William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2576. طرأ13 2577. طرب17 2578. طربل9 2579. طرث9 2580. طرح16 2581. طرد162582. طرز15 2583. طرس15 2584. طرش13 2585. طرط6 2586. طرطب8 2587. طرف20 2588. طرق19 2589. طرمح4 2590. طرمذ5 2591. طرو6 2592. طس5 2593. طست10 2594. طسق8 2595. طسوج1 2596. طش3 2597. طشت3 2598. طعم17 2599. طعن15 2600. طغم11 2601. طغو5 2602. طف5 2603. طفأ12 2604. طفح12 2605. طفر16 2606. طفس9 2607. طفق14 2608. طفل16 2609. طق5 2610. طل4 2611. طلب19 2612. طلح19 2613. طلس15 2614. طلسم7 2615. طلع20 2616. طلف10 2617. طلق16 2618. طلم13 2619. طم5 2620. طمث15 2621. طمح15 2622. طمر14 2623. طمس18 2624. طمع13 2625. طمن12 2626. طن5 2627. طنأ8 2628. طنب12 2629. طنبر9 2630. طنجر3 2631. طنخ6 2632. طنز10 2633. طنف12 2634. طنفس9 2635. طنى6 2636. طه8 2637. طهر16 2638. طوب8 2639. طوح12 2640. طوخ4 2641. طود15 2642. طور14 2643. طوس10 2644. طوع16 2645. طوف19 2646. طوق16 2647. طول17 2648. طوى8 2649. طى1 2650. طيب18 2651. طيح8 2652. طيخ6 2653. طير16 2654. طيش13 2655. طيع6 2656. طيف12 2657. طين13 2658. ظ5 2659. ظأ1 2660. ظأر13 2661. ظبو5 2662. ظبى4 2663. ظر4 2664. ظرب15 2665. ظرف16 2666. ظعن17 2667. ظفر18 2668. ظل5 2669. ظلع14 2670. ظلف15 2671. ظلم20 2672. ظمأ13 2673. ظمخ5 2674. ظمو1 2675. ظمى3 Prev. 100
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طرد

