William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2750. عرطب5 2751. عرف20 2752. عرفج10 2753. عرفط7 2754. عرق20 2755. عرقب132756. عرك12 2757. عرم20 2758. عرمض6 2759. عرن17 2760. عرو10 2761. عرى4 2762. عز8 2763. عزب18 2764. عزر19 2765. عزف17 2766. عزق13 2767. عزل19 2768. عزم17 2769. عزو10 2770. عزى3 2771. عس6 2772. عسب18 2773. عسج9 2774. عسجد7 2775. عسر19 2776. عسف18 2777. عسكر10 2778. عسل17 2779. عسلج7 2780. عسم14 2781. عسو7 2782. عسى4 2783. عش6 2784. عشب16 2785. عشر20 2786. عشرق6 2787. عشق12 2788. عشو10 2789. عص5 2790. عصب20 2791. عصد13 2792. عصر21 2793. عصف17 2794. عصفر13 2795. عصل12 2796. عصم18 2797. عصو8 2798. عصى3 2799. عض6 2800. عضب14 2801. عضد20 2802. عضرط7 2803. عضرفط5 2804. عضل19 2805. عضم7 2806. عضه17 2807. عضو8 2808. عط6 2809. عطب19 2810. عطد6 2811. عطر14 2812. عطرد8 2813. عطس15 2814. عطش16 2815. عطف19 2816. عطل19 2817. عطن16 2818. عطو10 2819. عظل12 2820. عظلم7 2821. عظم19 2822. عظو4 2823. عف6 2824. عفج9 2825. عفر20 2826. عفص15 2827. عفل11 2828. عفن15 2829. عفو10 2830. عفى2 2831. عق5 2832. عقب26 2833. عقد20 2834. عقر20 2835. عقرب11 2836. عقص16 2837. عقف13 2838. عقفر6 2839. عقل24 2840. عقم19 2841. عقو6 2842. عك7 2843. عكب10 2844. عكد11 2845. عكر17 2846. عكز14 2847. عكس15 2848. عكف18 2849. عكم14 Prev. 100
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عرقب

Q. 1 عَرْقَبَ الدَّابَّةَ He hocked, houghed, hamstrung, or cut the hock-tendon of, the beast. (S, A, O, K, *) b2: And عَرْقَبَهُ He raised his hocks, (namely, a camel's, O,) in order that he might stand up: (O, K:) he assisted him (i. e. a camel) to stand up, by raising [his hocks]. (TA.) Thus the verb has two contr. meanings. (K.) b3: and عَرْقَبَ (assumed tropical:) He practised artifice, craft, or cunning. (O, K.) One says, إِذَا أَعْيَاكَ غَرِيمُكَ فَعَرْقِبْ (assumed tropical:) [When thy debtor wearies thee,] practise artifice, &c. (AA, O, TA.) Q. 2 تَعَرْقَبَ He mounted a beast from behind. (O, TA.) b2: And (assumed tropical:) He took his course along the narrow roads, or ways, of the mountain, which are called عَرَاقِيب. (S, O, K.) b3: And تعرقب لِخَصْمِهِ (assumed tropical:) He pursued a way hidden from his adversary: said when one adopts another and easier course of speech. (TA.) b4: And تعرقب عَنِ الأَمْرِ (assumed tropical:) He turned away, or declined, from the affair. (K.) b5: إِذَا مَطَلَ تَعَقْرَبَ وَإِذَا وَعَدَ تَعَرْقَبَ (assumed tropical:) [When he puts off the fulfilment of his promise, he acts like 'Akrab (a man notorious for putting off the fulfilment of his promises); and when he promises, he acts like 'Orkoob] (A, TA) is a prov. (TA. [See the following paragraph, last sentence but one.]) عُرْقُوبٌ [The tendo Achillis, or heel-tendon;] a certain tense, (T, A, Mgh, Msb,) or thick, (K,) or thick and tense, (S, O,) tendon, (T, S, A, Mgh, O, Msb, K,) behind the two ankle-bones, (T, A, Mgh, Msb,) above the heel; (S, O, K;) the thing that conjoins the shank and the foot; (As, TA;) in a human being: (S, O, K:) pl. عَرَاقِيبُ. (TA, &c.) The saying of the Prophet, وَيْلٌ لِلْعَرَاقِيبِ مِنَ النَّارِ [Woe to the heel-tendons from the fire of Hell] means, to him who neglects the washing of them (Mgh, Msb) in the [ablution termed] وُضُوْء. (Msb.) b2: [In a beast, it is in some instances applied to The hock, or hough; i. e.] the عُرْقُوب of a beast is that which, in its hind leg, corresponds to the رَكْبَة [or knee] in its fore leg: (S, O, K:) [in other instances, it is applied to the tendon of the hock, or hough; i. e., to the hamstring; for, as] As says, in every quadruped, the عُرْقُوبَانِ are in the hind legs, and the رُكْبَتَانِ in the fore legs; (S, O, TA;) and the عُرْقُوب of the horse is the tendon that conjoins the part wherein meet the وَظِيف [here meaning the metatarsus] and the سَاق [here meaning the tibia]: (TA: [he says “ of the horse,” instead of using a more comprehensive term, app. because he is describing that animal:]) it is, in a quadruped, the tendon that [corresponds to that which in a human being] is behind the two ankle-bones, between the joint of the foot and the shank: in a human being it is a little above the heel. (TA, from an explanation of a trad. [This last explanation evidently employs terms according to