2505. ضَعٌّ1 2506. ضعف19 2507. ضعو3 2508. ضغث17 2509. ضغط16 2510. ضغن16 2511. ضف4 2512. ضفدع9 2513. ضفر16 2514. ضفو9 2515. ضل5 2516. ضلع16 2517. ضم6 2518. ضمحل5 2519. ضمحن3 2520. ضمخ12 2521. ضمد14 2522. ضمر15 2523. ضمن17 2524. ضن5 2525. ضنأ8 2526. ضنك16 2527. ضنو2 2528. ضنى3 2529. ضهأ8 2530. ضهب10 2531. ضهد9 2532. ضهضب1 2533. ضهو4 2534. ضهى3 2535. ضهيأ1 2536. ضو1 2537. ضوأ13 2538. ضوح2 2539. ضود4 2540. ضور12 2541. ضوز7 2542. ضوض3 2543. ضوع12 2544. ضوف5 2545. ضوم4 2546. ضون7 2547. ضوى3 2548. ضيح10 2549. ضير13 2550. ضيز9 2551. ضيع15 2552. ضيف20 2553. ضيق14 2554. ضيل7 2555. ضيم10 2556. ط6 Prev. 100
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صير

1 صَارَ كَذَا, (T, S, Msb,) aor. يَصِيرُ, (S,) inf. n. صَيْرُورَةٌ (S, Msb) and صَيْرٌ, (S,) He, or it, attained to the state, or condition, of such a thing; (T;) became such a thing; (T, Msb;) in which sense the verb is like كَانَ [in meaning, when the latter is non-attributive, and in having its subject in the nom. case and its predicate in the accus.]. (T.) You say, صَارَ زَيْدٌ رَجُلًا Zeyd became a man; or attained to the state, or condition, of a man. (TA.) And صَارَ زَيْدٌ غَنِيًّا Zeyd became rich, not having been so. (Msb.) And صَارَ العَصِيرُ خَمْرًا The expressed juice became wine. (Msb.) [and صَارَ لَا شَىْءَ عِنْدَهُ He became in a state, or condition, in which there was not anything in his possession. And صَارَ يَفْعَلُ كَذَا He became in the state, or condition, of doing such a thing; i. e. he became occupied, or engaged, in doing such a thing; or he set about, began, commenced, took to, or betook himself to, doing such a thing; like جَعَلَ. And صَارَ لَا يَفْعَلُ شَيْئًا He became in the state, or condition, of not doing anything; or he became unoccupied in doing anything. and صَارَ لَا يَتَكَلَّمُ He became in the state of not speaking; he became speechless. And صَارَ يَتَفَكَّرُ فِى كَذَا He became in a state of reflection upon such a thing; he began to reflect upon such a thing.] b2: One says also, صَارَ الأَمْرُ إِلَى كَذَا, (M, A, Msb, K,) aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. مَصِيرٌ, (S, M, A, Msb, K,) which is anomalous, being regularly مَصَارٌ, like مَعَاشٌ, (S,) and صَيْرٌ and صَيْرُورَةٌ, (M, A, K,) i. e. رَجَعَ إِلَيْهِ: (Msb:) [but this is a loose explanation; the meaning being, The thing, or affair, or case, came eventually (see صِيرٌ) to such a state, or condition:] the difference between مَصِيرٌ and مَرْجِعٌ is, that the former word necessarily implies a difference [of the latter state or condition] from the former state or condition; but the latter word does not. (Bd in iii. 156.) [In this case, the ulterior state or condition is likened to a place: for] b3: صَارَ also signifies He, or it, attained in respect of place: so in the saying, صَارَ زَيْدٌ إِلَى عَمْرٍو [Zeyd came, or went, or pursued a course that brought him, to 'Amr]. (TA.) صِرْتُ إِلَى فُلَانٍ [I came, &c., to such a one] is similar to the phrase in the Kur [iii. 27]

