William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2853. علث13 2854. علج16 2855. علد7 2856. علس11 2857. علط10 2858. علف182859. علق21 2860. علقم9 2861. علك13 2862. علم21 2863. علن16 2864. علند3 2865. علو10 2866. على4 2867. عم5 2868. عمت5 2869. عمج8 2870. عمد19 2871. عمر23 2872. عمرد4 2873. عمش13 2874. عمق15 2875. عمل16 2876. عملق11 2877. عمن8 2878. عمه11 2879. عمى9 2880. عن8 2881. عنب12 2882. عنبر10 2883. عنبس6 2884. عنت19 2885. عنج10 2886. عنجف3 2887. عند16 2888. عندلب7 2889. عندم4 2890. عنز14 2891. عنس17 2892. عنف18 2893. عنفق8 2894. عنق17 2895. عنكب7 2896. عنم12 2897. عنو9 2898. عنى2 2899. عه3 2900. عهج7 2901. عهد23 2902. عهر13 2903. عهل8 2904. عهن15 2905. عو2 2906. عوج15 2907. عود21 2908. عوذ17 2909. عور16 2910. عوز15 2911. عوش2 2912. عوص13 2913. عوض13 2914. عوط7 2915. عوف12 2916. عوق16 2917. عول18 2918. عوم16 2919. عون15 2920. عوه13 2921. عوى7 2922. عى1 2923. عيب16 2924. عيث14 2925. عيج8 2926. عيد7 2927. عير15 2928. عيس13 2929. عيش13 2930. عيص10 2931. عيط14 2932. عيف16 2933. عيق9 2934. عيل19 2935. عيم11 2936. عين19 2937. عيه8 2938. غ5 2939. غب4 2940. غبث5 2941. غبر18 2942. غبس13 2943. غبش13 2944. غبط17 2945. غبق11 2946. غبن16 2947. غبو4 2948. غبى3 2949. غت5 2950. غتم13 2951. غث6 2952. غثر12 Prev. 100
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علف

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علف

1 عَلَفَ الدَّابَّةَ, (S, Mgh, O, Msb,) aor. عَلِفَ, (O, Msb, TA,) inf. n. عَلْفٌ; (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K;) and ↓ اعلفها, (Mgh, Msb,) inf. n. إِعْلَافٌ; (K;) He fed the beast (S, * Mgh, O, * Msb, * K) with عَلَف [i. e. fodder, or provender], (S, * Mgh, O, * Msb,) [i. e. he foddered the beast,] in the مِعْلَف [or manger]: (Mgh:) or ↓ the latter signifies he repaired to it often, putting عَلَف for it. (TA.) Fr cites the following verse: عَلَفْتُهَا تِبْنًا وَمَآءً بَارِدًا حَتَّى شَتَتْ هَمَّالَةً عَيْنَاهَا [meaning I fed her with straw, and gave her to drink cool water, so that she passed the winter with her eyes flowing abundantly with tears]: (S, O:) i. e. وَسَقَيْتُهَا مَآءً. (S.) b2: And عَلْفٌ signifies also The drinking much. (AA, O, K.) [Accord. to the TK, one says, عَلَفَهُ, aor. عَلِفَ, inf. n. عَلْفٌ, meaning He drank it much.]2 عَلَّفَ see the next paragraph, in two places.

A2: [Accord. to Golius, علّف signifies He fed well with fodder: but for this he mentions no authority.]4 أَعْلَفَ see 1, in two places.

