William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2632. طنز10 2633. طنف12 2634. طنفس9 2635. طنى6 2636. طه8 2637. طهر162638. طوب8 2639. طوح12 2640. طوخ4 2641. طود15 2642. طور14 2643. طوس10 2644. طوع16 2645. طوف19 2646. طوق16 2647. طول17 2648. طوى8 2649. طى1 2650. طيب18 2651. طيح8 2652. طيخ6 2653. طير16 2654. طيش13 2655. طيع6 2656. طيف12 2657. طين13 2658. ظ5 2659. ظأ1 2660. ظأر13 2661. ظبو5 2662. ظبى4 2663. ظر4 2664. ظرب15 2665. ظرف16 2666. ظعن17 2667. ظفر18 2668. ظل5 2669. ظلع14 2670. ظلف15 2671. ظلم20 2672. ظمأ13 2673. ظمخ5 2674. ظمو1 2675. ظمى3 2676. ظن8 2677. ظنب10 2678. ظهر19 2679. ظوف6 2680. ظى1 2681. ع5 2682. عب6 2683. عبأ13 2684. عبث15 2685. عبد19 2686. عبر15 2687. عبس18 2688. عبط16 2689. عبق13 2690. عبقر14 2691. عبك8 2692. عبل13 2693. عبهل7 2694. عبو6 2695. عبى5 2696. عتب19 2697. عتد18 2698. عتر19 2699. عتق20 2700. عتك10 2701. عتل16 2702. عتم16 2703. عته13 2704. عث5 2705. عثر18 2706. عثكل8 2707. عثم12 2708. عثن12 2709. عج6 2710. عجب16 2711. عجر18 2712. عجرف9 2713. عجز17 2714. عجس10 2715. عجف17 2716. عجل18 2717. عجم20 2718. عجن16 2719. عجو7 2720. عد8 2721. عدس16 2722. عدف9 2723. عدل22 2724. عدم14 2725. عدن19 2726. عدو11 2727. عذب16 2728. عذر22 2729. عذط8 2730. عذف8 2731. عذق13 Prev. 100
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طهر

