William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4953
2866. على4 2867. عم5 2868. عمت6 2869. عمج9 2870. عمد19 2871. عمر242872. عمرد4 2873. عمش14 2874. عمق16 2875. عمل17 2876. عملق11 2877. عمن9 2878. عمه12 2879. عمى9 2880. عن9 2881. عنب13 2882. عنبر11 2883. عنبس6 2884. عنت20 2885. عنج11 2886. عنجف3 2887. عند17 2888. عندلب7 2889. عندم4 2890. عنز15 2891. عنس18 2892. عنف19 2893. عنفق9 2894. عنق18 2895. عنكب7 2896. عنم13 2897. عنو10 2898. عنى2 2899. عه3 2900. عهج8 2901. عهد24 2902. عهر14 2903. عهل9 2904. عهن16 2905. عو2 2906. عوج16 2907. عود22 2908. عوذ18 2909. عور17 2910. عوز16 2911. عوش2 2912. عوص14 2913. عوض14 2914. عوط8 2915. عوف13 2916. عوق17 2917. عول19 2918. عوم17 2919. عون16 2920. عوه14 2921. عوى7 2922. عى1 2923. عيب17 2924. عيث15 2925. عيج9 2926. عيد8 2927. عير16 2928. عيس14 2929. عيش14 2930. عيص11 2931. عيط15 2932. عيف17 2933. عيق10 2934. عيل20 2935. عيم12 2936. عين20 2937. عيه9 2938. غ6 2939. غب4 2940. غبث5 2941. غبر19 2942. غبس14 2943. غبش14 2944. غبط18 2945. غبق12 2946. غبن17 2947. غبو4 2948. غبى3 2949. غت5 2950. غتم14 2951. غث6 2952. غثر13 2953. غد4 2954. غدر20 2955. غدف19 2956. غدق16 2957. غدو10 2958. غذ6 2959. غذو11 2960. غذى2 2961. غر5 2962. غرب23 2963. غربل14 2964. غرث14 2965. غرد14 Prev. 100




1 عَمِرَ, aor. عَمَرَ; (S, O, Msb, K;) and عَمَرَ, aor. عَمُرَ (K) and عَمِرَ; (Sb, K;) inf. n. عَمْرٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and عُمْرٌ, (S, O, Msb,) both anomalous, as inf. ns. of عَمِرَ, for by rule the inf. n. should be عَمَرٌ, (S,) but عَمَرٌ is also an inf. n., (TA,) and عُمُرٌ, which is the most chaste, (O,) and عَمَارَةٌ; (K;) He lived, (S, O,) or continued in life (بَقِىَ), (K,) long, or a long time; (S, O, K; *) his life was, or became, long: (Msb:) and عَمِرَ he grew old. (TA.) b2: عَمَرَ بِمَكَانٍ He remained, continued, stayed, resided, dwelt, or abode, in a place. (B, TA.) A2: عَمَرَ, aor. عَمُرَ, inf. n. عَمْرٌ, (Msb,) or عِمَارَةٌ and عُمْرَانٌ, (MA,) It (a place of abode) became inhabited; (MA, Msb;) بِأَهْلهِ [by its people]: (Msb:) [it became peopled, well peopled, well stocked with people and the like, in a flourishing state, in a state the contrary of desolate or waste or ruined, or in a state of good repair:] and in like manner you say, عَمِرَتِ الدَّارُ, aor. عَمَرَ, inf. n. عَمْرٌ, the house became inhabited [&c.]. (MA.) b2: [You say also, عَمَرَتِ الأَرْضُ The land became inhabited, peopled, well stocked with people and camels and the like, colonized, cultivated, well cultivated, in a flourishing state, or in a state the contrary of waste: see its act. part. n., عَامِرٌ.] b3: And عَمَرَ المَالُ, aor. عَمُرَ; and عَمِرَ, aor. عَمَرَ; (K;) and عَمُرَ, aor. عَمُرَ; (Sb, K;) inf. n. عِمَارَةٌ; (K; [so in most copies; in the TA, عَمَارَةٌ, and there said to be inf. n. of عَمُرَ; but, I think, erroneously;]) i. q. صَارَ عَامِرًا [The property, consisting of camels or the like, became in a flourishing state]; (K;) the property became much; the camels, or the like, became many, or numerous. (Sgh.) A3: عَمَرَهُ, (Msb, K,) aor. عَمُرَ, (TA,) inf. n. عِمَارَةٌ (K [so in most copies, but in the TA, عَمَارَةٌ, with fet-h, which I think erroneous;]) and عُمُورٌ (K) and عُمْرَانٌ, (TA,) He inhabited it; remained, continued, stayed, resided, dwelt, or abode, in it; namely, a place of abode: (Msb:) he kept to it; namely, his property, or his camels or the like, and his house, or tent: (K:) one should not say, of a man, مَنْزِلِهُ ↓ أَعْمَرَ, with ا. (Az, TA.) إِنَّمَا يَعْمُرُ مَسَاجِدَ اللّٰهِ, in the Kur [ix. 18], signifies Only he shall abide in the mosques, or places of worship, of God: or shall visit them: (TA:) see 8: but Z says, I know not عَمَرَ as occurring in the sense of اعتمر [he visited]: (TA:) or shall enter them and sit in them: (Jel:) or the verb in the above-cited phrase of the Kur has another signification, which see below. (TA.) A4: عَمَرَهُ is also syn. with عَمَّرَهُ, in the first of the senses expl. below: see 2.

