William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2504. ضرو4 2505. ضَعٌّ1 2506. ضعف19 2507. ضعو3 2508. ضغث17 2509. ضغط162510. ضغن16 2511. ضف4 2512. ضفدع9 2513. ضفر16 2514. ضفو9 2515. ضل5 2516. ضلع16 2517. ضم6 2518. ضمحل5 2519. ضمحن3 2520. ضمخ12 2521. ضمد14 2522. ضمر15 2523. ضمن17 2524. ضن5 2525. ضنأ8 2526. ضنك16 2527. ضنو2 2528. ضنى3 2529. ضهأ8 2530. ضهب10 2531. ضهد9 2532. ضهضب1 2533. ضهو4 2534. ضهى3 2535. ضهيأ1 2536. ضو1 2537. ضوأ13 2538. ضوح2 2539. ضود4 2540. ضور12 2541. ضوز7 2542. ضوض3 2543. ضوع12 2544. ضوف5 2545. ضوم4 2546. ضون7 2547. ضوى3 2548. ضيح10 2549. ضير13 2550. ضيز9 2551. ضيع15 2552. ضيف20 2553. ضيق14 2554. ضيل7 2555. ضيم10 2556. ط6 2557. طأ1 2558. طب5 2559. طباهج1 2560. طبخ13 2561. طبرزذ7 2562. طبع18 2563. طبق16 2564. طبل12 2565. طبن10 2566. طبو5 2567. طجن11 2568. طح2 2569. طحل11 2570. طحلب11 2571. طحم8 2572. طحن15 2573. طخو2 2574. طدو2 2575. طر4 2576. طرأ13 2577. طرب17 2578. طربل9 2579. طرث9 2580. طرح16 2581. طرد16 2582. طرز15 2583. طرس15 2584. طرش13 2585. طرط6 2586. طرطب8 2587. طرف20 2588. طرق19 2589. طرمح4 2590. طرمذ5 2591. طرو6 2592. طس5 2593. طست10 2594. طسق8 2595. طسوج1 2596. طش3 2597. طشت3 2598. طعم17 2599. طعن15 2600. طغم11 2601. طغو5 2602. طف5 2603. طفأ12 Prev. 100
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ضغط



ضَغَطَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. ضَغَطَ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. ضَغْطٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb,) He pressed him; pushed him; (S, Msb, K;) squeezed him; (Mgh, * Msb, K;) against (إِلَى, S, Msb, K, [and عَلَى,]) a thing, (K,) or a wall, (S, Msb,) and the like, (S,) and the ground: (TA:) he straitened him: he overcame, subdued, or overpowered, him; or he constrained him. (TA.) It is said in a trad., لَتُضْغَطُنَّ عَلَى بَابِ الجَنَّةِ Ye shall assuredly be pressed, or pushed, against the gate of Paradise. (TA.) You say of a tight boot, ضَغَطَ رِجْلَهُ [It compressed, or pinched, his foot]. (K in art. حزق.) And you say also, ضَغَطَ عَلَيْهِ, and ↓ اِضْتَغَطَ, (Lh, TA,) which latter, by rule, should be اِضْطَغَطَ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He treated him with hardness, severity, or rigour, with respect to a debt or the like. (Lh, TA.) 3 ضاغطوا, (K,) inf. n. ضِغَاطٌ (IDrd, T, O, TA) and مُضَاغَطَةٌ; (IDrd, O;) and ↓ تضاغطوا; (IDrd, O, K;) They pressed, pushed, crowded, or straitened, one another; syns. زَاحَمُوا and ازدحموا. (IDrd, O, K.) You say, النَّاسُ ↓ تَضَاغَطَ فِى الاِزْدِحَامِ [The people pressed, or pushed, one another in crowding together]; and ضِغَاطٌ is like تَضَاغُطٌ. (T, TA.) 6 تَضَاْغَطَ see 3, in two places.7 انظغط [as quasi-pass. of 1, app. signifies He was, or became, pressed, pushed, or squeezed: and, accord. to a version of the Bible, as mentioned by Golius, in Num. xx. (or xxii.) 25, he pressed, or squeezed, himself, against (إِلَى) a wall: and also,] (assumed tropical:) he (a man) was, or became, overcome, subdued, or overpowered; or constrained; syn. اِنْقَهَرَ. (TA.) 8 إِضْتَغَطَ see 1, last sentence.