1 طَهَرَ and طَهُرَ, (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. of each طَهُرَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. طَهَارَةٌ, (S, Msb, K,) which is of each verb, (S, Msb,) and طُهْرٌ, (Sb, K,) or the latter is a simple subst., (S, Msb,) It was, or became, clean, free from dirt or filth, or pure. (A, * Msb, K. *) طهارة is of two kinds; [properly] corporeal and [tropically] spiritual. (TA.) b2: And طَهَرَتْ, (M, Mgh, K,) or طَهَرَتْ مِنَ الحَيْضِ, aor. طَهُرَ; (Msb;) and طَهُرَتْ, (M, Msb, K,) which is allowable, (IAar,) but of rare occurrence, (Msb,) and طَهِرَتْ, [which is of more rare occurrence;] (M, El-Isnawee;) inf. n. طُهْرٌ and طَهَارَةٌ and طُهُورٌ and طَهُورٌ; (TA;) She was, or became, pure from the menstrual discharge; (Mgh;) her discharge of blood stopped. (Mgh, K.) See also 5. The saying, إِنَّ الشَّاةَ تَقْذِى عَشْرًا ثُمَّ تَطْهُرُ [Verily the ewe, or she-goat, emits a white fluid from her womb during ten nights, and then becomes pure,] is mentioned on the authority of Lh: but ISd says, whether he mentioned this as heard from the Arabs, or did so presumptuously, I know not. (TA.) A2: طَهَرَهُ, aor. طَهَرَ, (K,) inf. n. طَهْرٌ,) (TK,) signifies He made it, or caused it, to be, or become, distant, or remote; syn. أَبْعَدَهُ: (O, K:) and so طَحَرَهُ; (O, TA;) the ح being substituted for ه. (TA.) 2 طهّرهُ, inf. n. تَطْهِيرٌ, [He cleansed, or purified, him, or it:] (S:) and طهّرهُ بِالمَآءِ he washed him, or it, with water: (K:) and ↓ أَطْهَرَهُ signifies the same as طهّرهُ. (Bd in lvi. 78.) b2: طَهِّرَا بَيْتِى, in the Kur [ii. 119], Cleanse ye my house [the Kaabeh] of the idols (Aboo-Is-hák, Bd, Jel) and impurities; and what does not become it: (Bd:) or clear ye it: (Bd:) or cleanse ye my house from [pollution by] disobediences and forbidden actions: (Az:) or, accord. to some, it means an incitement to purify the heart. (TA.) b3: وَثِيَابَكَ فَطَهِّرْ, in the Kur [lxxiv. 4], means And cleanse thy clothes from dirt: (Jel:) or shorten thy clothes, to prevent their being rendered dirty by trailing along the ground: (Jel, TA:) or (assumed tropical:) purify thy heart: or (assumed tropical:) thy soul: or (assumed tropical:) make thy conduct right: (TA:) and see other explanations voce ثَوْبٌ. b4: طهّر وَلَدَهُ (assumed tropical:) He performed the rite of circumcision upon his son [and so purified him]. (TA.) b5: طهّرهُ اللّٰهُ (tropical:) [God purified him from sin]. (A.) b6: طهّرهُ الحَدُّ (assumed tropical:) The prescribed punishment, such as stoning &c., cleansed him from his sin. (TA.) b7: لَمْ يُرِدِ اللّٰهُ أَنْ يُطَهِّرَ قُلُوبَهُمْ, in the Kur [v. 45], means (assumed tropical:) God hath not pleased to cleanse their hearts from infidelity: (Bd, Jel:) or to direct. (TA.) 4 أَطْهَرَ see 2, first sentence.5 تطهّر, inf. n. تَطَهُّرٌ, is sometimes changed into اِطَّهَّرَ, inf. n. اِطَّهُّرٌ, the ت being incorporated into the ط, and this requiring a conjunctive ا, (Sgh, K,) in order that the word may not begin with a quiescent letter: (Sgh:) and طَهُورٌ is also an inf. n. [or rather a quasi-inf. n.] (Sb, K) of تَطَهَّرَ, (Mgh, TA,) like as وَضُوْءٌ is [said to be] of تَوَضَّأَ. (TA.) The meaning is, [He became cleansed, or purified: or he cleansed, or purified, himself: and] he washed himself. (Mgh.) Yousay, تطهّر بِالمَآءِ [He cleansed, or purified, or washed, himself with water]: (S:) he performed the ablution termed الوُضُوْء: and that termed الاِسْتِنْجَآء; (A;) as also تطهّر alone, as used in the Kur ix. 109: (Mgh, TA:) and the same verb, alone, is expl. as signifying he made use of water, or what supplied its place; thus used in the Kur v. 9. (TA.) In the Kur vii. 80 and xxvii. 57, the verb is used derisively. (TA.) You say also, تطهّرت, (Mgh, Msb, K,) and اِطَّهَّرَتْ, (Mgh,) meaning, She cleansed, or purified, herself by washing, from [the pollution of] the menstrual discharge, (Mgh, Msb, K,) &c.; (K;) as also ↓ طَهَرَتْ and طَهُرَتْ; (Msb, * K;) agreeably with what is said in the B, that طَهَرَ and طَهُرَ and اطّهّر and تطهّر have the same signification: (TA:) or تطهّرت and اطّهّرت have this signification; but the unaugmented verb has the signification first assigned to it, or “ her discharge of blood stopped: ” (Abu-l-'Abbás, IAar:) in the Kur ii. 222, some read حَتَّى يَطْهُرْنَ; and others, حَتَّى يَطَّهَّرْنَ: but the latter reading is the preferable, on account of the difference between the two forms of the verb, just mentioned: (Abu-l-'Abbás:) or the law which allows not the touching a woman until she has performed the ablution mentioned above shows the two forms of the verb to be the same in signification. (TA.) b2: Also (tropical:) He removed himself far from unclean things, or impurities. (S, Mgh, K. *) b3: (tropical:) He refrained from sin, (K, TA,) and from what was not good: (TA:) he removed himself far from low, or ignoble, habits: and in this sense, accord. to some, it is used in the Kur vii.80 and xxvii. 57. (TA.) And تطهّر مِنَ الإِثْمِ (tropical:) He removed himself far from sin. (A.) طُهْرٌ [see 1: b2: ] Cleanness; freedom from dirt or filth; or pureness. (S, * Msb.) b3: The state of pureness from the menstrual discharge: (S, A, Mgh, Msb:) pl. أَطْهَارٌ. (A, Msb.) And the pl. signifies The days of a woman's state of pureness from the menstrual discharge. (K.) طَهِرٌ: see طَاهِرٌ, in three places.

