William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2842. عك7 2843. عكب10 2844. عكد11 2845. عكر17 2846. عكز14 2847. عكس152848. عكف18 2849. عكم14 2850. عكن11 2851. عل8 2852. علب16 2853. علث13 2854. علج16 2855. علد7 2856. علس11 2857. علط10 2858. علف18 2859. علق21 2860. علقم9 2861. علك13 2862. علم21 2863. علن16 2864. علند3 2865. علو10 2866. على4 2867. عم5 2868. عمت5 2869. عمج8 2870. عمد19 2871. عمر23 2872. عمرد4 2873. عمش13 2874. عمق15 2875. عمل16 2876. عملق11 2877. عمن8 2878. عمه11 2879. عمى9 2880. عن8 2881. عنب12 2882. عنبر10 2883. عنبس6 2884. عنت19 2885. عنج10 2886. عنجف3 2887. عند16 2888. عندلب7 2889. عندم4 2890. عنز14 2891. عنس17 2892. عنف18 2893. عنفق8 2894. عنق17 2895. عنكب7 2896. عنم12 2897. عنو9 2898. عنى2 2899. عه3 2900. عهج7 2901. عهد23 2902. عهر13 2903. عهل8 2904. عهن15 2905. عو2 2906. عوج15 2907. عود21 2908. عوذ17 2909. عور16 2910. عوز15 2911. عوش2 2912. عوص13 2913. عوض13 2914. عوط7 2915. عوف12 2916. عوق16 2917. عول18 2918. عوم16 2919. عون15 2920. عوه13 2921. عوى7 2922. عى1 2923. عيب16 2924. عيث14 2925. عيج8 2926. عيد7 2927. عير15 2928. عيس13 2929. عيش13 2930. عيص10 2931. عيط14 2932. عيف16 2933. عيق9 2934. عيل19 2935. عيم11 2936. عين19 2937. عيه8 2938. غ5 2939. غب4 2940. غبث5 2941. غبر18 Prev. 100
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عكس

