William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2879. عمى9 2880. عن8 2881. عنب12 2882. عنبر10 2883. عنبس6 2884. عنت192885. عنج10 2886. عنجف3 2887. عند16 2888. عندلب7 2889. عندم4 2890. عنز14 2891. عنس17 2892. عنف18 2893. عنفق8 2894. عنق17 2895. عنكب7 2896. عنم12 2897. عنو9 2898. عنى2 2899. عه3 2900. عهج7 2901. عهد23 2902. عهر13 2903. عهل8 2904. عهن15 2905. عو2 2906. عوج15 2907. عود21 2908. عوذ17 2909. عور16 2910. عوز15 2911. عوش2 2912. عوص13 2913. عوض13 2914. عوط7 2915. عوف12 2916. عوق16 2917. عول18 2918. عوم16 2919. عون15 2920. عوه13 2921. عوى7 2922. عى1 2923. عيب16 2924. عيث14 2925. عيج8 2926. عيد7 2927. عير15 2928. عيس13 2929. عيش13 2930. عيص10 2931. عيط14 2932. عيف16 2933. عيق9 2934. عيل19 2935. عيم11 2936. عين19 2937. عيه8 2938. غ5 2939. غب4 2940. غبث5 2941. غبر18 2942. غبس13 2943. غبش13 2944. غبط17 2945. غبق11 2946. غبن16 2947. غبو4 2948. غبى3 2949. غت5 2950. غتم13 2951. غث6 2952. غثر12 2953. غد4 2954. غدر19 2955. غدف18 2956. غدق15 2957. غدو9 2958. غذ6 2959. غذو10 2960. غذى2 2961. غر5 2962. غرب22 2963. غربل13 2964. غرث13 2965. غرد13 2966. غرز15 2967. غرس14 2968. غرض16 2969. غرضف7 2970. غرف17 2971. غرق16 2972. غرقأ7 2973. غرقد8 2974. غرقل7 2975. غرل12 2976. غرم17 2977. غرمل6 2978. غرنق10 Prev. 100
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عنت

