William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2913. عوض13 2914. عوط7 2915. عوف12 2916. عوق16 2917. عول18 2918. عوم162919. عون15 2920. عوه13 2921. عوى7 2922. عى1 2923. عيب16 2924. عيث14 2925. عيج8 2926. عيد7 2927. عير15 2928. عيس13 2929. عيش13 2930. عيص10 2931. عيط14 2932. عيف16 2933. عيق9 2934. عيل19 2935. عيم11 2936. عين19 2937. عيه8 2938. غ5 2939. غب4 2940. غبث5 2941. غبر18 2942. غبس13 2943. غبش13 2944. غبط17 2945. غبق11 2946. غبن16 2947. غبو4 2948. غبى3 2949. غت5 2950. غتم13 2951. غث6 2952. غثر12 2953. غد4 2954. غدر19 2955. غدف18 2956. غدق15 2957. غدو9 2958. غذ6 2959. غذو10 2960. غذى2 2961. غر5 2962. غرب22 2963. غربل13 2964. غرث13 2965. غرد13 2966. غرز15 2967. غرس14 2968. غرض16 2969. غرضف7 2970. غرف17 2971. غرق16 2972. غرقأ7 2973. غرقد8 2974. غرقل7 2975. غرل12 2976. غرم17 2977. غرمل6 2978. غرنق10 2979. غرو9 2980. غرى3 2981. غزر17 2982. غزل16 2983. غزو11 2984. غسق15 2985. غسل18 2986. غسم7 2987. غش7 2988. غشم13 2989. غص6 2990. غصب17 2991. غصن12 2992. غض5 2993. غضب17 2994. غضر13 2995. غضرف7 2996. غضف13 2997. غضفر8 2998. غضن12 2999. غضو2 3000. غط5 3001. غطرف14 3002. غطس12 3003. غطش15 3004. غطف12 3005. غطل8 3006. غطم8 3007. غطمط5 3008. غف4 3009. غفر20 3010. غفص10 3011. غفل18 3012. غفو8 Prev. 100
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1 عَامَ فِى المَآءِ, (Mgh, Msb,) aor. يَعُومُ, (Msb,) inf. n. عَوْمٌ, (S, Msb, K,) He swam in the water; syn. سَبَحَ: (Mgh:) العَوْمُ signifying السِّبَاحَةُ: (S, K:) or, accord. to the author of the “ Iktitáf,” the former signifies the coursing along in water with immersion of oneself; and the latter, “the coursing along upon water without immersion of oneself: ” [but see what follows:] or, as some say, the former is an act of rational beings, and the latter is of irrational; but Bd, on the words كُلٌّ فِى فَلَكٍ يَسْبَحُونَ [in the Kur xxi. 34], says that السِّبَاحَةُ is the act of rational beings. (MF, TA.) It is said in a trad., عَلِّمُوا صِبْيانَكُمُ العَوْمَ [Teach ye your young boys swimming]. (TA.) And one says, العَوْمُ لَا يُنْسَى [Swimming once learned will not be forgotten]. (S, TA.) b2: and عامت السَّفِينَةُ, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (S, K,) The ship coursed along. (S, K, TA.) b3: And عامت النُّجُومُ, inf. n. as above, (tropical:) The stars coursed along. (TA.) b4: And عامت الِإبِلُ, (TA,) inf. n. as above, (S, K,) (tropical:) The camels marched along, or journeyed, (S, K, TA,) in the desert. (TA.) And يَعُمْنَ فِى لُجِّ السَّرَابِ (tropical:) [They course along in the apparently-boundless expanse of the mirage]. (A, TA.) 2 عوّم السَّفِينَةَ, inf. n. تَعْوِيمٌ, He made the ship to swim [or float] in [or upon] the sea. (TA.) A2: [J cites immediately after explaining عَامَةٌ in relation to a turban,] وَعَامَةٍ عَوَّمَهَا فِى الهَامَةِ [Many a turn or twist, of a turban, which he turned, or twisted, upon the head]. (S.) b2: and تَعْوِيمٌ also signifies The putting, or placing, reaped corn in handfuls. (S, K.) A3: See also the next paragraph, in two places.3 عاومهُ, (Lh, K, TA,) inf. n. مُعَاوَمَةٌ and عِوَامٌ, He hired him, or tock him as a hired man or hireling, for the year: (Lh. TA:) or he made an engagement, or a contract, with him for work or the like, by the year (K:) or you say, عَامَلَهُ مُعَاوَمَةً; like as you say, مُشَاهَرَةً; (S, Msb:) the former from العَامُ, and the latter from الشَّهْرُ; &c. (Msb.) The مُعَاوَمَة that is forbidden is The setting the seed-produce of one's year, (S, K, TA,) or the dates of one's palm-trees, or ones trees, for two years, or three, (so in one of my copies of the S,) or for what will come forth in the next following year: or, as in the Nh, the selling the fruit of one's palm-trees or of one's grape-nines or of one's [other] trees for two years, or three, and more than that; (TA:) or one's extending to a man the term of a debt that has become due by him and his increasing the amount of the debt: (Lh, TA:) or one's adding somewhat to a debt and deferring it (K.) b2: And عاومت السَّخْلَةُ The palm-tree bore one year and did not bear another year: (S, K:) like سَانَهَت: (As, in K and TA, art. سنه.) as also ↓ عُوُّمَت: (K:) and الكَرْمُ ↓ عَوَّمَ, inf. n. تَعْوِيمٌ, The grape-vine bore much one year and little another, (TA, [See also مُعْوِمٌ; perhaps a mistranscription for مُعَوِّمُ.]) b3: Also (i. e. عاومت النخلة The palm-tree completed a year [of growth]. (Z. TA.) 4 الدَّارُ اعامت The house, or dwelling, became altered, or changed, and years passed over it; like احالت. (TA in art. حول.) عَامٌ A year syn. سَنَةٌ: (S, K;) or حَوْلٌ; [not سَنَةٌ; for] El. Jawáleekee says, the common people do not distinguish between the عام and the سنه, making them both to have the same meaning; but the right state of the case is what I have been told on the authority of Ahmad Ibn-Yahyà

