William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2570. طحلب11 2571. طحم8 2572. طحن15 2573. طخو2 2574. طدو2 2575. طر42576. طرأ13 2577. طرب17 2578. طربل9 2579. طرث9 2580. طرح16 2581. طرد16 2582. طرز15 2583. طرس15 2584. طرش13 2585. طرط6 2586. طرطب8 2587. طرف20 2588. طرق19 2589. طرمح4 2590. طرمذ5 2591. طرو6 2592. طس5 2593. طست10 2594. طسق8 2595. طسوج1 2596. طش3 2597. طشت3 2598. طعم17 2599. طعن15 2600. طغم11 2601. طغو5 2602. طف5 2603. طفأ12 2604. طفح12 2605. طفر16 2606. طفس9 2607. طفق14 2608. طفل16 2609. طق5 2610. طل4 2611. طلب19 2612. طلح19 2613. طلس15 2614. طلسم7 2615. طلع20 2616. طلف10 2617. طلق16 2618. طلم13 2619. طم5 2620. طمث15 2621. طمح15 2622. طمر14 2623. طمس18 2624. طمع13 2625. طمن12 2626. طن5 2627. طنأ8 2628. طنب12 2629. طنبر9 2630. طنجر3 2631. طنخ6 2632. طنز10 2633. طنف12 2634. طنفس9 2635. طنى6 2636. طه8 2637. طهر16 2638. طوب8 2639. طوح12 2640. طوخ4 2641. طود15 2642. طور14 2643. طوس10 2644. طوع16 2645. طوف19 2646. طوق16 2647. طول17 2648. طوى8 2649. طى1 2650. طيب18 2651. طيح8 2652. طيخ6 2653. طير16 2654. طيش13 2655. طيع6 2656. طيف12 2657. طين13 2658. ظ5 2659. ظأ1 2660. ظأر13 2661. ظبو5 2662. ظبى4 2663. ظر4 2664. ظرب15 2665. ظرف16 2666. ظعن17 2667. ظفر18 2668. ظل5 2669. ظلع14 Prev. 100
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طر

