William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2751. عرف20 2752. عرفج10 2753. عرفط7 2754. عرق20 2755. عرقب13 2756. عرك122757. عرم20 2758. عرمض6 2759. عرن17 2760. عرو10 2761. عرى4 2762. عز8 2763. عزب18 2764. عزر19 2765. عزف17 2766. عزق13 2767. عزل19 2768. عزم17 2769. عزو10 2770. عزى3 2771. عس6 2772. عسب18 2773. عسج9 2774. عسجد7 2775. عسر19 2776. عسف18 2777. عسكر10 2778. عسل17 2779. عسلج7 2780. عسم14 2781. عسو7 2782. عسى4 2783. عش6 2784. عشب16 2785. عشر20 2786. عشرق6 2787. عشق12 2788. عشو10 2789. عص5 2790. عصب20 2791. عصد13 2792. عصر21 2793. عصف17 2794. عصفر13 2795. عصل12 2796. عصم18 2797. عصو8 2798. عصى3 2799. عض6 2800. عضب14 2801. عضد20 2802. عضرط7 2803. عضرفط5 2804. عضل19 2805. عضم7 2806. عضه17 2807. عضو8 2808. عط6 2809. عطب19 2810. عطد6 2811. عطر14 2812. عطرد8 2813. عطس15 2814. عطش16 2815. عطف19 2816. عطل19 2817. عطن16 2818. عطو10 2819. عظل12 2820. عظلم7 2821. عظم19 2822. عظو4 2823. عف6 2824. عفج9 2825. عفر20 2826. عفص15 2827. عفل11 2828. عفن15 2829. عفو10 2830. عفى2 2831. عق5 2832. عقب26 2833. عقد20 2834. عقر20 2835. عقرب11 2836. عقص16 2837. عقف13 2838. عقفر6 2839. عقل24 2840. عقم19 2841. عقو6 2842. عك7 2843. عكب10 2844. عكد11 2845. عكر17 2846. عكز14 2847. عكس15 2848. عكف18 2849. عكم14 2850. عكن11 Prev. 100
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عرك

1 عَرَكَهُ, (S, O, K,) aor. عَرُكَ, (S,) inf. n. عَرْكٌ, (S, O,) He rubbed it, or rubbed and pressed it, or did so well; syn. دَلَكَهُ; namely, a thing; (S, O;) such as a skin or hide, or a tanned skin or hide, and the like. (TA.) b2: And [He wore it away by scraping, &c.;] he scraped, rubbed, chafed, or fretted, it, until he erased, or effaced, it. (K.) b3: Hence, عَرَكَ بِجَنْبِهِ مَا كَانَ مِنْ صَاحِبِهِ, aor. and inf. n. as above, meaning (assumed tropical:) [He acted] as though he scraped, &c., [with his side,] what had proceeded from his companion, until he erased, or effaced, it: (TA;) [like as a camel allays an itching by rubbing with his side the trunk of a tree: i. e. he bore, or endured, what proceeded from his companion: for] يَعْرُكُ الأَذَى

بِجَنْبِهِ means يَحْتَمِلُهُ [i. e. (assumed tropical:) He bears, or endures, annoyance, or molestation; or forgives it, and feigns himself neglectful of it]. (O and K in explanation of عُرَكَةٌ.) b4: And عَرَكْتُ القَوْمَ فِى

الحَرْبِ, inf. n. as above, (assumed tropical:) [I fretted, or ground, or crushed, the party in the war, or battle.] (S, O.) And عَرَكَتْهُمُ الحَرْبُ i. q. دَارَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ (tropical:) [i. e., lit., The war, or battle, revolved upon them like the mill or mill-stone; meaning fretted, or ground, or crushed, them]. (TA.) Zuheyr says, فَتَعْرُكْكُمُ عَرْكَ الرَّحَى بِثِفَالِهِا وَتَلْقَحٌ كِشَافًا ثُمَّ تُنْتَجٌ فَتُتْئِمِ (O) meaning (tropical:) And it, i. e. war, will fret [or grind or crush] you, as the mill with its skin put beneath it, upon which the flour falls, frets [or grinds] the grain; and it, i. e. war, will conceive two years, one after the other; then bring forth, and give birth to twins: he makes war's destruction of them to be like the mill's grinding of the grain, and the various evils that are engendered from war to be like children. (EM pp.

