William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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3106. فحث6 3107. فحج12 3108. فحس6 3109. فحش17 3110. فحص18 3111. فحل133112. فحم17 3113. فحو9 3114. فخ3 3115. فخت11 3116. فخذ12 3117. فخر15 3118. فخم11 3119. فد3 3120. فدح13 3121. فدخ6 3122. فدر13 3123. فدع14 3124. فدغ13 3125. فدم17 3126. فدن13 3127. فدى8 3128. فذ4 3129. فر5 3130. فرأ11 3131. فربيون2 3132. فرت17 3133. فرتن8 3134. فرث15 3135. فرج22 3136. فرجن9 3137. فرح17 3138. فرخ16 3139. فرد15 3140. فردوس1 3141. فرز15 3142. فرزن5 3143. فرس20 3144. فرسخ9 3145. فرسق2 3146. فرسك6 3147. فرسن8 3148. فرش18 3149. فرشح12 3150. فرص20 3151. فرصد9 3152. فرض21 3153. فرط22 3154. فرطح8 3155. فرع21 3156. فرعن10 3157. فرغ20 3158. فرفخ7 3159. فرق23 3160. فرقد7 3161. فرقع13 3162. فرك18 3163. فرم14 3164. فرن12 3165. فرنب4 3166. فرنج4 3167. فرند8 3168. فرنس6 3169. فرنق5 3170. فره18 3171. فرهد10 3172. فرو11 3173. فرى9 3174. فريج1 3175. فز5 3176. فزر14 3177. فزع18 3178. فس3 3179. فسأ9 3180. فست3 3181. فستق6 3182. فسح17 3183. فسخ13 3184. فسد17 3185. فسر16 3186. فسط14 3187. فسق17 3188. فسكل10 3189. فسل16 3190. فسو10 3191. فش4 3192. فشأ5 3193. فشج10 3194. فشح7 3195. فشغ14 3196. فشل18 3197. فشو9 3198. فص4 3199. فصح16 3200. فصد15 3201. فصع11 3202. فصل21 3203. فصم15 3204. فصى6 3205. فض5 Prev. 100




1 فَحَلَ الإِبِلَ, aor. فَحَلَ, [inf. n. فَحْلٌ,] He sent a male [meaning a stallion-camel] among the [she-] camels. (S, O, K.) The inf. n. فَحْلٌ [used alone] means The putting a he-camel among the she-camels. (KL.) b2: And فَحَلَ إِبِلَهُ فَحْلًا كَرِيمًا He chose for his [she-] camels a generous male [or stallion]; as also ↓ افتحل. (K.) b3: See also the next paragraph.4 افحلهُ, (S,) or افحلهُ فَحْلًا, (K, TA,) He gave to him, (S,) or lent to him, (K, TA,) a male [camel] (S, K, TA) to cover among his [she-] camels: (S, TA:) and accord. to Lh, فُلَانَا ↓ فَحَلَ بَعِيرًا and ↓ افتحلهُ signify he gave to such a one a he-camel; like افحلهُ. (TA.) 5 تفحّل He assumed, or affected, a likeness, or resemblance, to the فَحْل (S, O, K, TA) i. e. the male (TA) [or rather the manly]: and he affected the quality of the فَحْل [or manly] in clothing and in food, by making both to be coarse; (O, K, TA;) as did the chiefs of Syria to 'Omar, when he came thither; (O, TA;) i. e., they met him in their ordinary clothing, not having adorned themselves; [in consideration of his simple habits;] self-adornment being an affair of females and of effeminate men. (TA.) [See also its part. n., below.]8 إِفْتَحَلَ see 1: b2: and see also 4.10 الاِسْتِفْحَالُ signifies The practice of persons' giving to a man of big make, (O, K, TA,) and comely appearance, (O,) free access to their women, in order that he may beget among them the like of himself; which the unbelievers (عُلُوج, O, or أَعْلَاج, K) of Kábul do [or used to do] when seeing such a man, of the Arabs: (O, K, TA:) so Lth was told, and thus he has expl. the word, after saying that he errs who says اِسْتَفْحَلْنَا فَحْلًا لِدَوَابِّنَا [app. meaning We sought, or demanded, a stallion for our beasts]. (O, TA.) b2: استفحلت النَّخْلَةُ The palm-tree became a فُحَّال [or tree of which the spadix might be used for the purpose of fecundation]. (K. [See also the part. n., below.]) b3: And استفحل الأَمْرُ (tropical:) The affair, or case, became great, or formidable, (S, O, K, TA,) and hard, or difficult. (TA.) فَحْلٌ a word of well-known meaning, (S, O,) A male of animals (Mgh, Msb, K) of any kind, (Mgh, K,) [including mankind: and particularly a stallion: generally,] a male [or stallion] camel: (MA:) pl. [of mult.] فُحُولٌ (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K) and فِحَالٌ (S, Msb, K) and فُحُولَةٌ (Mgh, O, Msb, K) and فِحَالَةٌ (S, O, K) and [pl. of pauc.]