A5: عَمَرَ اللّٰهُ بِكَ مَنْزِلَكَ, (AZ, S, O, K, *) aor. عَمُرَ, (TA,) inf. n. عِمَارَةٌ; (K;) and ↓ أَعْمَرَهُ; (AZ, S, O, K;) May God make thy place of abode to become peopled, [or well peopled, well stocked with people and the like, in a flourishing state, in a state the contrary of ruined or waste or desolate, or in a state of good repair,] by thee [or by thy means]: (K, * TA:) but AZ says that one should not say, of a man, مَنْزِلَهُ ↓ أَعْمَرَ, with ا. (S.) b2: عَمَرَ الخَرَابَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, [He made the ruin, or waste, or the like, to become in a state of good repair, in a state the contrary of ruined or waste or desolate.] (S, O, TA.) b3: [عَمَرَ الأَرْضَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, He peopled the land; stocked it well with people and camels and the like; colonized it; cultivated it, or cultivated it well; rendered it in a flourishing state, or in a state the contrary of waste.] b4: And عَمَرَ البِنَآءَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, He kept the building in a good state; syn. حَفِظَهُ. (TA.) So accord. to some, in the Kur, إِنَّمَا يَعْمُرُ مَسَاجِدَ اللّٰهِ, [quoted above,] Only he shall keep in a good state [or in repair] the mosques, or places of worship, of God: (TA:) among the significations of the verb as here used, are these; he shall adorn them with carpets or the like, and light them with lamps, and continue the performance of religious worship and praise and the study of science in them, and guard them from [desecration by] that for which they are not built, such as worldly discourse. (Bd.) b5: عَمَرَ الدَّارَ, aor. عَمُرَ, inf. n. عَمْرٌ [and عِمَارَةٌ, (MA,) or this, accord. to the Msb, is a simple subst.], He built the house. (Msb.) [And] He made the house to be inhabited; he peopled it; (MA;) [or made it to be well stocked with people and the like, or in a flourishing state, or in a state of good repair.] b6: عَمَرَ الخَيْرَ, aor. عَمُرَ, inf. n. عَمْرٌ and عِمَارَةٌ, [app., He instituted what was good: or perhaps, he cultivated, or promoted, it: or he kept to it; or observed it; or regarded it.] (Az, TA.) A6: عَمَرَ رَبَّهُ, (IAar, K,) aor. عَمُرَ, (IAar, O,) [inf. n. عِمَارَةٌ,] He served, or worshipped, his Lord; (IAar, K;) he prayed and fasted. (Ks, Lh, O, K.) You say تَرَكْتُ فُلَانًا يَعْمُرُ رَبَّهُ I left such a one worshipping his Lord, praying and fasting. (TA.) 2 عَمَّرَهُ اللّٰهُ, (S, O, Msb, K,) inf. n. تَعْمِيرٌ; (S, Msb;) and ↓ عَمَرَهُ, (Msb, K,) aor. عَمُرَ, (Msb,) inf. n. عَمْرٌ; (TA;) God lengthened, or prolonged, his life; (S, O, Msb, TA;) made him to continue in life; preserved him alive; (K, TA;) as also ↓ استعمرهُ. (O and Bd in xi. 64.) It is said in the Kur [xxxv. 12], وَمَا يُعَمَّرُ مِنْ مُعَمَّرٍ وَلَا يُنْقَصُ