1 عَكَسَهُ, aor. عَكِسَ, (A, * Msb, K, *) inf. n. عَكْسٌ, (S, A, O, Msb, K,) He reversed it; made the last part of it to be first, and the first to be last; or turned it kind part before, and fore part behind. (S, A, O, Msb, K.) [Hence,] عَكَسَ الكَلَامَ وَنَحْوَهُ, (A, O, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (O,) He inverted, reversed, converted, or transposed, the language or sentence, and the like; [as, for instance, a word;] he changed its order by inversion or transposition: (A, O, K:) sometimes a word, when this is done, remains as at first; as in the instances of بَابٌ and خَوْخٌ and عَكَوْكَعٌ: (TA:) or he perverted its order (TA) [or its meaning: see مَعْكُوسٌ]. [Hence the phrase بِالْعَكْسِ Vice versâ.] One says to him who speaks wrongly, لاَ تَعْكِسْ [Pervert not thou]. (A.) And ↓ مُعَاكَسَةٌ with respect to language and the like is like عَكْسٌ. (TA.) b2: [Hence, said of a mirror and the like, It reflected it; namely, an object before it; because the object seen in it is reversed.] b3: From the first of the significations mentioned above is derived the expression [used by the Arabs in the “ Time of Ignorance ”], عَكْسُ البَلِيَّةِ عِنْدَ القَبْرِ [The tying, with her head turned backwards, of the she-camel that is left to die at the grave in which her master is buried]; because they used to tie her with her head turned backwards towards the part next her breast and belly, or, as some say, towards her hinder part next the back, and to leave her in that state until she died. (S, O.) And [hence, app.,] العَكْسُ also signifies The confining a beast (دَابَّة) without fodder. (TA.) Yousay also, عَكَسَ رَأْسَ البَعِيرِ, aor. عَكِسَ, He turned the head of the camel [app. meaning backwards]. (TA.) And عَكَسَ البَعِيرَ, (IKtt, O, L, Msb,) aor. عَكِسَ, (Msb, [in the L, عَكُسَ, which is evidently a mistranscription,]) inf. n. عَكْسٌ (S, IKtt, O, L, K) and عِكَاسٌ, (IKtt, L,) He tied the camel's neck to one of his fore legs while he was lying down: (IKtt, L, Msb:) or he tied the camel's fore shank to his (the camel's) arm with a rope, and then turned back the rope beneath his belly and tied it to his flank: (IDrd, O:) or he tied a cord in the fore part of the nose, or mouth, of the camel, (S, O, K,) [attaching it] to his fore legs, (K,) or to the pastern of [each of] his fore legs, (S, O,) to render him submissive, or tractable: (S, K:) or he put a halter (خِطَام) upon the head of the camel, and then tied it in a knot upon his knee, to prevent his being impetuous: (El-Jaadee:) or, accord. to an Arab of the desert, he pulled the rein (جَرِير) of the camel, and kept fast hold of his head, so that he went an easy and a quick pace: and عَكَسَ الدَّابَّةَ is said to signify he pulled the head of the beast towards him, to make him go backwards. (TA.) b4: عَكَسْتُ عَلَيْهِ أَمْرَهُ i. q. رَدَدْتُهُ عَلَيْهِ [I reversed to him his affair, or case; I made his affair, or case, to become the contrary of what it was to him]. (Msb.) b5: عَكَسْتُهُ عَنْ أَمْرِهِ I prevented him from executing his affair. (Msb.) It is said in a trad. of Er-Rabeea Ibn-Kheythem, (TA,) اِعْكِسُوا أَنْفُسَكُمْ عَكْسَ الخَيْلِ بِاللُّجُمِ Rein in, or refrain, (TA,) or turn back, (A, TA,) yourselves [as one reins in, &c., horses by means of the bits and bridles]. (TA.) b6: And عَكَسَ الشَّىْءَ He pulled the thing towards the ground, and pressed it, or squeezed it, hard, then smote the ground with it. (TA.) A2: One says also, عَكَسْتُ, aor. عَكِسَ, inf. n. عَكْسٌ, [app. meaning I poured milk upon broth; for it is said to be] from عَكِيسٌ in the first of the senses assigned to it below: (O:) or العَكْسُ signifies the pouring عَكِيس, meaning as first expl. below, upon طَعَام [or food]: (K:) and اللَّبَنَ ↓ اِعْتَكَسَ signifies the same as عَكَسَ: (TA:) [or both of these verbs are intrans.;] عَكَسَ and اعتكس from عَكِيسٌ signify the same [app. without اللَّبَنَ]. (JM.) 2 عكّس, inf. n. تَعْكِيسٌ, [He said the contrary of what he meant; spoke ironically.] (A and Mgh in art. حرس. [In the former, تعكيس is coupled with تَهَكُّمٌ, which signifies the same.]) 3 مُعَاكَسَةٌ and عِكَاسٌ [are inf. ns. of عَاكَسَ]: for the former see 1, near the beginning. b2: دُونَ ذٰلِكَ الأَمْرِ عِكَاسٌ وَمِكَاسٌ (S, A, * O, K) means[In the way to the accomplishment of that affair is] a striving to turn [therefrom]: (A, TA:) or a mutual seizing of the forelock: (A, O, K, TA:) [عِكَاسٌ and مِكَاسٌ may signify alike:] or مكاس is an imitative sequent. (O, * K, * TK.) 5 تعكّس فِى مِشْيَتِهِ [He moved along like the viper in his gait;] he went along like the viper, (Lth, O, K, TA,) as though his veins had become dry, or stiff: said of a man: sometimes a drunken man goes along thus. (Lth, O, TA.) 7 انعكس, said of a thing, i. q. ↓ اعتكس; (O, K;) each is quasi-pass. of عَكَسَهُ [and signifies, therefore, It became reversed; the last part of it became first, and the first last; or it became turned hind part before, and fore part behind: it (language) became inverted, reversed, converted, or transposed: or its order, or meaning, became perverted]. (TA.) You say, الحَدٌّ يَطَّرِدُ وَيَنْعَكِسُ [The definition is of uniform, or general, application, and may become inverted, or converted: for instance, you may say, “a man is a rational animal,” and “ a rational animal is a man ”]. (A, TA. [See also العَكْسُ in Kull p. 255.]) Yousay also, انعكس الحَالُ The state, or condition, became reversed. (TA.) 8 إِعْتَكَسَ see 7: A2: and see also 1, last sentence.

عَكْسٌ, an inf. n. used as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. predominates; The reverse either in respect of order or of sense, i. e. the converse or the contrary, of a proposition &c. Yousay, هٰذَا عَكْسُ هٰذَا This is the reverse, &c., of this.]

عِكَاسٌ The cord which is tied in the fore part of the nose, or mouth, of a camel, (S, O, K,) [and attached] to his fore legs, (K,) or to the pastern of [each of] his fore legs, (S, O,) to render him submissive, or tractable: (S, K:) the cord mentioned in explanations of عَكَسَ البَعِيرَ [q. v.]. (S, O, K.) عَكِيسٌ Milk poured upon broth, (O, K,) in whatever state it [the former] be. (O.) And (O, K) Fresh milk with إِهَالَة [or melted fat, &c.,] poured upon it, after which it is drunk: (S, O, K:) or flour upon which it is poured, and which is then drunk. (A'Obeyd, TA.) A2: Also A shoot of a grape-vine that is reversed (يُعْكَسُ) under the ground to [come forth at] another place. (S, O, K.) b2: لَيْلَةٌ عَكِيسَةٌ A dark night. (O, K.) b3: إِبِلٌ عَكِيسَةٌ Many camels. (O, K.) كَلَامٌ مَعْكُوسٌ Language, or a sentence, inverted, reversed, converted, or transposed: (A:) or perverted in order, or in meaning. (Msb.)
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