William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2705. عثر18 2706. عثكل8 2707. عثم12 2708. عثن12 2709. عج6 2710. عجب162711. عجر18 2712. عجرف9 2713. عجز17 2714. عجس10 2715. عجف17 2716. عجل18 2717. عجم20 2718. عجن16 2719. عجو7 2720. عد8 2721. عدس16 2722. عدف9 2723. عدل22 2724. عدم14 2725. عدن19 2726. عدو11 2727. عذب16 2728. عذر22 2729. عذط8 2730. عذف8 2731. عذق13 2732. عذل15 2733. عذو6 2734. عذى2 2735. عر6 2736. عرب22 2737. عربد8 2738. عربن7 2739. عرتب4 2740. عرتن4 2741. عرج18 2742. عرجن12 2743. عرد12 2744. عرس21 2745. عرش21 2746. عرص14 2747. عرصف6 2748. عرض22 2749. عرضن4 2750. عرطب5 2751. عرف20 2752. عرفج10 2753. عرفط7 2754. عرق20 2755. عرقب13 2756. عرك12 2757. عرم20 2758. عرمض6 2759. عرن17 2760. عرو10 2761. عرى4 2762. عز8 2763. عزب18 2764. عزر19 2765. عزف17 2766. عزق13 2767. عزل19 2768. عزم17 2769. عزو10 2770. عزى3 2771. عس6 2772. عسب18 2773. عسج9 2774. عسجد7 2775. عسر19 2776. عسف18 2777. عسكر10 2778. عسل17 2779. عسلج7 2780. عسم14 2781. عسو7 2782. عسى4 2783. عش6 2784. عشب16 2785. عشر20 2786. عشرق6 2787. عشق12 2788. عشو10 2789. عص5 2790. عصب20 2791. عصد13 2792. عصر21 2793. عصف17 2794. عصفر13 2795. عصل12 2796. عصم18 2797. عصو8 2798. عصى3 2799. عض6 2800. عضب14 2801. عضد20 2802. عضرط7 2803. عضرفط5 2804. عضل19 Prev. 100
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عجب

1 عَجِبَ مِنْهُ, (S, O, Msb, K,) [and لَهُ, as shown by what follows,] aor. عَجَبَ, inf. n. عَجَبٌ; (Msb, TA;) and منه ↓ تعجّب, and ↓ استعجب منه, (S, O, Msb, K,) which two are syn. each with the other, (S, O, K,) and with the first also; (S, K;) all signify He wondered at it; i. e. he deemed it strange, extraordinary, or improbable, said of a thing occurring, or presenting itself, to him; (K, TA;) on account of his being little accustomed to it: (TA:) or the first signifies [as above, i. e.] he deemed it strange, extraordinary, or improbable: and ↓ تَعَجُّبٌ is of two kinds; one is [the wondering] at a thing which one commends, and it means the accounting (a thing) good or goodly, or approving [it], and expressing one's approval of a thing; and the other is at a thing that one dislikes, and it means the deeming [a thing] strange, extraordinary, or improbable, and discommending [it]: (Msb:) or, accord. to some of the grammarians, it signifies the mind's becoming affected, or acted upon, by some excessive quality in the thing by which it is so affected; [so that it may be rendered the becoming affected with wonder;] as when one says مَا أَشْجَعَهُ [“ how courageous is he! ”] and أَسْمِعْ بِهِمْ وَأَبْصِرْ [“ how clearly shall they hear! and how clearly shall they see! ”]: (Msb, MF, TA:) or it is [the wondering] at a thing of which the cause, or reason, is hidden, and not known: or it is when one sees a thing that pleases him, and thinks that he has not seen the like of it: (L, TA:) [therefore تَعَجَّبَ مِنْهُ may be rendered he wondered at it, and he admired it:] accord. to some, it peculiarly relates to what is deemed good or goodly, or approved; [though this is inconsistent with the application of the grammatical term فِعْلُ التَّعَجُّبِ the verb of wonder;] and the subst. derived from it is ↓ عَجْبٌ: and ↓ استعجب relates to what is good or goodly or approved, and to what is otherwise; and the subst. is ↓ عَجَبٌ [which is also the inf. n. of عَجِبَ]: or accord. to the A and L, ↓ استعجب signifies he wondered at a thing intensely; or became affected with intense wonder. (TA.) b2: [عَجَبًا لِهٰذَا, a phrase of common occurrence, (mentioned in the K voce وَيْبٌ, &c.,) is for أَعْجَبُ عَجَبًا لِهٰذَا I wonder greatly, lit. with wondering, at this. See also an ex. voce عَجَبٌ, last sentence but two.] b3: Of the words in the Kur xxxvii. 12, there are two readings, بَلْ عَجِبْتَ وَيَسْخَرُونَ and بل عَجِبْتُ ويسخرون: accord. to the former, the meaning is, Nay, thou wonderest at their conduct, or deemest it extraordinary, [O Mohammad,] and they mock: respecting the latter reading, [which may be rendered Nay, I wonder, &c.,] it is observed that عَجَبٌ when attributed to God has a meaning different from that which it has when attributed to men: IAth says that, when attributed to God, it is used in a tropical manner, as the causes of things are not hidden from Him: or, accord. to IAmb, the verb here meams I have recompensed them for their wondering at the truth, or their deeming it strange or improbable: and in like manner it is said [in the Kur viii. 30], يَمْكُرُونَ وَيَمْكُرُ اللّٰهُ [lit. “ They plot and God plotteth ”], meaning, “God recompenseth them for their plotting. ” (L, TA.) b4: It is also said that عَجَبٌ when attributed to God [sometimes] means The being well pleased, content, or satisfied. (K, TA.) The saying, in a trad., عَجِبَ رَبُّكَ مِنْ قَوْمٍ يُقَادُونَ

