William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2947. غبو4 2948. غبى3 2949. غت5 2950. غتم13 2951. غث6 2952. غثر122953. غد4 2954. غدر19 2955. غدف18 2956. غدق15 2957. غدو9 2958. غذ6 2959. غذو10 2960. غذى2 2961. غر5 2962. غرب22 2963. غربل13 2964. غرث13 2965. غرد13 2966. غرز15 2967. غرس14 2968. غرض16 2969. غرضف7 2970. غرف17 2971. غرق16 2972. غرقأ7 2973. غرقد8 2974. غرقل7 2975. غرل12 2976. غرم17 2977. غرمل6 2978. غرنق10 2979. غرو9 2980. غرى3 2981. غزر17 2982. غزل16 2983. غزو11 2984. غسق15 2985. غسل18 2986. غسم7 2987. غش7 2988. غشم13 2989. غص6 2990. غصب17 2991. غصن12 2992. غض5 2993. غضب17 2994. غضر13 2995. غضرف7 2996. غضف13 2997. غضفر8 2998. غضن12 2999. غضو2 3000. غط5 3001. غطرف14 3002. غطس12 3003. غطش15 3004. غطف12 3005. غطل8 3006. غطم8 3007. غطمط5 3008. غف4 3009. غفر20 3010. غفص10 3011. غفل18 3012. غفو8 3013. غل6 3014. غلب19 3015. غلت15 3016. غلث8 3017. غلس14 3018. غلصم11 3019. غلط14 3020. غلظ16 3021. غلف18 3022. غلق18 3023. غلم17 3024. غلو12 3025. غلى5 3026. غم6 3027. غمت7 3028. غمد16 3029. غمر18 3030. غمز14 3031. غمس15 3032. غمص12 3033. غمض17 3034. غمط14 3035. غمل10 3036. غمن8 3037. غمه1 3038. غمى5 3039. غن5 3040. غنج10 3041. غندب5 3042. غنظ10 3043. غنم17 3044. غنو4 3045. غنى8 3046. غهب13 Prev. 100
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غثر

1 غَثَرَتِ الأَرْضُ بِالنَّبَاتِ i. q. مَأَدَت (thus in the JK [app. meaning The land became flourishing and fresh with herbage]): or مَادَت (thus in the O and K [i. e. without ء; but the former, I think, is evidently the right: the meaning which I have given may be from غَثَرٌ, q. v., and therefore tropical: and it may be inferred from what here follows that the verb is correctly, or originally, غَثْرَت, fem. of ↓ غَثْرَى]). The epithet applied to such land is ↓ مُغَثْرِيَةٌ. (JK, O, K.) 4 اغثر It (the [species of tree, or shrub, called] رِمْث [&c.]) exuded what is termed مُغْثُور [q. v.]; (K;) as also اغفر. (TA.) b2: See also عَيَّرَ, last sentence.11 اغثارّ It (a garment, or piece of cloth,) had much غَثَر i. e. nap, or villous substance, (K, TA,) and wool. (TA.) Q. Q. 1 غَثْرَى: see the first paragraph. Q. Q. 2 تَمَغْثَرَ He gathered مُغْثُور [q. v.]. (K.) You say, خَرَجَ النَّاسُ يَتَمَغْثَرُونَ, like يَتَمَغْفَرُونَ, The people went forth to gather مَغَاثِير [pl. of مُغْثُورٌ]. (TA.) غَثَرٌ The nap, or villous substance, of a garment, or piece of cloth; (K, TA;) and the wool thereof. (TA.) غَثْرَةٌ Abundance: (TA:) [and particularly] abundance of herbage, and of the goods, conveniences, or comforts, of life; ampleness [thereof] (K, TA.) b2: And A portion of property. (TA.) غُثْرَةٌ A dust-colour inclining to خُضْرَة [which here app. means a dingy ash-colour]: (S, TA:) or, as some say, [simply] dust-colour: (TA:) or it is like duskiness (غُبْشَةٌ) mixed with redness. (K, TA.) غَثَرَةٌ: see أَغْثَرُ, last sentence.

غَثَارِ, or غَثَارُ, accord. to the CK غُثَارٌ: see أَغْثَرُ.

الغَوْثَرُ and الغَثَوْثَرُ: see أَغْثَرُ, former half.

غَيْثَرَةٌ A threatening. (K.) b2: And Fight, or conflict; and commotion, or tumult: so in the saying, تَرَكْتُ القَوْمَ فِى غَيْثَرَةٍ and غَيْثَمَةٍ [I left the people, or party, in fight, &c.]: (As, TA:) or, accord to IAar, it means the treading, or trampling, of the people, or party, one upon another, (مُدَاوَسَةُ القَوْمِ بَعْضِهِمْ بَعْضًا,) in fight, or conflict: you say, بَيْنَ القَوْمِ غَيْثَرَةٌ شَدِيدَةٌ [Among the people, or party, is a vehement treading, &c.]. (S, TA.) A2: See also أَغْثَرُ, last sentence, in two places.