إِلَّا فِى كِتَابٍ, i. e., No one whose life is prolonged has life prolonged, nor is aught diminished of his, meaning another's, life, but it is recorded in a writing: (I'Ab, Fr, * O: *) or the meaning is, nor does aught pass of his, i. e. the same person's, life: (Sa'eed Ibn-Jubeyr:) both these explanations are good; but the former seems more probably correct. (Az, TA.) b2: عمّر نَفْسَهُ He determined for himself, or assigned to himself, a limited life. (K.) b3: عمّر اللّٰهَ, inf. n. تَعْمِيرٌ, He acknowledged the everlasting existence of God. (S, TA.) b4: عَمَّرْتُكَ اللّٰهَ I ask, or beg, God to prolong thy life: (Ks, O, TA:) or I remind thee of God. (TA, app. on the authority of Mbr.) [It also seems to signify I swear to thee by the everlasting existence of God. See عَمْرَ اللّٰهِ.] b5: أُعَمِّرُكَ اللّٰهَُ أَنْ تَفْعَلَ كَذَا I adjure thee by God, and beg thee by the length of thy life, that thou do such a thing. (K, * TA.) b6: See also 4.

A2: عَمَّرَ خِبَآءً بِمَا احْتَاجَ إِلَيْهِ [He furnished a tent with what he required]. (Msb in art. بنى.) 3 عَامَرْتُهُ طُولَ حَيَاتِهِ [I lived with him for the length of his life]. (M in art. بلو.) 4 أَعْمَرَ see 1, in three places. b2: اعمرهُ المَكَانَ, (K,) and فِيهِ ↓ استعمرهُ, (S, K,) i. q. جَعَلَهُ يَعْمُرُهُ (K) or جعله عَامِرَهُ (S) [He made him to inhabit the place, or to people, or colonize, or cultivate, it]. So the latter signifies in the Kur [xi. 64], فِيهَا ↓ وَاسْتَعْمَرَكُمْ (S) And He hath made you to dwell therein: (O, Jel:) or hath required of you to inhabit it, or to people it, &c.: (Z:) or hath enabled and commanded you to do so: (Bd:) or hath permitted you to do so, and to fetch out by labour, or art, your food [for قومكم in the L and TA, I read قُوتكم, and this is evidently the right,] from it: (TA:) or hath given you your houses therein for your lives; or made you to dwell in them during your lives, and then to leave them to others: (Bd:) or hath prolonged your lives therein. (Ibn-'Arafeh, O.) b3: أَعْمَرْتُهُ دَارًا, (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K, *) or أَرْضًا, or إِبِلًا, (S, O,) and إِيَّاهَا ↓ عَمَّرْتُهُ, (K, *) I assigned to him the house for his life, (Msb, K,) or for my life, (K,) to inhabit it for that period; (Msb, TA;) I said to him, of a house, (S, Mgh, O,) or of land, or of camels, (S, O,) It is thine, (S, Mgh, O,) or they are thine, (S, O,) for my life, (S, Mgh, O,) or for thy life, and when thou diest it returns, or they return, to me. (S, O.) The doing so is forbidden. (Mgh, TA.) [See also عُمْرَى: and see أَرْقَبَ, and رُقْبَى.] b4: اعمر الأَرْضَ He found the land to be عَامِرَة, (S, O, K,) i. e., peopled [and cultivated, or in a flourishing state]. (TA.) b5: اعمر عَلَيْهِ He rendered him rich; made him to be possessed of competence or sufficiency, to be without wants, or to have few wants. (K.) A2: اعمرهُ He aided him to perform the visit called عُمْرَة; (Mgh, O, K;) [said to be] on the authority of analogy; not on that of hearsay; (Mgh;) but occurring in a trad.: (Mgh, TA:) or he made him to perform that visit. (IKtt, Msb.) A3: See also 8.8 اعتمر He visited. (Msb, K: in some copies of the K اعتمرهُ.) You say, اعتمرهُ, (S, O,) and ↓ اعمرهُ, (ISk, Msb,) He visited him, or it; (S, O;) he repaired, or betook himself, to him, or it; (ISk, S, O, Msb;) as also ↓ عَمَرَهُ, accord. to one explanation of a passage in the Kur ix. 18, quoted above: [see 1:] but Z says, I know not عَمَرَ as occurring in the sense of اعتمر. (TA.) b2: He performed the religious visit called عُمْرَة. (O, TA.) You say اعتمر فِى الحَجِّ [He performed the visit so called in the pilgrimage]. (S.) b3: اعتمر أَمْرًا He betook himself to a thing, or an affair; as, for instance, a warring and plundering expedition; aimed at it; purposed it. (TA.) A2: Also He attired his head (i. e. his own head) with an عَمَارَة, i. e., a turban, &c. (S, K.) 10 إِسْتَعْمَرَ see 2: b2: and also 4, in two places.