إِلَى الجَنَّة فِى السَّلَاسِلِ means Thy Lord wonders at a people who will be led to Paradise in chains [because of their deeming themselves unworthy thereof]; the verb عجب being here used in a tropical sense: or the meaning is, thy Lord is well pleased with, and will reward, a people &c.: and there are other trads. of the same kind. (L, TA.) b5: عَجِبَ إِلَيْهِ means He loved, or liked, him, or it. (L, TA.) [See a verse cited voce عَجِيبٌ; from which it seems to signify lit. He, or it, was an object of love to him.]

A2: عَجِبَتْ, inf. n. عَجَبٌ; and عَجُبَتْ; said of a she-camel, She was, or became, such as is termed عَجْبَآء (TA.) 2 عجّبهُ, inf. n. تَعْجِيبٌ, He caused him to wonder, (S, O, K, TA,) بِالشَّىْءِ [by the thing]. (TA. [See also 4.]) 4 اعجبهُ It (a thing, or an affair, or event, TA) induced, or excited, him to wonder. (K, TA. [See also 2.]) In the following saying of Ibn-Keys-er-Rukeiyát, رَأَتْ فِى الرَّأْسِ مِنِّى شَيْبَةً لَسْتُ أُغَيِّبُهَا فَقَالَتْ لِى ابْنُ قَيْسٍ ذَا وَبَعْضُ الشَّيْبِ يُعْجِبُهَا the meaning is, [She saw upon my head some hoariness, which I did not hide; and she said to me, “Is this Ibn-Keys? ” somewhat of hoariness] causing her to have wonder. (TA.) b2: And It (a thing, or an affair, or event, TA) induced in him wonder, or admiration, and pleasure, or joy: (K:) or it excited his admiration, or approval: (Msb:) or it pleased, or rejoiced, him. (TA.) You say, أَعْجَبَنِى هٰذَا الشَّىْءُ لِحُسْنِهِ [This thing has excited my admiration, or approval, or has pleased me, for its goodness, or goodliness, or beauty]. (S, O.) And أَعْجَبَنِى حُسْنُهُ [Its goodness, or goodliness, or beauty, excited my admiration, &c.]. (Msb.) b3: And أُعْجِبَ بِهِ He was excited to wonder, or admiration, and pleasure, or joy, by it; he admired it, and was pleased with it, or rejoiced by it. (K.) You say, أُعْجِبَ بِنَفْسِهِ, (S, O, Msb,) inf. n. إِعْجَابٌ, [which is often used as syn. with عُجْبٌ, the corresponding subst.,] (O,) [He admired himself, (lit. was excited to admiration by himself,) was pleased with himself, or was self-conceited, or vain; or] he exalted, and magnified, himself; was haughty, and proud. (Msb.) b4: [مَا أَعْجَبَهُ generally signifies How wonderful is it!] b5: مَا أَعْجَبَهُ بِرَأْيِهِ [How greatly does he admire his opinion or judgment! or how greatly is he pleased with it! or how conceited, or vain, or proud, is he of it!] is anomalous [in two respects], (S, O, K,) not to be taken as an example to be imitated; (S, O;) for the verb here is formed from a passive [and augmented] verb [أُعْجِبَ], like as is the case in مَا أَشْغَلَهُ; whereas it is the primary rule with respect to the verb of wonder that it shall not be formed from any but an active [and unaugmented] verb. (TA.) 5 تَعَجَّبَ see 1, in two places. b2: One says also, تعجّب فِى مِشْيَتِهِ [app. meaning He showed عُجْب, i. e. self-admiration, &c., in his gait]. (TA voce تَفَخَّتَ.) A2: تَعَجَّبَنِى signifies تَصَبَّانِى