طُهْرَةٌ a subst. from التَّطْهِيرُ [and signifying A cleansing, or purification: and in this sense it was applied by the Christians to baptism]: (Mgh:) or from طَهَّرَهُ بِالمَآءِ [and signifying a cleansing, or purification, by water]: (K:) or cleanness, or pureness. (TK.) طَهُورٌ inf. n. of 1; as also طُهُورٌ: (TA:) and inf. n. [or rather quasi-inf. n.] of 5. (Sb, Mgh, TA.) b2: A thing [such as water] with which one cleanses or purifies: (T, S, Mgh, Msb, K:) a word similar to فَطُورٌ and سَحُورٌ and وَقُودٌ: (S:) and the author of the “ Matáli' el-Anwár ” mentions طُهُورٌ also in this sense; but this is strange and anomalous: (En-Nawawee:) the former occurs in the Kur xxv. 50: (S:) or it signifies water with which the ablution termed وُضُوْء is performed: (A, IAth:) or it has the signification next following. (K.) It is said, التَّوْبَةُ طَهُورٌ لِلْمُذْنِبِ (tropical:) [Repentance is a means of purifying the sinner, or criminal]. (A.) Lth says that it is that which is [accompanied] by the execution of the prescribed punishment, such as stoning &c. (TA.) [See also مَطْهَرَةٌ.]

A2: It is also an epithet, (Mgh, TA,) and signifies Clean and cleansing, or pure and purifying: (Th, T, Mgh, Msb:) whatever God has created descending from the sky, or welling forth from the earth as a spring or river or sea, in which a human being does nothing but drawing water, and of which the colour is not changed by anything mixing with it, nor the taste thereby, is طَهُور: and what is otherwise, as the water of roses and of the leaves of trees, and what flows from the grape-vine, though it be طَاهِر, is not طَهُور: (Esh-Sháfi'ee:) the former removes impurities: the latter, if not at the same time طَهُور, does not: (TA:) or very clean or pure: (A, Msb:) the explanation by Th, if meant to show that the word signifies of the utmost cleanness or pureness, is correct and good: otherwise, it is not so; for فَعُولٌ is not formed from تَفْعِيلٌ: (Mgh, O:) it is also explained as signifying, simply, cleansing, or purifying: (B, TA:) also as syn. with طَاهِرٌ, as in the phrase رِيقُهُنَّ طَهُورٌ [their saliva is pure]: but here it is either an intensive epithet or used for طَاهِرٌ for the sake of the measure. (Msb.) طَهِيرٌ: see طَاهِرٌ, in two places.

