William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3066. غيم13 3067. غين14 3068. ف10 3069. فأ1 3070. فأت6 3071. فأد113072. فأر13 3073. فأس12 3074. فأل10 3075. فأم11 3076. فأو7 3077. فا4 3078. فالوذ2 3079. فاوانيا1 3080. فت3 3081. فتأ11 3082. فتح19 3083. فتخ13 3084. فتر17 3085. فتش14 3086. فتق19 3087. فتك15 3088. فتكر4 3089. فتل19 3090. فتن16 3091. فتو5 3092. فث4 3093. فثأ10 3094. فثج9 3095. فثر9 3096. فثى4 3097. فج4 3098. فجأ13 3099. فجر20 3100. فجس8 3101. فجع12 3102. فجل12 3103. فجن6 3104. فجو10 3105. فح4 3106. فحث6 3107. فحج12 3108. فحس6 3109. فحش17 3110. فحص18 3111. فحل13 3112. فحم17 3113. فحو9 3114. فخ3 3115. فخت11 3116. فخذ12 3117. فخر15 3118. فخم11 3119. فد3 3120. فدح13 3121. فدخ6 3122. فدر13 3123. فدع14 3124. فدغ13 3125. فدم17 3126. فدن13 3127. فدى8 3128. فذ4 3129. فر5 3130. فرأ11 3131. فربيون2 3132. فرت17 3133. فرتن8 3134. فرث15 3135. فرج22 3136. فرجن9 3137. فرح17 3138. فرخ16 3139. فرد15 3140. فردوس1 3141. فرز15 3142. فرزن5 3143. فرس20 3144. فرسخ9 3145. فرسق2 3146. فرسك6 3147. فرسن8 3148. فرش18 3149. فرشح12 3150. فرص20 3151. فرصد9 3152. فرض21 3153. فرط22 3154. فرطح8 3155. فرع21 3156. فرعن10 3157. فرغ20 3158. فرفخ7 3159. فرق23 3160. فرقد7 3161. فرقع13 3162. فرك18 3163. فرم14 3164. فرن12 3165. فرنب4 Prev. 100
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أد1 فَأَدَهُ, (T, S, M, A, L, K,) aor. فَاَ^َ, inf. n. فَأْدٌ, (M, L,) He, or it, hit, struck, smote, affected, or hurt, his (a man's, K) فُؤَاد [or heart, &c.]: (S, M, L, K:) he hit, or smote, him, (AZ, T,) or shot, or shot at, and hit, or smote, him, namely a gazelle, (A,) or an animal of the chase, (AZ, T,) in his فُؤَاد. (AZ, T, A.) b2: And, said of a disease, (S,) and of fear, (A,) It smote, or affected, his فُؤَاد: (S, A:) or, said of fear, it rendered him cowardly. (K.) b3: And فُئِدَ, (T, M, A, L, K,) inf. n. فَأْدٌ; (M, L;) and فَئِدَ; (K;) He had a disease in his فُؤَاد: (T:) or he had a complaint thereof: (M, L, K:) or he had a pain therein: (K:) or he was, or became, hit, struck, smitten, affected, or hurt, therein. (A.) A2: فَأَدَ الخُبْزَةَ, (T, S, M, L,) or الخُبْزَ, (K,) aor. as above, and so the inf. n., (M, L,) He put the cake of bread, or lump of dough, (T, S,) or the bread, (K,) into the hot ashes; (T, S, K;) and baked it therein: (T:) or he toasted [or baked] (M, L) the cake of bread, or lump of dough, [or the bread,] in the hot ashes. (M, * L.) and فَأَدَ اللَّحْمَ (S, M, L, K) فِى النَّارِ, (M, L, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (L,) He roasted the flesh-meat [in the fire]; as also ↓ افتأدهُ. (S, M, L, K.) b2: And فَأَدَ لِلْخُبْزَةِ, (S, L,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (L,) He made for the cake of bread, or lump of dough, a place in the hot ashes, or in the fire, to put it therein [for the purpose of baking it]. (S, L.) A3: فَأَدَ لِفُلَانٍ He acted well, or kindly, to such a one, in his affair, in absence: so in the “ Nawádir ” of Lh. (TA.) 5 تفأّد i. q. تَوَقَّدَ [i. e., when said of fuel, It burned, burned up, burned brightly or fiercely, blazed, or flamed]: (M, L, K:) [and] so when said of the heart [i. e. It became excited with ardour, or eagerness]. (M, L, K. *) And i. q. تَحَرَّقَ [It burned much, as a quasi-pass. v.]: (so in copies of the K, in SM's copy and in my MS. copy and in the CK:) or, as in MF's copy of the K, تَحَرَّكَ [it was, or became, in a state of motion, or commotion]: (TA:) [See what is said of the derivation of فُؤَادٌ.]8 افتأدوا They lighted a fire (M, A, L, K) for the purpose of roasting. (A) A2: See also 1, latter half.

فَأْدٌ: [see 1, of which it is the inf. n.: and] see the paragraph here following.