[He excited my desire, and invited me, or made me to incline, to ignorant, or foolish, or silly, and youthful, conduct, so that I yearned towards him: or he deceived me, or beguiled me, and captivated my heart]; (O, K, TA;) said of a man: (O, TA:) and تَفَتَّنَنِى [in the O تَفَتَّتَنِى, which I think a mistranscription, though I do not find تَفَتَّنَ elsewhere in the sense here assigned to it,] signifies the same. (TA.) 10 إِسْتَعْجَبَ see 1, in three places.

عَجْبٌ: see عَجَبٌ, in two places: A2: and see also عُجْبٌ.

A3: Also The root, or base, of the tail: (S, O, K:) or the part of the root, or base, of the tail, of any beast, which the haunch encloses, (Msb, TA,) and which is inserted in the hinder part of the rump: (TA:) or the root, or base, and bone, of the tail: (Lh, TA:) also called the عُصْعُص [q. v.]: (Msb, TA:) or it is the head of the عُصْعُص: (TA:) or the upper part of the عُصْعُص: or the external extremity of the spine; and the عُصْعُص is its internal extremity: (Az, L voce قُحْقُحٌ:) it is said in a trad., that every part of a man will become consumed, except the عَجْب, (TA,) or the عَجْب of the tail, (O, TA,) accord. to different relations; (TA;) from which [as a rudiment] he was created, and upon which he will [at the resurrection] be put together: (O:) i. e. the bone at the lower, or lowest, part of the spine, at the rump; which is the عَسِيب of beasts: it is said to be like a grain of mustard-seed: or, as Z says in the “ Fáïk,” it is the bone that is between the buttocks: it is also pronounced ↓ عُجْبٌ; and accord. to MF, ↓ عِجْبٌ, but no one else says this: and, as El-Khafájee says, it is also called عَجْمٌ and عُجْمٌ and عِجْمٌ, in this case with the three vowel-sounds. (TA.) b2: Also (tropical:) The hinder part (S, O, K, TA) of a tract of sand, (S, O,) or of anything: (K, TA:) and hence, عَجْبُ كَثِيبٍ i. e. the thin hinder portion [of a sand-hill, or of an extended and gibbous sand-hill, or of a collection of sand that has poured down]: (TA:) pl. عُجُوبٌ, (S, O,) and perhaps أَعْجَابٌ also in the former sense [and therefore in this likewise]. (TA.) عُجْبٌ: see عَجَبٌ. b2: Also a subst. from the phrase أُعْجِبَ بِنَفْسِهِ, (S,) or from الإِعْجَابُ; (O;) [i. e. it signifies Self-admiration; or selfconceitedness; or] vanity; and pride: (K:) it is said to be [a result, or an offspring, of stupidity, or folly; or] a redundance of stupidity, or folly, which one has turned to what is thus termed. (TA.) [Er-Rághib makes a distinction between عُجْبٌ and تِيهٌ; as will be seen below, voce مُعْجَبٌ.]

A2: Also, and ↓ عَجْبٌ, and ↓ عِجْبٌ, A man who is pleased to sit with women, (O, K,) and to converse with them, without his doing what induces doubt, or suspicion, or evil opinion: (O:) or with whom women are pleased: (K, TA:) the pl. is perhaps أَعْجَابٌ. (TA.) A3: See also عَجْبٌ.

عِجْبٌ: see عُجْبٌ: A2: and see also عَجْبٌ.