[i. e. Th], that the سنه is from any day from which one commences a reckoning to the like thereof, and the عام is only [a period of] a winter and a summer; and it is also said in the T and in the Bári that the عام is a حَوْل that makes an end of a winter and a summer, so that every عام is a سنة, but every سنة is not an عام; for when you reckon from a day to the like thereof, that is a سنة, and there may be in it half of the summer. and half of the winter, whereas the عام is only a winter and a summer, without interruption: (Msb, MF: *) Er-Rághib mentions a difference in the uses of the words عَامٌ and سَنَةٌ [as has been stated in art. سنو and سنى: see سَنَةٌ in that art.] and Suh says, in the R, that the سنة is longer than the عام; that the former is “ a single revolution of the sun; ” and that the latter is applied to the [twelve] Arabian months [collectively]: it is said to be called عام because of the sun's عَوْم [or coursing] through all of its zodiacal signs [during the period which it denotes]: (TA:) its pl. is أَعْوامٌ, (S, Msb, K,) because the sing. is originally of the measure فَعَلٌ [i. e. عَوَمٌ]: (Msb:) it has no other pl. than this. (TA.) b2: One says, لقِيتُهُ عَامًا أَوَّلَ [I met him in a former year; generally meaning, the year immediately preceding, or, as we say, last year]; making the last word imperfectly decl. as being an epithet [and of the measure of a verb]: and لَقِتُهُ عَامًا أَوَّلًا [I met him in a year before: generally meaning the same as the phrase preceding]; making the last word perfectly decl. as not being an epithet [but an ad(??) and K in art. وأل) or the meaning is, (??) year] before this year; even if it be by a number of years: ('Alee El-Kári, on the authority of Seer, in a marginal note in my MS. copy of the K, art. اول:) and one says also, accord. to AZ and IAar, لَقَيتُهُ عَامَ الأَوَّلِ; (TA in art. وأل;) or the is rarely said; (K and TA in that art.;) or should not be said; (ISk, S and TA in that art.;) (??) should one say, لَقَيتُهُ عَامَ أَوَّلَ (ISk TA in the present art.) And [in like manner] one says, ما رَأَيْتُهُ مُذْ عَامٌ أَوَّلُ, putting the last word in the nom case as being an epithet, (S and K in art. وأل,) as though he said أَوَّلُ مِنْ عَامِنَا [i. e. I have not seen him since a year preceding this one year]; (S in that art.;) and مُذْ عَامٌ أَوَّلَ, putting the last word in the accus. case as an adv n., (S and K * in that art.,) as though he said مُذْ عامٌ قَبْلَ عَامِنَا [since a year before this our year]; (S in that art.;) and مُذْعَامًا أَوَّلَ and مُذْ عَامُ الأَوَّلِ are also mentioned by different authors (??)in art, منذ) And [using the dim. form] one says, لَقِتُهُ ذَاتَ

↓ العُوَيْمِ i. e. [I met him] in the course of some years; like as one says, لَقِيتُهُ ذَاتَ الزُّمَيْنِ, and ذَاتَ مَرَّةٍ: (S:) or the meaning is, (some few years ago; or] three years ago or more, to ten: (AZ, Az, TA:) and it is like the saying, لَقِيتُهُ مُنْذُ سُنَيَّاتٍ: the fem. form is used because they mean by it مَرَّة وَاحِدَة. (Az, TA.) b3: One says also نَاقَةٌ بَازِلُ عَامٍ and بَازِلُ عَامِهَا [A she-camel that has passed a year, and her year, after cutting her tush], (TA,) and بازِل عَامَيْنِ that has passed two years after cutting the tush. (MF and TA in art. بزل.) A2: See also عَامَةٌ, in two places.

