William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
2987. غش7 2988. غشم13 2989. غص6 2990. غصب17 2991. غصن12 2992. غض52993. غضب17 2994. غضر13 2995. غضرف7 2996. غضف13 2997. غضفر8 2998. غضن12 2999. غضو2 3000. غط5 3001. غطرف14 3002. غطس12 3003. غطش15 3004. غطف12 3005. غطل8 3006. غطم8 3007. غطمط5 3008. غف4 3009. غفر20 3010. غفص10 3011. غفل18 3012. غفو8 3013. غل6 3014. غلب19 3015. غلت15 3016. غلث8 3017. غلس14 3018. غلصم11 3019. غلط14 3020. غلظ16 3021. غلف18 3022. غلق18 3023. غلم17 3024. غلو12 3025. غلى5 3026. غم6 3027. غمت7 3028. غمد16 3029. غمر18 3030. غمز14 3031. غمس15 3032. غمص12 3033. غمض17 3034. غمط14 3035. غمل10 3036. غمن8 3037. غمه1 3038. غمى5 3039. غن5 3040. غنج10 3041. غندب5 3042. غنظ10 3043. غنم17 3044. غنو4 3045. غنى8 3046. غهب13 3047. غو2 3048. غوث14 3049. غوج6 3050. غور19 3051. غوص15 3052. غوط18 3053. غوغ8 3054. غول20 3055. غوى9 3056. غيب17 3057. غيث13 3058. غيد8 3059. غير17 3060. غيض21 3061. غيط5 3062. غيظ14 3063. غيف11 3064. غيق6 3065. غيل21 3066. غيم12 3067. غين13 3068. ف9 3069. فأ1 3070. فأت6 3071. فأد11 3072. فأر13 3073. فأس12 3074. فأل10 3075. فأم11 3076. فأو7 3077. فا4 3078. فالوذ2 3079. فاوانيا1 3080. فت3 3081. فتأ11 3082. فتح18 3083. فتخ12 3084. فتر16 3085. فتش13 3086. فتق18 Prev. 100
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غض