1 طَرَّ, aor. طَرُّ, (A, Msb, TA,) inf. n. طَرٌّ, (S, A, Msb, K,) He cut, or divided, lengthwise; slit; or rent; (S, A, Msb, K;) a garment or piece of cloth: (TA:) and he cut [in any manner] (S, A, K) the same, (A, TA,) or some other thing. (A.) b2: He cut off a man's arm or hand, by a blow, or stroke; (A;) as also ↓ اطرّ; (S, A, K; *) and so اترّ. (TA.) He cut, or clipped, his mustache. (TA.) And one says of a woman, تَطُرُّ شَعَرَهَا She cuts her hair short. (A.) [And app. She cuts her hair over the forehead so as to form what is termed a طُرَّة: see also 2.] b3: and طَرَّتِ الإِبِلُ الجِبَالَ والآكَامَ (tropical:) The camels traversed the mountains and the hills. (A.) And طَرَرْتُ القَوْمَ (assumed tropical:) I passed by the people, all of them. (Yoo, TA.) A2: Also, طَرَّ, (S, A,) aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. طَرٌّ (A, K) and طُرُورٌ, (K,) He sharpened (S, A, K, TA) a spear-head, (S,) or a knife (A, K) &c., (K,) or an iron implement. (TA.) b2: And طَرَّ He polished a sword. (O.) b3: And, (TA,) inf. n. طَرٌّ, (K,) He renovated a building. (K, TA. [In the CK, تَحْدِيد is put for تَجْدِيد as the explanation of the inf. n.]) b4: And He plastered with clay his wateringtrough, or tank: (S, TA:) and likewise his mosque, or oratory, and decorated it. (TA.) b5: And طَرَّهُ بِثَنَآءٍ حَسَنٍ, aor. طَرُّ, inf. n. طَرٌّ, He eulogized him. (TA voce خَمَّ.) A3: And, aor. as above, (TA,) inf. n. طَرٌّ, (S, A, K,) He drove away; syn. شَلَّ; (S, A, K, TA;) and ↓ اطرّ, inf. n. إِطْرَارٌ, signifies [the same, i. e.] طَرَدَ. (As, TA.) In some copies of the K, [and in a copy of the A,] الشَّدُّ is erroneously put for الشَّلُّ as an explanation of الطَّرُّ. (TA.) b2: And you say طَرَرْتُ الإِبِلَ, (S,) inf. n. طَرٌّ, (K,) I drove, or brought, or gathered, the camels together, from their several quarters; (S, K; *) like طَرَدْتُهَا: (S:) or, accord. to Yaakoob, I walked on one side of the camels, and then on the other side, to put them in right order. (S.) b3: And طَرٌّ signifies also The act of seizing, or carrying-off, by force; or snatching at unawares. (Kr, K.) b4: And The act of slapping with the palm of the hand. (Kr, K.) A4: As an intrans. v., طَرَّ, aor. طَرُّ (S, A, Msb, K) and طَرِّ, (Msb, K,) the latter agreeable with analogy, (TA,) [but the former the more common,] inf. n. طُرُورٌ, (S, Msb,) or طَرٌّ, (K,) or both, (TA,) (tropical:) It (a plant) clave the earth: (A:) or grew forth, or sprouted: (S, Msb:) or came up, or forth. (K.) And it is likewise said of the mustache (S, A, Msb, K) of a boy, (S, A, Msb,) and of hair in general; meaning (tropical:) It burst through the skin: (A:) some say, طُرَّ شَارِبُهُ [meaning his mustache grew forth]; (O, TA;) but طَرَّ is more chaste. (Az, TA.) b2: طَرَّتِ النُّجُومُ, occurring in a trad., means (assumed tropical:) The stars rose; (O, TA;) from طَرَّ said of a plant: (TA:) or the phrase, as some relate it, is طُرَّتِ النجوم, which means (assumed tropical:) the stars shone; (O, TA;) from طَرَّ meaning “ he polished ” a sword. (O.) b3: And طَرَّتْ يَدُهُ, (S, K, * TA,) aor. طَرِّ and طَرُّ (K, TA) by common consent of the authorities on inflection, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) His arm, or hand, fell off; (S, K, * TA;) [being severed by a blow, or stroke;] like تَرَّتْ. (S, TA.) A5: See also 4.

A6: طَرَّ said of a man, [app. of the measure فَعُلَ, originally طَرُرَ,] inf. n. طَرَارَةٌ, He was, or became, beautiful, goodly, or comely. (ISh, TA.) b2: And طَرَّتْ نَاقَتِى, [app. of the measure فَعِلَتْ, originally طَرِرَتْ, aor. تَطَرُّ,] inf. n. طَرَرٌ, My she-camel was, or became, clear in colour. (O, TA.) 2 طَرَّرَتْ, [and طرّرت شَعَرَهَا,] inf. n. تَطْرِيرٌ, She (a girl) made to herself a طُرَّة [q. v.]. (TA.) [See also 1.]4 أَطْرَ3َ see 1, second sentence. b2: اطرّهُ signifies also He made it to fall off. (K, TA.) One says, اطرّ اللّٰهُ يَدَ فُلَانٍ God made, or may God make, the arm, or hand, of such one to fall off; as also اترّهُ. (TA.) A2: And اطرّ, (K,) inf. n. إِطْرَارٌ, (AZ, S,) He excited, or incited; syn. أَغْرَى. (AZ, S. K.) b2: See, again, 1.

A3: اطرّ is also syn. with

أَدَلَّ [as meaning He acted with boldness, or he emboldened himself: in the CK, erroneously, اَذَلَّ]. (S, K.) Hence, [accord. to ISk,] أَطِرِّى