their applications in the comparative anatomy of quadrupeds and human beings, and therefore requires the words which I have supplied. That عُرْقُوبٌ, in relation to a beast, signifies the hocktendon is well known: and that it also signifies the hock itself is shown by a usage of the verb عَرْقَبَ (for it is by raising the hocks that a man assists a camel to stand up), and by an explanation voce رُكْبَةٌ.]) شَرٌّ مَا أَجَآءَكَ إِلَى مُخَّةِ عُرْقُوبٍ [It is an evil thing that has compelled thee to have recourse to the marrow of a hock] (K, TA) is a prov. (TA) applied to him who seeks to obtain a thing from a mean, or sordid, person; (K, TA;) for the عرقوب has no marrow. (TA.) And one says, فُلَانٌ يَضْرِبُ العَرَاقِيبَ ويَقْرَعُ الظَّنَابِيبَ [Such a one smites the hock-tendons of camels to slaughter them, and strikes the shins of camels to make them lie down that he may mount them in haste]; meaning that he entertains guests and gives aid, or succour. (A.) b3: عُرْقُوبُ الأَسَدِ is a name of The Thirteenth Mansion of the Moon. (Kzw: see العَوَّآءُ, in art. عو.) b4: طَيْرُ عُرْقُوبٍ is an appellation given to Any bird from which one augurs evil to camels, because it wounds them in the hocks or hock-tendons (يُعَرْقِبُهَا). (Meyd, TA.) The Arabs say that when the bird called أَخْيَل [q. v.] lights upon a camel, its hocks, or hock-tendons, will assuredly be laid bare: and accord. to the [O and] K, طَيْرُ العَرَاقِيبِ is an appellation of The [bird called] شِقِرَّاق [which is said in the S &c. to be the same as the أَخْيَل]; and [Sgh and SM add that] they regard it as of evil omen. (TA.) b5: عُرْقُوبُ القَطَا means The سَاق [or shank] of the قطا [or sand-grouse]. (S, O, K.) To this a thing is hyperbolically likened to denote its shortness: one says يَوْمٌ أَقْصَرُ مِنْ عُرْقُوبِ القَطَا [A day shorter than the shank of the katà]: (L, TA:) and a poet says, (S, &c.,) namely, El-Find Ez-Zimmánee, (O, L, TA,) or, accord. to Seer, Imra-el- Keys Ibn-'Ábis, (IB, L, TA,) وَنَبْلِى وَفُقَاهَا كَعَرَاقِيبِ قَطًا طُحْلِ [And my arrows, with their notches, like the shanks of ash-coloured sand-grouse]. (S, O, L, TA.) b6: عُرْقُوبٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) A turning, or bending, part of a valley: (K:) or a part of a valley in which is a great turning or bending. (S, O.) And A road in a mountain: (K:) or a narrow road in a mountain: or a road in a deep valley, in which only one can walk. (TA.) And [the pl.] عَرَاقِيبُ, (tropical:) The prominences, or projecting parts, of mountains: (O, K, TA:) and the most distant, or far-extending, roads, or ways, thereof: (Aboo-Kheyreh, O, TA:) for [in travelling mountains,] you follow the most easy way, wherever it be: (Aboo-Kheyreh, TA:) or the narrow roads or ways, in the hard and elevated parts, of moun-tains. (S, O, K.) And [hence, app.,] عَرَاقِيبُ الأُمُورِ (assumed tropical:) Great and difficult affairs: (S, O, K:) as also عَرَاقِيلُهَا. (S, O.) b7: And A mountain always crowned with clouds, not rained upon. (TA.) b8: Also (assumed tropical:) Artifice, craft, or cunning; or a stratagem, or trick. (O, K. [See Q. 1, last signification.]) b9: And (assumed tropical:) Knowledge (عِرْفَان) of an argument, a plea, an allegation, or a proof. (O, K.) A2: Also the name of a certain man of the Amalekites, (S, O, K, TA,) or, (so says Ibn-El-Kelbee, O,) of the Benoo-Abd-Shems-Ibn-Saad, (Jm, O, TA,) but this is said to be of no authority, (O,) or of El-Ows, (Jm, TA,) the greatest liar of his time, (K,) proverbial for breach of promises: (S, O:) El-Ashja'ee (whose name was Jubeyhà, O, K) says, وَعَدْتَ وَكَانَ الخُلْفُ مِنْكَ سَجِيَّةً

مَوَاعِيدَ عُرْقُوبٍ أَخَاهُ بِيَتْرَبِ (S, O, K, TA) i. e. (tropical:) Thou promisedst, but breach of promise was an inherent quality of thee, like the promises of 'Orkoob to his brother in Yetreb; which is in El-Yemámeh; or, as some relate it, بِيَثْرِب, i. e. El-Medeeneh, or, as some say, the land of the Benoo-Saad; but the former is the more correct. (TA. [See also Har p. 160.]) And one says, هُوَ أَكْذَبُ مِنْ عُرْقُوبِ يَتْرَبَ (tropical:) [He is more mendacious than 'Orkoob of Yetreb]. (A, TA.)
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