William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2567. طجن11 2568. طح2 2569. طحل11 2570. طحلب11 2571. طحم8 2572. طحن152573. طخو2 2574. طدو2 2575. طر4 2576. طرأ13 2577. طرب17 2578. طربل9 2579. طرث9 2580. طرح16 2581. طرد16 2582. طرز15 2583. طرس15 2584. طرش13 2585. طرط6 2586. طرطب8 2587. طرف20 2588. طرق19 2589. طرمح4 2590. طرمذ5 2591. طرو6 2592. طس5 2593. طست10 2594. طسق8 2595. طسوج1 2596. طش3 2597. طشت3 2598. طعم17 2599. طعن15 2600. طغم11 2601. طغو5 2602. طف5 2603. طفأ12 2604. طفح12 2605. طفر16 2606. طفس9 2607. طفق14 2608. طفل16 2609. طق5 2610. طل4 2611. طلب19 2612. طلح19 2613. طلس15 2614. طلسم7 2615. طلع20 2616. طلف10 2617. طلق16 2618. طلم13 2619. طم5 2620. طمث15 2621. طمح15 2622. طمر14 2623. طمس18 2624. طمع13 2625. طمن12 2626. طن5 2627. طنأ8 2628. طنب12 2629. طنبر9 2630. طنجر3 2631. طنخ6 2632. طنز10 2633. طنف12 2634. طنفس9 2635. طنى6 2636. طه8 2637. طهر16 2638. طوب8 2639. طوح12 2640. طوخ4 2641. طود15 2642. طور14 2643. طوس10 2644. طوع16 2645. طوف19 2646. طوق16 2647. طول17 2648. طوى8 2649. طى1 2650. طيب18 2651. طيح8 2652. طيخ6 2653. طير16 2654. طيش13 2655. طيع6 2656. طيف12 2657. طين13 2658. ظ5 2659. ظأ1 2660. ظأر13 2661. ظبو5 2662. ظبى4 2663. ظر4 2664. ظرب15 2665. ظرف16 2666. ظعن17 Prev. 100
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طحن

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طحن

1 طَحَنَ البُرَّ, aor. طَحَنَ, inf. n. طَحْنٌ, (S, Msb, K,) said of a man, (S,) He ground the wheat; i. e. he made the wheat into دَقِيق [i. e. flour]; and so [but app. in an intensive sense] ↓ طحّنهُ. (K.) b2: [Hence] one says, طَحَنَهُمْ فَأَهْلَكَهُمْ (assumed tropical:) [He crushed them and destroyed them]. (T and M and K in art. دم.) And حَرْبٌ تَطْحَنُ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ (assumed tropical:) [A war that crushes every thing]. (TA. [See also طَحُونٌ.]) And طَحَنَتْهُمُ المَنُونُ (assumed tropical:) [Time, or death, reduced them to dust]. (TA.) b3: And one says also, طَحَنَتِ الرَّحَى [The mill-stone ground; or revolved]. (S.) b4: And [hence,] طَحَنَتِ الأَفْعَى

The viper turned round about; or coiled itself. (S, K. *) 2 طَحَّنَ see the preceding paragraph, first sentence.

طَحْنٌ: see what next follows.

طِحْنٌ Flour; (S, MA, K;) as also ↓ طَحِينٌ: (MA:) or ground wheat and the like; [or meal;] and sometimes the inf. n., ↓ طَحْنٌ, is used in this sense. (Msb.) Hence the prov., أَسْمَعُ جَعْجَعَةً وَلَا أَرَى طِحْنًا [I hear a sound of the mill, or mill-stone, but I see not flour]. (K.) طُحَنٌ A certain small creeping thing, (دُوَيْبَّةٌ, S, K, TA,) in form like [the species of lizard, or reptile, called] أُمّ حُبَيْن, [see art. حبن,] but more slender (أَلْطَفُ) than this latter, that raises its tail like as does the pregnant camel, and, when bidden to grind, by the children of the Arabs of the desert, grinds with itself the ground until it becomes concealed in the soft soil; and one never sees it but in a tract of ground such as is termed بَلُّوقَة: Az says that ↓ طُحَنَةٌ signifies a certain small creeping thing (دويبّة) like the [beetle called]

جُعَل; and that طُحَنٌ is the pl.: [but, properly speaking, the latter is a coll. gen. n., and the former is the n. un.:] As says that it is [a creature] smaller than the hedge-hog, that comes into existence in the sands, appearing sometimes, and turning round as though grinding, and then diving [into the sand]: (TA: [see also عَوَانَةٌ:]) and, (K,) accord. to Aboo-Kheyreh, (TA,) the طُحَن is what is called لَيْثُ عِفِرِّينَ [q. v. in art. عفر], (K, TA, in the CK لَيْثُ عِفْرِينَ,) resembling the pistachio-nut, in colour like the dust, that buries itself in the earth. (TA.) b2: [Hence, app.,] Short: (K:) [or] accord. to Zj, ↓ طُحَنَةٌ signifies short, having in him لُوثَة [app. meaning stupidity, or the like]; and IB says that he who is tall, having in him لوثة, is termed عُسْقُدٌ: (TA:) accord. to IAar, short in the utmost degree: (Az, TA:) accord. to IKh, the shortest of the short; and the tallest of the tall is termed سَمَرْ طُولٌ. (TA.) طُحَنَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