وَإِلَى اللّٰهِ الْمَصِيرُ [And to God, as the ultimate object, is the transition, or course, of every human being]. (S.) [Hence, أًلَا إِلَى اللّٰهِ تَصِيرُ الْأُمُورُ, in the Kur xlii. last verse, which Bd explains by adding the words بِارْتِفَاعِ الوَسَائِطِ وَالتَّعَلُّقَاتِ; the meaning being, Verily to God are things, or events, referrible, mediately and dependently: in the Expos. of the Jel expl. as meaning تَرْجِعُ.] b4: [And in like manner one says, صَارَ لَهُ كَذَا Such a thing came to, betided, or befell, him, or it: and hence, he, or it, came to have, or became possessed of, such a thing.] b5: And صَارَ فِى أَرْضِ فَلَاةٍ [He became, or came to be, meaning he found himself, in a desert, or waterless, land]; i. q. وَقَعَ فِيهَا. (Msb in art. وقع.) And صَارَ فِى الرَّبِيعِ [He entered, lit. became in, the season called ربيع]; i. q. أَرْبَعَ [which is expl. in the S as signifying دَخَلَ فِى الرَّبِيعِ]. (K in art. ربع.) A2: صَيْرٌ signifies also The returning of seekers after herbage to the watering-places. (O, K.) And one says, صَارَ الرَّجُلُ, aor. يَصِيرُ, [inf. n. صَيْرٌ,] The man stayed, or abode, at the water. (TA.) and صَارَ النَّاسُ المَآءَ The people stayed, or abode, at the water. (M, K, TA.) A3: صَارَهُ, (S,) first pers. صِرْتُهُ, (M,) aor. as above, (S,) inf. n. صَيْرٌ, (K,) a dial. var. of صَارَهُ having for its aor. يَصُورُهُ, [q. v.,] (S,) He cut it; (S, M, K;) and clave it, or split it. (M.) b2: And in like manner, [i. e. as a dial. var. of صَارَهُ having for its aor. يَصُورُهُ,] He made it to incline, or lean. (S.) You say, صَارَ وَجْهَهُ, aor. يَصِيرُ, (M,) as also يَصُورُ, (M and K in art. صور,) He turned his face towards a person or thing. (M.) And صِرْتُ عُنُقَهُ I twisted his neck. (M.) [Respecting the phrase فَصِرْهُنَّ إِلَيْكَ in the Kur ii.

262, accord. to one reading, see 1 in art. صور.] b3: صَارَهُ, aor. يَصِيرُ, inf. n. صَيْرٌ, signifies also حَبَسَهُ [He confined, restricted, &c., him, or it]. (Msb.) 2 صيّرهُ كَذَا He made him, or it, to be in such a state, or condition; or he made him, or it, to be such a thing; [as also ↓ أَصَارَهُ;] syn. جَعَلَهُ. (S.) You say, صَيَّرَنِى لَهُ عَبْدًا and ↓ أًصَارَنِى [He made me to be to him a slave]. (A.) b2: [And صَيَّرَهُ إِلَى

كَذَا and ↓ أَصَارَهُ He, or it, made, or caused, him, or it, to come, or to pursue a course that led, to such a state, or condition; brought, or reduced, him, or it, thereto.] 'Omeyleh El-Fezáree said to his paternal uncle Ibn-'Ankà, ↓ مَا الَّذِى أَصَارَكَ