عَمْرٌ and ↓ عُمْرٌ are both inf. ns., signifying the same. (S, O.) [See 1. As such, the former is the more common.] And both of these words, (Mgh, K, &c.,) and ↓ عُمُرٌ, (K, &c.,) [used as simple substs., or abstract ns., in which case the second is more common than the first, except in forms of swearing, in which the former is used, and the third is more chaste than the second,] signify Life; (Msb, K;) [the age to which the life extends;] the period during which the body is inhabited by life: so that it denotes less than بَقَآءٌ: wherefore the latter is [frequently] used as an attribute of God; but عمر is seldom used as such: (Er-Rághib, B:) pl. أَعْمَارٌ. (K.) Yousay ↓ أَطَالَ اللّٰهُ عُمُرَكَ and عَمْرَكَ [May God prolong thy life]. (S, O.) In a form of swearing, عَمْر only is used. (S.) [In a case of this kind, when ل is not prefixed to it, it is in the accus. case, as will be shown and expl. below: but when ل is prefixed to it, it is in the nom.] You say لَعَمْرُكَ لَأَفْعَلَنَّ, meaning By thy life, I will assuredly do [such a thing]. (Msb.) لَعَمْرُكَ occurs in the Kur xv. 72, and means By thy life: (I'Ab, Akh, Bd, Jel:) and ↓ لَعَمَرُكَ is a dial. var., mentioned by Yoo: (O:) or the former, accord. to the grammarians, means by thy religion: (AHeyth, O:) and [in like manner] لَعَمْرِى, and ↓ لَعَمَرِى, [by my life, or] by my religion. (K.) لَعَمْرُكَ is an inchoative, of which the enunciative, مَا أُقْسِمُ بِهِ, [that by which I swear, so that the entire phrase means thy life is that by which I swear,] is understood; therefore it is in the nom. case: (IJ, TA:) or the complete phrase is وَعَمْرِكَ فَلَعَمْرُكَ عَظِيمٌ [by thy life, &c.: and thy life is of great account]. (Fr, as related by A'Obeyd.) You say also لَعَمْرُ أَبِيكَ الخَيْرَ, and الخَيْرِ; the former meaning By thy father's instituting, or promoting, or keeping to, or observing, or regarding, what is good; الخير being the objective complement of عمر, from عَمَرَ الخَيْرَ, aor. عَمُرَ, inf. n. عَمْرٌ and عِمَارَةٌ; [see 1;] but in the latter case, الخَيْرِ is an epithet added to أَبِيكَ [so that the meaning is by the life of thy good father]. (AHeyth, Az, O, TA.) [See also art. خير.] You also say لَعَمْرُ اللّٰهِ, meaning By the everlasting existence of God; (S, O, K;) عمر being here in the nom. case as an inchoative, with ل prefixed to it as a corroborative of the inchoative state: the enunciative is understood; the complete phrase being لَعَمْرُ اللّٰهِ قَسَمِى or مَا أُقْسِمُ بِهِ [the everlasting existence of God is my oath, or that by which I swear]. (S, O.) This expression is forbidden in a trad., (K,) because عَمْرٌ [properly] means the life of the body: (TA:) [but] لَعَمْرُ