1 طَرَدَهُ, aor. طَرُدَ, (S, A, Mgh, &c.,) inf. n. طَرْدٌ (S, A, L, Mgh, Msb, K) and طَرَدٌ, (S, A, L, K,) or the latter is a simple subst., (Msb,) He drove away him, or it; as also ↓ طرّدهُ and ↓ اِطَّرَدَهُ: (L:) he drove him away, expelled him, or banished him, (ISk, S, L, K,) and said to him, Depart thou, or go thou away, from us: (ISk, S, L:) he removed him, or it; put, or placed, him, or it, at a distance, away, or far away; (S, A, Mgh, L, K; *) with his hand, or arm, or with an instrument in his hand; as when one says طَرَدْتُ الذُّبَابَ عَنِ الشَّرَابِ [I drove away the flies from the wine, or beverage]. (Durrat el-Ghowwás, in De Sacy's Anthol. Gramm. Ar., p. 60 of the Ar. text.) You say, طَرَدْتُهُ فَذَهَبَ [I drove him away, &c., and he went away], (Sb, S, Msb,) using ذهب in the place of the quasi-pass., (Msb,) not using [in this case] the measure اِنْفَعَلَ (S, A) nor اِفْتَعَلَ, (S,) [i. e.] you do not say ↓ انطرد nor ↓ اطّرد, (Sb, Msb,) except in a bad dialect. (S, A, Msb.) And you say, مَرَّ فُلَانٌ يَطْرُدُهُمْ Such a one went along driving them away and pursuing them. (S, L.) b2: And طَرَدَ الإِبِلَ, [aor. طَرُدَ,] (S, L,) inf. n. طَرْدٌ and طَرَدٌ, He drove, or brought, or gathered, the camels together, from their several quarters. (S, L, K. *) b3: [And طَرَدَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, (tropical:) He coursed, pursued, hunted, or strove to gain possession of or to catch, wild animals or the like]: the inf. n. طَرَدٌ is expl. as signifying مُزَاوَلَةُ الصَّيْدِ [and طَرْدٌ is very frequently used in this sense]. (S, K.) You say, خَرَجَ يَطْرُدُ حُمُرَ الوَحْشِ (tropical:) He went forth to course, pursue, hunt, snare, entrap, or catch, the wild asses. (A.) and طَرَدَتِ الكِلَابُ الصَّيْدَ (assumed tropical:) The dogs drove away, and pursued closely, the wild animals, or the like. (L.) And الصَّيْدَ ↓ طارد, inf. n. طِرَادٌ, (assumed tropical:) He circumvented, in order to snare, entrap, or catch, the wild animal, or wild animals, or the like; and in like manner, a serpent. (L.) b4: And طَرَدْتُ القَوْمَ I came to the people, or party, or came upon them, or destroyed them, (أَتَيْتُهُمْ, K, or أَتَيعتُ عَلَيْهِمْ, T, S, L,) and passed through them. (T, S, L, K.) b5: And الرِّيحُ تَطْرُدُ الحَصَى وَالصَّفَى (tropical:) The wind blows away with violence the pebbles and the dust. (A.) b6: And القِيعَانُ تَطْرُدُ السَّرَابَ (tropical:) The plains have the mirage running along them like water. (A.) b7: And طَرَدْتُ بَصَرِى فِى أَمْرِ القَوْمِ (tropical:) [I directed my observation to the affair, or case, of the people, or party]. (A.) b8: and طَرَدْتُ الخِلَافَ فِى المَسْأَلَةِ (assumed tropical:) I put forward an opposition, or a contradiction, in the question: app. from المُطَارَدَةُ meaning “ the making to run in a race. ” (Msb.) 2 طَرَّدَ see 1, first sentence: and see also 4; the latter, in two places. b2: One says also, طرّد صَوْتَهُ (tropical:) He prolonged his voice; syn. مَدَّهُ: (A, TA: *) or تَطْرِيدُ السَّوْطِ signifies مَدُّهُ [i. e. the extending, or stretching forth, the whip]. (K, TA.) [The latter I think a mistranscription.] b3: طرّدهُ جَرْحَهُمْ, said of a judge, means (tropical:) He bade him, (i. e. a litigant) to invalidate their testimony, or evidence, if able to do so. (TA, from a saying of EshSháfi'ee.) 3 طارد قِرْنَهُ, (A,) inf. n. مُطَارَدَةٌ and طِرَادٌ, (S, A, K,) (tropical:) He charged upon, or assaulted, or attacked, his adversary, (S, A, K,) in war (S) &c., (TA,) the latter doing the same, (S, K,) and fought him, whether he drove him away or not. (A.) One says, هُمْ فُرْسَانُ الطِّرَادِ (tropical:) They are the horsemen who charge upon, assault, or attack, one another. (S, K, TA.) b2: طارد, inf. n. مُطَارَدَةٌ, signifies [also] (assumed tropical:) He made [a horse] to run in a race. (Msb.) b3: طارد الصَّيْدَ: see 1, latter half.4 اطردهُ He made him, or caused him, (ISh, ISk, S, Mgh,) or he ordered him, (L, K,) to be driven away, expelled, banished, removed, or put or placed at a distance or away or far away, (ISh, ISk, S, Mgh, L, K,) so as not to be in a state of security; (ISh, Mgh, TA;) said of the Sultán: (Mgh:) or he (the Sultán, S, L) ordered that he should be expelled, or banished, (S, L, K,) from his, (S, L,) or from the, (K,) town, or country: (S, L, K:) or اطردهُ عَنِ البَلَدِ, and ↓ طرّدهُ with teshdeed, he (the Sultán) expelled him, or banished him, from the town, or country. (Msb.) b2: And اطرد الإِبِلَ He ordered that the camels should be driven, or brought, or gathered, together, from their several quarters. (S, L.) b3: and أَطْرَدْنَا الغَنَمَ We sent the he-goats among the herd. (IAar, TA.) b4: And اطردهُ, (L, K,) inf. n. إِطْرَدٌ, (A 'Obeyd, Mgh,) He (i. e. a person about to race with another, L) said to him, If thou outstrip me I will give thee such a thing, and if I outstrip thee thou shalt give me such a thing; (A 'Obeyd, Mgh, L, K;) as also ↓ طرّدهُ. (L.) 6 تطاردا (tropical:) They two charged upon, assaulted, or attacked, and fought, each other, whether they drove each other away or not. (A.) 7 انطرد a word of a bad dialect. (S, A, Msb.) See 1.8 اِطَّرَدَ, as trans.: see 1, first sentence.