طَهَارَةٌ [see 1. b2: ] The act of performing the ablution termed الغُسْل, and that termed الوُضُوْء, and that termed الاِسْتِنْجَآء. (Msb, TA.) طُهَارَةٌ What remains of that with which one has performed the ablution termed طَهَارَة. (TA.) طَهُورِيَّةٌ The quality of being طَهُور. (Msb.) طَاهِرٌ Clean; free from dirt or filth; or pure; (Msb, K;) as also ↓ طَهِرٌ (IAar, K) and ↓ طَهِيرٌ: (M, K:) fem. طَاهِرَةٌ: (S, A, Msb:) pl. (of طَاهِرٌ, TA) أَطْهَارٌ (K) and طَهَارَى, (S, K,) which latter is anomalous, as though its sing. were طَهْرَانُ, (S,) and, applied to men, طَاهِرُونَ: (TA:) and (of ↓ طَهِرٌ, TA) طَهِرُونَ; (K;) the only form; there being no broken pl.: (TA:) and of طَاهِرَةٌ, طَاهِرَاتٌ (TA) and طَوَاهِرُ. (A.) You say, رَجُلٌ طَاهِرٌ and ↓ طَهِيرٌ [A clean, or pure, man]. (O.) And اِمْرَأَةٌ طَاهِرَةٌ مِنَ النَّجَاسَةِ [A woman pure from dirt or filth]. (S.) And مَآءٌ طَاهِرٌ Clean, or pure, water: and also, fit to cleanse or purify with. (Msb.) And ثِيَابٌ طَهَارَى [Clean clothes]. (S.) [See also طَهُورٌ.] b2: Pure from the menstrual discharge; in this sense without ة: (IAar:) as also طَاهِرٌ مِنَ الحَيْضِ. (S, Msb.) b3: هُوَ طَاهِرُ العِرْضِ (assumed tropical:) He is clear from vice, or fault. (Msb.) اِمْرَأَةٌ طَاهِرَةٌ مِنَ العُيُوبِ (assumed tropical:) [A woman pure from vices, or the like]. (S.) and رَجُلٌ طَاهِرُ الثِّيَابِ, (S, A, TA,) and طَاهِرُ الأَثْوَابِ, (TA,) (tropical:) A man free, or far-removed, from low, or ignoble, habits: (S, * A, TA:) and in like manner, طَاهِرُ الخُلُقِ, and الخُلُقِ ↓ طَهِرُ: fem. طَاهِرَة. (TA.) أَطْهَرُ [More, and most, clean or pure]. b2: [Hence,] هُنَّ أَطْهَرُ لَكُمْ [Kur xi. 80] (assumed tropical:) They are more lawful to you. (O, TA.) مَطْهَرَةٌ and مِطْهَرَةٌ, (S, A, K, &c.,) the former of which is the more approved, (S,) A vessel, (A, K,) or any vessel, (Mgh, Msb,) [for purification, i. e.,] with which one washes himself, (A, Mgh, Msb, K,) and performs the ablution termed وُضُوْء, such as a سَطْل, or رَكْوَة: (TA:) and (A, Mgh, Msb, K) i. q. إِدَاوَةٌ [a kind of leathern vessel for water]: (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K:) pl. مَطَاهِرُ. (S, Msb.) Hence, [or from مَطْهَرَةٌ as signifying, agreeably with analogy, A means of cleansing or purifying,] the saying, (Msb,) السِّوَاكُ مَطْهَرَةٌ لِلْفَمِ [The tooth-stick is a means of purifying to the mouth]. (S, Msb.) b2: Also A house, or chamber, in which one washes himself, (K, TA,) and performs the ablutions termed وُضُوْء and غُسْل and اِسْتِنْجَآء. (TA.) صُحُفًا مُطَهَّرَةً, in the Kur [xcviii. 2], signifies Writings cleansed from impurities and falsehood. (TA.) b2: And أَزْوَاجٌ مُطَهَّرَةٌ, in the same [ii. 23], Wives purified from the pollution of the menstrual discharge and the other natural evacuations. (O, TA.) b3: And لَا يَمَسُّهُ إِلَّا المُطَهَّرُونَ, in the same [lvi. 78], is said by some to mean, (assumed tropical:) None shall attain to the knowledge of its true meanings except those who have purified themselves from the filth of corrupt conduct, and ignorances, and acts of disobedience. (TA.) وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا, in the Kur [iii. 48], signifies And will take thee forth from those who have disbelieved, and make thee to be far from doing as they do. (TA.) وَيُحِبُّ المُتَطَهِّرِينَ, in the Kur [ii. 222], signifies And He loveth those who purify their spirits. (TA.) طهو and طهى 1 طَهَا, aor. يَطْهُو and يَطْهَى, inf. n. طَهْوٌ (S, K) and طُهُوٌّ (K) and طَهْىٌ, (S, [so in both of my copies,]) or طُهِىٌّ, (K,) and طَهَايَةٌ, thus app. accord. to the K, [and thus in my MS. copy and in the CK,) but in the M with kesr [i. e. طِهَايَةٌ], (TA,) He cooked flesh-meat in the manner termed طَبْخ [meaning by boiling or stewing or the like], (S, K,) or by roasting or broiling or frying: (K:) and [he made, or kneaded and baked, bread; for] الطَّهْوُ signifies also الخَبْرُ. (TA.) b2: [And hence, (assumed tropical:) He performed, or executed, an affair firmly, soundly, or thoroughly; and matured it: see the pass. part. n., below; and see also طَهْوٌ.]

A2: And طَهَا, (S, K,) inf. n. طَهْوٌ, (TA,) said of a man, (S,) He went away into the country, or in the land: (S, K:) like طَحَا: (S:) [or] you say, طَهَا فِى الأَرْضِ, inf. n. طَهْوٌ; and طَهَى فِى الأَرْضِ, inf. n. طَهْىٌ: both signify the same. (TA.) And in like manner, طَهَتِ الإِبِلُ, (S, TA,) aor. تَطْهَى, inf. n. طَهْوٌ and طُهُوٌّ, (TA,) The camels went away into the country, or in the land, (S, TA,) having become scattered, or dispersed: (TA:) or went away at random into the country, or in the land. (Ham p. 12.) b2: and طَهَا, inf. n. طَهْوٌ, He leaped. (IAar, TA.) A3: And طَهَى, inf. n. طَهْىٌ, He committed a sin, crime, fault, or misdemeanour. (TA. [See also طُهًى.]) 4 اطهى He was, or became, skilled in his work, art, or craft. (Az, K.) طَهَا is used by Abu-n-Nejm for طٰهٰ meaning the Chapter of the Kur-án [thus called, because commencing with these two letters, namely, the 20th,] in his saying, مَدَّ لَنَا فِى عُمْرِهِ رَبُّ طَهَا [May the Lord of طٰهٰ lengthen for us his life]. (TA.) [See art. طه.]