A2: اعلف الطَّلْحُ The [trees called] طلح put forth their عُلَّف [q. v.]; (S, O, K;) as also ↓ علّف; but this is extr., for a verb of this meaning is [regularly] of the measure أَفْعَلَ only: (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K:) accord. to AA, as AHn states in mentioning the حُبْلَة, (O, TA,) ↓ علّف, (O, K,) inf. n. تَعْلِيفٌ, (K,) signifies they scattered their blossoms, and organized and compacted their fruit [i. e. their pods with the seeds therein]; expl. by تَنَاثَرَ وَرْدُهُ وَعَقَدَ [meaning عَقَدَ الثَّمَرَ]; (O, K;) like أَحْبَلَ. (O.) 5 تعلّف He sought عَلَف [i. e. fodder, or provender,] repeatedly, or leisurely, in the places in which it was thought, or known, usually to be. (Mgh.) 8 تَعْتَلِفُ, said of a beast, (دَابَّة, O,) It eats (O, TA) [fodder, or provender, or] green herbage. (TA in art. ربع.) b2: And اُعْتُلِفَ [perhaps a mistranscription for اِعْتَلَفَ] (tropical:) He was a great eater. (TA.) 10 استعلفت الدَّابَّةُ The beast [meaning horse] sought, or demanded, عَلَف [i. e. fodder, or provender,] by neighing. (O, K.) عِلْفٌ A great eater; one who eats much; (AA, O, K;) as also ↓ مُعْتَلَفٌ [perhaps a mistranscription for ↓ مُعْتَلِفٌ, but see 8]. (TA.) A2: Also A certain tree, or plant, (شَجَرَةٌ,) of ElYemen, the leaves of which are like [those of] the grape [-vine]: they are pressed [app. in the nosebags of horses, the TA here inserting فى المخابى, for which I read فى المَخَالِى, and it is there added وَيُسَوَّى, app. as meaning and made into a flat mass,] and dried, and flesh-meat is cooked therewith instead of with vinegar; (K;) and they [i. e. the leaves] are used as a ضِمَاد [or dressing for wounds] (وَيُضَمَّدُ بِهِ). (K accord. to the TA. [But in the place of these words, the CK and my MS. copy of the K have وَبِضَمٍّ, as relating to a form of the pl. of عَلُوفَةٌ, there mentioned in the next sentence.]) عَلَفٌ is for beasts, or horses and the like; (S, O;) a word of well-known meaning; (K;) i. e. Fodder, or provender for beasts; (KL;) food of cattle, or of animals, (TA,) or of quadrupeds; (MA;) food with which the beast is fed (Mgh, Msb *) in the مِعْلَف [or manger]: (Mgh:) accord. to ISh, applied to herbs, or leguminous plants, both fresh and dry: (TA voce حَشِيشٌ:) said by ISd to be the قَضِيم [generally meaning barley] of the beast: (TA in the present art.:) [see also عَلُوفَةٌ:] pl. [of mult.] عِلَافٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and عُلُوفَةٌ (Mgh, O, K) and [of pauc.] أَعْلَافٌ. (O, K.) See also عَلَفَةٌ. b2: [Hence,] one says, هُمْ عَلَفُ السِّلَاحِ وَجَزَرُ السِّبَاعِ (assumed tropical:) [They are the provender of the weapons, and the flesh that is food of the beasts, or birds, of prey]. (TA.) عَلَفَةٌ The food, or victuals, of soldiers; as also ↓ عُلُوفَةٌ [which is a pl. of ↓ عَلَفٌ, or perhaps it is correctly ↓ عَلُوفَةٌ, which is expl. by Golius as meaning a stipend, peculiarly of a soldier]. (KL.) العَلْفَى, from عَلَفٌ, What a man assigns, on the occasion of the reaping of his barley, to a guardian [thereof] from the birds, or to a friend. (El-Hejeree, TA.) عَلِيفٌ, (K, TA,) applied to a sheep or goat (شَاة), (TA,) i. q. ↓ مَعْلُوفَةٌ [i. e. Fed with fodder, or provender; foddered]: (K, TA:) accord. to AZ, applied to a ram; and having for its pl. عَلَائِفُ: and expl. by Lh as meaning tied up, and fed with fodder, or provender; not sent forth to pasture where it pleases, nor led to pasture. (TA.) [See also عَلُوفَةٌ.]

عِلَافَةٌ The seeking, and buying, and bringing, of عَلَف [i. e. fodder, or provender for beasts]. (Mgh.) عَلُوفَةٌ A sheep or goat and other animal, and sheep or goats and other animals, fed with fodder, or provender: (Mgh, Msb:) or, as also ↓ عَلِيفَةٌ, a sheep or goat (شَاة), and a she-camel, fed with fodder, or provender, and not sent forth to pasture; (S, O, K, TA;) in order that it may become fat, (TA,) by means of the fodder collected: (Az, TA:) the pl. of each is عَلَائِفُ, accord. to Lh: or the pl. of the former is عُلُفٌ and عَلَائِفُ: (TA:) accord. to Lth, they said عَلُوفَةُ الدَّوَابِّ, as though the former word were a pl.; and it is more properly to be regarded as a pl. (O.) [See also عَلِيفٌ.] b2: Also The food of the beast: pl. عُلُفٌ (K, TA) [and accord. to the CK and my MS. copy of the K عُلْفٌ also; but see what is said above, voce عِلْفٌ, respecting this latter]. [See also عَلَفٌ.] And see عَلَفَةٌ.

عُلُوفَةٌ: see عَلَفَة.

عَلِيفَةٌ: see عَلُوفَةٌ.

عِلَافِىٌّ [for رَحْلٌ عِلَافِىٌّ], (S, O,) and رِحَالٌ عِلَافِيَّةٌ, (S, O, K,) A camel's saddle, (S, O,) and camels' saddles, [of a particular sort,] so called in relation to عِلَافٌ (S, O, K) the son of حُلْوَان, (O, TA,) in the K, erroneously, طُوَار, (TA,) a man of Kudá'ah, (S, O,) because he was the first maker thereof; (O, K;) or, (K,) accord. to Lth, (O,) the largest of رِحَال in the [hinder part and the fore part which are called] آخِرَة [in the CK اَخَرَة] and وَاسِط: in a verse of Homeyd Ibn-Thowr, ↓ العُلَيْفِىّ occurs as an abbreviated dim. [of العِلَافِىّ]: (O, K:) the pl. of عِلَافِيَّةٌ is عِلَافِيَّاتٌ. (O.) العُلَيْفِىّ: see what next precedes.