1 غَضَّ طَرْفَهُ, (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. يَغُضُّ, (Msb, * TA,) [and يَغْضُضْ may be used, in the dial. of El-Hijáz, instead of its contracted form يَغُضَّ,] imp. غُضَّ, (S, A,) in the dial. of Nejd, (S,) and اُغْضُضْ, in the dial. of El-Hijáz, (S,) inf. n. غَضٌّ (Msb, K) and غِضَاضٌ, with kesr, (A, K,) and غَضَاضٌ and غَضَاضَةٌ, with fet-h, (K,) He lowered his eye, or eyes; (S, A, Msb, K;) as also غَضَّ مِنْ طَرْفِهِ; (Msb;) [the من being redundant, accord. to some; but see what is said on this point below:] and he contracted his eye, or eyes; syn. كَسَرَهُ; [so as to wrinkle the lids;] or he blinked; i. e. he contracted his eyelids, or drew them near together, and looked: [this signification is very common:] and he contracted (كَسَرَ) his eye, or eyes, and looked towards the ground, not opening his eye [or eyes]: and sometimes it indicates a state of abasement. (TA.) Also غَضَّ alone, inf. n. غَضَاضَةٌ, He contracted his eyelids; like أَغْضَى: he looked languishingly. (TA.) It is said in the Kur [xxiv. 30], قُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ يَغُضُّوا مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِمْ, in which some of the grammarians hold من to be redundant; but the meaning is obvious, i. e. [Say thou to the believers] that they shall abridge their look, or view, from what is prohibited to them: (Sgh:) or that they shall restrain somewhat of their look, or view. (TA.) b2: [And hence,] (assumed tropical:) He bore with forgiveness and silence what was disagreeable, or hateful, or evil. (S, A, K.) b3: غَضَّ صَوْتَهُ, (Msb,) or مِنْ صَوْتِهِ, (S, TA,) or both, (Msb,) in like manner signifies He lowered his voice. (S, Msb.) It is said in the Kur [xxxi. 18], وَاغْضُضْ مِنْ صَوْتِكَ, (S, A,) i. e. And lower thy voice: or diminish the loudness of thy voice. (TA.) b4: غَضَّ مِنْ لِجَامِ فَرَسِهِ He lowered the rein of his horse, in order to lessen his sharpness of temper. (A, TA. *) b5: غَضَّ مِنْهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. يَغُضُّ, (S, TA,) inf. n. غَضٌّ (Msb, TA) and غَضَاضَةٌ, (Msb,) He lowered and lessened his estimation, dignity, or rank: (S, K, TA:) or he detracted from his reputation; or attributed or imputed to him, charged him with, or accused him of, a vice, fault, or the like: (Msb:) and, inf. n. غَضَاضَةٌ, he disdained it, or scorned it; as also مِنْهُ ↓ اغتضّ. ('Alee Ibn-Hamzeh, TA.) b6: Also غَضَّهُ, (K,) aor. as above, inf. n. غَضٌّ, (TA,) He lessened it, diminished it, or made it defective or deficient; (K, TA;) and so ↓ غَضْغَضَهُ, (K,) inf. n. غَصْغَضَةٌ. (TA.) You say غَضَضْتُ السِّقَآءَ I lessened, diminished, or made defective or deficient, [the contents of] the skin. (Msb.) and المَآءَ ↓ غَضْغَضْتُ I lessened, &c., the water. (S.) And ↓ فُلَانٌ بَحْرٌ لَا يُغَضْغَضُ Such a one is a sea, or great river, that will not be lessened, &c.: (S:) or that will not become exhausted. (Har p. 418.) [See also R. Q. 1 below, and R. Q. 2.] and [you make the former verb doubly trans., saying,] مَا غَضَضْتُكَ شَيْئًا I have not abridged thee, deprived thee, or defrauded thee, of anything. (TA.) and لَا أَغُضُّكَ دِرْهَمًا I will not abridge thee, deprive thee, or defraud thee, of a dirhem. (TA.) You also say, غَضَّ مِنَ الشَّعَرِ He shortened the hair. (M in art. قصر.) And [in like manner] one says, غَضَّ مِنْ رَأْسِهِ, i. q. طَمَّ رَأْسَهُ. (K voce طَمَّ, q. v.) b7: Also He broke it (i. e. a branch, or stick, or the like,) but did not break it thoroughly; (L, K, TA;) and so ↓ غضّضهُ. (L, TA.) b8: And غَضَضْتُهُ also signifies I withheld, restrained, or prevented, it; whatever it were. (S.) [Hence the phrase in the Kur xxiv, 30, accord. to an explanation given above.] You say غَضَّ العَذْلَ, or المَلَامَةَ, aor. as above, inf. n. غَصٌّ, He withheld blame. (Lth.) And you say to a rider, in asking him to stop a little where you are, غُضَّ سَاعَةً, (TA,) and اُغْضُضْ لِى سَاعَةً, (A, TA,) i. e. Restrain for me thy beast, and stop, or pause, where I am, a while. (A, TA.) A2: غَضَّ, [first pers. غَضَضْتُ,] aor. يَغِضُّ; (Msb;) or the first pers. is غَضِضْتُ and غَضَضْتُ, (S, K,) and the aor. of each is يَغَضُّ; (K;) or, accord. to the T, some say غَضِضْتَ, aor. تَغَضُّ, and some say غَضَضْتَ, aor. تَغَضُّ: (IB, TA;) but the latter of these requires consideration; (TA;) inf. n. غُضُوضَةٌ (IAar, S, K) and غَضَاضَةٌ; (S, K;) or the former only, accord to Alee Ibn-Hamzeh; but the saying بَضَاضَةٌ and بُضُوضَةٌ, to denote the quality of that which is termed بَضٌّ, strengthens what J says [in the S] with respect to غَضَاضَةٌ; (IB;) It (a thing) was, or became, fresh, juicy, sappy, moist, not flaccid. (S, Msb:) or flourishing and fresh; or luxuriant: (IAar:) or beautiful and bright: (K:) and غَضَّتْ, aor. تَغِضُّ and تَغَضُّ, inf. n. غَضَاضَةٌ and غُضُوضَةٌ, said of a woman, (tropical:) she was, or became, fine-skinned, or thin-skinned, so that the blood appeared [through the skin]. (Lh, TA.) 2 غضّض: see 1, latter half.