123-4.) b5: عَرَكَ أُذُنَهُ, (MA,) inf. n. عَرْكٌ, (MA, KL,) He rubbed, or rubbed and pressed, [or generally, as now used, he wrung, or twisted,] his ear. (MA, KL.) b6: عَرَكَ ظَهْرَهَا, aor. and inf. n. as above, He felt her back, namely, that of a she-camel, &c., doing so much or often, to know her state of fatness: (TA:) and عَرَكَ السَّنَامَ He felt the hump, to know if there were in it fatness or not. (S, O, TA.) b7: عَرَكَ البَعِيُر جَنْبَهُ بِمِرْفَقِهِ, (S, K, *) inf. n. as above, (TA,) The camel made an incision, or a cut, in his side with his elbow, (K, TA,) and rubbed it, or rubbed and pressed it, (TA,) so as to reach to the flesh, (K, TA,) cutting through the skin: (TA:) in which case the epithets ↓ عَارِكٌ and ↓ عَرَكْرَكٌ are applied to the camel. (K.) [See also عَرْكٌ below, which indicates another meaning.] b8: عَرَكَهُ (Lh, K, TA,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Lh, TA,) also signifies (assumed tropical:) He put upon him evil (Lh, K, TA) and misfortune: (K, TA: [the CK has حَمَلَ عليهِ الشَّرُّ والدَّهْرُ, meaning evil and misfortune assailed him, instead of حَمَلَ عَلَيهِ الشَّرَّ وَالدَّهْرَ, as in other copies of the K and in the TA:]) and, as some say, عَرَكَهُ بِشَرٍّ signifies he did evil to him, or brought evil upon him, repeatedly. (TA.) b9: عَرَكَ الدَّهْرُ فُلَانًا (tropical:) Time, or fortune, rendered such a one experienced; or trained, or disciplined, and reformed, or improved, him. (K, TA.) b10: عَرَكَ الإِبِلَ فِى الحَمْضِ He left the camels amid the plants termed حَمْض, to obtain thereof what they wanted. (Lh, K.) b11: عَرَكَتِ المَاشِيَةُ النَّبَاتَ The cattle ate the plants, or herbage. (K.) b12: عَرَكَتْ said of a woman, (S, O, K,) or of a girl, or young woman, (Lh, TA,) aor. عَرُكَ, (S, O,) inf. n. عُرُوكٌ (S, O, K) and عَرَاكٌ (O, * K) and عَرْكٌ, (K,) She menstruated; (S, O, K;) as also ↓ اعركت. (K.) A2: عَرِكَ, (K,) [aor. عَرَكَ,] inf. n. عَرَكٌ, (TA,) He was, or became, such as is termed عِرِكٌ [q. v.]; strong, or vehement, in striving, contending, or conflicting, (K, TA,) and in might, courage, valour, or prowess, (TA,) in war, or battle, (K, TA,) and in altercation. (TA.) 3 عَارَكَهُ, (TA,) inf. n. مُعَارَكَةٌ (S, O, K, TA) and عِرَاكٌ, (TA,) He fought him; contended with him in fight, or battle: (S, * O, * K, * TA:) مُعَارَكَةٌ signifies the act of fighting; and thrusting at and wounding, one another, in fight, or battle. (KL.) b2: And عِرَاكٌ signifies also, in relation to camels, The pressing, or crowding, one another, at, or to get to, the water. (TA.) [See also this word below. And see 8.]4 أَعْرَكَ see 1, last sentence but one.6 تَعَاْرَكَ see the next paragraph.8 اعتركوا, (S, O,) or اعتركوا فِى المَعْرَكَةِ, (K, TA,) [and ↓ تعاركوا, mentioned by Freytag, and agreeable with analogy, but I do not find any authority for it,] They pressed, straitened, or crowded, one another, (S, O, TA,) and rubbed, or rubbed and pressed, one another, (TA,) or strove together, and fought one another, (K, TA,) in the place of fight, or battle; (S, O, K, TA;) and فِى الخُصُومَةِ [in altercation]. (TA.) b2: And اعتركتِ الإِبِلُ فِى الوِرْدِ The camels pressed, or crowded, one another, in the coming to water. (K.) [See also 3.] b3: اعتركت مِعْرَكَةً, (Ibn-'Abbád, O,) or بِمِعْرَكَةٍ, (K,) said of a woman [menstruating] She stuffed her vulva with a piece of rag. