William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2603. طفأ12 2604. طفح12 2605. طفر16 2606. طفس9 2607. طفق14 2608. طفل162609. طق5 2610. طل4 2611. طلب19 2612. طلح19 2613. طلس15 2614. طلسم7 2615. طلع20 2616. طلف10 2617. طلق16 2618. طلم13 2619. طم5 2620. طمث15 2621. طمح15 2622. طمر14 2623. طمس18 2624. طمع13 2625. طمن12 2626. طن5 2627. طنأ8 2628. طنب12 2629. طنبر9 2630. طنجر3 2631. طنخ6 2632. طنز10 2633. طنف12 2634. طنفس9 2635. طنى6 2636. طه8 2637. طهر16 2638. طوب8 2639. طوح12 2640. طوخ4 2641. طود15 2642. طور14 2643. طوس10 2644. طوع16 2645. طوف19 2646. طوق16 2647. طول17 2648. طوى8 2649. طى1 2650. طيب18 2651. طيح8 2652. طيخ6 2653. طير16 2654. طيش13 2655. طيع6 2656. طيف12 2657. طين13 2658. ظ5 2659. ظأ1 2660. ظأر13 2661. ظبو5 2662. ظبى4 2663. ظر4 2664. ظرب15 2665. ظرف16 2666. ظعن17 2667. ظفر18 2668. ظل5 2669. ظلع14 2670. ظلف15 2671. ظلم20 2672. ظمأ13 2673. ظمخ5 2674. ظمو1 2675. ظمى3 2676. ظن8 2677. ظنب10 2678. ظهر19 2679. ظوف6 2680. ظى1 2681. ع5 2682. عب6 2683. عبأ13 2684. عبث15 2685. عبد19 2686. عبر15 2687. عبس18 2688. عبط16 2689. عبق13 2690. عبقر14 2691. عبك8 2692. عبل13 2693. عبهل7 2694. عبو6 2695. عبى5 2696. عتب19 2697. عتد18 2698. عتر19 2699. عتق20 2700. عتك10 2701. عتل16 2702. عتم16 Prev. 100
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طفل

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طفل

1 طَفُلَ, aor. طَفُلَ, inf. n. طَفَالَةٌ and طُفُولَةٌ, It (anything) was, or became, soft, or tender; [as though resembling a طِفْل;] (K, TA;) syn. رَخُصَ. (TA.) A2: طَفَلَت said of a she-camel: see 2. b2: طَفَلَ, (K, TA,) inf. n. طُفُولٌ, said of a man, (TA,) He entered upon the [time called]

طَفَل, (K, TA,) which has two contr. meanings; (TA;) as also ↓ اطفل. (K.) b3: And طَفَلَتِ الشَّمْسُ The sun rose: (O, K:) so says Fr in his “ Nawádir. ” (O.) b4: And, (O, K,) accord. to Zj, (O,) The sun became red on the occasion of setting; and so ↓ أَطْفَلَت: (O, K:) thus the former has two contr. meanings: (K:) and الشَّمْس ↓ طفّلت, (S, K,) or طفّلت لِلْغُرُوبِ, (S,) inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ, (S, O,) The sun inclined to setting: (S, O:) or approached the setting; as also طَفَلَت, (K, TA,) aor. طَفُلَ, inf. n. طُفُولٌ. (TA.) A3: طَفَلَتِ الحُمُرُ العُشْبَ The asses depastured the herbs so as to raise the dust upon them. (Ibn-'Abbád, O.) A4: And طَفِلَ النَّبْتُ; (Ibn-' Abbád, O, K;) and طُفِلَ; (Ibn-' Abbád, O, TA;) or, accord. to the K, ↓ طُفِّلَ, inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ; (TA;) The herbage became soiled by dust, (Ibn-' Abbád, O, K, TA,) and thereby marred, or injured. (Ibn-' Abbád, O, TA.) 2 طفّلت النَّاقَةُ i. q. رَشَحَتْ طِفْلَهَا or رَشَّحَتْهُ [i. e. The she-camel rubbed the root of her young one's tail, and pushed him on with her head; and went before him, and waited for him until he overtook her; and sometimes gently urged him on, and followed him]; (K accord. to different copies; [but both of these verbs signify the same, as expl. in the L;]) and so ↓ طَفَلَت, (K, TA,) aor. طَفُلَ, inf. n. طُفُولٌ. (TA.) b2: طفّلت الشَّمْسُ: see 1. b3: طفّل اللَّيْلُ The night began to be dark: (S, O:) or drew near. (K.) A2: طفّل الإِبِلَ, (S, O, K,) inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ, (S, O,) He treated the camels gently, in journeying, in order that their young ones (أَطْفَالُهَا) might come up to them. (S, O, K.) b2: And طفّل الكَلَامَ, (tropical:) He considered, or forecast, the results of the speech, or saying; he looked to what would, or might, be its result; or he thought, or meditated, upon it, and endeavoured to understand it; syn. تَدَبَّرَهُ; (K, TA;) and (TA) so ↓ اطفلهُ. (O, TA.) A3: See also 1, last sentence.