A2: Also, inf. n. تَغْضِيضٌ, He ate what is termed غَضّ, (K, TA,) i. e. the طَلْع [or spadix of a palm-tree]: (TA:) or he became thin-skinned, and plump, and soft, or tender: (O, K:) or he became affected with languor and abasement; (K, TA;) or, as in the Tekmileh, with softness, or tenderness. (TA.) 7 انغضّ الطَّرْفُ i. q. انْغَمَضَ: (S, TA:) [or the former more probably signifies The eye, or eyes, became contracted: and the latter, the eye, or eyes, became closed.]8 إِغْتَضَ3َ see 1, near the middle. R. Q. 1 غَضْغَضَهُ, inf. n. غَضْغَضَةٌ: see 1, near the middle, in three places.

A2: عَضْغَضَ [inf. n. as above] is also intrans. (TA.) See R. Q. 2. b2: It likewise signifies It (for instance a sea, or a large river, TA) became scanty, or little in quantity, and sank into the earth, or disappeared in the earth; or became scanty, or little in quantity; or decreased: (K, TA:) or went away. (TA.) In the TS, the inf. n. is expl. by غَيْظ, which is an abominable mistake for غَيْض. (TA.) b3: and غَضْغَضَةٌ also signifies A man's speaking indistinctly. (TA.) b4: And The boiling of a cooking-pot. (IKtt, TA.) R. Q. 2 تغَضْغَضَ It (water, and a sea, or great river, S) decreased, diminished, lessened, or became defective, or deficient; (S, K;) as also ↓ غَضْغَضَ, (TA,) inf. n. غَضْغَضَةٌ. (Msb.) Yousay, مَاتَ فُلَانٌ بِبِطْنَتِهِ لَمْ يَتَغَضْغَضْ مِنْهَا شَىْءٌ Such a one died with his property abundant, (S,) or complete; nothing thereof having been given away by him; a prov. relating to the death of the niggard. (A 'Obeyd.) And 'Amr Ibn-El-'As said, alluding to the death of Ibn-'Owf. خَرَجْتَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا بِبِطْنَتِكَ وَلَمْ تَتَغَضْغَضْ مِنْهَا شَيْئًا, meaning Thou hast died with thy religion unimpaired: (A 'Obeyd:) i. e. he had not been occupied with any office of authority or administration where by his recompense might be diminished. (Az.) Yousay also مَطَرٌ لَا يَتَغَضْغَضُ Rain that will not cease (TA.) غَضٌّ Fresh; juicy; sappy: moist; not flaccid; (S, Msb, K;) applied to a thing, (S, Msb,) whatever it be; (TA;) as also ↓ غَضِيضً. (S. K,) Hence the trad. مَنْ سَرَّهُ أَنْ يَقْرَأُ القُرْآنَ غَضًّا كَمَا نَزَلَ فَلْيَقْرَأْ قِرَآءَةَ ابْنِ أَمِّ عَبْدٍ [He who is rejoiced or pleased, to read the Kur-an freshly, who as it descended, let him read according to the reading of Ibn-Umm-'Abd]. (TA.) b2: A calf recently born: pl. غِضَاضٌ. (K.) b3: Anything (S) beautiful and bright; (S, K;,) as (assumed tropical:) youth, and the like: (S;) or غَضٌّ applied to youth, and غَضَّةٌ applied to a woman, (tropical:) i. q. بَضٌّ and بَضَّةٌ thinskinned, or fine-skinned, and plump: &c. j: (A:) or the latter, applied to a woman, (tropical:) thin-shinned, or fine-skinned, so that the blood appears [though the skin]; (Lh:) and ↓ غَضِيضَةٌ also is thus applied like غَضَّةٌ. (TA.) You say also, شَىْءٌ بَضٌّ غَضٌّ, and ↓ بَاضٌّ غَاضٌّ A thing fresh, &c., and beautiful and bright; [in a flourishing condition;] not changed, or altered [for the worse]. (TA.) and نَبْتُ غَضٌّ A [fresh and flourishing and] tender plant. (TA.) And ظِلٌّ غَضٌّ (assumed tropical:) Shade which the sun has not reached; like a plant which the sun has not reached. (TA.) b4: The spadix of a palm-tree; syn. طَلْعٌ; as also ↓ غَضِيضٌ: (IAar:) or both signify a tender طَلْع: (K:) or a tender طَلْع when it appears: (TA:) or the latter, a طَلْع when it appears: (As, S:) or the same, fruit when it first comes forth. (TA.) غُضَّةٌ: see غَضَاضَةٌ.