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.) عَرْكٌ, [originally an inf. n.,] accord. to El-'Adebbes El-Kinánee, i. q. حَازٌّ, i. e. An incision, or a cut, made by the elbow [of a camel], in the arm, [probably a mistake for in the side, (see 1, near the middle of the paragraph,)] so as to reach to the flesh, cutting through the skin, by the side of the callous protuberance upon the breast. (O.) [See also حَازٌّ, in art. حز.] b2: [Hence, app.,] ذُو عَرْكَيْنِ, as used by a poet, [the dual, it seems, being put for the sing. for the sake of the rhyme, as it ends a verse,] is a metaphorical term for The vulva of a woman; the عَرْك in its primary sense being in the camel. (TA.) A2: Also The dung of beasts or birds of prey. (O, K.) A3: And Herbage trodden and eaten. (TA.) عَرَكٌ Fishermen; (AA, S, MA, O, K;) as also ↓ عَرَكَةٌ; (MA; [but this I do not find elsewhere;]) and عُرُوكٌ: (O, K:) one of whom is called ↓ عَرَكِىٌّ, (AA, S, MA, O, K,) meaning a fisherman who holds in his hand an iron implement having five prongs: (MA:) عَرَكٌ and ↓ عَرَكِىٌّ being like عَرَبٌ and عَرَبِىٌّ: (AA, S, O:) [i. e. عَرَكِىٌّ is the n. un.:] accord. to the K, عَرَكٌ and عُرُوكٌ are pls. of عَرَكِىٌّ; but IAth says that عُرُوكٌ is pl. of عَرَكٌ: (TA:) hence عَرَكٌ is used as meaning sailors, or mariners, (AA, S, O, K,) because they fish, not as being [properly] a name for them: (AA, S, O:) Zuheyr says, تَغْشَى الحُدَاةُ بِهِمْ حُرَّ الكَثِيبِ كَمَا يُغْشِى السَّفَائِنَ مَوْجَ اللُّجَّةِ العَرَكُ [The camel-drivers cover with them the middle of the elevated expanse of sand like as the seamen cause the waves of the deep to cover the ships]: but AO related this verse otherwise, saying مَوْجُ, in the nom. case, and making العَرَكُ to be an epithet applied to the موج as signifying المُتَلَاطِم [as though the meaning were, like as the colliding waves of the deep cover the ships with their surf]. (S, O.) A2: Also i. q. صَوْتٌ [A sound, noise, voice, &c.]; and so ↓ عَرِكٌ. (S, O, K.) A3: It is also the subst. denoted by the phrase عَرَكَ الإِبِلَ فِى الحَمْضِ [q. v., app. as meaning The act of leaving camels amid the pasturage termed حَمْض, to obtain thereof what they want; a meaning given in the O as an explanation of ↓ عَرَكْرَكٌ, which is perhaps in this instance a mistranscription]. (K.) عَرِكٌ A man who throws down, or prostrates, his antagonists much, or often; syn. صِرِّيعٌ; (S, O;) in the K and in some of the copies of the S صَرِيع, like أَمِير; [which is app. a mistranscription;] (TA;) strong, or vehement, (S, * O, * K, TA,) in striving, contending, or conflicting, (K, TA,) and in might, courage, valour, or prowess, (TA,) in war, or battle, (K, TA,) and in altercation; (TA;) as also ↓ مُعَارِكٌ: (K, TA:) pl. of the former عَرِكُونَ. (S, O, K, TA: in the CK عَرِكُوا.) A2: رَمْلٌ عَرِكٌ and ↓ مُعْرَوْرِكٌ Sand, or sands, intermingling; (IDrd, O, K;) as also ↓ عَرِيكٌ, (L, TA,) which last epithet is erroneously applied in the K to the word رَجُلٌ instead of رَمْلٌ, as is also in one instance ↓ مُعْرَوْرِكٌ [in the CK in this latter instance written مُعْرَوْرَكٌ]. (TA.) A3: See also عَرَكٌ.