A2: As quasi-pass.: see 1, second sentence. b2: اِطَّرَدَ المَآءُ (tropical:) The water flowed in a regular, or a continuous, or an uninterrupted, course, one portion following another: (A, * L, Msb:) and اطّردت الأَنْهَارُ (assumed tropical:) The rivers so flowed: (Msb:) or [simply] the rivers ran, or flowed. (S.) And اِضْطَرَدَ الخَيْلُ (tropical:) The horses ran, following one another: occurring in a trad.: the verb is originally اِطْتَرَدَ; the augmentative ت being changed into ط, and then the radical ط is changed into ض: (L:) and for اِضْطِرَادٌ, some say اِلْطِرَادٌ, changing the ض into ل [as in اِلْطَجَعَ for اِضْطَجَعَ]. (Az, TA in art. ضجع.) And اطّردوا إِلَى المَسِيرِ (tropical:) They followed one another to go on a journey. (A.) and اطّرد الشَّىْءُ, (S, A, L,) or الأَمْرُ, (Msb, K,) (tropical:) The thing, or the affair, followed a regular and con. tinuous course, one part, or stage, following another uninterruptedly: (S, A, L, Msb, K:) and اطّرد الأَمْرُ signifies also the affair followed a right, a direct, or an even, course. (S, L, K.) and اطّرد الكَلَامُ (assumed tropical:) The language, or speech, was consecutive, or uninterrupted, in its parts. (L.) and اطّردت قِرَآءَتُهُ (assumed tropical:) His recitation, or reading, continued uninterruptedly: from يَوْمٌ طَرَّادٌ meaning “ a long day. ” (Mgh.) And اطّرد الحَدُّ (assumed tropical:) The definition was of uniform, undeviating, or general, application; it uniformly, or commonly, or constantly, applied, or obtained; i. e. all the things to which it related followed one uniform, or undeviating, way, like the course of rivers. (Msb. [And in like manner one says of a rule.]) اطّرد said of a word, form or measure, construction, or government, means (tropical:) It was agreeable with the common, or constant, course of speech in respect of analogy, or rule; it was agreeable with common, or constant, analogy, or rule: and, said of the same, or of a rule, it was agreeable with the common, or constant, course of speech in respect of usage; it was agreeable with common, or constant, usage; it commonly, or constantly, obtained: [the verb is used absolutely to express each of these two meanings; the context in general showing clearly which meaning is intended:] the former meaning is also expressed by the phrase اطّرد فِى القِيَاسِ; and the latter, by the phrase اطّرد فِى الاِسْتِعْمَالِ. (Mz, 12th نوع. [See also the contr. شَذَّ: and see مُطَّرِدٌ, below.]) 10 استطرد He desired, or sought, to drive away, expel, banish, remove, or put or place at a distance or away or far away. (KL.) b2: استطرد لَهُ (S, L, Msb, in the K استطردهُ لَهُ,) denotes a kind of stratagem, (S, L,) or what is as though it were a kind of stratagem, (K,) meaning (assumed tropical:) He fled, or wheeled about widely, from him, i. e. from his adversary in fight, to turn again, by way of stratagem, and then returned upon him; as though he drew him from a position which he could not maintain to one which he could maintain. (Msb.) b3: And hence, app., the phrase, وَقَعَ ذٰلِكَ عَلَى وَجْهِ الاِسْتِطْرَادِ (assumed tropical:) That occurred in the way of a digression, not being mentioned in its proper place. (Msb.) طَرَدٌ i. q. فِرَاخُ النَّحْلِ [as though meaning The young ones of bees: but app. a mistranscription for فراخ النَّخْلِ (assumed tropical:) the suckers, or offsets, of palmtrees; as though pushed forth; of the measure فَعَلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ, like نَفَضٌ

&c.]. (TA, from AHn.) مَآءٌ طَرِدٌ Water in which beasts have waded, and in which they have voided their urine and dung. (K.) طِرْدَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A charge, or an assault, of two horsemen, each upon the other, at one time. (K.) طُرْدِينٌ A certain food of the [people called]