A4: And see 5, in two places.4 اطفلت, said of a woman, (S, O, TA,) and of a girl, or young woman, (صبية, [but this, I doubt not, is a mistranscription for ظَبْيَة, i. e. a doe-gazelle,]) and of a she-camel, (TA,) or of any female, (Msb,) She had a طِفْل [or young one of tender age]: (S, O, TA:) or she brought forth. (Msb.) b2: See also 1, in two places.

A2: And see 2.5 تطفّل He was, or became, an intruder at feasts, uninvited; (S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ طفّل, (K,) inf. n. تَطْفِيلٌ: (TA:) or he imitated Tufeyl: (Har p. 179: [see طُفَيْلِىٌّ:]) and عَلَيْهِ ↓ طفّل and تطفّل عليه he intruded upon him at a feast, uninvited. (TA.) It is of the speech of the people of El-' Irák. (Lth, Msb.) طَفْلٌ Soft, or tender; (S, O, K;) applied to anything, (K:) fem, with ة; (S, O, K;) applied to a girl, or young woman, (S,) or to a woman: (O:) and pl. طِفَالٌ and طُفُولٌ, (K.) One says بَنَانٌ طَفْلٌ [Soft, or tender, fingers, or ends of fingers]; this being allowable, though بنان is a [kind of] pl. and طفل is a sing., because every pl. [of the kind] that differs not from its sing. save in the ة [affixed to the latter] is made sing. and masc. [as well as fem.]: and therefore Homeyd says, فَلَمَّا كَشَفْنَ اللِّبْسَ عَنْهُ مَسَحْنَهُ بِأَطْرَافِ طَفْلٍ زَانَ غَيْلًا مُوَشَّمًا [And when they (referring to females) removed from over him the clothing, they wiped him with the extremities of soft, or tender, fingers, that adorned a plump fore arm, tattooed]; meaning, بِأَطْرَافِ بِنَانٍ طَفْلٍ. (S, O.) A2: Also [Fullers' earth, which is used for scouring cloths, and is sometimes used in the bath, instead of soap;] a certain yellow [or rather yellowish, and sometimes white, or whitish,] earth, well known in Egypt, with which cloths are dyed [or rather scoured]; (TA;) also called بَيْلُونٌ. (Esh-Shiháb El-' Ajamee, TA in art. بلن.) طِفْلٌ A young one, or youngling, or the young, (Msb, K, *) of anything, (K,) [or] of a human being and of a beast: (Msb:) or (K) a new-born child, or young infant: and also a young one, or the young, of any wild animal: (S, O, K:) or it is applied to a child until he discriminates; (Msb, TA;) after which he is called صَبِىّ; thus some say, (Msb,) [and] thus says El-Munáwee: (TA:) or, accord. to Az, (Msb, TA,) on the authority of AHeyth, (TA,) a child from the time of his birth (Mgh, TA) until he attains to puberty: (Mgh, Msb, TA:) fem. طِفْلَةٌ: (Zj, Mgh, Msb, TA:) and pl. أَطْفَالٌ: (Zj, S, O, Msb, TA:) but طِفْلٌ is also used as fem., (Zj, Mgh, O, Msb, TA,) and dual, (Zj, TA,) and pl., (Zj, S, O, Msb, TA,) occurring as pl. in the Kur xxiv. 31, (S, O, Msb,) and [xxii. 5 and] xl. 69: (Zj, TA:) and ↓ طِفْيَلٌ signifies the same as طِفْلٌ; (K, TA;) used in this sense by a rájiz; but accord. to some, by poetic license, for the dim. ↓ طُفَيْلٌ. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] (assumed tropical:) Any part or portion of anything, whether a substance or an accident: (K, TA:) pl. أَطْفَالٌ: whence they say طِفْلُ الهَمِّ and الحُبِّ (assumed tropical:) [The portion of anxiety and of love]. (TA.) b3: (tropical:) A falling spark or portion (سِقْط [in the CK سَقَط]) of fire: (M, K, TA:) or a live coal: (A, TA:) or fire when just struck; as also طِفْلَةٌ: (T, TA: [but this latter is the n. un.:]) and the pl. is أَطْفَالٌ: one says, تَطَايَرَتْ أَطْفَالُ, النَّارِ, meaning (tropical:) The sparks of the fire [became scattered]. (TA.) b4: (assumed tropical:) Small clouds: so in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb. (TA.) b5: (tropical:) An object of want: (K:) or a small object of want. (TA.) One says, هُوَ يَسْعَى فِى أَطْفَالِ الحَوَائِجِ i. e. [(tropical:) He labours in the accomplishment of] small objects of want. (A, TA.) A2: (tropical:) Night: (K, TA:) or the first part thereof. (A, TA.) b2: And (assumed tropical:) The sun when near to the setting. (ISd, K, TA.) طَفَلٌ: see طُفُولِيَّةٌ. b2: Also The period [next] after sunrise: from طِفْلٌ signifying “ a young one ” or “ youngling: ” (O:) or طَفَلُ الغَدَاةِ signifies the period from that when the sun is about to rise, or appear, until its light has ascendancy over the earth: (T, TA:) or when the sun is about to rise, or appear, and has not yet ascendancy in, or upon, the earth: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or the period from the rising, or appearing, of the sun, until its having ascendancy [for إِلَى اسْتِكْمَالِهَا in a copy of the M, and استكمانها and استكنانها in different copies of the K, I read الى اسْتِمْكَانِهَا, agreeably with the explanation in the the T and with that of Er-Rághib, in both of which the verb used is يَسْتَمْكِن,] in, or upon, the earth. (M, K.) And (O) The period after [that called] the عَصْر [q. v.] when the sun inclines to the setting: (S, O:) or طَفَلُ العَشِىِّ signifies the last part of the afternoon, at sunset, (K, TA,) and at the time of the sun's becoming yellow, when it is about to set. (TA.) One says, أَتَيْتُهُ طَفَلًا [I came to him at one of the periods termed طَفَل]. (S, O.) b3: Also The coming of the night with its darkness. (TA.) b4: And The darkness itself. (O, K.) A2: Also Rain: so in the phrase طَفَلُ الثُّرَيَّا [The rain of the auroral setting of the Pleiades]. (S, O.) [Or A shower of rain: for] one says, وَقَعَتْ أَطْفَالُ الوَسْمِىِّ The showers of the [rain called] وسمىّ [q. v.] fell: and جَادَهُ طَفَلٌ مِنْ مَطَرٍ [A shower of rain descended copiously upon him, or it]. (A, TA.) b2: And رِيحٌ طَفَلٌ A wind that blows gently, or softly. (TA.) طَفِلٌ Herbage that does not become tall (TA.) طُفَالٌ and طَفَالٌ Dry clay: (K:) of the dial. of El-Yemen. (TA.) طَفِيلٌ, like أَمِيرٌ, (K,) or, accord. to the L, ↓ طِفْئِلٌ, mentioned in the L in art. طفأل, (TA,) Turbid water remaining in a watering-trough: (K, TA:) n. un. with ة; (K;) accord. to the L, طِفْئِلَةٌ; meaning a portion thereof. (TA.) طُفَيْلٌ dim. of طِفْلٌ, q. v.

طِفْئِلٌ: see طَفِيلٌ.

طِفْيَلٌ: see طِفْلٌ.

طَفَالَةٌ: see what next follows.

طُفُولَةٌ: see what next follows.