عَرْكَةٌ as meaning A war, or battle, is postclassical. (TA.) b2: لَقِيتُهُ عَرْكَةً, (S, O, K,) and عَرْكَةً بَعْدَ عَرْكَةٍ, and عَرْكَتَيْنِ, (TA,) and عَرَكَاتٍ, (S, O, K,) mean I met him once, (S, O, K,) and time after time, and twice, (TA,) and several times: (S, O, K:) the noun not being used otherwise than adverbially. (TA.) عَرَكَةٌ: see عَرَكٌ.

عُرَكَةٌ, (O, K,) and عُرَكَةٌ لِلْأَذَاةِ بِجَنْبِهِ, a phrase used by 'Áïsheh in describing her father, (O,) (assumed tropical:) One who bears, or endures, annoyance, or molestation; or who forgives it, and feigns himself neglectful of it. (O, K. [See 1, third sentence.]) عَرَكِىٌّ: see عَرَكٌ, in two places.

A2: عَرَكِيَّةٌ A vitious, or an immoral, or unrighteous, woman; or an adulteress, or a fornicatress. (O, K.) b2: And A thick, gross, coarse, or rude, woman; as also ↓ عَرَكَانِيَّةٌ. (K, TA. [The latter thus expl. in the O, and, as is said in the TA, on the authority of Ibn-'Abbád: in my MS. copy of the K written عَرْكَانِيَّةٌ; and in the CK, عَرَنِيَّة.]) عَرَكَانِيَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

عِرَاكٌ an inf. n. of 3 [q. v.]. (TA.) [Hence,] one says, أَوْرَدَ إِبِلَهُ العِرَاكَ, (S, O, K,) or, as in the “ Book ” of Sb, أَرْسَلَهَا العِرَاكَ, (TA,) He made his camels to come, or go, to the water together; (S, O, K;) the last word being in the accus. case after the manner of inf. ns.; (S, O;) originally عِرَاكًا; then they prefixed ال, which does not change it from its proper state of an inf. n.: (S, O, K:) it is like the phrases مَرَرْتُ بِهِمُ الجَمَّآءَ الغَفِيرَ and الحَمْدَ لِلّٰهِ: (S, O:) IB says that العِرَاكَ and الجَمَّآءَ الغَفِيرَ are in the accus. case as denotatives of state; and الحَمْدَ لِلّٰهِ as the inf. n.: but Sb says that they prefix ال to the inf. n. that is in the place of the denotative of state. (TA.) [See also a similar phrase voce حَقٌّ: and see a verse cited voce رِفْهٌ.]

عَرُوكٌ, applied to a she-camel, (S, O, K,) i. q. شَكُوكٌ; (S, O, TA;) i. e. (TA) Whose fatness is not known unless by feeling her hump: or of whose hump one doubts whether there be in it fat or not: pl. عُرُكٌ. (K.) عَرِيكٌ: see عَرِكٌ.