أَغْثَرُ, (S,) and [the fem.] غَثْرَآءُ, (K,) Dustcoloured: (K, TA:) or of a dingy, or dusky, colour: (TA:) or of a dingy, or dusky, colour: (TA:) or [of the colour termed غُثْرَة, which is] nearly the same as dust-coloured. (S, K, TA.) 'Omárah says, حَتَّى اكْتَسَيْتُ مِنَ المَشِيبِ عِمَامَةً

غَثْرَآءَ أَغْفِرُ لَوْنَهَا بِخِضَابِ [Until I attired myself with a dusky turban of hoariness, the colour of which I concealed with hair-dye]. (TA.) b2: أَغْثَرُ is applied as an epithet to a ram That is not red [or brown] nor black ner white; (IAar, TA;) meaning of a dusky, or dingy, colour. (TA.) And it is so applied to a wolf. (IAar, TA.) And الأَغْثَرُ signifies The wolf; (TA;) as also الأَغْبَرُ. (TA in art. غبر.) b3: And [in like manner] الغَثْرَآءُ signifies The hyena, or female hyena; (K, TA;) because of its colour: (TA;) as also ↓ غَثَارِ, (O, K, TA,) like قَطَامِ, (O, TA,) determinate; (K, TA;) [accord. to the CK غُثَارٌ, which is wrong;] and accord. to IAar ↓ غَثَارُ, imperfectly declinable. (TA.) b4: And الأَغْثَرُ signifies also The lion; and so ↓ الغَثَوْثَرُ: (K:) or the latter, as also ↓ الغَوْثَرُ, the lion that is in a confused, or perplexed, case. (O.) b5: And A certain bird, (K, TA,) having confused, or disordered, plumage, (TA,) long in the neck, (K, TA,) in the colour of which is غُثْرَة [q. v.], and which is of the aquatic kind. (TA.) b6: أَكَلَتْهُمُ الغَثْرَآءُ [which may be rendered The hyena, or female hyena, devoured them] means (assumed tropical:) they perished. (Z, TA.) b7: غَثْرَآءُ applied to [garments of the kind called] أَكْسِيَة [pl. of كِسَآءٌ] (K, TA) and قَطَائِف [pl. of قَطِيفَةٌ] and the like, and to an عَبَآءَة, (TA,) signifies Having much wool (L, K, TA) and nap, or villous substance. (L.) b8: الأَغْثَرُ also signifies The [green substance that overspreads stale water, called] طُحْلُب. (S, TA.) b9: Also (assumed tropical:) The ignorant man: and the stupid man: likened to the hyena, or female hyena, which is one of the most stupid of beasts, and of which one of the appellations is الغَثْرَآءُ. (IDrd, TA.) b10: And الغَثْرَآءُ and الغُثْرُ, (S, K, TA,) which latter is the pl. of الأَغْثَرُ, (S, TA,) (assumed tropical:) The low, base, vile, ignoble, mean, or sordid, or the refuse, or rabble, of mankind; as also ↓ الغَثْرَةُ, (S, K, TA,) said to be originally ↓ الغَيْثَرَةُ, (S, TA,) which signifies the same: (S, K, TA:) and غَثْرَآءُ is also expl. as meaning a mixed assemblage of people (K, TA) of the low, base, vile, ignoble, mean, or sordid, or of the refuse, or rabble, of mankind; (TA;) and so ↓ غَيْثَرَةٌ: (AZ, TA:) or a mixed assemblage of people of various tribes: or the unknown common people: or the commonalty, or generality, of men. (TA.) مِغْثَرٌ: see what next follows.

مِغْثَارٌ: see what next follows.