أَكْرَاد [pl. of كُرْدٌ]. (K.) طِرَادٌ: see مِطْرَدٌ. b2: فُلَانٌ يَمْشِى مَشْيًا طرادًا [app. طِرَادًا, from طِرَادٌ meaning “ a spear; ” or perhaps ↓ طَرَّادًا;] (assumed tropical:) Such a one walks in a straight, a direct, or an even, course. (L, TA.) طَرِيدٌ and ↓ مَطْرُودٌ (S, L, Msb) and ↓ مُطَرَّدٌ (A) [and ↓ مُطَّرَدٌ A man driven away, expelled, banished, or outcast; (L;) a man removed; put, or placed, at a distance, away, or far away: (S, L:) طَرِيدٌ is likewise applied to a female, as also طَرِيدَةٌ; and the pl. of both in this case is طَرَائِدُ. (M, L.) نَاقَةٌ طَرِيدٌ, without ة, means A she-camel driven away, and taken away: pl. طَرَائِدُ. (L.) b2: And (tropical:) One who is born after another: (S, L, K:) the second is termed the طَرِيد of the first. (S, L.) Also (assumed tropical:) One who is born before another. (K.) And hence, الطَّرِيدَانِ (tropical:) The night and the day: (A, L, K:) each being the طَرِيد of the other. (A, L.) b3: See also طَرَّادٌ. b4: Also (tropical:) Old; applied to a garment, or piece of cloth; syn. شَارِفٌ. (A, TA.) And ثَوْبٌ طَرَائِدُ is mentioned by Lh as meaning (assumed tropical:) An old, worn-out, garment, or piece of cloth. (TA.) A2: And The base, or lower part, of the raceme of a palm-tree; (S, L, K;) as also ↓ طَرِيدَةٌ. (L.) طَرِيدَةٌ [a subst. from طَرِيدٌ, rendered so by the the affix ة,] A wild animal, or the like, that is coursed, hunted, snared, entrapped, or caught: (S, L, K, TA:) pl. طَرَائِدُ. (TA.) The female that is the object of the chase of a male [wild] ass. (M * and K * and MF, all in art. الب.) b2: And A number of camels driven away together, i. e., (S,) camels that are stolen: (S, K:) a number of camels attacked by a troop of horsemen and driven away. (A, L.) A2: (assumed tropical:) A cane wherein is a notch (حُزَّة), which is put upon spindles and arrows, (S, L, K,) and upon a stick, (L,) and thus used for planing them: (S, L, K:) (tropical:) i. q. سَفَنٌ, (AHeyth, A, L,) i. e. a cane which is hollowed, and has some notches cut in it, (AHeyth, L,) through which an arrow is put (AHeyth, A, L) and repeatedly drawn [to smooth it]: (AHeyth, A:) or a small piece of wood, in the form of a water-spout, as though it were the half of a cane, of the size required by the bow or arrow [which are to be smoothed therewith]. (AHn, L.) A3: (tropical:) An oblong piece (A, K) of a garment (A) or of silk: (K:) or a long strip (AA, IAar, TA) of rag (AA, TA) or of silk. (IAar, TA.) (assumed tropical:) A piece of rag, which is moistened, or wetted, and with which the [kind of oven called] تَنُّور is wiped; as also ↓ مِطْرَدَةٌ. (K.) b2: And (tropical:) A narrow strip of herbage (A, * K, TA) and of land. (K, TA.) b3: And (tropical:) The line, or streak, (خُطَّة,) between the rump-bone and withers. (L.) A4: See also طَرِيدٌ, last sentence.

A5: الطَّرِيدَةُ is also the name of A certain game (K, TA) of the boys of the Arabs of the desert, (TA,) called by the vulgar المَسَّةُ, (K, TA,) and some say المَاسَّةُ, (TA,) and الضَّبْطَةُ: when the hand of the player falls upon the body or head or shoulder of another, it is [said to be] المَسَّةُ; and when it falls upon the leg, or foot, it is الأَسْنُ: (K, TA:) but this [app. meaning الأَسْنُ] is not of established authority: it was also played by girls. (TA.) A6: See also what here follows.

طَرَّادٌ A small and swift kind of ship or boat: (K, TA:) called by the vulgar ↓ تَطْرِيدَةٌ [perhaps a mistranscription for ↓ طَرِيدَةٌ, which is a postclassical term for a vessel used for the transport of horses; and of which طَرَائِدُ is the pl.: see Quatremère's Hist. des Sultans Mamlouks, i.

144]. (TA.) b2: Also (assumed tropical:) One who prolongs a recitation, or reading, [of the Kur-án] to people so that he drives them away: (K:) or one who drives away people by the length of his standing and the muchness of his recitation, or reading. (Mgh.) b3: And (tropical:) Wide, spacious, or ample; (A, K;) applied to a plain, (A,) or place. (K.) And (tropical:) An even, wide, roof. (K, TA.) And بِلَادٌ طَرَّادَةٌ (tropical:) Wide, or spacious, regions or lands, (A, L,) in which the mirage [in appearance] flows. (L.) b4: Also, (A, Mgh, L, K,) and ↓ طَرِيدٌ, and ↓ مُطَرَّدٌ, (L, K,) (tropical:) A long day: (L, Mgh, K, TA:) (tropical:) a whole, or complete, day, (A, L,) or month. (A.) And سِنُونَ طَرَّادَةٌ (tropical:) Whole, or complete, years. (A.) b5: See also طِرَادٌ.

