William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2965. غرد13 2966. غرز15 2967. غرس14 2968. غرض16 2969. غرضف7 2970. غرف172971. غرق16 2972. غرقأ7 2973. غرقد8 2974. غرقل7 2975. غرل12 2976. غرم17 2977. غرمل6 2978. غرنق10 2979. غرو9 2980. غرى3 2981. غزر17 2982. غزل16 2983. غزو11 2984. غسق15 2985. غسل18 2986. غسم7 2987. غش7 2988. غشم13 2989. غص6 2990. غصب17 2991. غصن12 2992. غض5 2993. غضب17 2994. غضر13 2995. غضرف7 2996. غضف13 2997. غضفر8 2998. غضن12 2999. غضو2 3000. غط5 3001. غطرف14 3002. غطس12 3003. غطش15 3004. غطف12 3005. غطل8 3006. غطم8 3007. غطمط5 3008. غف4 3009. غفر20 3010. غفص10 3011. غفل18 3012. غفو8 3013. غل6 3014. غلب19 3015. غلت15 3016. غلث8 3017. غلس14 3018. غلصم11 3019. غلط14 3020. غلظ16 3021. غلف18 3022. غلق18 3023. غلم17 3024. غلو12 3025. غلى5 3026. غم6 3027. غمت7 3028. غمد16 3029. غمر18 3030. غمز14 3031. غمس15 3032. غمص12 3033. غمض17 3034. غمط14 3035. غمل10 3036. غمن8 3037. غمه1 3038. غمى5 3039. غن5 3040. غنج10 3041. غندب5 3042. غنظ10 3043. غنم17 3044. غنو4 3045. غنى8 3046. غهب13 3047. غو2 3048. غوث14 3049. غوج6 3050. غور19 3051. غوص15 3052. غوط18 3053. غوغ8 3054. غول20 3055. غوى9 3056. غيب17 3057. غيث13 3058. غيد8 3059. غير17 3060. غيض21 3061. غيط5 3062. غيظ14 3063. غيف11 3064. غيق6 Prev. 100
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غرف

1 غَرَفَ المَآءَ, (Msb, K,) or غَرَفَ المَآءَ بِيَدِهِ, (S, O, TA,) aor. غَرِفَ (S, O, Msb, K) and غَرُفَ, (K,) inf. n. غَرْفٌ; (S, O, Msb;) and ↓ اغترفهُ, (Msb, K,) or اغترف مِنْهُ, (S,) or both of these; (O, TA;) He took [or laded out] the water with his hand [as with a ladle]: (K, TA:) and in like manner, بِالمِغْرَفَةِ [with the ladle]. (JK.) A2: غَرَفَ الشَّىْءَ, (S, O, K, *) aor. غَرُفَ, (TK,) inf. n. غَرْفٌ, (TA,) He cut, or cut off, the thing. (S, O, K. *) b2: And غَرَفَ نَاصِيَتَهُ He clipped his forelock; (S, O, K;) i. e. a horse's. (S, O.) A3: غَرَفَ الجِلْدَ, (S, O, TA,) inf. n. غَرْفٌ, (TA,) He tanned the skin with غَرْف [q. v.]. (S, O, TA.) A4: غَرَفَ البَعِيرَ, aor. غَرُفَ and غَرِفَ, (O, TA,) inf. n. غَرْفٌ, (TA,) He put upon the head of the camel a rope, or cord, called غُرْفَة [q. v.]. (O, TA.) A5: See also 7.

