William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2504. ضرو5 2505. ضَعٌّ1 2506. ضعف20 2507. ضعو4 2508. ضغث18 2509. ضغط172510. ضغن17 2511. ضف4 2512. ضفدع10 2513. ضفر17 2514. ضفو10 2515. ضل5 2516. ضلع17 2517. ضم6 2518. ضمحل6 2519. ضمحن4 2520. ضمخ13 2521. ضمد15 2522. ضمر16 2523. ضمن18 2524. ضن5 2525. ضنأ8 2526. ضنك17 2527. ضنو2 2528. ضنى3 2529. ضهأ8 2530. ضهب11 2531. ضهد10 2532. ضهضب2 2533. ضهو4 2534. ضهى3 2535. ضهيأ1 2536. ضو1 2537. ضوأ13 2538. ضوح3 2539. ضود4 2540. ضور13 2541. ضوز8 2542. ضوض3 2543. ضوع13 2544. ضوف5 2545. ضوم4 2546. ضون7 2547. ضوى3 2548. ضيح11 2549. ضير14 2550. ضيز10 2551. ضيع16 2552. ضيف21 2553. ضيق15 2554. ضيل8 2555. ضيم11 2556. ط8 2557. طأ1 2558. طب5 2559. طباهج1 2560. طبخ14 2561. طبرزذ7 2562. طبع19 2563. طبق17 2564. طبل13 2565. طبن11 2566. طبو6 2567. طجن12 2568. طح2 2569. طحل12 2570. طحلب12 2571. طحم9 2572. طحن16 2573. طخو3 2574. طدو2 2575. طر4 2576. طرأ13 2577. طرب18 2578. طربل10 2579. طرث10 2580. طرح17 2581. طرد17 2582. طرز17 2583. طرس16 2584. طرش14 2585. طرط7 2586. طرطب9 2587. طرف21 2588. طرق20 2589. طرمح5 2590. طرمذ6 2591. طرو7 2592. طس5 2593. طست10 2594. طسق8 2595. طسوج1 2596. طش3 2597. طشت3 2598. طعم18 2599. طعن16 2600. طغم12 2601. طغو6 2602. طف5 2603. طفأ12 Prev. 100
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ضغط



ضَغَطَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. ضَغَطَ, (S, Msb,) inf. n. ضَغْطٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb,) He pressed him; pushed him; (S, Msb, K;) squeezed him; (Mgh, * Msb, K;) against (إِلَى, S, Msb, K, [and عَلَى,]) a thing, (K,) or a wall, (S, Msb,) and the like, (S,) and the ground: (TA:) he straitened him: he overcame, subdued, or overpowered, him; or he constrained him. (TA.) It is said in a trad., لَتُضْغَطُنَّ عَلَى بَابِ الجَنَّةِ Ye shall assuredly be pressed, or pushed, against the gate of Paradise. (TA.) You say of a tight boot, ضَغَطَ رِجْلَهُ [It compressed, or pinched, his foot]. (K in art. حزق.) And you say also, ضَغَطَ عَلَيْهِ, and ↓ اِضْتَغَطَ, (Lh, TA,) which latter, by rule, should be اِضْطَغَطَ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) He treated him with hardness, severity, or rigour, with respect to a debt or the like. (Lh, TA.) 3 ضاغطوا, (K,) inf. n. ضِغَاطٌ (IDrd, T, O, TA) and مُضَاغَطَةٌ; (IDrd, O;) and ↓ تضاغطوا; (IDrd, O, K;) They pressed, pushed, crowded, or straitened, one another; syns. زَاحَمُوا and ازدحموا. (IDrd, O, K.) You say, النَّاسُ ↓ تَضَاغَطَ فِى الاِزْدِحَامِ [The people pressed, or pushed, one another in crowding together]; and ضِغَاطٌ is like تَضَاغُطٌ. (T, TA.) 6 تَضَاْغَطَ see 3, in two places.7 انظغط [as quasi-pass. of 1, app. signifies He was, or became, pressed, pushed, or squeezed: and, accord. to a version of the Bible, as mentioned by Golius, in Num. xx. (or xxii.) 25, he pressed, or squeezed, himself, against (إِلَى) a wall: and also,] (assumed tropical:) he (a man) was, or became, overcome, subdued, or overpowered; or constrained; syn. اِنْقَهَرَ. (TA.) 8 إِضْتَغَطَ see 1, last sentence.