طَحُونٌ (assumed tropical:) A war (حَرْبٌ) that crushes (تَطْحَنُ) everything. (TA.) And [hence] الطَّحُونُ is a name for (assumed tropical:) War. (Az, K, * TA.) b2: And [hence also] (tropical:) A كَتِيبَة [or troop] that crushes (تَطْحَنُ) what it meets: (S, TA:) or a great كَتِيبَة: (K:) or a كتيبة of horsemen, mighty, or valorous, and numerous. (TA.) b3: And (assumed tropical:) Numerous camels; as also ↓ طَحَّانَةٌ: (S, K:) or both signify camels when they are [many, and are] such as are termed رِفَاق, and have their owners with them; (TA;) as also رَطُونٌ and رَطَّانَةٌ: (As, TA in art. رطن, q. v.:) and the former, about three hundred sheep or goats; (K;) accord. to Lh; but ISd says, I know not any other who has mentioned the طحون of sheep or goats. (TA.) طَحِينٌ and ↓ مَطْحُونٌ (Msb, TA) and ↓ مُطَحَّنٌ (TA) Ground wheat (Msb, TA) and the like thereof. (Msb.) b2: For the first, see also طِحْنٌ.

طِحَانَةٌ The craft, or occupation, of the طَحَّان [or miller]. (K.) طَحِينَةٌ The dregs of the oil of sesame. (TA.) طَحَّانٌ [meaning A miller, or grinder of wheat and the like,] is thus, perfectly decl., if you do not derive it from الطَّحُّ: (K, TA:) i. e. طَحَّان, if you derive it from الطَّحْنُ, is perfectly decl.; but if you derive it from الطَّحُّ, or from الطَّحَا which signifies “ the expanded tract of land,” it is imperfectly decl.: (S, TA:) if from الطَّحُّ, it is of the measure فَعْلَانُ, not فَعَّالٌ; and if from الطَّحَا, it would be by rule طَحْوَانُ. (IB, TA.) طَحَّانَةٌ: see طَاحُونَةٌ: b2: and see also طَحُونٌ.

طَاحِنٌ The bull, of those that tread the wheat, that stands [الَّذِى يَقُومُ, for which الَّّتِى تَقُومُ is erroneously put in the K and TA,] in the middle of the heap thereof and around which the other bulls turn: (K, TA:) mentioned by En-Nadr, on the authority of El-Jaadee. (TA.) طَيْحَنٌ, mentioned by Freytag as meaning A frying-pan (“ sartago ”), is evidently a mistranscription, for طَيْجَنٌ.]

طَاحِنَةٌ, (Msb, TA,) in which the ة is added to give intensiveness to the signification, (Msb,) [or to convert the epithet طَاحِنٌ into a subst.,] sing. of طَوَاحِنُ, (Msb, TA,) which signifies (assumed tropical:) The أَضْرَاس [as meaning the molar teeth, or grinders,] (S, Msb, K, TA) of a man and of others; as being likened to a mill. (TA.) طَاحُونٌ: see what next follows.

طَاحُونَةٌ A mill: (S, Msb, K:) [also called in the present day ↓ طَاحُونٌ: and the same meaning is assigned by Golius and Freytag, by the latter as on the authority of the K, (in which I do not find it,) to ↓ مِطْحَنَةٌ, pl. مَطَاحِنُ; and by Golius to ↓ مِطْحَانٌ likewise:] or a mill that is turned by water; (Lth, MA, Mgh;) as also ↓ طَحَّانَةٌ: (Lth, Mgh, TA:) or this signifies a mill that is turned by a beast [as طاحونة and طاحون do in the present day]: (MA, Mgh:) pl. of the first طَوَاحِينُ. (Msb, TA.) مَطْحَنَةٌ is said by Golius, as on the authority of the KL, (in which however I do not find it,) to signify A place where grinding is performed.]

مِطْحَنَةٌ: see طَاحُونَةٌ.

مُطَحَّنٌ: see طَحِينٌ.

مِطْحَانٌ A viper turning round about; or coiling itself. (S, K.) A poet says, بِخَرْسَآءَ مِطْحَانٍ كَأَنَّ فَحِيحَهَا

إِذَا فَزِعَتْ مَآءٌ هُرِيقَ عَلَى جَمْرِ [With a coiling viper, as though its hissing, when it is frightened, were the sound of water poured upon live coals]. (S, TA.) b2: See also طَاحُونَةٌ.