طُفُولِيَّةٌ, mentioned by ISd and the expositors of the Fs and others, as well as in the K, and also pronounced without teshdeed, [i. e. طُفُولِيَةٌ,] which shows, as do several other reasons, that the ى therein is not that which is the characteristic of rel. ns., though it has been asserted to be so, (MF, TA,) The state, or condition, of the طِفْل; [i. e. early infancy: or, in a larger sense, childhood;] as also ↓ طُفُولَةٌ and ↓ طَفَالَةٌ and ↓ طَفَلٌ; (K;) [inf. ns.] having no verb [corresponding to them]. (TA.) طُفَيْلِىٌّ One who intrudes at feasts, uninvited; (S, O, Msb, K;) as also ↓ طِفْلِيلٌ: (K:) the former is a rel. n. from طُفَيْلٌ, the name of a certain man of El-Koofeh, (ISk, S, O, Msb, K,) who used to intrude at feasts, uninvited, (ISk, S, O, Msb,) and who was called طُفَيْلُ الأَعْرَاسِ and طُفَيْلُ العَرَائِسِ: (ISk, S, O: [two other deriva-tions are mentioned in the TA; but they are too far-fetched to deserve notice:]) such the Arabs [in their proper language] called وَارِشٌ. (ISk, S, O, Msb.) طَفَّالٌ One who sells طَفْل [or fullers' earth]. (TA.) طِفْلِيلٌ: see طُفَيْلِىٌّ.

طَافِلَةٌ, which Golius explains as meaning “ i. q. فَايِدَةٌ et خَيْرٌ, utilitas, bonum,” referring to the KL as his authority, is evidently a mistake for طَائِلٌ, expl. as meaning فَائِدَةٌ and خَيْرٌ in my copy of the KL, which does not mention طَافِلَةٌ in any sense.]

أَطْفَلُ [More, or most, like to the طُفَيْلِىّ: and hence, more, and most, intrusive, uninvited]. أَطْفَلُ مِنْ لَيْلٍ عَلَى نَهَارٍ [More intrusive, uninvited, than night upon day], and مِنْ شَيْبٍ عَلَى شَبَابٍ [than hoariness upon youthfulness], and مِنْ ذُبَابٍ [than flies], are proverbs. (Meyd.) مُطْفِلٌ, (A 'Obeyd, S, O, Msb, K,) and مُطْفِلَةٌ also, (TA,) applied to a female, of human beings and of wild animals, (K, TA,) and of camels, (A 'Obeyd, TA,) i. q. ذَاتُ طِفْلٍ [Having a young one, or youngling, &c.], (A 'Obeyd, K, TA,) with her: (A 'Obeyd, TA:) or applied to a she-gazelle and camel, (S, O,) or to any female, (Msb,) that has recently brought forth: (S, O, Msb: *) pl. مَطَافِلُ and مَطَافِيلُ. (A 'Obeyd, S, O, K.) [See also عَائِذٌ, in art. عوذ.] سَارَتْ قُرَيْشٌ بِالعُوذِ المَطَافِيلِ i. e. Kureysh journeyed with the camels that had recently brought forth having with them their young ones, occurring in a trad., means, (assumed tropical:) with their collective company, their old and their young. (TA.) [See, again, عَائِذٌ.] b2: [It is also said by Freytag to be applied in the Deewán of the Hudhalees to clouds followed by small ones.]