ضَغْطَةٌ The pressure of the grave; (S, Msb, K;) because it straitens the dead: (Msb:) its straitening. (Mgh.) b2: It is also expl. by En-Nadr [ISh] as signifying مجاهرة [app. a mistake for مُجَاهَدَةٌ, as meaning (assumed tropical:) The exertion of one's utmost power, ability, or endeavour, in contending with another: and in this sense it should perhaps be written ↓ ضُغْطَةٌ]. (TA.) b3: See also ضُغْطَةٌ, in two places.

ضُغْطَةٌ (tropical:) Straitness; difficulty; distress; affliction; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ ضَغْطَةٌ. (TA.) Yousay, اَللّٰهُمَّ ارْفَعْ عَنَّا هٰذِهِ الضُّغْطَةَ [O God, withdraw, put away, or remove, from us this straitness, &c.]. (S.) b2: (assumed tropical:) Force, constraint, compulsion; (Mgh;) as also ↓ ضَغْطَةٌ: (TA: [in which one of the syns. is written قَبْر, evidently a mistake for قَهْرٌ, one of the syns. of the former word in the Mgh:]) constraint, or compulsion, against the will of the object thereof. (S, * K.) You say, أَخَذْتُ فُلَانًا ضَغْطَةً (assumed tropical:) I treated such a one with hardness, severity, or rigour, to constrain him, or compel him, to do the thing against his will. (S.) and hence the trad. of Shureyh, كَانَ لَا يُجِيزُ الضُّغْطَةَ (assumed tropical:) He used not to allow the constraint, or compulsion, of one's debtor, and the treating him with hardness, severity, or rigour: or one's saying, I will not give thee unless thou abate somewhat of my debt to thee: or one's having money owed to him by another, who disacknowledges it, and compounding with him for part of what is owed to him, then finding the voucher, and exacting from him the whole of the property after the compromise. (Mgh.) b3: See also ضَغْطَةٌ.

ضَغِيطٌ A well having by the side of it another well, (As, S, O, K) and one of them becomes foul with black mud, (As, S, O,) or and one of them becomes choked up, and foul with black mud, (K,) so that its water becomes stinking, and it flows into the water of the sweet well, and corrupts it, so that no one drinks of it: (As, S, O, K:) or a well that is dug by the side of another well, in consequence of which its water becomes little in quantity: or a well dug between two wells that have become choked up. (O.) A2: And A man weak in judgment, (K, TA,) that will not be roused to action with the people: (TA:) pl. ضَغْطَى, (K, TA,) [like مَرْضَى &c.,] because it is as though it were [significant of suffering from] a disease. (TA.) ضَاغِطٌ A slitting in the arm-pit of a camel, (S, K,) and abundance of flesh [in that part, pressing against the side]: (S:) and i. q. ضَبٌّ: (S, K) or a thing like a bag: (TA:) a tumour in the armpit of a camel, like a bag, straitening him: (Meyd: see مُعَرَّكٌ:) or skin collected together: or the base of the callous protuberance upon the breast of a camel pressing against the place of the arm-pit, and marking, or scarring, and excoriating, it. (TA.) Accord. to IDrd, بَعِيرٌ بِهِ ضَاغِطٌ means A camel whose arm-pit comes in contact with his side so as to mark it, or scar it. (TA.) A2: (tropical:) A watcher, keeper, or guardian; a confidential superintendent; (S, K;) over a person; so called because he straitens him; (S;) or over a thing. (K.) You say, أرْسَلَهُ ضَاغِطًا عَلَى فُلَانٍ (tropical:) He sent him as a watcher, &c., over such a one. (S, TA.) And hence what is said in the trad. of Mo'ádh, (S, L,) when his wife asked him, on his return from collecting the poor-rates in El-Yemen, where was the present which he had brought for his wife, and he answered, (L,) كَانَ عَلَىَّ ضَاغِطٌ [There was over me a watcher], (S,) or كَانَ مَعِى ضَاغِطٌ [There was with me a watcher], meaning God, who knows the secrets of men; or he meant, by ضاغط, the trust committed to him by God, which he had taken upon himself; but his wife imagined that there was with him a watcher who straitened him, and prevented his taking to please her. (L.)
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