A2: Also A sufficiency of the means of subsistence; like غُبَّةٌ. (TA in art. غب.) غَضِيضٌ, applied to an eye, or eyes, (طَرْف,) Lowered: (A, TA:) contracted: having the lids contracted, or drawn near together, and so looking: contracted, and looking towards the ground: (TA:) languishing: (K, TA:) and so ↓ مَغْضُوضٌ, in all these senses: (TA:) and the former, so applied, [and app. the latter also,] having the eyelids relaxed, or flaccid. (TA.) You say, ظَبْىٌ غَضِيضُ الطَّرْفِ A gazelle having languishing eyes. (S.) And إِنَّكَ لغَضِيضُ الطَّرْفِ نَقِىُّ الظرْفِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) [Verily] thou art faithful, not treacherous; by الظَّرْف being meant وِعَاؤُهُ. (TA.) b2: [Lowered and lessened in estimation, dignity, or rank: (see غَضَّ مِنْهُ:)] defective or deficient [in good qualities]; (K;) and, in consequence thereof, (TA,) low, mean, or vile: (A, K:) pl. أَغِضَّةٌ (K) and أَغِضَّآءُ. (TA.) b3: Lessened; diminished; made defective or deficient. (TA.) A2: See also غَضٌّ, in three places.

غَضَاضَةٌ, [an inf. n., of which the verb is not mentioned in senses agreeing with those here following,] (S, A, K,) and ↓ غَضِيضَةٌ and ↓ مَغَضَّةٌ (IAar, K) and ↓ غُضَّةٌ, (Ibn- 'Abbád, K,) A defect, an imperfection, a fault, a vice, or the like: and lowness, meanness, or vileness: (S, A, Mgh, K:) and the first, [or all,] languor, or want of power. (TA.) You say, لَيْسَ عَلَيْكَ فِى هٰذَا الأَمْرِ غَضَاضَةٌ There is not, or will not be, charged against thee, in, or with respect to, this affair, lowness, &c.; or any defect, &c.; (S, TA;) or languor, or want of power. (TA.) And ↓ مَا أَرَدْتُ بِدٰلِكَ غَضِيضَةَ فُلَانٍ, and ↓ مَغَضَّتَهُ, I desired not, or meant not, thereby, to attribute any defect, imperfection, fault, vice, or the like, to such a one. (IAar.) غَضِيضَةٌ: see غَضَاضَةٌ, in two places.

غَاضٌّ: see غَضٌّ.

مَغَضَّةٌ: see غَضَاضَةٌ, in two places.

مَغْضُوضٌ: see غَضِيضٌ.
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