إِلَى مَا أَرَى يَا عَمِّ [What hath made thee to come, or brought thee, or reduced thee, to the state, or condition, that I see, O my paternal uncle?]. (M.) [In this case, the ulterior state or condition is likened to a place: for] you say, صَيَّرَهُ إِلَيْهِ and ↓ أَصَارَهُ [meaning He, or it, made him to come, or brought him, to him, or it; i. e., to a person, or place, or to a state, or condition:] (M, K:) and صَيَّرَتْنِى إِلَيْهِ الحَاجَةُ and ↓ أَصَارَتْنِى [Want, or need, or necessity, made me to come, or brought me, to him, or it]. (A.) And [hence,] صَيَّرَ إِلَيْهِ الأَمْرَ He committed to him the thing, or affair; syn. فَوَّضَهُ اليه. (M in art. فوض.) [And صَيَّرَ لَهُ كَذَا He made such a thing to come to, betide, or befall, him, or it: and consequently, he made him, or it, to have, or become possessed of, such a thing.] b3: تَصْيِيرٌ is also by word, or covenant, as well as by deed. (Bd in ii. 20.) [You say, صَيَّرَهُ كَذَا meaning He asserted, or pronounced, him, or it, to be in such a state, or condition; or to be such a thing: in which case, also, it is syn. with جَعَلَهُ, whereby it is expl. in the S. And صَيَّرَ لَهُ كَذَا He asserted, or pronounced, such a thing to belong to him, or it; asserted, or pronounced, him, or it, to have such a thing; attributed to him, or it, such a thing: and appointed or assigned, to him, or it, such a thing.]4 أَصْيَرَ see 2, in six places.5 تصيّر أَبَاهُ He became like his father. (S, M, K.) صَيْرٌ: see what next follows.

صِيرٌ The ulterior or ultimate, latter or last, state, or condition; the end, conclusion, event, issue, or result; of a thing, an affair, or a case; (S, M, O, Msb, K;) as also ↓ صَيْرٌ (O, K) and ↓ مَصِيرٌ (S, O, Msb, TA) and ↓ مَصِيرَةٌ (TA) and ↓ صَيُّورٌ, (S, M, K,) of the measure فَيْعُولٌ, (S,) and ↓ صَيُّورَةٌ. (K.) b2: The verge, brink, or point, of an affair, or event. (M, K.) You say, أَنَا عَلَى

صِيرٍ مِنْ أَمْرِ كَذَا I am on the verge of such an affair, or event. (M.) And أَنَا عَلَى صِيرٍ مِنْ حَاجَتِى

I am at the point of [attaining] the object of my want. (M.) And أَنَا عَلَى صِيرٍ مِنْ قَضَآءِ حَاجَتِى

I am at the point of accomplishing my want. (A.) And فُلَانٌ عَلَى صِيرِ أَمْرٍ Such a one is at the point of accomplishing an affair. (S.) A2: A water at which people stay, or abide; (M, O, K;) as also ↓ صِيرَةٌ. (TA.) A3: A crevice of a door. (S, M, A, Msb, K.) It is said in a trad., مَنْ نَظَرَ فِى

صِيرِ بَابٍ فَفُقِئَتْ عَيْنُهُ فَهِىَ هَدَرٌ [Whosoever looks into the crevice of a door and has his eye put out, it is a thing for which no mulct is to be exacted]: (S, M:) A'Obeyd says that this is the only instance in which the word [in this sense] has been heard. (S.) A4: [The condiment, made of small fish, called] صِحْنَاة: (S, M, K:) or [a condiment, or the like,] resembling صحناة: (M, K:) or what is called in Pers. مَاهِى آوَهْ [jelly of salted fish]; as also صِحْنَاةٌ: (Mgh voce صحناة:) and the small salted fish of which صحناة is made: (Kr, M, K:) or the young ones of fish: [a coll. gen. n.:] n. un. with ة: (Msb:) thought by IDrd to be Syriac; (TA;) by IAth, to be Pers., as also صحناة. (TA in art. صحن.) A5: Also The أُسْفُفّ [properly bishop] of the Jews. (O, K.) A6: See also the next paragraph.

صِيرَةٌ, (S, M, Msb, K,) accord. to A'Obeyd صِيْرَةٌ, with fet-h, but Az says that this is a mistake, (TA,) An enclosure (حَظِيرَة) for sheep or goats (S, M, Msb, K) and for cows or bulls, (M, K,) constructed of wood and stones (M, TA) and of branches of trees; (TA;) as also ↓ صِيَارَةٌ, (M, K,) which latter is said by IDrd to be of the dial. of the people of Baghdád: (TA:) pl. of the former صِيَرٌ (S, M, Msb, K) and [coll. gen. n.] ↓ صِيرٌ. (M, K.) A2: See also صِيرٌ.

