William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3055. غوى9 3056. غيب17 3057. غيث13 3058. غيد8 3059. غير17 3060. غيض213061. غيط5 3062. غيظ14 3063. غيف11 3064. غيق6 3065. غيل21 3066. غيم12 3067. غين13 3068. ف9 3069. فأ1 3070. فأت6 3071. فأد11 3072. فأر13 3073. فأس12 3074. فأل10 3075. فأم11 3076. فأو7 3077. فا4 3078. فالوذ2 3079. فاوانيا1 3080. فت3 3081. فتأ11 3082. فتح18 3083. فتخ12 3084. فتر16 3085. فتش13 3086. فتق18 3087. فتك14 3088. فتكر4 3089. فتل19 3090. فتن15 3091. فتو4 3092. فث4 3093. فثأ10 3094. فثج8 3095. فثر8 3096. فثى4 3097. فج4 3098. فجأ13 3099. فجر19 3100. فجس7 3101. فجع11 3102. فجل11 3103. فجن6 3104. فجو9 3105. فح4 3106. فحث5 3107. فحج11 3108. فحس5 3109. فحش16 3110. فحص17 3111. فحل12 3112. فحم16 3113. فحو8 3114. فخ3 3115. فخت10 3116. فخذ11 3117. فخر14 3118. فخم10 3119. فد3 3120. فدح12 3121. فدخ5 3122. فدر11 3123. فدع13 3124. فدغ12 3125. فدم16 3126. فدن12 3127. فدى8 3128. فذ4 3129. فر5 3130. فرأ11 3131. فربيون2 3132. فرت16 3133. فرتن7 3134. فرث14 3135. فرج21 3136. فرجن8 3137. فرح16 3138. فرخ15 3139. فرد14 3140. فردوس1 3141. فرز14 3142. فرزن4 3143. فرس19 3144. فرسخ8 3145. فرسق2 3146. فرسك6 3147. فرسن8 3148. فرش17 3149. فرشح11 3150. فرص19 3151. فرصد8 3152. فرض20 3153. فرط21 3154. فرطح7 Prev. 100
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غيض

1 غَاضَ, aor. يَغِيضُ, inf. n. غَيْضٌ (S, A, Msb, K) and مَغَاضٌ (Msb, K) and مَغِيضٌ, (TA,) It (water) became scanty, or little in quantity, and sank into the earth, or disappeared in the earth: (S, and so in some copies of the K:) or became scanty, or little in quantity, and decreased, or diminished, or became deficient: (A, and so in some copies of the K:) or sank into the earth, and went away: (TA:) or went away into the earth; (Msb;) [contr. of فَاضَ, aor. يَفِيضُ;] as also ↓ انغاض, (S, K,) which is of the dial. of El-Hijáz. (TA.) b2: It (a thing, Msb, a flow of milk, TA, and (assumed tropical:) the price of a commodity, S, Msb, K) decreased, or diminished, or became deficient. (S, Msb, K.) b3: وَمَا تَغِيضُ الْأَرْحَامُ وَمَا تَزْدَادُ, (S, * K, * TA,) in the Kur [xiii. 9], (S,) means And the wombs' falling short [of completion or of what is usual], (Akh, S, Bd,) and their exceeding [therein], in respect of the body [of the fœtus], and the period of gestation, and the number borne: (Bd:) or, as some say, in respect of the menstrual blood: (Bd:) or the wombs' falling short of the nine months (Zj, O, L, and so in copies of the K, but in others seven months,) of gestation, and their exceeding the nine [or seven] months: (Zj, O, L:) or the wombs' falling short of completion, so that the fœtus dies, and their exceeding so that the gestation becomes complete: and accord. to this explanation, the reading of seven months in the K may be correct: see also Katádeh's explanation of غَيْضٌ, below, which favours this reading. (TA.) b4: You say also, غَاضَ الكِرَامُ وَفَاضَ اللِّئَامُ (S, A) (tropical:) The generous became few, (S, TA,) and failed, or perished, (TA,) and the mean became many. (S.) A2: غَاضَهُ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. as above, inf. n. غَيْضٌ, (TA,) He (God, S, Msb) made it (i. e. water) to become scanty, or little in quantity, and to sink into the earth, or disappear in the earth: (S:) or made it to decrease, or diminish, or become deficient: (K:) or made it to go away into the earth: (Msb:) and ↓ اغاضهُ signifies the same; (S, A, K;) and so does ↓ غيّضهُ, inf. n. تَغْيِيضٌ: (TA:) thus the first of these verbs is trans. as well as intrans. (S.) [It is said in the Kur xi. 46,] وَغِيضَ الْمَآءُ (S, A) And the water was made to become scanty, &c.: (S:) or was made to decrease, or diminish. (A, * Bd.) and hence the saying of 'Áïsheh, describing her father, وَغَاضَ نَبْعَ الرِّدَّةِ (assumed tropical:) And he did away with what appeared of apostacy. (TA.) You say also, دَمْعَهُ ↓ غيّض, (S, * K,) inf. n. as above, (K,) He made his tears to diminish, (S, K,) and restrained them: (S:) or he took the tears from his eye and dashed them away. (Th.) A poet says, (TA,) namely, Jereer, (O and TA in art. غبض,) مِنْ عَبَرَاتِهِنَّ وَقُلْنَ لِى ↓ غَيَّضْنَ مَا ذَا لَقِيتَ مِنَ الهَوَى وَلَقِينَا meaning They made their tears to flow until they exhausted them [and they said to me, What is it that thou hast experienced, of love, and we have experienced?]: ISd says that من here denotes some; or it may be redundant, accord. to the opinion of Abu-l-Hasan; for he holds that it may be so in affirmative [as well as negative] phrases, mentioning, as an instance, قَدْ كَانَ مِنْ مَطَرٍ, meaning قَدْ كَانَ مَطَرٌ. (TA.) One relation of this verse gives غَبَّضْنَ; but the former is the right. (O and TA in art. غبض.) b2: Also He opened a way, passage, or channel, for it (namely water) to flow forth to a مَغِيض [q. v.]. (Msb.) b3: (assumed tropical:) He diminished it, namely the price of a commodity; (Ks, S, Msb, K;) as also ↓ اغاضهُ. (K.) b4: And He caused him to suffer loss, or detriment; and wronged, or injured, him. (ISd, TA.) 2 غيّضهُ: see 1, latter half, in three places.

