William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2614. طلسم8 2615. طلع21 2616. طلف11 2617. طلق17 2618. طلم14 2619. طم52620. طمث16 2621. طمح16 2622. طمر15 2623. طمس19 2624. طمع14 2625. طمن13 2626. طن5 2627. طنأ8 2628. طنب13 2629. طنبر9 2630. طنجر4 2631. طنخ7 2632. طنز11 2633. طنف13 2634. طنفس10 2635. طنى6 2636. طه8 2637. طهر17 2638. طوب9 2639. طوح13 2640. طوخ5 2641. طود16 2642. طور15 2643. طوس11 2644. طوع17 2645. طوف20 2646. طوق17 2647. طول18 2648. طوى8 2649. طى1 2650. طيب19 2651. طيح9 2652. طيخ7 2653. طير17 2654. طيش14 2655. طيع6 2656. طيف13 2657. طين14 2658. ظ6 2659. ظأ1 2660. ظأر13 2661. ظبو5 2662. ظبى4 2663. ظر4 2664. ظرب16 2665. ظرف17 2666. ظعن18 2667. ظفر19 2668. ظل5 2669. ظلع15 2670. ظلف16 2671. ظلم21 2672. ظمأ13 2673. ظمخ5 2674. ظمو1 2675. ظمى3 2676. ظن8 2677. ظنب11 2678. ظهر20 2679. ظوف7 2680. ظى1 2681. ع6 2682. عب6 2683. عبأ13 2684. عبث16 2685. عبد20 2686. عبر16 2687. عبس19 2688. عبط17 2689. عبق14 2690. عبقر15 2691. عبك9 2692. عبل14 2693. عبهل8 2694. عبو7 2695. عبى5 2696. عتب20 2697. عتد19 2698. عتر20 2699. عتق21 2700. عتك11 2701. عتل17 2702. عتم17 2703. عته14 2704. عث5 2705. عثر19 2706. عثكل9 2707. عثم13 2708. عثن13 2709. عج6 2710. عجب17 2711. عجر19 2712. عجرف10 2713. عجز18 Prev. 100
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طم

1 طَمَّ, (MA, K, TA,) aor. طَمُّ, (TA, [by rule it should be طَمِّ,]) inf. n. طُمُومٌ (MA, K, TA) and طَمٌّ, (K, TA,) said of water, It was, or became, abundant, (MA, K, TA,) and rose high, or to a high pitch. (TA.) [See also طَمَى.] And طَمَّ الوَادِى means [طَمَّ سَيْلُ الوَادِى i. e. The torrent of the valley or water-course] rose high, or to a high pitch, and predominated: whence the prov., جَرَى الوَادِى فَطَمَّ عَلَى القَرِىِّ; in explanation of which Meyd says, i. e., [The torrent of the valley or water-course (سَيْلُ الوَادِى) flowed, (so in the Provs. of Meyd,)] and filled up, or choked up, meaning destroyed by filling up, or choking up, the channel by which the water ran into the meadow: and he says that the prov. is applied to the case in which evil exceeds the ordinary limit: (Har p. 127:) [or, accord. to Z, it means a man's overcoming his adversary: (Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 278:) but it should be observed that طَمَّ in this sense is trans. without a prep.:] one says of a torrent, (S, Meyd, and Har ubi suprà,) طَمَّ الرَّكِيَّةَ, (S, Meyd, K, Har,) aor. طَمُّ and طَمِّ, (K, TA,) the latter on the authority of IAar, inf. n. طَمٌّ, (TA,) It filled up, or choked up, the well, syn. دَفَنَهَا, (S, Meyd, K, Har,) or كَبَسَهَا, (IAar, TA,) and made it even or level (سَوَّاهَا) [with the ground around it]: (S, K:) and طَمَّ الشَّىْءَ بِالتُّرَابِ, inf. n. طَمٌّ, He covered over the thing with earth, or dust; syn. كَبَسَهُ: (TA:) and طَمَّ الإِنَآءَ, (K, TA,) inf. n. طَمٌّ, (TA,) He filled the vessel (K, TA) so that the contents overflowed its edges: (TA:) and طَمَّ البِئْرَ وَغَيْرَهَا بِالتُّرَابِ, aor. طَمُّ, inf. n. طَمٌّ, He filled the well &c. with earth, or dust, so that it became even with the ground: (Mgh, * Msb:) and طَمَّهَا التُّرَابُ The earth, or dust, so filled it. (Msb.) b2: [Hence, i. e. from طَمَّ الوَادِى