A3: It is also said in the K that العَامُ signifies النَّهَارُ: but this is a mistake and a mistranscription it is العَيَامُ; and its place is art. عيم; as it as mentioned by Az, on the authority of El-Muärrij, (TA.) عَامَةٌ A [kind of float, such as is called] طَوْف [q. v.], upon which one embarks on the water; (S, K:) accord. to AA, a small مِعْبَر [q. v.] that is upon rivers: (Az, TA:) in the M, said to be a thing that is made of the branches of trees, and the like, upon which one crosses a river, and which tosses about upon the water the pl. is عَامَاتٌ and عوم [app. عُومٌ, like نُوقٌ pl. of نَاقَةٌ,] and [coll. gen. n.] ↓ عَامٌ. (TA.) [See also عَامَّةٌ, voce عِمَامَةٌ.]

A2: Also The head of a ruler, or of a rider upon a camel, (هَامَةُ رَاكِبٍ,) when it appears to thee in the [desert, or plain, called] صَحْرَآء, (K. TA,) as he is journeying: (TA:) or it is not thus called unless having upon it a turban. (K, TA.) b2: And A turn, or twist, of a turban. (S, K.) [See 2, second sentence.] b3: And A quantity of reaped corn put, or placed, in handfuls: pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] ↓ عَامٌ. (S, K.) عُومَةٌ A certain insect (دُوَيْبَّة, S, K) that swims in the water, resembling a black فَصّ [or stone of a ring], smooth and round: (S:) pl. عُوَمٌ. (S, K.) b2: And A species of serpents, in 'Omán. (TA.) عَامِيٌّ a rel. n., from عَامٌ; (Msb, TA;) A year old. (TA in arts. حول and دول, &c.) and applied to a plant as meaning A year old, and therefore dry. (Msb, TA. *) It is also applied to a [vestige, or relic, of a dwelling, such as is termed] رَسْم, or طَلَل, as meaning Over which a year has passed. (TA.) And it is applied, in a trad., as an epithet to the حَنْظَل [or colocynth, meaning That is of service in the year of drought, or barrenness]; because it is procured, or prepared [as an article of food], in the year of drought, or barrenness. (TA.) عُوَيْمٌ: see عَامٌ [of which it is the dim.], last quarter.

عَوَّامٌ an intensive epithet from عَامَ فِي المَآءِ; (Msb;) A man skilful in swimming. (TA.) b2: And (assumed tropical:) A horse that stretches forth his fore legs well in running [like as one does the arms in swimming]; (S, Z, K, TA;) fleet, or excellent, in his running. (TA.) عَائِمٌ [Swimming;] part. n. of عَامَ in the phrase عَامَ فِي المَآءِ. (Msb.) b2: [Hence,] سَفِينٌ عُوَّمٌ means عَائِمَةٌ [of which عُوَّمٌ is pl.; i. e. Ships coursing along]. (TA.) A2: One says سِنُونَ عُوَّمٌ, in which the latter word is a corroborative to the former; (S, K; *) [app. meaning Tedious, because severe, years;] like as one says شُغْلٌ شَاغِلٌ: as though pl. of عَائِمٌ; but it is not used alone, because it is not a subst., being only a corroborative: (S:) or, as is said in the M, it should by rule be عُومٌ; for [it is pl. of ↓ أَعْوَمُ, and] the pl. of أَفْعَلُ is فُعْلٌ; but they pronounce it as above, as though the sing. were عَامٌ عَائِمٌ: ISd says, عَامٌ

↓ أَعْوَمُ is an intensive expression, and I think that the meaning is, [A year] that seems long to people because of its drought, or barrenness; and similar to it is ↓ عَامٌ مُعِيمٌ, mentioned by Lh. (TA.) A3: عَائِمٌ is also [the name of] A certain idol (S, K) of the Arabs. (S.) عَامٌ أَعْوَمُ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.

عِنَبٌ مُعْوِمٌ [perhaps a mistranscription for ↓ مُعَوِّمٌ, see 3, near the end,] means, as mentioned by Az, on the authority of En-Nadr, [A grapevine] that bears one year and does not bear another year. (TA.) عَامٌ مُعِيمٌ: see عَائِمٌ, last sentence but one. [And see also art. عيم.]

شَحْمٌ مُعَوِّمٌ Fat of a year after another year. (TA.) b2: See also مُعْوِمٌ.

مُسْتَعَامٌ A ship upon the sea. (K.)
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