عَجَبٌ [originally an int. n.] (S, O, K) and ↓ عُجْبٌ, (accord. to the K,) or ↓ عَجْبٌ, (accord. to the TA,) Wonder; i. e. a deeming strange, extraordinary, or improbable, what occurs, or presents itself, to one, (K, TA,) on account of being little accustomed to it; (TA;) or [the effect, upon the mind, of] the consideration of a thing with which one is not familiar, and to which one is not accustomed: (IAar, TA:) for a distinction between عَجَبٌ and ↓ عَجْبٌ, see 1, in the middle of the paragraph: the pl. of عَجَبٌ [in this sense] is [said to be] أَعْجَابٌ; (K;) or it has no pl.: (S, O, K:) [this statement correctly applies to عَجَبٌ as an epithet; for as such it is app. used as sing. and pl., being originally an inf. n.:] but El-'Ajjáj has pluralized it, [regarding it in the sense expl. above,] saying, ذَكَرْنَ أَشْجَابًا لِمَنْ تَشَجَّبَا وَهِجْنَ أَعْجَابًا لِمَنْ تَعَجَّبَا [They mentioned griefs to him who grieved, and they excited wonder to him who wondered]. (O.) يَا لَلْعَجَبِ [may be rendered O case of wonder! but properly] means O wonder come, for this is thy time: and يَا لِلْعَجَبِ [may also be rendered O case of wonder! but properly] means O [people, or the like, come] to wonder; the noun signifying the invoked being suppressed. (Har p. 27.) A2: It is also an epithet applied to a thing, an affair, an event, or a case; one says أَمْرٌ عَجَبٌ [A wonderful thing or affair &c.]; and so ↓ عَجِيبٌ [which is more common in this sense], and ↓ عُجَابٌ, and ↓ عُجَّابٌ: or ↓ عَجِيبٌ is syn. with عَجَبٌ; but ↓ عُجَابٌ signifies more than عَجَبٌ: (K:) or ↓ عُجَابٌ is syn. with ↓ عَجِيبٌ, (S, O,) which signifies a thing, (S, O, Msb,) or an affair, or event, or a case, (S, O,) wondered at; (S, O, Msb, TA;) or inducing wonder, or admiration, and pleasure, or joy; or pleasing, or rejoicing; syn. ↓ مُعْجِبٌ; (TA;) and ↓ عُجَّابٌ; signifies more than عَجَبٌ: (S, O, TA:) [it is said that] عَجَبٌ has no pl.; [app. meaning when it is used as an epithet, as observed above;] nor has ↓ عَجِيبٌ; (S, O, K;) or the pl. of this is عَجَائِبُ [respecting which see عَجِيبَةٌ]; (S, O, K;) like as أَفَائِلُ is pl. of أَفِيلٌ; and تَبَائِعُ, of تَبِيعٌ. (S, O.) [Being originally an inf. n., it is used alike as masc. and fem.:] one says قِصَّةٌ عَجَبٌ [meaning A wonderful story: and for the same reason, it may, as an epithet, be also used alike as sing. and pl.: like عَدْلٌ &c.]. (O.) b2: [It is also used as a subst. in a pl. sense, signifying Wonders, as meaning wonderful things; like the pl. عَجَائِبُ, &c.; and it may be similarly used in a sing. sense for شَىْءٌ عَجَبٌ or أَمْرٌ عَجَبٌ: but when used as a subst. in the pl. sense expl. above, it seems to be regarded by some as a coll. gen. n., of which ↓ عَجَبَةٌ is the n. un.; for] one says, مَا فُلَانٌ إِلَّا عَجَبَةٌ مِنَ العَجَبِ [Such a one is none other than a wonder of wonders]. (A, TA.) [Hence, also,] أَبُو العَجَبِ [lit. The father of wonders] is a surname of Fortune. (TA.) and it signifies also The practiser of legerdemain, or sleight-of-hand; syn. الشَّعْوَذِىُّ, (A, TA,) or المُشَعْوِذُ: (Eth-Tha'álibee, TA in شعذ:) and any one who does wonderful things. (A, TA.) And a poet says, يَا عَجَبًا لِلدَّهْرِ ذِى الأَعْجَابِ [for يَا أَعْجَبُ عَجَبًا O, I wonder greatly, lit. with wondering, at fortune that is ever attended with wonders]. (TA.) [See also عَجِيبَةٌ.]

A3: Also The quality, in a she-camel, that is denoted by the epithet عَجْبَآءُ [fem. of أَعْجَبُ, q. v.]; and so ↓ عُجْبَةٌ. (O.) عُجْبَةٌ: see the last preceding sentence.