عُلَّفٌ The fruit of the [trees called] طَلْح, which resembles the fresh bean, (S, O, K,) and upon which, when they come forth, the camels pasture: (S, O:) or the pods, or receptacles of the fruit, thereof: (TA:) [i. e.] the fruit of the طلح when it succeeds the بَرَمَة; resembling the [kidney-bean called]

لُوبِيَآء: (IAar, TA:) the n. un. is عُلَّفَةٌ: (S, O, K:) AHn says that this is like the great Syrian carob (خَرُّوَبَة [n. un. of خَرُّوب q. v.]), except that it is bigger, and in it are grains like lupines, of a tawny colour, upon which the cattle pasturing at their pleasure feed, but which men eat not save in case of necessity: and the like thereof in size, of the fruit of the عِضَاه, is also termed عُلَّفٌ: what is smaller than it, like the fruit of the سَلَم and of the سَمُر and of the عُرْفُط, is [properly] termed حُبْلَة: the عُلَّف are long, and expanded, or extended: (O:) [it is also said that] عُلَّفٌ signifies the fruit of the أَرَاك. (Ham p. 196.) عَلَّافٌ A seller of عَلَف [i. e. fodder, or provender for beasts]: (O, K:) and ↓ عَلَّافَةٌ [as a coll. gen. n.] signifies [sellers thereof: or] possessors of عَلَف: and seekers thereof. (Mgh.) شَيْخٌ عِلَّوْفٌ An old man very aged. (Lth, O, K.) عَلَّافَةٌ: see عَلَّافٌ. b2: Also A place in which عَلَف [i. e. fodder] is produced: like مَلَّاحَةٌ signifying “ a place in which salt is generated. ” (Mgh.) علْفُوفٌ (applied to a man, S, O) Coarse, rough, rude, or churlish, and advanced in age: (Yaa-koob, S, O, K:) and in this sense also applied to a woman: (TA:) or, thus applied, it signifies old, or aged. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K, TA.) And An old man, fleshy, and having much hair: (K, TA: [in the CK, المُشْعَرَانِىُّ is put for الشَّعْرَانِىُّ:]) or, accord. to Az, شَيْخٌ عُلْفُوفٌ signifies an old man having much flesh and hair. (O.) And it is also expl. as signifying A man in whom is negligence. (TA.) b2: Also, applied to a horse, Generous, or high-bred, or a male, or a stallion, large, big, or bulky; syn. حِصَانٌ ضَخْمٌ. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K. *) b3: And, applied to a goat, Having much hair. (TA.) b4: And نَاقَةٌ عُلْفُوفُ السَّنَامِ A she-camel having the hump much enveloped with fur [so I render مُلَفَّفَتُهُ (see art. لف)], as though wrapped with a كِسَآء. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.) مَعْلُفٌ: see what next follows.

مِعْلَفٌ, (S, Mgh, O,) with kesr (S, Mgh) to the م; (Mgh;) or ↓ مَعْلَفٌ, like مَقْعَدٌ; (K;) [A manger; thus called in the present day; i. e.] a place of عَلَف [i. e. fodder, or provender for beasts]: (S, Mgh, O, K:) [pl. مَعَالِفُ.] b2: [Hence,] المِعْلَفُ, (Ibn-'Abbád, O,) or المَعْلَفُ, (K,) is the name of Certain stars, disposed in a round form, [but] separate; (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K;) also called الخِبَآءُ: (Ibn-'Abbád, O:) [the latter appellation is app. wrongly identified in the TA in art. خبى with الأَخْبِيةُ: what is here meant seems to be the group of stars called by our astronomers Præsepe; agreeably with the former appellation, and with the following statement:] in the مجسطى, [i. e.

المِجِسْطِى, (thus the Arabs term the great work of Ptolemy, which we, imitating them, commonly call “ Almagest,”)] النَّثْرَة (in Cancer) is mentioned by the name of المعلف: (Kzw, descr. of Cancer:) [but it is also said that] the Arabs thus call the seven stars that compose the constellation البَاطِيَة [i. e. Crater]. (Kzw, descr. of Crater.) b3: [Accord. to Golius, مِعْلَفٌ signifies also A bag for fodder, which, with fodder, is hung on the neck of a beast.]

مُعَلَّفَةٌ Fattened; applied to a شَاة [i. e. sheep or goat]; (Lth, O, K;) with teshdeed because of its owner's frequent and continual attention to it. (Lth, O.) مَعْلُوفَةٌ: see عَلِيفٌ.

مُعْتَلَفٌ: see عِلْفٌ.

مُعْتَلَفٌ: see عِلْفٌ. b2: المُعْتَلِفَةُ is a metaphorical appellation applied to The midwife. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.)
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