meaning as expl. in the beginning of the next preceding sentence,] one says, طَمَّ الشَّىْءُ, (S, K,) aor. طَمُّ, (S, TA,) [inf. n. طَمٌّ and طُمُومٌ,] (assumed tropical:) The thing abounded so that it rose to a high pitch, or had ascendency, and overcame. (S, K.) and طَمَّ الأَمْرُ, inf. n. طَمٌّ, (assumed tropical:) The affair, or event, rose to a high pitch, or had ascendency, and overcame: (Msb:) or was, or became, great, or formidable. (Har p. 127.) And أَمْرٌ يطمّ ولا يتمّ [app. يَطِمُّ وَلَا يَتِمُّ, agreeably with analogy, in order to assimilate the former verb with the latter, as is often done; meaning (assumed tropical:) An affair that is great, or formidable, and that will not become accomplished]. (TA.) And طَمَّتِ الفِتْنَةُ (assumed tropical:) The sedition, or conflict and faction, or the like, was, or became, vehement, or severe. (TA.) And دَاهِيَةٌ تطمُّ عَلَى

الدَّوَاهى [i. e. تَطُمُّ or تَطِمُّ], meaning (assumed tropical:) [A calamity] that predominates over [the other calamities]. (Har p. 127.) b3: طَمَّ الفَرَسَ and طَمَّ عَلَيْهَا He (the stallion) leaped the mare. (TA.) And طَمَّ الشَّجَرَةَ, (K,) inf. n. طَمٌّ, (JM,) He (a bird) mounted upon the top of the tree. (K.) b4: طَمَّ said of a man and of a horse, aor. طَمِّ and طَمُّ, inf. n. طَمِيمٌ and طَمٌّ, He was, or became, light, or active, (K, TA,) and quick: (TA:) or he went away upon the face of the earth: (K, TA:) or he went away in any way. (TA.) And He ran in an easy manner: (K:) or so طَمَّ, aor. طَمِّ, inf. n. طَمِيمٌ: (TA:) and مَرَّيَطِمُّ, with kesr, inf. n. طَمِيمٌ, He passed along running in an easy manner: (S:) and so, accord. to As, طَمَّ, inf. n. طُمُومٌ. (TA.) [See also طَمَى.]

b5: طَمَّ رَأْسَهُ, (K,) aor. طَمُّ, inf. n. طَمٌّ, (TA,) He took somewhat from [the hair of] his head; غضَّ مِنْهُ. (K. [So in my MS. copy: in the CK and TA, erroneously, عَضَّ, with the unpointed ع; and thus in the TK, in which, however, the phrase is well expl., on the authority of the A, as meaning he shaved a portion of his head: see also the pass. part. n.]) And طَمَّ شَعَرَهُ, (S, K,) aor. طَمُّ, inf. n. طَمٌّ, (TA,) He cut his hair; (S, K, TA;) and he cut it off entirely. (TA.) and طَمَّ شَعَرَهُ, (S, K,) inf. n. طُمُومٌ, (S,) i. q. عَقَصَهُ [i. e. He plaited his hair: or twisted it: &c.]. (S, K.) 2 طمّم, inf. n. تَطْمِيمٌ, He (a bird) alighted upon a branch. (Aboo-Nasr, S, K.) 4 اطمّ شَعَرُهُ His hair attained, or drew near, to the time for its being cut; as also ↓ استطمّ. (S, K.) 7 انطمّ, said of a rivulet, [and in like manner of a well, &c.,] It became filled up with earth, or dust, so as to be even with the ground [around it]. (Mgh.) 10 إِسْتَطْمَ3َ see 4.

R. Q. 1 طَمْطَمَ He swam in the midst of the sea. (IAar, K.) b2: And It (the sea) became full. (TA.) A2: He had a barbarousness, or vitiousness, or an impotence, or impediment, in his speech, or utterance, not speaking clearly, or correctly. (TA.) طَمٌّ [as an inf. n.: see 1. b2: As a subst.,] see the next paragraph.