إِلٰهِكَ, meaning By the everlasting existence of thy God, occurs in a trad. (TA.) When you do not prefix ل, you make it to be in the accus. case, as an inf. n.: thus you say, عمْرَ اللّٰهِ مَا فَعَلْتُ كَذَا (S, O, K) I swear by the everlasting existence of God, I did not so: (S, O:) and عَمْرَكَ اللّٰهَ مَا فَعَلْتُ كَذَا (S, O, K, [in the CK اللّٰهُ, but this is a mistake,]) By thine acknowledgment of the everlasting existence of God, I did not so: (S, O:) or the original thereof is عَمَّرْتُكَ اللّٰهَ تَعْمِيرًا, (O, K,) i. e., I ask, or beg, God to prolong thy life: (Ks, O:) [and it is said in the S that عَمْرَكَ اللّٰهَ sometimes has this signification:] and in like manner عَمْرَكَ اللّٰهَ لَا أَفْعَلُ ذَاكَ means I beg God to prolong thy life: I will not do that: or it may be a form of oath without و [for وَعَمْرِكَ]: (Ks:) and you say عَمْرَكَ اللّٰهَ اِفْعَلْ كَذَا and إِلَّا فَعَلْتَ كَذَا [and إِلَّا مَا فَعَلْتَ كَذَا By thine acknowledgment of the everlasting existence of God, &c., do thou so]: (TA:) or عَمْرَكَ اللّٰهَ signifies by thy worship of God: (AHeyth:) or I remind thee, reminding thee, of God. (K.) Mbr says of this phrase, عمرك اللّٰه, that عمر may be in the accus. case on account of a verb understood; [such, for instance, as أُذَكِّرُكَ;] or by reason of و suppressed, the complete phrase being وَعَمْرِكَ اللّٰهَ; or as being for [the inf. n.] تَعْمِير. (TA.) It may also be [found written] عَمْرَ اللّٰهَ; but this is bad. (Ks.) Some of the Arabs, for لَعَمْرُكَ, said رَعَمْلُكَ. (Az.) b2: عَمْرًا وَشَبَابًا: see قُحَابٌ.

A2: عَمْرٌ (AHeyth, K) and ↓ عَمَرٌ (K) signify Religion; (AHeyth, K;) as in the phrases لَعَمْرِى and ↓ لَعَمَرِى (K) and لَعَمْرُكَ (AHeyth) [mentioned above].

A3: Also عَمْرٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and ↓ عُمْرٌ (IAth, O, K) The flesh that is between the teeth: (S, O, Msb, K:) or the pendent piece of flesh between the teeth: (Az, Msb:) or the flesh that is between the places in which the teeth are set: (TA:) or the flesh of the gum: (K:) or the flesh of the gum that runs between any two teeth: (TA:) or what appears of the gum: (Kh, Msb:) or (so accord. to the TA, but in the K “ and ”) anything of an oblong shape between two teeth: (K:) pl. عُمُورٌ: (S, O, Msb, K:) which some explain as signifying the places whence the teeth grow. (TA.) It is said in a trad., أَوْصَانِى جِبْرِيلُ بِالسِّوَاكِ حَتَّى خَشِيتُ عَلَى عُمُورِى [Gabriel enjoined me to make use of the tooth-stick so that I feared for my عمور]. (O, TA.) A4: أُمُّ عَمْرٍو: see عَامِرٌ.

عُمْرٌ: see عَمْرٌ, in two places.

عَمَرٌ: see عَمْرٌ, in four places.

عُمُرٌ: see عَمْرٌ, in two places.

عَمْرَةٌ: see عَمَارَةٌ.

A2: أَبُو عَمْرَةَ means Bankruptcy, insolvency, or the state of having no property remaining; (Lth, O, K;) which is said to be thus called because it was the name of an envoy of El-Mukhtár the son of Aboo-'Obeyd, on the occasion of whose alighting at the abode of a people, slaughter and war used to befall them: (Lth, O, K: *) b2: and (K) hunger. (IAar, K.) عُمْرَةٌ A visit, or a visiting: (S, Msb, K:) or a visit in which is the cultivation (عِمَارَة) of love or affection: (TA:) or a repairing to an inhabited, or a peopled, place: this is the primary signification. (Mgh.) b2: Hence the عُمْرَة in pilgrimage [and at any time]; (S, O; *) i. e. [A religious visit to the sacred places at Mekkeh, with the performance of the ceremony of الإِحْرَام,] the circuiting round the Kaabeh, and the going to and fro between Es-Safà and El-Marweh: الحَجُّ [differs from it inasmuch as it is at a particular time of the year and] is not complete without the halting at 'Arafát on the day of 'Arafeh: (Zj, TA:) the عُمْرَة is the minor pilgrimage (الحَجُّ الأَصْغَرُ); (Msb, and Kull p. 168;) what is commonly termed الحَجُّ being called sometimes the greater pilgrimage (الحَجُّ الأَكْبَرُ): (Kull:) pl. عُمَرٌ (S, O, Msb) and عُمَرَاتٌ or عُمُرَاتٌ or عُمْرَاتٌ. (Msb.) b3: Also A man's going in to his [newlymarried] wife in the abode of her family: (IAar, S, K:) if he removes her to his own family, the act is termed عُرْسٌ. (IAar, S.) عُمْرَى a subst., (إِسْمٌ [strangely read by Golius أَسْمَرُ], S, O,) or an inf. n., (TA,) [or rather a quasiinf. n.,] from أَعْمَرَهُ دَارًا and the like; (S, O, TA;) A man's assigning to another a house for the life of the latter, or for the life of the former; (accord. to the explanation of the verb in the K;) a man's saying to another, of a house, or of land, or of camels, It is thine, or they are thine, for my life, or for thy life, and when thou diest it returns, or they return, to me; (accord. to the explanation of the verb in the S and Mgh and O;) a man's giving to another a house, and saying to him, This is thine for thy life, or for my life: (Th, in TA: [in which is added, “whichever of us dies,” ايّنا مات, but this I consider a mistake for إِذَا مَاتَ, “when he dies,”) “ the house is given to his family: ”]) so they used to do in the Time of Ignorance: (TA:) but some of the Muslim lawyers hold the gift to be absolute, and the condition to be null. (TA, &c.) b2: Also [The property, or house, &c., so given;] what is assigned, or given, to another for the period of his life, or for that of the life of the giver. (K.) [See also رُقْبَى.]