A6: غَرِفَتِ الإِبِلُ, aor. غَرَفَ, (S, O, K,) inf. n. غَرَفٌ, (S, O,) The camels had a complaint (S, O, K) of their bellies (O, K) from eating غَرْف [q. v.]. (S, O, K.) 5 تَغَرَّفَنِى He took everything that was with me: (K, TA:) so in the Tekmileh. (TA.) 7 انغرف It (a thing) became cut, or cut off. (S, O, K.) b2: And It bent, or became bent: (Yaakoob, TA:) and some say, it broke, or became broken: (TA:) [and ↓ غَرَفَ, inf. n. غَرْفٌ, app. has both of these meanings; for] الغَرْفُ, accord. to IAar, signifies The bending, or becoming bent; and the breaking, or becoming broken. (TA.) انغرف said of a bone means It broke, or became broken: and said of a branch, or stick, or the like, it became broken, but not thoroughly. (TA.) b3: And He died. (TA.) 8 إِغْتَرَفَ see 1, first sentence. غَرْفٌ and ↓ غَرَفٌ, (S, K,) the latter mentioned by Yaakoob, (S,) A species of trees, (شَجَرٌ,) with which one tans; (S, K;) when dry, [said to be] what are termed ثُمَام: (TA: [but perhaps this statement applies particularly to غَرَفٌ, which see below: and see also ثُمَامٌ:]) accord. to A'Obeyd, called غَرْفٌ and غَلْفٌ [q. v.]: AHn says, the غرف is a species of trees from which bows are made; [see عِضَاهٌ;] and no one tans with it; but Kz says that its leaves may be used for tanning therewith, though bows be made of its branches: and Aboo-Mohammad mentions, on the authority of As, that one tans with the leaves of the ↓ غَرَف, and not with its branches: El-Báhilee says that غَرْفٌ signifies certain skins, not such as are termed قَرَظِيَّة, [i. e. not tanned with قَرَظ, but] tanned, in Hejer, in the following manner: one takes for them sprigs (هَدَب) of the أَرْطَى, and puts them in a mortar, and pounds them, then throws upon them dates, whereupon there comes forth from them an altered odour, after which a certain quantity is laded out for each skin, which is then tanned therewith; and the term غَرْف is applied to that which is laded out, and to every quantity of skin from that mash, to one and to all alike: but Az says, the غَرْف with which skins are tanned is well known, of the trees of the desert (البَادِيَة), and, he says, I have seen it; and what I hold is this, that the skins termed غَرْفِيَّة are thus termed in relation to the species of trees called the غَرْف, not to what is laded out: As says that الغَرْفُ, with the ر quiescent, signifies certain skins that are brought from El-Bahreyn. (TA.) غَرَفٌ, (O, K, TA,) accord. to AA, (O,) or IAar, (T, TA,) i. q. ثُمَامٌ [Panic grass]; (O, K, TA;) not used for tanning therewith; and accord. to Az, this that IAar says is correct: AHn says that when it becomes dry, and one chews it, its odour is likened to that of camphor: (TA:) or ثُمَام while green: (K:) or one of the species of ثُمَام, which resembles rushes (أَسَل,) of which brooms are made, and with which water-bags of leather are covered to protect them from the sun so that the water becomes cool: (A 'Obeyd, TA:) the n. un. is with ة. (AHn, O.) And, (O, K,) accord. to Skr, (O,) The شَثّ, and طُبَّاق, and نَشَم [thus (correctly) in the O, but in the K بَشَم], and عَفَار [in the CK غَفار], and عُتْم, and صَوْم, and حَبَج, and شَدْن, and حَيَّهَل [or حَيَّهْل], and هَيْشَر, and ضُرْم [thus in the O and in some copies of the K] or ضِرْم [thus in other copies of the K]: every one of these is called غَرَف. (O, K.) b2: See also غَرْفٌ, in two places. b3: Also The leaves of trees (K, TA) with which tanning is performed. (TA.) غَرْفَةٌ A single act of taking [or lading out] water with the hand [as with a ladle: and in like manner also with a ladle: see 1, first sentence]. (S, * Mgh, * Msb, * K.) A2: And A single act of cutting, or cutting off, a thing: or of clipping the forelock of a horse. (K, * TA.) غُرْفَةٌ The quantity of water that is taken [or laded out] with the hand [as with a ladle]; (JK, S, * Mgh, * O, Msb, * K;) as much thereof as fills the hand; (JK;) and ↓ غُرَافَةٌ signifies the same: (O, K:) before it is so taken it is not termed غُرْفَة: (S, K:) the pl. is غِرَافٌ. (S, Msb, K.) b2: and [hence, app.,] Somewhat remaining, of milk. (IAar, TA in art. جزع.) A2: Also i. q. عُِلِّيَّةٌ; (S, O, Msb, K;) i. e. [An upper chamber; or] a chamber in the upper, or uppermost, story: (Har p. 325:) pl. غُرَفٌ and غُرَفَاتٌ (S, O, Msb, K) which latter is held by some to be a pl. pl. (Msb) and غُرُفَاتٌ and غُرْفَاتٌ. (S, O, Msb, K.) b2: and الغُرْفَةُ signifies The Seventh Heaven: (S, * O, * K:) or the highest of the places of Paradise: or it is one of the names of Paradise. (Bd in xxv. 75.) Accord. to the S [and O], the phrase دُونَ غُرْفَةِ عَرْشِهِ occurs in a verse of Lebeed, as applying to the Seventh Heaven: but what is [found] in his poetry is دُونَ عِزَّةِ عَرْشِهِ. (IB, TA.) A3: Also A lock (خُصْلَة) of hair. (O, K.) b2: And A rope, or cord, tied with a bow, or double bow, (مَعْقُودٌ بِأُنْشُوطَةٍ, O, K,) which is put upon the head, (O,) or hung upon the neck, (K,) of a camel: (O, K:) of the dial. of El-Yemen. (TA.) غِرْفَةٌ A mode, or manner, of taking [or lading out] water with the hand [as with a ladle]. (K.) A2: And A sandal: pl. غِرَفٌ: (K:) of the dial. of Asad. (TA.) [See also غَرِيفَةٌ.]