طِمٌّ The sea: (S, K, TA:) said to be so called because of its overwhelming what is in it (لِأَنَّهُ طَمَّ عَلَى مَا فِيهِ): but in this sense the word is said to be ↓ طَمٌّ, and to be pronounced with kesr for the purpose of assimilating it to رِمٌّ. (TA.) One says, جَآءَ بِالطِّمِّ وَالرِّمِّ, meaning He brought much wealth: (S, TA:) or the meaning in this instance is الامر الكثير [app. a mistranscription for الأَمْر الكَبِير i. e. that which was a great event]: so says As: or much of everything: or much and little: thus accord. to Aboo-Tálib: or what was moist and what was dry: or the leaves of trees, and what had fallen off from them. (TA. [See more voce رِم: and see also what here follows.]) b2: And Water: (K, TA:) or much water; as also ↓ طَامٌّ/ [or مَآءٌ طَامٌّ]: (TA:) or the rubbish and scum, and the like, that is upon its surface; or that is driven along by it: (K, * TA:) and thus expl. as used in the saying above-mentioned. (TA.) b3: And A large number: (K:) and this also is said to be meant in the phrase above. (TA.) b4: And A wonderful thing; syn. عَجَبٌ and عَجِيبٌ [which here, as in many other instances, evidently signify the same]: (K:) and this too is said to be meant in the phrase above. (TA.) b5: And A male ostrich: (K:) because of the lightness of his pace. (TA.) b6: And A courser, or swift horse; as also ↓ طَمِيمٌ: (K, * TA: [see also طَمُومٌ:]) called طِمٌّ because of. his light and quick, or easy, running (لِطَمِيمِ عَدْوِهِ); or as being likened to the sea, as a horse is termed بَحْرٌ and سَكْبٌ and غَرْبٌ. (TA.) b7: And A large ذَكَر: (K:) because its head is مَطْمُوم [as though this epithet meant “ bare ”]. (TA.) b8: الطِّمُّ is also said in the K to signify الكَيِّسُ; but [SM says] I think that this is a mistranscription for الطَّمُّ meaning الكَبْسُ [see طَمَّ الرَّكِيَّةَ, in the first paragraph]. (TA.) طُمَّةٌ A company, or congregated body, of men: and the middle of them: one says, لَقِيتُهُ فى طُمَّةِ القَوْمِ [I met him, or found him, in the company of people, or in the midst of the people]. (TA.) A2: Also Error; or deviation from the right course: and confusion, or perplexity, and inability to see the right course. (TA.) b2: And Dirt, or filth; syn. قَذَرٌ. (TA.) b3: And Human dung. (K.) AZ says, When thou givest good advice to a man and he refuses to do aught but follow his own opinion alone, دَعْهُ يَتَرَمَّعُ فِى طُمَّتِهِ [leave him wallowing in his dung]. (TA.) b4: And A portion (K, TA) of herbage, mostly (TA) of what is dry, or dried up. (K, TA.) طَمِمٌ Hardy, strong, or sturdy: occurring thus, without idghám, in a verse of 'Adee Ibn-Zeyd; applied to a beast such as is termed قَارِحٌ. (TA.) فَرَسٌ طَمُومٌ A swift horse. (TA. [See also طِمٌّ.]) طَمِيمٌ: see طِمٌّ. b2: Also A medley of men, or people: and a multitude thereof. (TA.) طَامٌّ [part. n. of 1]: see طِمٌّ: b2: and see the paragraph here following.