عُمْرِىٌّ, applied to trees (شَجَر), Old; (K;) a rel. n. from عُمْرٌ: (TA:) عُمْرِيَّةٌ, [the fem.,] applied to a tree (شَجَرَة), signifies great and old, having had a long life: (IAth, TA:) or the former, the [species of lote-tree called] سِدْر, that grows upon the rivers (O, K) and imbibes the water; as also عُبْرِىٌّ: (O:) or, accord, to Abu-l-'Ameythel [or 'Omeythil] El-Aarábee, the old, whether on a river or not; (O, TA;) and in like manner says As, the old of the سِدْر, whether on a river or not; and the ضَال is the recent thereof: some say that the م is a substitute for the ب in عُبْرِىٌّ [q. v.]. (TA.) الفَرِيضَةُ العُمَرِيَّةُ: see المُشَرَّكَةُ.

عُمْرَانٌ [an inf. n. of عَمَرَ: b2: and of عَمَرَهُ: b3: then app. used as an epithet syn. with عَامِرٌ, q. v.: (of which it is also a pl.:) b4: and then as an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant; meaning A land, or house, inhabited, peopled, well people, well stocked with people and the like, in a flourishing state, in a state the contrary of desolate or waste or ruined; a land colo-nized, cultivated, or well cultivated; a house in a state of good repair: such seems to be meant in the JK and A and K, in art. خرب, where, as in the O in this art., it is said to be contr. of خَرَابٌ, q. v.] b5: It is also a subst. signifying بُنْيَانٌ [A building; a structure; and edifice: or perhaps the act of building]. (Msb.) [See also عِمَارَةٌ. b6: It is also a pl. of عَامِرٌ, q. v.]

عَمَارٌ: see عَمَارَةٌ, in three places.

عَمِيرٌ: see عَامِرٌ.

أَبُو عُمَيْرِ The ذَكَر. (K; and TA voce شَامَ, q. v., in art. شيم.) عَمَارَةٌ Anything (AO, S, O, K) which one puts, (S, O,) or which a chief puts, (TA,) upon his head, such as a turban, and a قَلَنْسُوَة, and a crown, &c., (AO, S, O, K,) as a sign of headship, and for keeping it in mind; (TA;) as also ↓ عَمْرَةٌ (K) and ↓ عَمَارٌ: (S, O, * TA:) which last [is app. a coll. gen. n., of which عَمَارَةٌ is the n. un., and] also signifies any sweet-smelling plant (رَيْحَان) which a chief puts upon his head for the same purpose: and hence, (tropical:) any such plant, absolutely: (B:) or any such plant with which a drinkingchamber is adorned, (S, K,) called by the Persians مَيْوَرَانْ; when any one comes in to the people there assembled, they raise somewhat thereof with their hands, and salute him with it, wishing him a long life: so, accord. to some, in a verse of El-Aashà, which see below: (S:) or it there signifies crowns of such plants, which they put upon their heads, as the foreigners (العَجَم) do; but ISd says, “I know not how this is: ” or the myrtle; syn. آس: (TA:) and عَمَارةٌ signifies a plant of that kind, with which one used to salute a king, saying, May God prolong thy life: or, as some say, a raising of the voice, saying so: (Az, TA:) a salutation; (K;) said to mean, may God prolong thy life; (TA;) as also ↓ عَمَارٌ (S, K) and ↓ عِمَارَةٌ; (L;) but Az says that this explanation is not valid. (TA.) El-Aashà says, فَلَمَّا أَتَانَا بُعَيْدَ الكَرَى