A2: غيّض said of a lion He frequented, or kept to, the غَيْضَة [q. v.]. (S, Sgh, L, K.) 4 اغاضهُ: see 1, latter half, in two places.7 إِنْغَيَضَ see 1, first sentence.

غَيْضٌ An abortive fœtus, not completely formed; (Katádeh, K;) i. e. less than seven months old. (TA.) A2: (tropical:) Little; or a small quantity: as in the saying, or in أَعْطَاهُ غَيْضًا مِنْ فَيْضٍ (tropical:) He gave him little from much. (S, A, K.) A3: An abundance of the trees called أَعْلَاث; i. e. طَرْفَآء and أَثْل and حَاج and عِكْرِش and يَنْبُوت. (TA.) [See also غَيْضَةٌ.]

غِيضٌ The طَلْع [or spadix of a palm-tree]; (IAar, IDrd, O, K, TA;) like غَضِيضٌ and إِغْرِيضٌ: (TA:) or the عَجَم (AA, O, K) [thus correctly (in the CK عُجْم) evidently, I think, here meaning the heart (commonly called جُمَّار q. v.) of the palm-tree (the only produce that is eaten except the dates)] that comes forth, or coming forth, (K,) or that has not come forth, (O,) from [amid] its [membranous fibres termed]

لِيف [q. v.], and all of which is eaten. (AA, O, K.) غَيْضَةٌ A thicket; syn. أَجَمَةٌ; i. e. a collection of tangled, or confused, or dense, trees: (Mgh, Msb:) or an أَجَمَة; i. e. a ↓ مَغِيض [q. v.] of water collected together, in which, in consequence thereof, trees grow: (S:) or an أَجَمَة: and a place in which is a collection of trees in a مَغِيض of water: (K:) or particularly, of [trees of the willow-kind called] غَرَب; not of all trees; (AHn, O, K;) accord. to the first Arabs of the desert; but this is at variance with what we find in the poems of the Arabs; for Ru-beh, for instance, makes it to consist of fruit-bearing trees and trees not fruit-bearing, and makes it to be a غَابَة: (AHn, O:) [see also غَيْنَةٌ:] pl. [of pauc.] أَغْيَاضٌ (S, K) and [of mult.] غِيَاضٌ (S, Mgh, Msb, K) and غَيْضَاتٌ: (Msb:) the first of these being formed with disregard of the augmentative [ة]; not being a pl. pl., for this is not so formed: (TA:) any غَرَب in Nejd adjacent to the غَرَب of the cultivated lands, when they are collected therein, are termed غِيَاض. (O, TA.) [See also غَيْضٌ.]

غَائِض as used in the following verse, إِلَى اللّٰهِ أَشْكُو مِنْ خَلِيلٍ أَوَدُّهُ ثَلَاثَ خِلَالٍ كُلُّهَا لِىَ غَائِضُ is said by some to mean غَائِظ, the ض being substituted for ظ; [so that the verse should be rendered, To God I complain of three qualities, or habits, of a friend whom I love, every one of which is to me such as angers;] thus says IJ: but ISd says that it may be without substitution, from غَاضَهُ as expl. in the last sentence of the first paragraph of this art.; and thus the meaning may be, such as causes me to suffer loss, or detriment, and such as wrongs, or injures, me. (TA.) مَغِيضٌ is an inf. n. (TA. [See 1, first sentence.]) b2: And also the pass. part. n. of غَاضَهُ; applied to water. (Msb, TA. *) b3: And a n. of place, signifying A place where water sinks, or goes away, into the earth: (Msb, TA:) or مَغِيضُ مَآءٍ signifies a place where water enters [into the earth]: and a place where water collects: (Mgh:) see also غَيْضَةٌ: pl. مَغَايِضُ. (Mgh.)
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