William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2693. عبهل7 2694. عبو6 2695. عبى5 2696. عتب19 2697. عتد18 2698. عتر192699. عتق20 2700. عتك10 2701. عتل16 2702. عتم16 2703. عته13 2704. عث5 2705. عثر18 2706. عثكل8 2707. عثم12 2708. عثن12 2709. عج6 2710. عجب16 2711. عجر18 2712. عجرف9 2713. عجز17 2714. عجس10 2715. عجف17 2716. عجل18 2717. عجم20 2718. عجن16 2719. عجو7 2720. عد8 2721. عدس16 2722. عدف9 2723. عدل22 2724. عدم14 2725. عدن19 2726. عدو11 2727. عذب16 2728. عذر22 2729. عذط8 2730. عذف8 2731. عذق13 2732. عذل15 2733. عذو6 2734. عذى2 2735. عر6 2736. عرب22 2737. عربد8 2738. عربن7 2739. عرتب4 2740. عرتن4 2741. عرج18 2742. عرجن12 2743. عرد12 2744. عرس21 2745. عرش21 2746. عرص14 2747. عرصف6 2748. عرض22 2749. عرضن4 2750. عرطب5 2751. عرف20 2752. عرفج10 2753. عرفط7 2754. عرق20 2755. عرقب13 2756. عرك12 2757. عرم20 2758. عرمض6 2759. عرن17 2760. عرو10 2761. عرى4 2762. عز8 2763. عزب18 2764. عزر19 2765. عزف17 2766. عزق13 2767. عزل19 2768. عزم17 2769. عزو10 2770. عزى3 2771. عس6 2772. عسب18 2773. عسج9 2774. عسجد7 2775. عسر19 2776. عسف18 2777. عسكر10 2778. عسل17 2779. عسلج7 2780. عسم14 2781. عسو7 2782. عسى4 2783. عش6 2784. عشب16 2785. عشر20 2786. عشرق6 2787. عشق12 2788. عشو10 2789. عص5 2790. عصب20 2791. عصد13 2792. عصر21 Prev. 100
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عتر

1 عَتَرَ, aor. عَتِرَ, inf. n. عَتْرٌ [and تَعْتَارٌ (mentioned below in this paragraph), a form denoting repetition, or frequency, of the action, or its application to several objects, or it may be an inf. n. of which the verb is ↓ عتّر], He slaughtered [or sacrificed] (S, O, K, TA) an عَتِيرَة, (S, O,) [i. e.] a sheep or goat, or a gazelle or the like. (TA.) Sometimes a man, (S, O,) of the people of the Time of Ignorance, (S,) made a vow that, if he should see what he loved, he would slaughter such and such of his sheep or goats; and when the performance of the vow became obligatory, he would be unwilling to do so, and would slaughter gazelles instead of the sheep or goats: (S, O:) sometimes he would say, “If my camels amount to a hundred, I will slaughter for them an عَتِيرَة; ” but when they amounted to a hundred, he would be niggardly of the sheep or goat, and would hunt a gazelle, and slaughter it. (TA.) One says, هٰذِهِ أَيَّامُ تَرْجِيبٍ and تَعْتَارٍ

[These are days of the sacrificing of the عَتِيرَة]. (S, O.) 2 عَتَّرَ see above, first sentence.

عِتْرٌ Origin, or original state or condition; (S, O, K;) and natural disposition; like عِكْرٌ. (O.) One says, هُوَ كَرِيمُ العِتْرِ He is of generous origin. (TK.) And it is said in a prov., عَادَتْ إِلَى عِتْرِهَا لَمِيسُ Lemees [a proper name of a woman] returned to her original state or condition (S, O) and natural disposition: (O:) applied to him who has returned to a natural disposition which he had relinquished. (S, O.) [See also عِكْرٌ.]