عَجَبَةٌ: see عَجَبٌ, last quarter.

عُجَابٌ: see عَجَبٌ, in three places, near the middle of the paragraph: b2: and see also عَاجِبٌ.

عَجِيبٌ: see عَجَبٌ, in four places, near the middle of the paragraph. b2: Also Loved, beloved, or an object of love: so in the following verse, cited by Th: وَمَا البُخْلُ يَنْهَانِى وَلَا الجُودُ قَادَنِى

وَلٰكِنَّهَا ضَرْبٌ إِلَىَّ عَجِيبٌ [And neither does niggardliness forbid me nor liberality lead me; but she is a sort of person, to me, an object of love]: by قَادَنِى, the poet means يَقُودُنِى. (L, TA.) عَجِيبَةٌ (K) and ↓ أُعْجُوبَةٌ (S, O, K) A wonderful thing; a thing at which one wonders: (S, O, K: *) [the pl. of the former, accord. to modern usage, is عَجَائِبُ, mentioned above as pl. of عَجَبٌ: and]

أَعَاجِيبُ seems to be pl. of أُعْجُوبَةٌ, like as أَحَادِيثُ is pl. of أُحْدُوثَةُ: (S, O:) and ↓ تَعَاجِيبُ signifies wonderful things; syn. عَجَائِبُ; (S, O, K;) and is a word [of a rare form, (see تَبَاشِيرُ,)] having no proper sing., (S, O,) like تَعَاشِيبُ; (O;) erroneously thought by the author of the “ Námoos ”

[on the Kámoos] to be most probably a mistake for أَعَاجِيبُ: (TA:) a poet says, وَمَنْ تَعَاجِيبِ خَلْقِ اللّٰهِ غَاطِيَةٌ يُعْصَرُ مِنْهَا مُلَاحِىٌّ وَغِرْبِيبُ [And of the wonderful things of God's creation is a grape-vine covering the ground (so غَاطِيَةٌ is expl. by IB), whereof grapes of the kinds called ملاحىّ and غربيب are pressed for making wine]. (S, O.) عُجَّابٌ: see عَجَبٌ, near the middle of the paragraph, in two places.

عَجَبٌ عَاجِبٌ [meaning Very wonderful or admirable or pleasing] (S, O, K) is like لَيْلٌ لَائِلٌ, the latter word being a corroborative of the former; (S, O;) and one says also [in like manner] ↓ عَجَبٌ عُجَابٌ. (K.) أَعْجَبُ [More, and most, wonderful or admirable or pleasing]. b2: [And the fem.] عَجْبَآءُ signifies A female wondered at for her beauty: and also, for her ugliness. (O, K.) A2: Also, i. e. the former, A thick, or big, or coarse, camel. (O, K. *) and so the fem. applied to a she-camel: (O, K:) or, so applied, thick in the عَجْب [or root, &c.,] of the tail: (TA:) or whereof the hinder part, (O, K,) or the upper portion of that part, (L, TA,) is narrow, and whereof the جَاعِرَتَانِ [q. v.] are prominent: (O, L, K, TA:) the kind of make thus particularized is ugly. (TA.) أُعْجُوبَةٌ: see عَجِيبَةٌ.

رَجُلٌ تِعْجَابَةٌ A man of (lit. having, possessing, or endowed with,) wonders, or wonderful things. (O, K, TA.) تَعَاجِيبُ, a pl. without a sing.: see عَجِيبَةٌ.

مُعْجَبٌ بِنَفْسِهِ, and بِرَأْيِهِ, [Admiring himself, (lit. excited to admiration by himself,) or pleased with himself, and his opinion, or judgment; selfconceited, and conceited of his opinion or judgment,] (S, O, TA,) [or] vain, or proud, [thereof; for]

مُعْجَبٌ signifies a man vain, or proud, of what proceeds from him, whether good or bad, and of himself, or of a thing [belonging to him, such as his dress or wealth &c.]: but Er-Rághib makes a distinction between مُعْجَبٌ and تَائِهٌ; saying that the معجب believes himself with respect to the opinion or judgment that he forms of himself indecisively from evidence outweighed in probability; [so that it rather denotes conceit than vanity;] whereas the تائه believes himself decisively. (MF, TA.) مُعْجِبٌ [Inducing wonder, or admiration, &c.]: see عَجَبٌ, in the middle of the paragraph: [or] a thing that is very good or goodly or beautiful. (TA.)
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