طَهْوٌ [The cooking of flesh-meat: see 1, first sentence. b2: And hence,] (assumed tropical:) A deed, or a performance. (S, K, TA.) Thus in a trad., (S, TA,) in which it is related that it was said to Aboo-Hureyreh, “Didst thou hear this from the Apostle of God? ” and he replied وَمَا كَانَ طَهْوِى

i. e. (assumed tropical:) And what was my deed, or performance? or, accord. to A 'Obeyd, أَنَا مَا طَهْوِى [I, what is my deed, or performance?] (TA) or فَمَا طَهْوِى

What then is my deed, or performance, (S,) if I have not made that relation to be soundly, or well, performed, (S, * TA,) like as the cook does the cooking of food? (TA.) See also طُهًى.

طَهْىٌ: see طُهًى.

A2: Also Thin clouds. (TA.) [See also طَهَآءٌ.]

A3: And it is said in the “ Nawádir ” that سَمِعْتُ طَهْيَهُمٌ, as also دَغْيَهُمْ and طَغْيَهُمْ, means I heard their sound, or voice: [or their sounds, or voices:] and one says, فلان فى طهى ونهى [app. فى طَهْىٍ وَنَهْىِ, as though meaning Such a one is engaged in clamour and prohibition]. (TA.) طَهًى Broken bits of straw. (K, TA.) طُهًى Cooked flesh-meat. (IAar, K.) [It is said in one place in the TA that الطُهى, with damm, (as though it were الطُّهْىُ, but I suppose الطُّهَى to be meant,) is the subst. from طَهَا اللَّحْمَ.]

A2: Also A sin, crime, fault, misdemeanour, or misdeed; syn. ذَنْبٌ; (K, TA; [in some copies of the K, الذَّنَبُ is put (erroneously, as is said in the TA,) in the place of الذَّنْبُ; and in the CK, الذِّئْبُ;]) as also ↓ طَهْىٌ: and ↓ مَا طَهْوِى

in the trad. of Aboo-Hureyreh [mentioned above] is expl. by some as meaning مَا ذَنْبِى [What is my fault?]. (TA.) طَهَآءٌ, (S, K, TA,) with the lengthened ا, (S, TA,) is like طَخَآءٌ; (K, TA; [in some copies of the K, each of these is erroneously written with the shortened ا, without ء;]) i. e. it is a dial. var. of the latter word, signifying High, or elevated, clouds: (S, TA:) or thin clouds: (Ham p. 12: [see also طَهْىٌ:]) [and طَهَآءَةٌ is the n. un.:] one says, مَا فِى السَّمَآءِ طَهَآءَةٌ, meaning There is not in the sky a portion of cloud. (S.) طُهَاوَةٌ The thin skin that is upon milk or blood. (ISd, K.) مَا أَدْرِى أَىُّ الطَّهْيَآءِ هُوَ means I know not what one of mankind, or of the people, he is: (K, TA:) like اىّ الضَّحْيَآءِ: mentioned by Az. (TA.) طَهَيَانٌ The top of a mountain. (K.) b2: and A بَرَّادَة [meaning a stand, or shelf, upon which vessels of porous earth, containing water, are placed, in order that the water may become cool]. (K, TA. [In the CK, erroneously, بُرادَة: as is said in the TA, and shown by what here follows, it is with teshdeed; and it is written in my MS. copy of the K بَرَّادَة.]) b3: In the saying of ElAhwal El-Kindee, فَلَيْتَ لَنَا مِنْ مَآءِ زَمْزَمَ شَرْبَةً

مُبَرَّدَةً بَاتَتْ عَلَى الطَّهَيَانِ [And would that there were for us, of the water of Zemzem, a cooled draught that had passed the night upon the طَهَيَان], it has been expl. as having the former of these meaning, and as having the second thereof, and as meaning a certain mountain in El-Yemen. (TA.) طَاهٍ A cook; (S, K;) a roaster, broiler, or fryer: and a maker, or kneader and baker, of bread: (K:) and, (K, TA,) as some say, (TA,) any dresser, or preparer, of food, (K, TA,) &c., who qualifies it well, rightly, or properly: (TA:) pl. طُهَاةٌ and طُهِىٌّ: (K, TA: [in the CK the latter is written طُهًى, which is evidently wrong; whereas طُهِىٌّ is agreeable with analogy, being originally طُهُوْىٌ:]) the fem. is طَاهِيَةٌ, and its pl. is طَوَاهٍ. (TA.) A2: لَيْلٌ طَاهٍ A dark night. (TA.) أَمْرٌ مَطْهُوٌّ (tropical:) An affair performed, or executed, firmly, soundly, or thoroughly; and matured. (TA.)
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