طَارِدٌ [act. part. n. of 1: fem. with ة, and pl. of the latter طَوَارِدُ]. b2: [Hence] طَوَارِدُ الإِبِلِ (tropical:) Those that remain behind, [as though driving away the others,] of the camels. (A.) تَطْرِيدَةٌ: see طَرَّادٌ.

مِطْرَدٌ A spear; so called because one hunts (يطرد) with it: (Msb:) or, (S, M, A, Mgh, L, K,) as also ↓ طِرَادٌ, (L, K, [in my copy of the Mgh, app., طَرَّاد, its pl. being there plainly written طَرّادات, though the sing. is doubtfully written, and it may be that Freytag, who mentions طَرَّادة as signifying a spear, was led to do so from his finding طِرَادَات, which I believe to be pl. of طِرَادٌ, written طرّادات,]) a short spear, (M, A, Mgh, L, K,) so called for the reason above mentioned, (Mgh,) [i. e.] with which one hunts (يطرد), or with which one hunts wild animals; (M, L;) [a short hunting-spear;] or a short spear with which one thrusts, or pierces, (S, L,) wild animals, (S,) or wild asses: (L:) pl. مَطَارِدُ. (A.) [And Freytag mentions مَطَارِدُ as a pl. without sing., occurring in the Deewán of the Hudhalees, meaning Long arrows.]

مَطْرَدَةٌ A means of driving away, removing, &c.: so in the phrase مَطْرَدَةُ الدَّآءِ عَنِ الجَسَدِ (assumed tropical:) A means of driving away, or removing, disease from the body. (L, from a trad.) b2: And (assumed tropical:) The beaten track; or main part, and middle; of a road; as also ↓ مِطْرَدَةٌ. (K.) مِطْرَدَةٌ: see طَرِيدَةٌ, latter half: A2: and مَطْرَدَةٌ.

مُطَرَّدٌ: see طَرِيدٌ: b2: and طَرَّادٌ.

مُطَرِّدٌ, accord. to Freytag, occurs in the Deewán of the Hudhalees, applied to a spear, as meaning Altogether straight, so that the whole trembles: for that which is crooked does not. But this, if not a mistranscription, is app. used by poetic license, for ↓ مُطَّرِدٌ.]

مَطْرُودٌ: see طَرِيدٌ.

مُطَّرَدٌ: see طَرِيدٌ.

جَدْوَلٌ مُطَّرِدٌ (assumed tropical:) A rivulet, or streamlet, [regular, or uninterrupted, and] swift in course. (L.) b2: [In a copy of the A, among tropical phrases, I find جَدْوَلٌ مُطَّرِدُ الأَنَابِيبِ وَالكُعُوبِ; but it seems that there is an omission here, and that after جَدْوَلٌ we should read مُطَّرِدٌ; and then, وَرُمْحٌ الخ, i. e. (tropical:) A spear even and regular in the internodal portions and the knots.] See مُطَرِّدٌ. b3: [Hoseyn Ibn-Homám El-Murree applies مُطَّرِد, as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates, to A coat of mail, app. meaning even and regular in texture: see Ham p. 189.] b4: بَعِيرٌ مُطَّرِدٌ (assumed tropical:) A camel that continues his pace, or course, uninterruptedly, and does not become out of breath from running. (L.) b5: مُطَّرِدُ النَّسِيمِ is used by a poet as a name for (assumed tropical:) The nose of a running horse [app. meaning uninterrupted in breathing]. (S, L.) b6: مُطَّرِدٌ applied to a word, form or measure, construction, or government, means (tropical:) Agreeable with the common, or constant, course of speech in respect of analogy, or rule; agreeable with common, or constant, analogy, or rule: and, applied to the same, or to a rule, agreeable with the common, or constant, course of speech in respect of usage; agreeable with common, or constant, usage; commonly, or constantly, obtaining: (Mz, 12th نوع:) [but what is thus termed is not strictly speaking and in every case without exception; for, taking 24 to represent universality, 23 in comparison therewith is مُطَّرِد;] 20 in comparison with 23 is غَالِب; 15 is كَثِير; 3 is قَلِيل; and I is نَادِر. (Mz, 13th نوع. [See also the contr. شَاذٌّ: and see 8 in this art.]) رَمْلٌ مُتَطَارِدٌ (assumed tropical:) Sand of which one part drives away and follows another. (L.)
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