b3: And لَيْلَةٌ مُطْفِلٌ means A night that kills the young ones by its cold. (K, TA.) طفو and طفى 1 طَفَا فَوْقَ المَآءِ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. يَطْفُو, (S, Mgh, Msb,) inf. n. طُفُوٌّ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and طَفْوٌ, (S, Msb, K,) It (a thing, S, Mgh, Msb) floated upon the water, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) and did not sink. (S, Msb.) b2: [Hence,] one says, الظُّعُنُ تَطْفُو وَتَرْسُبُ فِى السَّرَابِ (assumed tropical:) [The women's camel-vehicles appear, as though floating, and disappear, as though sinking, in the mirage]. (TA.) b3: And طَفَتِ الخُوصَةُ فَوْقَ الشَّجَرِ (tropical:) [The leaf of the date-palm, or of the Theban palm, &c.,] appeared [above the trees]. (K, TA.) b4: And طَفَا said of a bull, (K,) or of a wild bull, (TA,) (tropical:) He mounted upon the hills (K, TA) and upon the sands. (TA. [In the CK, على الاَكَمِ is erroneously put for عَلَا الأَكَمَ.]) b5: and طَفَوْتُ فَوْقَهُ (assumed tropical:) I leaped upon it. (TA.) The saying عَبْدٌ إِذَا مَا رَسَبَ القَوْمُ طَفَا is expl. by IAar as meaning [A slave] who, when the people are grave, leaps by reason of his ignorance. (TA.) b6: And طَفَا المَآءُ [not a mistranscription for طَغَا] (assumed tropical:) The water rose, or became high. (TA voce طُوفَانٌ, q. v.) b7: And طَفَا said of a gazelle, (assumed tropical:) He ran vehemently. (K.) One says of a gazelle, مَرَّ يَطْفُو, meaning (tropical:) He passed by, or along, or away, going lightly, or briskly, upon the ground, and running vehemently. (S, TA.) b8: And, said of a man, (K, TA,) by way of comparison [to a floating fish], (TA,) (tropical:) He died. (K, TA.) b9: And (assumed tropical:) He (i. e. a man) entered into [or upon] an affair: (K, TA:) [or,] accord. to the “ Nawádir,” one says, طَفَا فِى الأَرْضِ he entered into the earth, either وَاغِلًا [app. as meaning penetrating, and becoming concealed], or رَاسِخًا [app. as meaning becoming firmly fixed therein]. (TA.) A2: [طَفَا is made trans. by means of بِ: see an ex. voce أَرْسَبَ.]4 اطفى He kept continually, or constantly, to the eating of fish found floating upon the water. (TA.) طُفْىٌ: see طُفْيَةٌ.

طَفْوَةٌ, (K,) thus it should app. be accord. to the K, but in copies of the M, ↓ طُفْوَةٌ, with damm, (TA,) A thin, or slender, plant. (K.) طُفْوَةٌ: see what next precedes: b2: and see also the paragraph next following.

طُفْيَةٌ The leaf of the مُقْل [or Theban palm]; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) and so ↓ طُفْوَةٌ: (As, TA:) pl. ↓ طُفْىٌ (S, * TA) or [rather this is a coll. gen. n., and the pl. properly so termed is] طُفًى, (Msb,) which is [also] pl. of طُفْوَةٌ. (As, TA.) [Accord. to Forskål (Flora Ægypt. Arab., p. cxxvi.), the Theban palm itself, which he terms “ borassus flabelliformis,” is called طفى, as well as دوم.]

b2: And [hence] الطُّفْيَةُ, (K,) or ذُو الطُّفْيَتَيْنِ, (S, Mgh, Msb, TA,) is the name of (assumed tropical:) A serpent (S, Mgh, Msb, K) of a foul, or malignant, sort, (K,) having upon its back two lines, or stripes, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) which are black, (S, Mgh, Msb,) resembling two leaves such as are termed طُفْيَتَانِ: (S, Mgh, Msb, K:) and sometimes it is termed طُفْيَةٌ, meaning ذَاتُ طُفْيَةٍ: and الطُّفَى is used as the pl., meaning ذَوَاتُ الطُّفَى. (S.) طُفَاوَةٌ The floating froth or scum (K, TA) and grease (TA) of the cooking-pot. (K, TA.) b2: And A halo around the sun, (S, K,) and also around the moon [like هَالَةٌ]: (K:) the former accord. to Fr, and the latter accord. to AHát. (TA.) b3: And one says, أَصَبْنَا طُفَاوَةً مِنَ الرَّبِيعِ meaning شَيْئًا مِنْهُ [i. e. We obtained somewhat of the herbage, or perhaps of the rain, of the season called رَبِيع]. (S, TA.) سَمَكٌ طَافٍ Fish floating upon the surface of the water, having died therein. (Mgh, Msb, TA.) b2: [Hence,] فَرَسٌ طَافٍ (assumed tropical:) A horse elevating his head. (TA.) b3: كَأَنَّ عَيْنَهُ عِنَبَةٌ طَافِيَةٌ [As though his eye were a floating grape], in a trad. respecting Ed-Dejjál, is expl. by Th as meaning his eye's being prominent and conspicuous. (TA.)
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