أَفْحُلٌ: (K:) and ↓ فَحِيلٌ signifies the same as فَحْلٌ; (Kr, TA;) and [particularly] a فَحْل of the camels. (S, O, TA.) b2: Hence الفَحْلُ is an appellation of (tropical:) Canopus (سُهَيْلٌ); because it is aloof from the other stars, like the فحل which, when he has covered, goes aloof from the [she-] camels: (S, O, K, TA:) or, as some say, it is so called because of its greatness. (TA.) b3: رَجُلٌ

↓ فَحِيلٌ means the same as فَحْلٌ [i. e. (assumed tropical:) A masculine, as opposed to an effeminate, man]. (K.) And ↓ اِمْرَأَةٌ فَحْلَةٌ means (assumed tropical:) A clamorous [or, app., masculine] woman. (S, O, K.) b4: فُحُولُ الشُّعَرَآءِ is an appellation applied to (assumed tropical:) The poets (O, K) who have overcome, (O,) or who overcome, (K,) in satirizing, those who have vied with them therein; (O, K;) like Jereer and El-Farezdak, (O, TA,) who used to be called فَحْلَا مُضَرَ: (TA:) and in like manner (tropical:) any one who, when he vies with a poet, is judged to have excelled him [is called a فَحْل]; (K, TA; [for فَضَلَ in the CK, I read فُضِّلَ, as in other copies of the K;]) like 'Alkameh Ibn-'Abadeh; (TA;) who was surnamed الفَحْلُ because he took to wife Umm-Jundab when Imrael-Keys divorced her on the occasion of her judging him [i. e. 'Alkameh] to have overcome him [Imra-el-Keys] in poetry. (S, O, K, TA.) b5: فَحْلٌ also means [app. (assumed tropical:) A vigorous orator: see هَادِرٌ. b6: And] (tropical:) A relater, reciter, or rehearser, by heart, [of poetry, and of traditions, or narratives learned, or heard, or received, from another or others;] syn. رَاوٍ: pl. فُحُولٌ: (K, TA:) so in the M. (TA.) b7: See also فُحَّالٌ, in three places. And see مُتَفَحِّلٌ. b8: And (tropical:) A mat that is made of the woven leaves of the palm-tree thus called, (Sh, * S, * O, * K, * TA,) i. e., of the palm-tree called فُحَّال: (S, O, K, TA:) pl. فُحُولٌ. (S, O, TA.) b9: And (assumed tropical:) Rain is thus called [in a verse of Et-Tirimmáh Ibn-El-Hakeem, being likened to the stallion-camel, because of its fertilizing the earth]. (Ham p. 110.) اِمْرَأَةٌ فَحْلَةٌ: see فَحْلٌ, former half.