مُغْثُورٌ (S, M) and ↓ مِغْثَرٌ (Yaakoob, S, K) and ↓ مِغْثَارٌ (TA) [A sort of manna;] a thing [or substance] which is exuded by the [species of tree, or shrub, called] رِمْث, (S, K,) and by the عُرْفُط, (S,) and the ثُمَام, and the عُشَر, (K,) resembling gum, and sweet, (S,) like honey: (S, K:) it is eaten; (TA;) and sometimes it flows upon the ground, like دِبْس: and it has an unpleasant smell: مُغْثُورٌ is a dial. var. of مُغْفُورٌ [q. v.]: (S, TA:) the pl. is مَغَاثِيرُ. (K.) أَرْضٌ مُغَثْرِيَةٌ: see 1. b2: وَجَدَ المَآءَ مُغَثْرِيًا عَلَيْهِ means He found the water to be thronged: (K, TA:) or, accord. to Sgh, (TA,) you say, وَجَدْتُ المَآءَ مُغَثْرِيًا بِالوِرْدِ I found the water to be thronged by the coming thereto. (O, TA.) غثو and غثى 1 غَثَا الوَادِى, (Msb, K,) aor. يَغْثُو, (Msb,) inf. n. غَثْوٌ; (Msb, K;) and غَثَى, aor. يَغْثِى, inf. n. غَثْيٌ; (K;) the latter mentioned by IJ, but the former is that which is [commonly] known to the lexicologists; (TA;) The valley, or water-course, was, or became, full of غُثَآء [q. v.]: (Msb: [and the like is indicated in the K:]) or had in a abundance of camels' or similar dung (بَعْر) and leaves and reeds or canes. (TA.) b2: غَثَا اللَّحْمُ, inf. n. غَثْوٌ, The flesh-meat was bad by reason of its leanness. (IKtt, TA.) b3: غَثَتِ النَّفْسُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. تَغْثِى, (S, Msb,) inf. n. غَثْىٌ and غَثَيَانٌ; (S, Msb, K;) and, accord. to Lth, غَثِيَت, aor. تَغْثَى, inf. n. غَثًا, but Az says that this is post-classical; (TA;) i. q. خَبُثَت; (S, K, TA;) and جَاشَت; (TA;) i. e. [The soul, or stomach, heaved; or became agitated by a tendency to vomit; or] became agitated so that the person nearly vomited, by reason of a mixture pouring forth to the mouth of the stomach: (Msb, TA:) or, as some say, غَثَيَانٌ signifies a flowing of the mouth which sometimes, or often, occasions vomiting. (TA.) b4: غَثَتِ السَّمَآءُ بِالسَّحَابِ, (K, TA,) aor. تَغْثِى, (TA,) The sky was, or became, clouded, or covered with clouds: (K, TA:) or began to be so. (TA.) A2: غَثَا السَّيْلُ المَرْتَعَ, aor. يَغْثُوهُ, inf. n. غَثْوٌ; thus accord. to J, [in the S,] but accord. to the K and ISd, غَثَى, mentioned in art. غثى; and in [some of] the copies of the K, المَرْبَعَ is erroneously put for المَرْتَعَ; (TA;) The torrent drew [or washed] together the pasture, and deprived it of its sweetness; as also ↓ اغثاهُ. (S, K.) b2: and hence, by way of comparison, (TA,) غَثَى الكَلَامَ, aor. يَغْثِيهِ; (K, TA;) and غَثِيَهُ, aor. يَغْثَاهُ; (K, * TA;) the former verb of the class of رَمَى, and the latter of the class of رَضِىَ; inf. n. غَثْىٌ; (TA;) (tropical:) He mixed, or put together confusedly, the speech, or language. (K, * TA.) b3: And غَثَى

المَالَ, and النَّاسَ, He beat the cattle, and the people, and dealt blows among them. (K, * TA.) b4: غَثِيَتِ الأَرْضُ بِالنَّبَاتِ The land became abundant in herbage: (K, TA:) or began to be so. (TA.) b5: And غَثِىَ شَعْرُهُ, inf. n. غَثًى, His hair became matted, or compacted together: mentioned in art. غثى by IKtt: perhaps a dial. var. of عَثِىَ, with the unpointed ع; mentioned before. (TA.) 4 أَ1ْ2َ3َ see the preceding paragraph, latter half.

غُثَآءٌ (S, Msb, K) and غُثَّآءٌ (S, K) The rubbish, or small rubbish, or particles of things, or refuse, and scum, and rotten leaves mixed with the scum, (Zj, S, * Msb, * K, TA,) borne upon the surface (S, Msb, TA) of a torrent: (Zj, S, Msb, K, TA:) or dried-up [or decayed] and broken pieces [or leaves and stalks] of herbage, that are seen upon a torrent: so in the Kur lxxxvii. 5: [see أَحْوَى

in art. حو:] (TA:) pl. أَغْثَآءٌ. (S, TA.) b2: [Hence,] one says, مَالُهُ غُثَآءٌ وَعَمَلُهُ هَبَآءٌ وَسَعْيُهُ خَفَآءٌ (assumed tropical:) [His property is as rubbish borne by a torrent (see Kur xxiii. 43), and his work is as motes that are seen in the rays of the sun (see Kur xxv. 25), and his labour, or earning, is a thing that is unapparent]. (TA.) b3: [Hence, also,] غُثَآءُ النَّاسِ (assumed tropical:) The low, or vile, and the refuse, of mankind. (TA.) الأَغْثَى The lion. (K.)
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