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عنت

1 عَنِتَ, [aor. عَنَتَ,] inf. n. عَنَتٌ, He fell into a difficult, hard, or distressing, case: (S, A, * O, TA:) or عَنَتٌ signifies the meeting with difficulty, hardship, or distress. (K.) [This is held by some to be the primary signification: see عَنَتْ below; by the explanations of which it seems to be indicated that the verb has several significations that are not expressly assigned to it in the lexicons.] عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ, in the Kur [ix. last verse but one], means, accord. to Az [and most of the expositors], Grievous unto him is your experiencing difficulty, or hardship, or distress: or, as some say, the meaning is ↓ مَا أَعْنَتَكُمْ, i. e., what hath brought you into difficulty, or hardship, or distress. (TA. [In the S and O, it seems to be indicated by the context that مَا عَنِتُّمْ meansyour having sinned.]) b2: عَنِتَتِ الدَّابَّةُ The beast limped, or halted, in consequence of hard, or rough, treatment, such as it could not bear. (TA.) It is said in a trad., أَنْعَلَ دَابَّتَهُ فَعَنِتَتْ He shod his beast and it became lame: thus as some relate it; as others relate it, فَعَتَبَتْ; but the former relation is preferred by Kt. (TA.) b3: عَنِتَ said of a bone, (Az, A, K, TA,) and عَنِتَتْ said of an arm or a leg, (Az, TA,) [aor. عَنَتَ,] inf. n. عَنَتٌ, (TA,) It broke (Az, A, K, TA) after its having been set and united: (A, K:) [this is said in the Ksh and by Bd, in iv. 30, to be the primary signification:] and the former, said of a bone, it became weak, and broke. (K, * TA.) b4: عَنِتَ, (S, O, Msb, TA,) aor. عَنَتَ, (Msb,) inf. n. عَنَتٌ, (S, * O, * Msb, K, * TA,) He committed a sin, a crime, or an act of disobedience deserving punishment: (S, O, K, * TA: *) or he committed sins, crimes, or acts of disobedience deserving punishment: (K, * TA:) or he did wrong [intentionally or unintentionally]. (Msb.) [and particularly He committed fornication, or adultery: see عَنَتٌ below.]2 عنّتهُ, inf. n. تَعْنِيتٌ, He treated him with hardness, severity, or rigour, and constrained him to do that which was difficult to him to perform; (IAmb, O, K, TA;) as also ↓ تعنّتهُ: and afterwards it became applied to signify he destroyed him; or caused him to perish: (IAmb, TA:) [and ↓ اعنتهُ has both of these significations: for it is said that] لَوْ شَآءَ اللّٰهُ لَأَعْنَتَكُمْ, in the Kur [ii. 219], means If God had willed, He would assuredly have treated you with hardness, &c., and constrained you to do that which would be difficult to you to perform: or it may mean, would have destroyed you: or, accord. to IAar, إِعْنَاتٌ signifies the requiring to do that which is not in one's power. (TA.) b2: See also 5.4 اعنتهُ, (inf. n. إِعْنَاتٌ, Mgh,) He caused him to fall into difficulty, hardship, or distress; (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K, TA;) into that which was difficult, hard, or distressing, to him to bear. (Mgh, Msb.) See also 1, and 2. b2: He (the rider) treated him (i. e. a beast) with hardness, or roughness, such as the latter could not bear, and so caused him to limp, or halt. (TA.) b3: He (a physician) treated him (i. e. a sick man) roughly, or without gentleness, and so harmed, or injured, him. (A, O. *) b4: He, or it, broke it (i. e. a bone) after it had been set and united: (Az, S, A,. O, K, TA:) or he (a bone-setter) treated it (i. e. a broken bone) roughly, or ungently, so that the fracture became worse. (TA.) 5 تعنّتهُ: see 2. Accord. to AHeyth, (TA,) He brought upon him annoyance, molestation, harm, or hurt: (Msb, TA:) or he sought to occasion him difficulty, hardship, or distress. (Mgh.) And hence, (Mgh,) He asked him respecting a thing, desiring by doing so to involve him in confusion, or doubt; (A, Mgh, TA;) as when one says to a witness, “Where was this, and when was it, and what garment was upon him when thou tookest upon thyself to bear witness? ” and الشُّهُودَ ↓ يُعَنِّتُ and يَتَعَنَّتُ عَلَى الشُّهُودِ are also mentioned; but these require consideration. (Mgh.) R. Q.1 عَنْتَتَ, said of the horn of the عَتُود [or goat a year old], It rose, or rose high. (O, K.) b2: عنتت عَنْهُ He turned away from, avoided, or shunned, him, or it. (O, K.) عَنَتٌ [inf. n. of 1, q. v.: and also expl. as having the following meanings:] Difficulty, hardship, or distress: (A, IAth, Mgh, Msb, TA:) this is [said to be] the primary signification: (Jel in iv. 30:) or severe difficulty, or hardship, or distress: (Zj, TA:) or the coming of difficulty or hardship or distress upon a man. (K.) b2: A state of perdition or destruction. (A, IAth, K, TA.) b3: A bad, an evil, or a corrupt, state: or bad, evil, or corrupt, conduct or doing: syn. فَسَادٌ [which has both of these meanings; and may here have the former meaning as nearly agreeing with what precedes it, or the latter meaning as nearly agreeing with what follows it]. (A, IAth, K, TA.) b4: A sin, a crime, or an act of disobedience deserving punishment; (AHeyth, S, A, IAth, O, K, TA;) and so ↓ مَعْنَتَةٌ. (A.) b5: A wrong action [intentional or unintentional]; an error; mistake. (IAth, Msb, * TA.) b6: b7: Fornication, or adultery: (S, IAth, Mgh, O, Msb, K, TA:) but this is a conventional explanation of the lecturers of the colleges. (Mgh.) So in the Kur [iv. 30], where it is said, ذٰلِكَ لِمَنْ خَشِىَ الْعَنَتَ مِنْكُمْ [That is for him, among you, who fears the commission of fornication]: (S, O, Msb, TA: [and the like is said in the Mgh:]) this, says Az, was revealed in relation to him who might not have the means of taking to wife a free woman; therefore it was allowed to him to take to wife a slave: (Msb, TA:) or the meaning of العنت here is perdition: or perdition in [or by means of] fornication. (TA.) b8: Also Wrongful, unjust, injurious, or tyrannical, conduct: and annoyance, molestation, harm, or hurt. (AHeyth, TA.) And Distressing, grievous, or afflicting, harm, injury, hurt, or mischief. (TA.) b9: And accord. to the 'Ináyeh, Contention; or contention for superiority in greatness: and persistence in opposition, or in vain contention. (TA.) عَنِتٌ A bone broken after its having been set and united; as also ↓ مُعْنَتٌ. (S, O, K.) عَنُوتٌ A hill (أَكَمَةٌ) difficult of ascent; (O, Msb, * K;) as also ↓ عُنْتُوتٌ: (O, K:) or high, and difficult of ascent. (A.) عُنْتُوتٌ: see what next precedes. b2: With the article ال, A mountain, (O,) or tapering mountain, (K,) in the صَحْرَآء [or desert]: (O, K:) or, accord. to the L, a small mountain tapering into [or towards] the sky (جُبَيْلٌ مُسْتَدِقٌّ فِى السَّمَآءِ): and it is said to be دون الحرة [app. دُونَ الحَرَّةِ; but there seems to be here an omission or a mistranscription; for of the various meanings that may be assigned to this phrase, none seems to be apposite: I incline to think that العُنْتُوتُ thus expl. is the proper name of a particular mountain]. (TA.) A2: عُنْتُوتٌ signifies also The notch in a bow: accord. to Az, (TA,) the عُنْتُوت of the bow is the notch into which enters the غَانَة, i. e. the ring at the head of the string. (O, TA.) A3: and The first, or beginning, or commencement, of anything. (O, K.) A4: And Dry حَلِىّ, (O, and so in the CK, [in my MS. copy of the K حَلْى, and thus accord. to the TA, but this is evidently a mistake,]) which is a certain plant. (TA.) عَانِتٌ an epithet applied to a woman, i. q. عَانِسٌ [q. v.]: (O, K:) said to be formed [from the latter] by substitution, or a dial. var., or a word mispronounced. (MF, TA.) مُعْنَتٌ: see عَنِتٌ.

مَعْنَتَةٌ: see عَنَتٌ. [Its primary signification seems to be A cause of difficulty, hardship, or distress; &c.]

جَآءَنِى فُلَانٌ مُتَعَنِّتًا Such a one came to me seeking [to cause] my fall into a wrong action, or an error. (S, O, K. *)
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