غَرْفِىٌّ applied to a سِقَآء [or skin for water or for milk], (S, O, K,) and غَرْفِيَّةٌ applied to a مَزَادَة [or leathern water-bag], (S, O,) Tanned with the species of tree called غَرْف: (S, O, K:) Aboo-Kheyreh says that the [skins termed] غرفيّة are of El-Yemen and El-Bahreyn: and accord. to AHn, one says ↓ مَزَادَةٌ غَرَفِيَّةٌ and قِرْبَةٌ غَرَفِيَّةٌ; and the pl. غَرَفِيَّاتٌ occurs in a verse [in which the ر cannot be quiescent], cited by As. (TA.) b2: مَزَادَةٌ غَرْفِيَّةٌ signifies also [A leathern water-bag] full: or, as some say, tanned with dates and [the tree called] أَرْطَى and salt. (TA.) غَرَفِيَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

غِرَافٌ A certain large measure of capacity; (S, K;) like جِرَافٌ; (S;) also called قَنْقَلٌ [q. v.]. (S, K.) b2: And pl. of غُرْفَةٌ in the first of the meanings assigned to it above. (S, Msb, K.) غَرُوفٌ A well (بِئْرٌ) of which the water is taken [or laded out] with the hand. (O, L, K.) b2: And A large bucket (غَرْبٌ) that takes up much water; (O, K;) as also ↓ غَرِيفٌ; (K;) and غَرِيفَةٌ is applied [in the same sense] to a [bucket termed] دَلْو. (Lth, TA.) غَرِيفٌ: see what next precedes.