ضَغْطَةٌ The pressure of the grave; (S, Msb, K;) because it straitens the dead: (Msb:) its straitening. (Mgh.) b2: It is also expl. by En-Nadr [ISh] as signifying مجاهرة [app. a mistake for مُجَاهَدَةٌ, as meaning (assumed tropical:) The exertion of one's utmost power, ability, or endeavour, in contending with another: and in this sense it should perhaps be written ↓ ضُغْطَةٌ]. (TA.) b3: See also ضُغْطَةٌ, in two places.

ضُغْطَةٌ (tropical:) Straitness; difficulty; distress; affliction; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ ضَغْطَةٌ. (TA.) Yousay, اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْفَعْ عَنَّا هٰذِهِ الضُّغْطَةَ [O God, withdraw, put away, or remove, from us this straitness, &c.]. (S.) b2: (assumed tropical:) Force, constraint, compulsion; (Mgh;) as also ↓ ضَغْطَةٌ: (TA: [in which one of the syns. is written قَبْر, evidently a mistake for قَهْرٌ, one of the syns. of the former word in the Mgh:]) constraint, or compulsion, against the will of the object thereof. (S, * K.) You say, أَخَذْتُ فُلَانًا ضَغْطَةً (assumed tropical:) I treated such a one with hardness, severity, or rigour, to constrain him, or compel him, to do the thing against his will. (S.) and hence the trad. of Shureyh, كَانَ لَا يُجِيزُ الضُّغْطَةَ (assumed tropical:) He used not to allow the constraint, or compulsion, of one's debtor, and the treating him with hardness, severity, or rigour: or one's saying, I will not give thee unless thou abate somewhat of my debt to thee: or one's having money owed to him by another, who disacknowledges it, and compounding with him for part of what is owed to him, then finding the voucher, and exacting from him the whole of the property after the compromise. (Mgh.) b3: See also ضَغْطَةٌ.

ضَغِيطٌ A well having by the side of it another well, (As, S, O, K) and one of them becomes foul with black mud, (As, S, O,) or and one of them becomes choked up, and foul with black mud, (K,) so that its water becomes stinking, and it flows into the water of the sweet well, and corrupts it, so that no one drinks of it: (As, S, O, K:) or a well that is dug by the side of another well, in consequence of which its water becomes little in quantity: or a well dug between two wells that have become choked up. (O.) A2: And A man weak in judgment, (K, TA,) that will not be roused to action with the people: (TA:) pl. ضَغْطَى, (K, TA,) [like مَرْضَى &c.,] because it is as though it were [significant of suffering from] a disease. (TA.) ضَاغِطٌ A slitting in the arm-pit of a camel, (S, K,) and abundance of flesh [in that part, pressing against the side]: (S:) and i. q. ضَبٌّ: (S, K) or a thing like a bag: (TA:) a tumour in the armpit of a camel, like a bag, straitening him: (Meyd: see مُعَرَّكٌ:) or skin collected together: or the base of the callous protuberance upon the breast of a camel pressing against the place of the arm-pit, and marking, or scarring, and excoriating, it. (TA.) Accord. to IDrd, بَعِيرٌ بِهِ ضَاغِطٌ means A camel whose arm-pit comes in contact with his side so as to mark it, or scar it. (TA.) A2: (tropical:) A watcher, keeper, or guardian; a confidential superintendent; (S, K;) over a person; so called because he straitens him; (S;) or over a thing. (K.) You say, أرْسَلَهُ ضَاغِطًا عَلَى فُلَانٍ (tropical:) He sent him as a watcher, &c., over such a one. (S, TA.) And hence what is said in the trad. of Mo'ádh, (S, L,) when his wife asked him, on his return from collecting the poor-rates in El-Yemen, where was the present which he had brought for his wife, and he answered, (L,) كَانَ عَلَىَّ ضَاغِطٌ [There was over me a watcher], (S,) or كَانَ مَعِى ضَاغِطٌ [There was with me a watcher], meaning God, who knows the secrets of men; or he meant, by ضاغط, the trust committed to him by God, which he had taken upon himself; but his wife imagined that there was with him a watcher who straitened him, and prevented his taking to please her. (L.)
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