فَإِنَّكِ نَاعِلَةٌ, (ISk, S, K,) or ↓ طِرِّى, (K,) both mentioned by Aboo-Sa'eed, (TA,) a prov., (S, TA,) meaning Act thou with boldness, or embolden thyself, (أَدِلِّى,) for thou art wearing sandals: (ISk, S, K:) applied alike to a male and to a female and to two and to a pl. number, for it was originally said to a woman, and is therefore used as thus said: (S:) or, (S, K,) accord. to AO, (S,) it means (assumed tropical:) venture thou upon the affair that is difficult, for thou hast strength for it; and was originally said by a man to a woman who was pasturing his cattle in the soft, or plain, land, and leaving the rugged; [lit.] meaning take thou to the طُرَر, i. e. sides, of the valley; and he says, I think that by the sandals he meant the roughness of the skin of her feet: (S, K: *) or it means collect thou together the camels: (K:) or, accord. to Aboo-Sa'eed, take thou to the أَطْرَار, i. e. sides, of the camels; i. e. take care of them, from the most remote of them [inclusively], and keep them in safety. (TA.) Some say أَظِرِّى. (M and K in art. ظر.) A4: And one says, of a man, مَاأَطَرَّهُ, meaning How beautiful, or goodly, or comely, is he! (ISh, TA.) 10 استطرّ إِتْمَامَ الشَّكِيرِ It caused the [downy, or fine,] hair to grow to its full, or complete, state: occurring in some verses of El-Ajjáj. (O, TA.) R. Q. 1 طَرْطَرَ, [inf. n. طَرْطَرَةٌ,] (K,) said of a man, (TA,) He gloried, or boasted, vainly, and praised himself for that which was not in him; syn. طَرْمَذَ. (K.) IDrd says, طَرْطَرَةٌ is an Arabic word, [i. e. it is genuine Arabic,] though in common use with the post-classical writers: one says, رَجُلٌ فِيهِ طَرْطَرَةٌ, meaning A man in whom is vainglorying &c. (طَرْمَذَةٌ) and loquacity. (O, TA.) b2: And طَرْطَرَ بِضَأْنِهِ He called his ewes to be milked, (O, K, TA,) saying to them طَرْ طَرْ. (TA.) Q. Q. 3 اِطْرَوْرَى He (a man, TA) became filled by repletion of the stomach, or by anger; (O, K, TA;) as also اِظْرَوْرَى. (O.) [But the former verb is also mentioned in the K, in art. طرو, as of the measure اِفْعَوْعَلَ; and the latter, in art. ظرى.]

طَرْطَرْ a cry by which ewes are called to be milked. (TA.) [See R. Q. 1, last sentence.]

طُرْ طُرْ is said in enjoining one to abide in the neighbourhood of the House of God [at Mekkeh], (O, K,) and to do so constantly: (K:) so says IAar: (TA:) Az has mentioned it in this art.; but if it be a word repeated, from طَارَ, aor. يَطُورُ, its proper place is art. طور: the present art. would be its proper place only if it were طَرْطِرْ [imperative of طَرْطَرَ]: (O:) [F says,] in my opinion it should rightly be mentioned in art. طور; but Az and others have mentioned it among reduplicate words; therefore I have followed them, and notified [the case]. (K.) طَرٌّ [The fur, or soft hair, called] وَبَر, and hair of the ass, that comes forth after the falling off of former hair. (K.) طُرٌّ A collective body [of men]. (Yoo, TA.) One says, جَاؤُوا طُرًّا They came all; (S, TA;) and it is said that طُرًّا is here in the accus. case as a denotative of state, or as an inf. n.: Sb mentions the phrase مَرَرْتُ بِهِمْ طُرًّا I passed by them all; and he says that the last word is used only as a denotative of state: but Khaseeb En-Nasránee used it otherwise; replying to one who said to him, How art thou? أَحْمَدُ اللّٰهَ إِلَى طُرِّ خَلْقِهِ [I praise God to all his creatures]; and the phrase رَأَيْتُ بَنِى فُلَانٍ بِطُرٍّ I saw the sons of such a one, all of them, has also been transmitted: some say that طُرًّا in the first of the phrases above is put in the place of an act. part. n., and is [originally] an inf. n. (TA.) طِرٌّ: see طُرَّةٌ, latter half.