صِيَارٌ The صَنْج; (O and TA in this art., and TS and K and TA in art. صبر;) i. e. the stringed instrument thus called: (TS and TA in that art., and O and TA in the present art.:) [this is the right meaning, as is shown by the latter of the two verses cited voce صُبَارَةٌ: but,] accord. to AHeyth, (O,) the sound of the صَنْج. (O and K in the present art.) A2: See also art. صور.

صِيَارَةٌ: see صِيرَةٌ.

A2: Also i. q. صُبَارَةٌ [q. v., signifying Stones, &c.]. (M in art. صبر.) صَيِّرٌ A grave. (AA, O, K. [Perhaps so called as being the ulterior abode.]) One says, هٰذَا صَيِّرُ فُلَانٍ This is the grave of such a one. (O.) A2: And A company (جَمَاعَة). (O, K.) A3: See also art. صور.

صَيِّرَةٌ A thing, upon the head of a قَارَة [or small isolated mountain or the like], resembling the [heap of stones, piled up as a sign of the way, called] أَمَرَة, except that it is cased, and the امرة is taller than it, and larger; or [in my originals “ and ”] they are both cased, but the امرة is peaked and tall, and the صيّره is round and wide, and has angles [app. at the base]; and sometimes it is excavated, and gold and silver are found in it: it is of the work of 'Ád and Irem. (O, TA.) صَائِرٌ Staying, or abiding, at a water. (TA.) And ↓ صَائِرَةٌ A party, or people, staying, or abiding, at a water. (O, TA.) A2: Also A twister of men's necks. (TA.) A3: [And The pivot at the top, and that at the heel, of a door; the former of which turns in a socket in the lintel, and the latter in a socket in the threshold:] see سَاكِفٌ.

صَائِرَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

A2: Also Rain. (M, TA.) b2: And Herbage, or pasture. (M.) See the next paragraph. b3: Also The state of dryness to which herbage comes. (M.) صَيُّورٌ: see صِيرٌ. b2: Also Judgment, or opinion, (S,) and understanding, or intellect, or intelligence; (S, M, K;) as in the saying, مَا لَهُ صَيُّورٌ [He has not judgment nor understanding]: (S, M:) or a judgment, or an opinion, to which one eventually comes; as in the saying, مَا لَهُ بَدْءٌ وَلَا صَيُّورٌ [He has not a first, nor a final, idea, thought, judgment, or opinion]. (A.) A2: Also, (O, K;) as AHn says, on the authority of Aboo-Ziyád, (O;) and ↓ صَائِرَةٌ, (K,) Dry herbage or pasture, that is eaten long after its being green: (O, K:) and he adds that no herbs have صَيُّور except such as are of the kinds called الثَّغْر and الأَفَانِى. (O, TA.) A3: أُمُّ صَيُّورٍ signifies A confused and dubious affair, (M, K,) through which there is no way of passing; as in the phrase وَقَعَ فِى أُمِّ صَيُّورٍ, mentioned by Yaakoob [ISk] in the “ Alfádh ”

[accord. to some of the copies of that work]: originally meaning a [mountain, or hill, such as is termed] هَضْبَة without a pass: but it is more probably صَبُّور [q. v., in art. صبر]. (M.) صَيُّورَةٌ: see صِيرٌ, first sentence.

مَصِيرٌ an inf. n. of صَارَ [q. v.]. (S, M, &c.) A2: [Also A place, and hence a state or condition, to which a person, or thing, eventually comes: a place of destination.] See صِيرٌ. b2: A place where people alight and abide: a good place where people alight and abide. (TA.) b3: A place to which waters come, or take their course: (M, K:) [or a place of herbage, or pasture, and of water: pl. مَصَايِرُ: so in the saying,] خَرَجُوا إِلَى مَصَايِرِهِمْ They went forth to their places of herbage, or pasture, and of water. (A.) A3: See also art. مصر.

مَصِيرَةٌ: see صِيرٌ, first sentence.
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