↓ سَجَدْنَا لَهُ وَرَفَعْنَا العَمَارَا [And when he came to us, a little after slumber, we prostrated ourselves to him, and] we put the turbans from our heads, in honour of him: (S:) but IB says that, accord. to this explanation, the correct reading is وَضَعْنَا العَمَارَا: (TA:) or the former reading means, we raised our voices with prayer for him, and said, May God prolong thy life: or we raised the sweet-smelling plants: &c.: see above. (S, TA.) b2: Also عَمَارَةٌ, (K,) or ↓ عِمَارَةٌ, (O,) An ornamented piece of cloth which is sewed upon a مِظّلَّة, [by which is meant a kind of tent,] (O, K, TA,) i. e. sewed to the طَرِيقَة [q. v.], on each side of the tent-pole, (O,) as a sign of headship. (TA.) A2: See also عِمَارَةٌ.

عُمَارَةٌ Hire, pay, or wages, of, or for, عِمَارَة as signifying مَا يُعْمَرُ بِهِ المَكَانُ [see below]. (K, TA.) عِمَارَةٌ [is an inf. n.: and often signifies Habitation and cultivation; or a good state of habitation and cultivation: b2: and is also expl. as signifying]

مَا يُعْمَرُ بِهِ المَكَانُ [That by which a place is rendered inhabited, peopled, well stocked with people and the like, colonized, cultivated, well cultivated, in a flourishing state, or in a state the contrary of desolate or waste or ruined; app. meaning, work, or labour, by which a place is rendered so; as it is immediately added in the K that عُمَارَةٌ signifies hire, pay, or wages, of it, or for it; and the explanation which I have here given is agreeable with ancient and modern usage; to which it may be further added, that the measure (فِعَالَةٌ) is common to words signifying arts, occupations, or employments, as زِرَاعَةٌ and فِلَاحَةٌ &c.]. (K, TA.) b3: Also a subst. from عَمَرَ الدَّارَ. (Msb.) [It has two significations, either of which may be meant in the Msb: The act, or art, of building a house: b4: and A building; a structure; an edifice: generally, accord. to modern usage, a public edifice: pl. عَمَائِرُ. See also عُمْرَانٌ.]

A2: Also The breast of a man. (TA.) b2: Hence, (TA,) عِمَارَةٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and ↓ عَمَارَةٌ, (Msb, K,) the latter allowed by Kh, (O,) but the former is the more common, (Msb,) A great tribe, syn. قِبِيلَةٌ عَظِيمَةٌ, (Msb,) or حَىٌّ عَظِيمٌ, (O, K, TA,) that subsists by itself, migrating by itself, and abiding by itself, and seeking pasturage by itself: (O, TA:) or it is called by the former name because it peoples a land; and by the latter, because complex like a turban; (TA;) and ↓ عَمِيرَةٌ signifies the same; or, as some say, all signify a بَطْن: (Ham p. 682:) or i. q. قَبِيلَةٌ and عَشِيرَةٌ: (S, O:) or less than a قبيلة: (O, K:) or less than a قبيلة and more than a بَطْن: (IAth, TA:) [see also شَعْبٌ:] or a body of men by which a place is peopled: (B, TA:) pl. عَمَائِرُ. (TA.) A3: See also عَمَارَةٌ, in two places.

عَمِيرَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, near the end.

عَامِرٌ Living long. (Msb, TA.) b2: Remaining, continuing, staying, residing, dwelling, or abiding, in a place: (TA:) and thus, or remaining, &c., and congregated, in a pl. sense. (Mus'ab, O.) [Hence,] An inhabitant of a house: pl. عُمَّارٌ. (TA.) And عُمَّارُ البُيُوتِ The jinn, or genii, that inhabit houses. (S.) And عَوَامِرُ البُيُوتِ The serpents that are in houses: sing. عَامِرٌ and عَامِرَةٌ: accord. to some, they are so called because of the length of their lives. (TA.) b3: See also مُعْتَمِرٌ.

