William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2465. صيغ4 2466. صيف17 2467. صيك5 2468. صيل5 2469. صين6 2470. ض52471. ضأ1 2472. ضأبل2 2473. ضأز6 2474. ضأل13 2475. ضأن11 2476. ضب3 2477. ضبأ10 2478. ضبث11 2479. ضبح14 2480. ضبر16 2481. ضبط18 2482. ضبع18 2483. ضبن11 2484. ضبنط3 2485. ضبو4 2486. ضج4 2487. ضجر14 2488. ضجع17 2489. ضجم10 2490. ضح2 2491. ضحك16 2492. ضحل14 2493. ضخم10 2494. ضد5 2495. ضر5 2496. ضرب22 2497. ضرج14 2498. ضرح14 2499. ضرس17 2500. ضرط17 2501. ضرع19 2502. ضرغم11 2503. ضرم14 2504. ضرو4 2505. ضَعٌّ1 2506. ضعف19 2507. ضعو3 2508. ضغث17 2509. ضغط16 2510. ضغن16 2511. ضف4 2512. ضفدع9 2513. ضفر16 2514. ضفو9 2515. ضل5 2516. ضلع16 2517. ضم6 2518. ضمحل5 2519. ضمحن3 2520. ضمخ12 2521. ضمد14 2522. ضمر15 2523. ضمن17 2524. ضن5 2525. ضنأ8 2526. ضنك16 2527. ضنو2 2528. ضنى3 2529. ضهأ8 2530. ضهب10 2531. ضهد9 2532. ضهضب1 2533. ضهو4 2534. ضهى3 2535. ضهيأ1 2536. ضو1 2537. ضوأ13 2538. ضوح2 2539. ضود4 2540. ضور12 2541. ضوز7 2542. ضوض3 2543. ضوع12 2544. ضوف5 2545. ضوم4 2546. ضون7 2547. ضوى3 2548. ضيح10 2549. ضير13 2550. ضيز9 2551. ضيع15 2552. ضيف20 2553. ضيق14 2554. ضيل7 2555. ضيم10 2556. ط6 2557. طأ1 2558. طب5 2559. طباهج1 2560. طبخ13 2561. طبرزذ7 2562. طبع18 2563. طبق16 2564. طبل12 Prev. 100


ض alphabetical letter ض

The fifteenth letter of the alphabet: called ضَادٌ: it is one of the letters termed مَجْهُورَة [or vocal, i. e. pronounced with the voice, and not with the breath only]; (TA;) and of the letters termed شَجْرِيَّة, ('Eyn, Mgh, TA,) from الشَّجْرُ, which is the place of the opening of the mouth: ('Eyn, Mgh, TA on the letter ج:) its place of utterance is from the extremity of the tongue [extended so as to reach] to the part next to the [lateral teeth called] أَضْرَاس; and it is more usually pronounced from the left side than from the right: the vulgar [sometimes] pronounce it as ظَآء, making its place of utterance to be between the extremity of the tongue and the central incisors, which pronunciation is peculiar to a dialect, as mentioned by Fr on the authority of El-Fadl: he says [also]

that some of the Arabs substitute it for ظَآء, saying ضَهْر for ظَهْر; but that the doing thus, though allowable in speech, is not allowable in the reciting of the Book of God, which follows the rule, or usage, of the Prophet: (Msb in art. ضود:) or its place of utterance is from the foremost part of the edge of the tongue and the part next to the اضراس; and it has no sister [or analogue] accord. to Sb; but accord. to the 'Eyn, it is a sister of ذ and ث, and these three letters are termed لِثَوِيَّة [or gingival], because proceeding from the gum; the substitution of any of these, however, for another of them, vitiates prayers: (Mgh:) it is of the class termed الحُرُوفُ المُسْتَعْلِيَةُ: (L in art. ضود:) and is a letter peculiar to the Arabs, (L and K in that art.,) accord. to the general and correct opinion; (TA in that art.;) [whence the saying of Mohammad, أَنَا أَفْصَحُ مَنْ نَطَقَ بِالضَّادِ I am the most chaste in speech of those who have pronounced the letter dád; i. e., of the Arabs, agreeably with another saying, ascribed to him, mentioned voce بَيْدَ;] or it is a letter rarely occurring in the language of any other people. (L in that art.)

b2: It is always a radical letter; and is [said to be] not substituted for another letter; (L in art. ضود;) [but it is so substituted in some cases of إِدْغَام, as, for instance, for the ل of the article ال, and in يَضَّرَّعُ for يَتَضَرَّعُ, and the like; and] it is sometimes substituted for ص, as in مَضَّ الرُّمَّانَةَ for مَصَّهَا, as Ibn-Osfoor says, and Ks mentions مَنَاضٌ for مَنَاصٌ; (TA;) and also for ل, as Ibn-Málik says

in the Tes-heel, an instance of which is رَجُلٌ جَضْدٌ for جَلْدٌ, mentioned by J; (MF, TA;) and sometimes it is changed into ل, as in the instance of اِلْطَجَعَ for اِضْطَجَعَ. (S and L &c. in art. ضجع.)

A2: [As a numeral, it denotes Eight hundred.]
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