A2: Also i. q. قَصْبَآءُ [i. e. Reeds, or canes; or a collection, or bed, thereof; or a place where reeds, or canes, grow]: and [the kind of high, coarse grass called]

حَلْفَآء [q. v.]: and i. q. غَيْضَةٌ [i. e. a collection of tangled, or confused, or dense, trees; &c.]: (AHn, O, K, TA: [but for غَيْضَة, which is thus in the K accord. to the TA, as well as in the O, many (app. most) of the copies of the K have غَيْفَة, a mistranscription:]) and water [in such a collection of trees, &c., i. e.,] in an أَجَمَة; (S, O, K;) thus expl. by Lth; (TA;) said to have this meaning in a verse (S, O, TA) of El-Aashà; (O, TA;) but pronounced by Az incorrect: (TA:) and numerous tangled, or confused, or dense, trees, of any kind; (S, O, K;) as also ↓ غَرِيفَةٌ: (ISd, K:) or a dense collection (أَجَمَةٌ) of papyrus-plants and of حَلْفَآء [mentioned above] (K, TA) and of reeds, or canes; (TA;) and sometimes of the [trees called] ضَال and سَلَم: (AHn, K, TA:) pl. غُرُفٌ. (O.) غِرْيَفٌ A species of trees, (Aboo-Nasr, S, O, K,) of a soft, or weak, kind, (Aboo-Nasr, O, K,) like the غَرَب: (Aboo-Nasr, O:) or the papyrus-plant. (AHn, O, K.) غُرَافَةٌ: see غُرْفَةٌ, first sentence.

غَرِيفَةٌ A piece of leather, about a span in length, and empty, in the lower part of the [receptacle called] قِرَاب of a sword, dangling; and [sometimes] it has notches cut in it, and is ornamented. (S, O, K.) b2: And A sandal, (S, O, K,) in the dial. of Benoo-Asad, (S, O,) and used also by the tribe of Teiyi: (Sh, TA:) [see also غِرْفَةٌ:] or an old and worn-out sandal. (Lh, K.) A2: See also غَرِيفٌ.

غَرَّافٌ A river, or channel of running water, having much water. (O, K.) b2: And A copious rain: occurring in this sense in a verse: or, as some relate it, the word is there عَزَّاف [q. v.]. (TA.) b3: And A horse wide in step; that takes much of the ground with his legs. (AZ, O, K. *) غَارِفَةٌ, applied to a she-camel, Swift; pl. غَوَارِفُ: and one says also ↓ خَيْلٌ مَغَارِفُ [Swift horses; app. likened, in respect of the action of their fore legs, to men lading out water with their hands; for it is added,] كَأَنَّهَا تَغْرِفُ الجَرْىَ: and فَارِسٌ

↓ مِغْرَفٌ [A swift horseman]. (O, K.) A2: الغَارِفَة which is forbidden by the Prophet is a word of the measure فَاعِلَة in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولَة, (O, K,) like رَاضِيَة in the phrase عِيشَةٌ رَاضِيَةٌ, (O,) and means What a woman cuts, and makes even, or uniform, fashioned in the manner of a طُرَّة [q. v., but for مُطَرَّرَةً, the reading of the K given in the TA, the CK and my MS. copy of the K have مُطَرَّزَة, and thus too has the O but without the teshdeed], upon the middle of her جَبِين [here meaning forehead]: (O, K, TA:) thus says Az: (TA:) or it is an inf. n., meaning الغَرْف, like اللَّاغِيَة (O, K, TA) and الرَّاغِيَة and الثَّاغِيَة; (O, TA;) or, accord. to Az, it is a subst. similar to رَاغِيَة and لَاغِيَة; and the meaning is, the clipping of the front hair, fashioned in the manner of a طُرَّة (مُطَرَّرَةً), upon the جَبِين: or, accord. to El-Khattábee, the meaning is, the clipper of her front hair on the occasion of an affliction. (TA.) مِغْرَفٌ, and the pl. مَغَارِفُ: see the next preceding paragraph, first sentence.

مِغْرَفَةٌ [A ladle; i. e.] the thing with which is performed the act of lading out (مَا يُغْرَفُ بِهِ, S, O, Msb, K) [water &c., or] food: pl. مَغَارِفُ. (Msb.)
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