A2: Also i. q. ↓ مَعْمورٌ. (O, TA.) [See also عُمْرَانٌ.] You say أَرْضٌ عَامِرَةٌ A land peopled; [colonized; cultivated; &c.] (TA.) [See عَمَرَ.] And مَنْزِلٌ عَامِرٌ A place of abode inhabited [&c.]. (Msb.) And مَكَانٌ عَامِرٌ, and ↓ عَمِيرٌ, (S, O, TA,) i. e. ذُو عِمَارَةٍ [A place inhabited, peopled, well stocked with people and the like, in a flourishing state, in a state the contrary of desolate or waste or ruined]. (TA.) b2: It is applied also to that which has been a ruin or waste or the like [as meaning In a state of good repair; in a state the contrary of ruined or waste or desolate]; and so ↓ مَعْمُورٌ. (S, TA.) [Pl. عُمْرَانٌ.]

A3: إِنَّهُ لَعَامِرٌ لِرَبِّهِ Verily he is a server, or worshipper, of his Lord. (TA.) A4: أُمُّ عَامِرٍ, (S, O, K,) and ↓ أُمُّ عَمْرٍو, (K,) but the latter is extr., (TA,) The hyena; (S, O, K;) a metonymical surname, (S, O,) determinate, as applying to the species. (TA.) It is said in a prov., خَامِرى أُمَّ عَامِرِ أَبْشِرِى بِجَرَادٍ عَظْلَى وَكَمَرِ رِجَالٍ قَتْلَى [Hide thyself, O Umm-'Ámir: rejoice thou at the news of locusts cohering, and the glands of the penes of slain men: (in this prov., for كَمِّ, in the TA, I have substituted كَمَرٍ, which is the reading in variations of the prov.: see Freytag's Arab. Prov., i. 431:)] this being said by a man, [it is asserted that] the animal becomes obsequious to him, so that he muzzles it, and then drags it forth; for the hyena, says Az, is proverbial for its stupidity, and for its being beguiled with soft speech. (TA.) It is called امّ عامر, as though its young one were called عَامِرٌ, and it is so called by a Hudhalee poet: (L:) or its whelp is called العَامِرُ: (K:) but it is not known with ال in the compound name with the prefixed noun [امّ, nor, app., without امّ]. (MF, from the Expos. of the دُرَّة.) عَوْمَرَةٌ Clamour and confusion, (S, O, * K,) and evil, or mischief: (O:) or wearying contention or altercation. (TA in art. دقر.) مَعْمَرٌ A place of abode peopled, or inhabited: (so in a copy of the S:) a place of abode spacious, (O, TA,) agreeable, peopled or inhabited, (TA,) abounding with water and herbage, (S, O, * K, TA,) where people stay. (TA.) مِعْمَارٌ and ↓ مِعْمَارِىٌّ, of which latter مِعْمَارِيَّةٌ is the coll. n., An architect: both app. postclassical.]

مَعْمُورٌ: see عَامِرٌ, in two places. b2: دَارٌ مَعْمُورَةٌ A house inhabited by jinn, or genii. (Lh.) b3: البَيْتُ المَعْمُورُ is [The edifice] in heaven, (K,) in the third heaven, or the sixth, or the seventh, (Jel, in lii. 4,) or in the fourth, (O, Bd,) over, or corresponding to, the Kaabeh, (O, Jel, K,) which seventy thousand angels visit every day, [or seventy thousand companies of which every one consists of seventy thousand angels, (see دِحْيَةٌ,)] circuiting around it and praying, never returning to it: (O, * Jel:) or the Kaabeh: or the heart of the believer. (Bd.) A2: Also Served [or worshipped]. (TA.) مِعْمَارِىٌّ: see مِعْمَارٌ.

مُعْتَمِرٌ Visiting; a visiter. (S, K.) b2: Performing the religious visit called عُمْرَة: (Kr, S:) having entered upon the state of إِحْرَام for the performance of that visit: (TA:) pl. مُعْتَمِرُونَ: and عُمَّارٌ [a pl. of ↓ عَامِرٌ] is syn. with مُعْتَمِرُونَ. (Kr.) b3: And Betaking himself to a thing; aiming at it; purposing it. (K, TA.) A2: Also Having his head attired with an عَمَارَة, i. e. a turban [&c.]. (AO, S.) مَا لَكَ مُعَوْمِرًا بِالنَّاسِ عَلَى بَابِى means Wherefore art thou congregating and detaining the people at my door? (Sgh, TA.) يَعْمُورٌ A kid: (IAar, S, O, K:) and a lamb: pl. يَعَامِيرُ. (IAar, S, O.)
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