فِحْلَةٌ The quality, or state, of being a فَحْل [or male; and particularly, of being a stallion: and also (assumed tropical:) masculineness, as a quality of a man, opposed to effeminacy: &c.]: (S, O, K:) and ↓ فُحُولَةٌ and ↓ فِحَالَةٌ [both of which are also pls. of فَحْلٌ] signify the same. (K.) [Hence,] بَعِيرٌ ذُو فِحْلَةٍ A camel fit, or meet, for being chosen as a stallion. (TA.) b2: Also, i. e. فِحْلَةٌ, with kesr, A man's choosing a فَحْل [i. e. stallion] for his beasts. (TA.) فَحِيلٌ: see فَحْلٌ, first sentence. b2: One says also فَحْلٌ فَحِيلٌ, meaning A generous stallioncamel, that begets generous offspring. (S, K. *) Er-Rá'ee says, كَانَتْ نَجَائِبَ مُنْذِرٍ وَمُحَرِّقٍ

أُمَّاتُهُنَّ وَطَرْقُهُنَّ فَحِيلَا [Their mothers were of the generous camels of Mundhir and Moharrik, and their compressing stallion was a generous one, a begetter of generous offspring]: (S [accord. to one of my copies], and TA:) [some copies of the S have نَجَائِبُ and أُمَّاتِهِنّ; and so has the O: but] IB says that the verse is correctly related as above. (TA.) b3: And كَبْشٌ فَحِيلٌ means A ram that resembles the فَحْل of camels in his excellence (K, TA) and his [comparative] greatness. (TA.) b4: See also فَحْلٌ again, third sentence.

فِحَالَةٌ: see فِحْلَةٌ.

فُحُولَةٌ: see فِحْلَةٌ.

فُحَّالٌ and ↓ فَحْلٌ The male palm-tree, (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K, TA,) by means of which the fruitbearing palm-trees are fecundated, (S, * Mgh, * Msb, TA,) and which, when they are on the windward side of the latter trees, fecundate these: (TA:) [see what follows:] only the former word is mentioned [in this sense] by Lth; and ISd says, (TA,) the former word is used peculiarly as applied to the male palm-tree: (K, * TA:) AHn cites AA as saying that ↓ فَحْلٌ is not said except of that which has life, and Aboo-Nasr says the like; but AHn adds that people in general disagree from them as to this: (TA:) the pl. of فُحَّالٌ is فَحَاحِيلُ; (S, Mgh, Msb, K;) and the pl. of ↓ فَحْلٌ is فُحُولٌ (S, Mgh, O, Msb) and فُحُولَةٌ (Mgh, Msb) and فِحَالٌ; (Msb;) of the first of which pls. of فَحْلٌ, the following saying, (S, O, Msb, TA,) of Oheihah Ibn-El-Juláh, (O, TA,) presents an ex.: تَأَبَّرِى يَا خَيْرَةَ الفَسِيلِ تَأَبَّرِى مِنْ حَنَذٍ فَشُولِى

إِذْ ضَنَّ أَهْلُ النَّخْلِ بِالفُحُولِ [Receive thou fecundation, O best of young palmtrees: receive thou fecundation from Hanadh, and show that thou hast received it: (فَشُولِى being from شَالَتْ بِذَنَبِهَا said of a she-camel, meaning “ she raised her tail, showing thereby that she was pregnant: ”) since the palm-owners have been niggardly of the spadixes of the male palm-trees]: (S, O, Msb, TA:) the meaning is, that the people of Hanadh were niggardly of the spadixes of their [male] palm-trees, and the east wind blew at the time of the fecundation upon the male trees, bearing off [the pollen of] their spadixes and casting it upon the female trees, so that it served for fecundation: Hanadh is a place about four miles from El-Medeeneh: and it is said to be the town of Oheihah: or to be a water belonging to Suleym and Muzeyneh. (Msb.) شَجَرٌ مُتَفَحِّلٌ (tropical:) Trees that do not bear fruit; like the ↓ فَحْل: (Ibn-'Abbád, A, O, TA:) that become barren. (A, TA.) [See also what follows.]

نَخْلَةٌ مُسْتَفْحِلَةٌ (assumed tropical:) A palm-tree that does not bear fruit. (Lh, TA.) [See also what next precedes: and see 10.]
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