طَرَّةٌ A single act of cutting [&c.: an inf. n. of 1, q. v.]. (TA.) b2: And Impregnation by a single act of initus: (O, L, K:) [used in relation to camels:] or it signifies [simply] a single act of initus: thus in the phrase أَلْقَحَهَا بِطَرَّةٍ [He (the stallion) impregnated her by a single act of initus]. (TK.) A2: الطَّرَّةُ, (AHeyth, O, K,) thus with fet-h, (O,) and thus written by AHeyth, (TA,) signifies also The flank. (AHeyth, O, K.) طُرَّةٌ A thing that is cut. (TA.) b2: The hair that is cut over (lit. over against, حِذَآءَ,) the forehead: (Mgh, Msb, voce قُصَّة:) what a girl cuts short, of the full hair upon her forehead, and forms into a row or rows: (A:) [so accord. to present usage; the hair over the forehead of a girl or woman, cut with a straight or even edge, or with two such edges one above the other, so as to form a kind of border; as also قُصَّةٌ:] what is cut, in the fore part of the نَاصِيَة [or hair over the forehead] of a girl, like the عَلَم [or ornamental border], (K, TA,) or like the طُرَّة [which seems here to signify the same as عَلَم, or nearly so], (TA,) which is beneath a crown: and sometimes it is [an imitation of a band, across the forehead,] made of [the black substance called] رَامَك: as also ↓ طُرُورٌ; (K, TA;) or ↓ طَرُورٌ: (so in the O:) or the latter signifies a طُرَّة made of رَامَك: (O, TS:) pl. (of طُرَّةٌ, TA) طُرَرٌ, and (of طُرُورٌ [or طَرُورٌ], TA [and accord. to analogy of طُرَّةٌ also]) طِرَارٌ. (K.) b3: Also (K) [absolutely] The hair over the forehead; syn. نَاصِيَةٌ. (S, O, K.) b4: [Hence, app., The طُرَّة of a building; also called its صُفَّة: see this latter word.] b5: And (tropical:) The كُفَّة of a garment or piece of cloth; (S, A, O, Msb;) i. e., (S,) the border, or side, thereof, that has no هُدْب [or end of unwoven threads]: (S, O, K:) [and the fringed end thereof: (see صَنِفَةٌ and هُدْبٌ:)] or the ornamental, or figured, or variegated, border (عَلَم) thereof: and, in like manner, of a [water-bag of the kind called] مَزَادَة: (K, TA: [والمَزادةُ in the CK is a mistake for والمزادةِ:]) or the طُرَّة of a garment or piece of cloth is a thing resembling two ornamental, or figured, or variegated, borders (عَلَمَانِ) sewed upon the two sides of a بُرْد, upon its border: (Lth, TA:) pl. طُرَرٌ (Msb, K) and طِرَارٌ. (K.) And طُرَّاتٌ [is likewise a pl. of طُرَّةٌ, and] occurs in a trad. as meaning Veils (سُتُور), or head-veils, (O, TA,) or pieces [or strips], (Z, TA,) cut by women from a garment of the kind called سِيَرَآء. (Z, O, TA.) b6: And (tropical:) The side, or edge, of a river, and of a valley: (S, A, O, K:) the border of a land or country: (TA:) and the edge of anything; (S, O, K;) its extremity: (K:) pl. طُرَرٌ (S, O, K) and طِرَارٌ: (K:) and أَطْرَارٌ also signifies the sides of a valley; and in like manner, of a country, and of a road; (TA;) and the extremities of a country; (S, O, TA;) and its sing. is ↓ طِرٌّ; or, accord. to the T, طُرَّةٌ: (TA:) and طُرَرٌ signifies also (tropical:) the margins of a book or writing; (A, TA;) and the sing. is طُرَّةٌ. (TA in arts. حشى and همش.) b7: And (tropical:) The two lines, or streaks, (خُطَّتَانِ,) upon the two shoulders (كَتِفَانِ) of the ass: (K:) or الطُرَّتَانِ signifies the streaked place upon each side of that animal: (TA:) or two black streaks (خطّتان, as above,) upon the two shoulders (كتفان) of the ass: and applied by Aboo-Dhu-eyb to those of the wild bull: (S, O:) or two stripes, or streaks, on the back of the ass: (A:) and طُرَّةُ مَتْنِهِ the streak of his back. (S.) b8: (tropical:) A streak of cloud: (S, A, * O, K:) an oblong portion of cloud, commencing from the horizon: (TA:) its dim., طُرَيْرَةٌ, occurs in a trad. (O, TA.) b9: And (assumed tropical:) A goodly aspect of a man. (TA.) b10: And one says, رَأَيْتُ طُرَّةَ بَنِى

فُلَانٍ (assumed tropical:) I saw the mode, or manner, of alighting and abiding of the sons of such a one, from afar. (TA.) b11: And بَدَتْ طُرَرُ الأَمْرِ (tropical:) The indications, or signs, or tokens, of the affair, or event, appeared. (A, TA.) b12: And تَكَلَّمَ بِالشَّىةءِ مِنْ طِرَارِهِ (assumed tropical:) He spoke the thing eliciting it from his mind. (TA.) طُرُورٌ, or طَرُورٌ: see طُرَّةٌ.