فُؤَادٌ (S, M, A, Msb, K, &c.) and فَوَادٌ, which is strange, (K,) but said by Esh-Shiháb to be a dial var., and to be without reason disallowed by AHát; (TA;) of the masc. gender only; (Lh, M, L, K, &c.;) The heart; syn. قَلْبٌ [q. v.]; (S, M, A, L, Msb, K, &c.;) of man, and of an animal other than man: (M, L:) so called because of its تَفَأُّد (T, M, L, K) i. e. تَوَقُّد [or ardour]; (M, L, K;) or because of its pulsation, and commotion; [for which reason also the heart is said to be called القَلْبُ, from التَّقَلُّبُ;] for it is said that the primary meaning of ↓ فَأْدٌ is “ motion,” and the “ putting in motion: ” (MF, TA:) or the heart is thus called only when its تَفَأُّد, i. e. its تَوَقُّد, is regarded: and most authors make a distinction between فُؤَاد and قَلْبٌ; the latter of which is said to have a more special signification than the former: (TA:) and the former is said to be [the pericardium,] the غِشَآء, (L, TA,) or the وِعَآء, (TA,) of the قَلْب: (L, TA:) or the middle thereof: (L:) or the interior thereof: (TA:) the قَلْب being its حَبَّة [q. v.], (L, TA,) or its سُوَيْدَآء: (L:) or فُؤَادٌ signifies the appendages of the مَرِىْء [or œsophagus], consisting of the liver and lungs and قَلْب [or heart]: (K:) pl. أَفْئِدَةٌ, (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K, &c.,) the only pl. thereof known to Sb. (M, L.) b2: Also The mind, or intellect: and this, it is said, may be the meaning of the phrase [in the Kur liii. 11], مَا كَذَبَ الْفُؤَادُ مَا رَأَى, (TA,) or ما كَذَّبَ, another reading, i. e. [The mind] did not disacknowledge, or deem improbable, what he saw. (Jel.) [Hence,] حِدَّةُ الفُؤَادِ i. q. ذَكَآءٌ [meaning Sharpness, or acuteness, of mind, in a man: and sharpness of spirit in a beast]. (S in art. ذكو.) [And حَدِيدُ الفُؤَادِ i. q. ذَكِئٌّ meaning Sharp, or acute, in mind, applied to a man: and sharp in spirit, applied to a beast:] one says فَرَسٌ حَدِيدَةُ الفُؤَادِ [A mare sharp in spirit]; and in like manner نَاقَةٌ [a she-camel]: (S and K in art. روع:) and نَاقَةٌ رُوَاعَةُ الفُؤَادِ, and رُوَاعُ الفُؤَادِ, a quick, spirited, vigorous, she-camel; sharp in spirit; syn. شَهْمَةٌ ذَكِيَّةٌ. (K in that art.) [and طَارَ فُؤَادُهُ His mind or intellect, fled: and his courage. (See شَعَاعٌ: and طَارَ.)]

فَئِيدٌ: see مَفْؤُودٌ, in two places.

A2: Also, (T, M, L,) applied to bread [or dough], (M, L,) and so ↓ مَفْؤُودٌ, (M, L, K,) and ↓ مُفْتَأَدٌ, and ↓ أُفْؤُودٌ, (K,) Baked on the fire: (T:) or put into hot ashes, (L, K,) and baked therein: (L:) or toasted [or baked] in hot ashes. (M, L.) And the first, (T, S, M, &c.,) applied to flesh-meat, (S, M, L,) Roasted, (T, S, M, L, K,) as also ↓ مَفْؤُودٌ, (M, L, K,) on the fire: (T:) or roasted upon live coals; as also ↓ مُفْأَدٌ [evidently, I think, a mistranscription for ↓ مُفْتَأَدٌ]. (L.) b2: And فَئِيدٌ signifies also Fire or a fire [for baking &c.]. (T, L, K.) أُفْؤُودٌ A place which one makes, for a cake of bread, or lump of dough, in hot ashes, or in a fire, to put it therein [for the purpose of baking it]: (S, M, * L, K: *) pl. أَفَائِيدُ. (L.) b2: See also فَئِيدٌ.

مُفْأَدٌ: see فَئِيدٌ.

مِفْأَدٌ (T, S, M, L, K) and ↓ مِفْأَدَةٌ (S, L, K) and ↓ مِفْآدٌ (T, M, L, K) The [iron instrument, with which flesh-meat is roasted, called] سَفُّود, (T, S, M, L, K,) [or] with which one roasts and bakes. (L, TA.) And [in the CK “ or ”] the first, (S, L, K,) and the second and third also, (accord. to the K,) the piece of wood, or wooden implement, with which the [fire in the kind of oven called] تَنُّور is stirred: pl. مَفَائِدُ. (S, L, K.) مِفْأَدَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مِفْآدٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مَفْؤُودٌ Hit, struck, smitten, affected, or hurt, in his فُؤَاد [or heart, &c.]: (S, A, L:) smitten, or affected, by a disease therein: (S, L:) or by pain therein. (L.) b2: A man without a heart; having no heart; as also ↓ فَئِيدٌ: (Ks, S, L:) weak-hearted: (T, L:) a coward; (T, M, L, K;) and so ↓ فَئِيدٌ: (T, K:) in this sense it has no verb. (AAF, IJ, M, L.) A2: See also فَئِيدٌ, in two places.

مُفْتَأَدٌ: see فَئِيدٌ, in two places. b2: Also A place of fuel: (T, L:) a place in which a fire is lighted for roasting. (A.)
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