طَامَّةٌ A calamity that predominates over others: (K, and Har p. 127:) or simply a calamity. (TA.) It is said in a trad. of Aboo-Bekr En-Nessábeh, مَا مِنْ طَامَّةٍ إِلَّا وَفَوْقَهَا طَامَّةٌ (S, * TA) i. e. There is no calamity but above it is a calamity. (TA.) b2: And A great, or formidable, thing; as also ↓ طَامٌّ. (TA.) b3: And A cry, or vehement cry, that overcomes everything. (TA.) b4: And الطَّامَّةُ signifies The resurrection: (S, Msb, K:) so called because it surpasses, or predominates over, everything: (S, * Msb, * TA:) and also called الطَّامَّةُ الكُبْرَى. (Har p. 346.) طِمْطِمٌ and ↓ طُمْطُمَانِىٌّ (S, K) and ↓ طِمْطِمِىٌّ (K) and ↓ طُمَاطِمٌ (TA) A man having a barbarousness, or vitiousness, or an impotence, or impediment, in his speech, or utterance, not speaking clearly, or correctly: (S, K, TA:) and Aboo-Turáb explains [the pl. of the first] طَمَاطِمُ as meaning foreigners (عَجَم). (TA.) Hence the saying of the poet, (S,) 'Antarah, (TA,) تَأْوِى لَهُ قُلُصُ النَّعَامِ كَمَا أَوَتْ خِرَقٌ يَمَانِيَّةٌ لِأَعْجَمَ طِمْطِمِ (S, TA;) respecting which Fr relates his having heard El-Mufaddal say that one of the most learned of men explained to him الخِرَقُ اليَمَانِيَّةُ as meaning the clouds [app. likened to rags of cloth of El-Yemen], and الأَعْجَمُ الطِمْطِمُ as meaning the sound of thunder: (TA:) or the latter hemistich is thus: حِزَقٌ يَمَانِيَّةٌ لِأَعْجَمَ طِمْطِمِ and the verse means, To whom (referring to a male ostrich) repair the young ostriches, like as herds of camels of El-Yemen repair to one who is impotent, and indistinct, or incorrect, in speech: he likens the male ostrich, in respect of blackness, and want of speech, to an Abyssinian pastor impotent, and indistinct, or incorrect, in speech. (EM p. 231.) b2: طِمْطِمٌ signifies also A sort of sheep, haring small ears, and أَغْبَاب [or what resemble dewlaps], like the اغباب of oxen: they are in the region of El-Yemen. (IDrd, TA.) طَمْطَمَةٌ A barbarousness, or vitiousness, or an impotence, or impediment, in speech, or utterance, so that the speech is not clear, or correct. (TA. [See R. Q. 1, of which it is the inf. n.]) طِمْطِمِىٌّ: see طِمْطِمٌ.

طُمْطُمَانِىٌّ: see طِمْطِمٌ.

طُمْطُمَانِيَّةُ حِمْيَرَ The disapproved phraseology [or pronunciation] of the dialect of Himyer, (K, TA,) resembling the speech of the foreigners: thus expl. by Mbr and Eth-Tha'álibee and others: or, as some say, their change of ل into م [in اَمْ for اَلْ; of which see several exs. voce

أَمْ]. (TA.) طَمْطَامٌ The middle of the sea. (K, TA.) b2: And hence, (tropical:) Much fire: or the midst of fire: or the main part thereof: occurring in a trad. of Aboo-Tálib. (TA.) طُمَاطِمٌ: see طِمْطِمٌ.

أَذًى أَطَمُّ Vehement, or severe, annoyance, molestation, harm, or hurt: in the TA carelessly written اذا اطم; and there said to be from طَمَّتِ الفِتْنَةُ, q. v. See also an ex. in the Ham p. 363; where أَطَمْ occurs at the end of a verse for أَطَمَّ used in a like sense; i. e. as an epithet, not as a verb.]

أَطَامِيمُ is said in the K to signify The legs of a beast: but AA says, respecting the phrase مُسْتَعِدَّاتٌ أَطَامِيمُ in a verse of Ibn-Mukbil describing a she-camel, that the former of these words is used as meaning legs, and اطاميم means brisk, active, or quick: and by another, or others, this latter word is said to mean تَطِمُّ فِى السَّيْرِ, i. e. that are quick in pace. (TA.) شَعَرٌ مَطْمُومٌ means مَعْقُوصٌ [i. e. Hair plaited: or twisted: &c.]. (S, TA.) b2: And رَأْسٌ مَطْمُومٌ A head of which all the hair is cut off. (K * and TA in art. زق.) And مَطْمُومُ الرَّأْسِ A man having all the hair of his head cut off. (TA in that art.)
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