مَطْحُونٌ: see طَحِينٌ. b2: Also (tropical:) Milk: so called as being likened to corn ready-ground, and fit for food. (L in art. مسد.) طحو and طحى 1 طَحَا, aor. يَطْحُو, inf. n. طَحْوٌ; and طَحَى, aor. يَطْحَى, inf. n. طَحْىٌ; two dial. vars., though only طَحَى, like سَعَى, is mentioned in the K; (TA;) He spread [a thing]; spread [it] out, or forth; expanded [it] ; or extended [it]. (K, TA.) You say, طَحَوْتُهُ, like دَحَوْتُهُ, i. e. I spread it; &c. (S.) b2: And you say, القَوْمُ يَطْحَى بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا The people, or party, repel one another. (TA.) A2: طَحَى, (K,) or طَحَا, (TA,) also signifies It, or he, became spread, spread out or forth, expanded, or extended; (K, TA;) being intrans. as well as trans. (TA.) Accord. to As, (TA,) طَحَا مِنَ الضَّرْبَةِ means He became extended (S, TA) upon the ground (TA) in consequence of the blow: (S, TA:) [and this is probably meant by what here follows:] طَحَا is said when one throws down a man upon his face; (K, TA;) or when he spreads, or extends, him; or when he prostrates him on the ground: (TA:) but accord. to Fr, one says, ↓ شَرِبَ حَتَّى طَحَّى i. e. [He drank until] he stretched out his legs: and البَعِيرُ ↓ طحّى

إِلَى الأَرْضِ i. e. The camel stuck to the ground, either from emptiness or from emaciation: and in like manner one says of a man when people call him to aid or to do an act of kindness: the verb being in all these instances with teshdeed: as though, by saying this, he contradicted As as to its being without teshdeed. (TA.) Accord. to AA, (S,) طَحَيْتُ means I lay, or lay upon my side, or laid my side upon the ground. (S, K. *) And you say, ↓ نَامَ فُلَانٌ فَتَطَحَّى i. e. [Such a one slept, and] lay, or lay upon his side, in a wide space of ground. (TA.) b2: Also, i. e. طَحَا, (AA, S,) or طَحَى, (K,) He (a man, AA, S) went away into the country, or in the land: (AA, S, K:) like طَهَا. (S in art. طهو.) One says, مَا

أَدْرِى أَيْنَ طَحَا [I know not whither he has gone away &c.]. (S.) And طَحَا بِهِ قَلْبُهُ His heart carried him away (ذَهَبَ بِهِ) in [the pursuit of] anything: (S, K:) whence the saying of Alkameh Ibn-'Abadeh, طَحَا بِكَ قَلْبٌ فِى الحِسَانِ طَرُوبُ بُعَيْدَ الشَّبَابِ عَصْرَ حَانَ مَشِيبُ

[A heart much affected with emotion has carried thee away in the pursuit of the beauties long after youthfulness, in the time when entering upon hoariness has arrived: بُعَيْدَ being here a dim. used for the purpose of enhancement]. (S, TA.) And طَحَى بِكَ هَمَّكَ Thy anxiety has carried thee away in a far-extending course. (TA.) and طَحَى بِالكُرَةِ He threw the ball. (TA.) and طَحَى بِفُلَانٍ شَحْمُهُ Such a one became fat. (TA.) b3: طَحَا, aor. يَطْحُو, signifies also He, or it, was or became, distant, or remote. (K.) 2 1َ2َّ3َ see 1, former half, in two places.5 تَ1َ2َّ3َ see 1, latter half.

طَحًا An expanded tract of land. (S, K.) A2: [And the same word, app., written in the TA طحى, is there expl. as meaning The lower, or baser, or the lowest, or basest, of mankind, or of the people.]

طَحْيَةٌ A portion of clouds; as also طَخْيَةٌ. (K.) أَقْبَلَ التَّيْسُ فِى طَحْيَائِهِ is expl. by AZ as meaning [The he-goat came] in his state of rattling at rutting-time (فِى هَبِيبِهِ). (TA. [But probably the right expression is فى طَخْيَائِهِ: see طَخْيَآءُ.]) طَحَّانُ as derived from الطَّحَا: see طَحَّانٌ, in art. طحن.

طَاحٍ Spread; spread out, or forth; expanded; or extended. (S, * K. [See also مُطَحٍّ.]) And That has filled everything by its multitude: (K, TA:) in this sense [or in the former sense as is implied in the S] applied to an army. (TA.) And one says مِظَلَّةٌ طَاحِيَةٌ and ↓ مَطْحُوَّةٌ and ↓ مَطْحِيَّةٌ, meaning A great (T, K, TA) spreading (TA) tent. (T, K, * TA.) And المُدَوِّمَةُ الطَّوَاحِى

The vultures that circle [in the sky] around the bodies of the slain. (S, TA.) b2: Also High, elevated, or lofty: so in the phrase لَا وَالقَمَرِ الطَّاحِى [No, by the high moon]; an oath of some of the Arabs. (TA.) [And Tall as applied to a horse: so طاحى is expl. in the TA; but this, being without the article ال, is a mistake for طَاحٍ.] b3: And A great congregated body of men. (IAar, K.) مَطْحُوَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مَطْحِيَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مُطَحٍّ Spread, expanded, or extended; [like طَاحٍ;] or thrown down upon his face; or lying, and stretching himself, upon his face, on the ground. (TA.) And Cleaving, or sticking, to the ground. (TA.) And بَقْلَةٌ مُطَحِّيَةٌ A herb, or leguminous plant, growing upon the surface of the earth, (K, TA,) having spread itself upon it. (TA.)
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