طَرِيرٌ Sharpened; applied to a spear-head; (A, K, TA;) as also ↓ مَطْرُورٌ: (A, TA:) or, so applied, polished; (O;) or thus also, applied to an arrow; and so ↓ مَطْرُورٌ applied to a sword. (TA.) b2: And (tropical:) Goodly, or pleasing, in aspect; (S, A, O, K;) applied to a man: (A:) a beautiful, goodly, or comely, man: (ISh, TA:) a man beautiful, goodly, or comely, in face: and some say, whose prime of manhood is future: (TA:) or a youth, or young man, soft, or tender, fleshy, and fat: (Ham p. 513:) pl. طِرَارٌ. (ISh, TA.) See also طَارٌّ.

طُرَّى A she-ass driven away: (O, K, TA:) or a brisk, lively, or sprightly, ass. (TA.) طَرَّارٌ A cutpurse; one who cuts, or slits, purses, (A, Mgh, Msb, * TA,) and takes people's money at unawares: (Msb:) or who slits a man's sleeve, [in which he carries his money and the like,] and gently extracts what is in it: (TA:) from الطَّرُّ

“ the act of slitting ” (S, Msb) and “ cutting. ” (S.) طِرِّيَانٌ A table upon which one eats; syn. خِوَانٌ: (K:) or a dish, or plate, (طَبَقٌ,) upon which food is eaten. (O.) [But see طِرِيَّانٌ, in art. طرو.]

طَارٌّ (tropical:) A boy whose mustache is growing forth: (S, A, Msb:) or whose mustache has grown forth; (Lth, L, K;) as also ↓ طَرِيرٌ. (K.) b2: And خَزٌّ طَارٌّ (tropical:) A sort of [cloth of the kind called] خَزّ [app. having a nap]. (A, TA.) طُرْطُورٌ A sort of قَلَنْسُوَة [q. v.], (S, K,) worn by Arabs of the desert, (S,) tall, or long, and narrow (S, K) in the head, or top: (S:) [in the present day applied to a sort of high, conical, cap: and a cowl.] b2: And (assumed tropical:) A slender and tall man. (S, K.) b3: And, (K,) accord. to IAar, (O,) Low, ignoble, mean, or sordid, (وَغْدٌ,) and weak: (O, K:) pl. طَرَاطِيرُ. (O.) مُطِرٌّ A boy having a طُرَّة; as also ↓ مُطَرَّرٌ: and the latter with ة is applied to a girl. (So in a copy of the A.) b2: جَلَبٌ مُطِرٌّ (assumed tropical:) [A thing, or things, brought for the purpose of traffic,] come from the extremities (أَطْرَار) of the country. (TA.) b3: غَضَبٌ مُطِرٌّ Anger that is misplaced, and for a thing that does not require it: (S, K:) or in which is somewhat of boldness, or presumptuousness: or such as is vehement, or violent. (TA.) b4: جَآءَ فُلَانٌ مُطِرًّا Such a one came domineering, or exalting himself; behaving boldly, or presumptuously. (As, S.) مِطَرَّةٌ, (O,) or مُطِرَّةٌ, or مُطَرَّةٌ, (accord. to different copies of the K,) with damm, (K,) [and accord. to the TK with fet-h to the ط,] Custom, habit, or wont: (O, K:) so says AZ: (O:) [the form given in the O seems to be preferable: but] F has also mentioned it as without teshdeed, [i. e.

مَطِْرَةٌ,] and thus it is mentioned [in the K] in art. مطر. (TA.) مُطَرَّرٌ: see مُطِرٌّ.

مَطْرُورٌ: see طَرِيرٌ, in two places.
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