William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2924. عيث15 2925. عيج9 2926. عيد8 2927. عير16 2928. عيس14 2929. عيش142930. عيص11 2931. عيط15 2932. عيف17 2933. عيق10 2934. عيل20 2935. عيم12 2936. عين20 2937. عيه9 2938. غ6 2939. غب4 2940. غبث5 2941. غبر19 2942. غبس14 2943. غبش14 2944. غبط18 2945. غبق12 2946. غبن17 2947. غبو4 2948. غبى3 2949. غت5 2950. غتم14 2951. غث6 2952. غثر13 2953. غد4 2954. غدر20 2955. غدف19 2956. غدق16 2957. غدو10 2958. غذ6 2959. غذو11 2960. غذى2 2961. غر5 2962. غرب23 2963. غربل14 2964. غرث14 2965. غرد14 2966. غرز16 2967. غرس15 2968. غرض17 2969. غرضف7 2970. غرف18 2971. غرق17 2972. غرقأ7 2973. غرقد8 2974. غرقل8 2975. غرل13 2976. غرم18 2977. غرمل6 2978. غرنق10 2979. غرو10 2980. غرى3 2981. غزر18 2982. غزل17 2983. غزو12 2984. غسق16 2985. غسل19 2986. غسم8 2987. غش7 2988. غشم14 2989. غص6 2990. غصب18 2991. غصن13 2992. غض5 2993. غضب18 2994. غضر14 2995. غضرف7 2996. غضف14 2997. غضفر9 2998. غضن13 2999. غضو3 3000. غط5 3001. غطرف15 3002. غطس13 3003. غطش16 3004. غطف13 3005. غطل9 3006. غطم9 3007. غطمط6 3008. غف4 3009. غفر21 3010. غفص11 3011. غفل19 3012. غفو9 3013. غل6 3014. غلب20 3015. غلت16 3016. غلث9 3017. غلس15 3018. غلصم12 3019. غلط15 3020. غلظ17 3021. غلف19 3022. غلق19 3023. غلم18 Prev. 100
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عيش

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عيش

1 عَاشَ, (S, A, O, Msb, K,) aor. يَعِيشُ, inf. n. عَيْشٌ (S, O, Msb, K) and مَعَاشٌ and مَعِيشٌ (S, O, K.) and مَعِيشَةٌ and عِيشَةٌ and عَيْشُوشَةٌ (O, K) and in the dial. of El-Azd مَعُوشَةٌ, (K in art. عوش, and TA.) He lived; (S, A, * O, K;) [he passed life in a particular manner of state:] he became possessed of life. (Msb.) You say,. عَاشَ فُلَانٌ عِيشَةً رَاضِيَةً Such a one lived a pleasant [life (if we regard عِيشَة as a simple inf. n., as it is said to be above,) or] state [or sort] of life. (A.) [See also عِيشَةٌ, below.]2 عَيَّشَ see 4 3 عايشهُ, inf. n. مُعَايَشَةٌ, He lived with him; like as you say عَاشَرَهُ. (TA.) 4 اعاشهُ He (God, S, A) made him to live; (S, A, O, * K;) as also ↓ عيّشهُ, (O, * K,) inf. n. تَعْيِيشٌ. (TA.) You say, اعاشهُ اللّٰهُ عِيشَةً رَاضِيَةٌ [God made him to live a pleasant life, or state or sort of life]. (S.) 5 تعيّش He constrained himself to obtain the means of life: (S;) or he had what was barely sufficient, of sustenance, nothing remaining over and above it. (TA.) 6 تعايشوا [They lived together: one with another]. You say, تعايشوا بِأُلْفَةٍ وَمَوَدَّةٍ [They lived together with sociableness and affection, (A, TA.) عَيْشٌ [an inf. n. of 1. b2: As a subst.,] Life: (S, O, K;) or particularly animal life. (Kull p. 262.) It is said in a prove., أَنْتَ مَرَّةٌ عَيْشٌ وَمَرَّةٌ جَيْشٌ.