عُرَاكَةٌ What is drawn from the udder before the first فِيقَة [or milk that collects in the udder between two milkings], (K,) and before the second فيقة collects: also termed عُلَاكَةٌ [perhaps a mistranscription for عُلَالَةٌ] and دُلَاكَةٌ. (TA.) عَرِيكَةٌ A camel's hump: or the remainder thereof: (K:) or عَرِيكَةُ السَّنَامِ signifies what remains of the hump: (ISk, S, O:) so called because the purchaser feels that part (يَعْرُكُهُ) to know the fatness and strength [of the animal]: (TA:) pl. عَرَائِكُ; which is said by some to signify the humps with the backs. (O.) b2: [Hence, in phrases here following,] (assumed tropical:) Nature; natural, native, or innate, disposition or temper or the like; (S, O, K;) and soul, spirit, or mind. (K.) One says, فُلَانٌ لَيِّنُ العَرِيكَةِ (assumed tropical:) Such a one is easy, or gentle, (S, O, K, TA,) in natural disposition, (K, TA,) submissive, tractable; (S, * O, * TA;) one whose pride, or haughtiness, has been broken, or subdued; (K, TA;) having little contrariness and aversion: and شَدِيدُ العَرِيكَةِ strong in spirit, incompliant, or resisting: (TA:) and لَانَتْ عَرِيكَتُهُ His pride, or haughtiness, became broken, or subdued: (S, O:) originally relating to the camel; for they used to betake themselves to the camel when he had the disposition of refusing to be ridden or mounted, and incompliance, and cut [a part] in his hump, it being high, difficult to ride upon; and when this was done, he became quiet, and was rendered inclinable, and the part of him that was the place of riding became easy to sit upon; so one said, قَدْ لَانَتْ عَرِيكَتُهُ (Har pp. 566-7.) One says also رَجُلٌ مَيْمُونُ العَرِيكَةِ, meaning [A man fortunate, happy, or blest, in natural disposition, or] in mind. (TA.) عَرَكْرَكٌ: see 1, latter half. b2: Also A thick, strong camel. (S, O, K.) See also مُعَرَّكٌ. b3: And the fem, with ة, A fat she-camel: pl. عَرَكْرَكَاتٌ. (TA.) b4: And (assumed tropical:) A bulky, corpulent woman: (S, O:) or a woman ugly, or unseemly, (رَسْحَآءُ,) fleshy, (K, TA,) bulky, or corpulent, (TA,) and foul; (K, TA;) as being likened to the camel. (TA.) b5: And the masc., applied to a رَكَب [or pubes] (T, O, K) of a woman, (T, TA,) Large, or big. (T, O, K.) A2: See also عَرَكٌ, last sentence.

عَارِكٌ: see 1, latter half. b2: Also (without ة) A woman menstruating; (S, O, K;) and so ↓ مُعْرِكٌ: (K:) pl. of the former عَوَارِكُ. (O.) مَعْرَكٌ and ↓ مَعْرَكَةٌ and ↓ مَعْرُكَةٌ and ↓ مُعْتَرَكٌ A place [or scene] of battle, or fight: (S, O, K:) pl. [of the first and second and third] مَعَارِكُ. (TA.) It is said in a trad., ذُمِّ السُّوقَ فَإِنَّهَا الشَّيْطَانِ وَبِهَا تُنْصَبُ رَايَتُهُ ↓ مَعْرَكَةُ [Discommend thou the market; for it is the battle-ground of the Devil, and in it is set up his banner]: meaning that it is the dwelling of the Devil, and his place of alighting to which he repairs and which he frequents, because of the unlawful doings and the lying and the usury and the violence that occur therein. (IAth, TA.) And it is said in another trad., المَنَايَا مَا بَيْنَ السِّتِّينَ إِلَى السَّبْعِينَ ↓ مُعْتَرَكُ (assumed tropical:) [The space of the conflict of the decrees of death is that between the ages of sixty and seventy]. (O, TA. *) مُعْرِكٌ: see عَارِكٌ.

مَعْرَكَةٌ and مَعْرُكَةٌ: see مَعْرَكٌ, in three places.

مِعْرَكَةٌ A piece of rag with which a woman stuffs her vulva (O, K) when menstruating. (O.) مُعَرَّكٌ [Much rubbed, or much rubbed and pressed: &c.: see 1].

أَصْبَرُ مِنْ ذِى ضَاغِطٍ مُعَرَّكِ [More patient than a camel, such as has a ضاغط much rubbed, or much rubbed and pressed]: or, as some relate it, ↓ عَرَكْرَكِ, meaning a camel strong and thick: the ضاغط is a tumour in the armpit of a camel, like a bag, straitening him: the saying is a proverb. (Meyd. [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 737 — 9.]) مَآءٌ مَعْرُوكٌ Water to which there is a pressing or crowding together [of camels]. (S, O, K.) b2: أَرْضٌ مَعْرُوكَةٌ Land which the cattle (S, O, K) pasturing at their pleasure (S, O) have rubbed and pressed [with their feet] (عَرَكَتْهَا) so that it has become barren. (S, O, K.) b3: And رَجُلٌ مَعْرُوكٌ (tropical:) A man pressed with petitions. (TA.) مُعْرَورِكٌ: see عَرِكٌ; the former in two places.

مُعَارِكٌ: see عَرِكٌ; the former in two places.

مُعْتَرَكٌ: see مُعْرَكٌ, in two places.
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