A2: Also A certain plant, (S, O, K,) used medicinally, like the مَرْزَنْجُوش [or marjoram]; (S;) growing like this latter plant, in a straggling manner; and when it has grown tall, and its stem is cut, there comes forth from it what resembles milk: (TA:) accord. to Aboo-Ziyád, it is a plant of those termed أَحْرَار [pl. of حُرٌّ], having a small round fruit (جُرَىّ [dim. of جِرْوٌ]), which is sweet, or pleasant in taste, eaten by men; and it grows like as does the poppy, but is smaller: (AHn, O:) or certain small trees [or plants], (S, K, TA,) having round fruits (جِرَآء [pl. of جِرْوٌ]), like those of the poppy: (TA as on the authority of AHn:) AHn says, (O,) some assert it to mean the مَرْزَنْجُوش; (O, TA;) but, he adds, this I have not found to be known: (O:) and some say that it is the عَرْفَج: (TA:) the n. un. is عِتْرَةٌ: (S, O:) AHn says, a desert-Arab of Rabee'ah told me that this is a small tree [or plant], that rises to the height of a cubit, having many branches, and green, round leaves, like the تَنُّوم, and round fruits (جِرَآء), which are in pairs, near together, hanging down towards the ground, and sweet, or pleasant in taste, their taste being like that of small cucumbers: it seldom, or never, grows singly, but is found in pairs, or in fours, in one place: and some assert that it abounds with milk: (O:) it is also said to be a tree [or plant] that grows by the burrow of the [lizard called] ضَبّ, which mumbles it so that it does not increase; whence the saying هُوَ أَذَلُّ مِنْ عِتْرَةِ الضَّبِّ [He is more vile than the عترة of the ضبّ]: and it is also said, in the K, to signify the مَرْزَنْجُوش, mentioned above as being said to be a signification of عِتْرٌ: (TA:) also, the caper. (K, * TA.) It is said in a trad. that there is no harm in a man's treating himself medically with senna and عِتْر while in a state of إِحْرَام: (S, O:) which, some say, means that there is no harm in taking these from the sacred territory for such treatment. (O.) A3: Also An idol, (O, K,) such as had victims (عَتَائِر) sacrificed to it. (O.) b2: See also عَتِيرَةٌ.

عِتْرَةٌ The stem, or stock, of a tree: on the authority of Aboo-Sa'eed and IAar: (TA:) and the branches of a tree. (A, TA.) b2: [and hence,] (assumed tropical:) The people, or tribe, of a man, consisting of his nearer relations, (A'Obeyd, ISk, S, A, O, Msb, K,) both the dead and the living: (S, K:) or his relations: (Msb:) or his relations consisting of his offspring and his paternal uncle's sons: (A:) or his relations consisting of his offspring and of others: (TA:) or the more distinguished of one's relations: (IAth, TA:) or the people of a man's house, the more near and more distant: (O, TA:) and a man's offspring, or progeny; (IAar, Th, Az, S, O, Msb, K;) which is said to be the only meaning of the word known to the Arabs; (Msb;) or imagined by the vulgar to be its meaning peculiarly. (TA.) عِتْرَةُ النَّبِىِّ means [The nearer portion of the tribe of the Prophet, consisting of] the sons of 'Abd-El-Mut- talib: (Aboo-Sa'eed, O:) or 'Abd-El-Muttalib and his sons: (TA:) or the offspring of Fátimeh: (IAar, TA:) or the nearer members of the house of the Prophet, consisting of his own offspring and of 'Alee and his offspring: or the nearer and the more distant in relationship of the house of the Prophet: or, as is commonly held, the people of the house of the Prophet; who are those from whom it is forbidden to exact the poor-rate, and those to whom is assigned the fifth of the fifth mentioned in the Soorat el-Anfál [the eighth chapter of the Kur-án, verse 42]. (TA.) A2: Also n. un. of عِتْرٌ [q. v.]. (S, O.) عَتِيرَةٌ A sheep, or goat, which they used to slaughter, (S, O, Msb, K,) in [the month of] Rejeb, (S, O, Msb,) to their gods, (S, O, K,) or to their idols; (Msb;) i. q. رَجَبِيَّةٌ, (A'Obeyd, TA,) i. e. a victim which was sacrificed in Rejeb, as a propitiation, in the Time of Ignorance, (A'Obeyd, Mgh, TA,) and also by the Muslims in the beginning of El-Islám; (Mgh;) but the custom was afterwards abolished; (A'Obeyd, Mgh, O;) as also ↓ عِتْرٌ; (S, O, K;) which likewise signifies any slaughtered animal; (K;) and so does ↓ عَاتِرَةٌ; this being like رَاضِيَةٌ, in the phrase عِيشَةٌ رَاضِيَةٌ, for مَرْضِيَّةٌ; (Lth, TA;) or it may be a possessive epithet [meaning ذَاتُ عَتْرٍ]: (TA:) the pl. of عَتِيرَةٌ is عَتَائِرُ. (Msb.) عَاتِرَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.
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