meaning, Thou act at one time in an easy state of life, and at one time in the state of life of warriors: (A 'Obeyd, as cited in the TA: [but for عَيْشِ غَزِىّ in my original, we should perhaps read عَيْشٍ عَزِيزٍ, i. e. a difficult state of life:) or thou benefitest at one time, and injurest at another (TA. And a man to whom IAar said “ How is such a one '”

answered عَيْشٌ وَجَيْشٌ, meaning At one time with me, and at one time against me. (TA. [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 70 and ii. 699 b3: Also I. q. مَعِيشَةٌ, in senses pointed out below (K.) see the latter, in four places. b4: And [hence,] Wheat, or other food; syn. طَعَامٌ; (IDrd, A, O, K;) in the dial. of El-Hijáz, (A.) or of El-Yemen: (IDrd, O, TA:) and seed-produce; in the dial. of El-Hijáz: (A, TA:) and bread; (K:) in the dial. of Egypt. (TA.) عِيشَةٌ [see 1, in two places. b2: ] A state, (A,) or sort. (TA,) of life. (A, TA.) You say, عَاشَ عِيشَةُ صِدْقٍ, and عِيشَةَ سَوْءٍ, He lived a good sort of life, and an evil sort of life. (TA.) عَيَّاشٌ: see the paragraph here following.

عَائِشٌ [Living:] having life: and in like manner, but in an intensive sense, (app. meaning having much of the means of life or living well.) ↓ عَيَّاشٌ: fem. of the former with ة. (Msb.) b2: A man in a good state or condition [of life] (Lth, A, O, K.) مَعَاشٌ and ↓ مَعِيشٌ may be used as substantives as well as inf. ns., like مَعَابٌ and مَعِيبٌ; (S, O, TA;) and signify, like مَعِيشَةٌ, That whereby one lives: or that [place and time] in which one lives: (TA:) [or rather, they have both these significations; but معاش has generally the latter. whereas معيشة, q. v., and معيش, are generally used in the former sense, or one similar to it:] مَعَاشٌ also signifies the place of subsistence; or the known, or usual, place thereof: and the time wherein one seeks sustenance. (TA.) Thus, (TA,) الأَرْضُ مَعَاشُ الخَلْقِ [The earth is the place of subsistence of mankind, or of the created beings]. (A, O, TA.) And النَّهَارُ مَعَاشٌ The day is the time for seeking sustenance: as in the Kur, lxxviii. 11. (O, TA.) See also مَعِيشَةٌ, in two places.

مَعِيشٌ: see مَعِيشَةٌ, in four places: and مَعَاشٌ.

مَعِيشَةٌ inf. n. of عَاشَ [q. v.]. (K.) b2: Also Victuals, living, sustenance, or food and drink by which one lives; (Lth, A, O, K;) as also ↓ عَيْشٌ; (A;) whence you say that dates are the عَيْش of such a family: (TA:) that whereby life subsists; the means of life or subsistence; (A, K;) as also ↓ عَيْشٌ: (A, TA:) that whereby one lives; as also ↓ عَيْشٌ (A, K, TA) and ↓ مَعَاشٌ and ↓ مَعِيشٌ; (TA;) or [the state] wherein one lives; (A, K, TA;) as also ↓ عَيْشٌ (A) and ↓ مَعَاشٌ and ↓ مَعِيشٌ: (TA:) the means of obtaining that whereby one lives: (Aboo-Is-hák, TA:) the gain, or earnings, by means of which a man lives; (Mgh, Msb;) as also ↓ مَعِيشٌ: (Msb:) the pl. is مَعَايِشُ, (S, O, Msb,) accord. to general opinion, (Msb,) without ء, (S, O, Msb,) when formed from the original of the sing., which is مَعْيِشَةٌ, of the measure مَفْعِلَةٌ; (S, O;) or because it is from عَاشَ, so that the measure of the pl. is مَفَاعِلُ: (Msb:) but when it is formed from the secondary form of the sing., it is with ء, [مَعَائِشُ,] مَفْعِلَةٌ being in this case likened to فَعِيلَةٌ, like as مَصَائِبُ is with ء because the ى [in its sing.] is quiescent; but some of the grammarians hold this latter pl. to be incorrect: (S, O:) all the Basree grammarians hold it to be so: (TA:) or, accord. to some, ↓ مَعِيشٌ and مَعِيشَةٌ are from معش; and the pl. in question is therefore of the measure فَعَائِلُ, with ء. (Msb.) b3: مَعِيشَةٌ ضَنْكٌ The punishment of the grave: (O, K:) so, accord. to most of the expositors, in the Kur xx. 123: or, as some say, [strait sustenance] in the fire of hell. (O, TA.) مُتَعَيِّشٌ One who constrains himself to obtain the means of life: (TA:) or who has what is barely sufficient, of sustenance, nothing remaining over and above it. (Lth, A, O, K.)
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