William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3143. فرس20 3144. فرسخ9 3145. فرسق2 3146. فرسك6 3147. فرسن8 3148. فرش183149. فرشح12 3150. فرص20 3151. فرصد9 3152. فرض21 3153. فرط22 3154. فرطح8 3155. فرع21 3156. فرعن10 3157. فرغ20 3158. فرفخ7 3159. فرق23 3160. فرقد7 3161. فرقع13 3162. فرك18 3163. فرم14 3164. فرن12 3165. فرنب4 3166. فرنج4 3167. فرند8 3168. فرنس6 3169. فرنق5 3170. فره18 3171. فرهد10 3172. فرو11 3173. فرى9 3174. فريج1 3175. فز5 3176. فزر14 3177. فزع18 3178. فس3 3179. فسأ9 3180. فست3 3181. فستق6 3182. فسح17 3183. فسخ13 3184. فسد17 3185. فسر16 3186. فسط14 3187. فسق17 3188. فسكل10 3189. فسل16 3190. فسو10 3191. فش4 3192. فشأ5 3193. فشج10 3194. فشح7 3195. فشغ14 3196. فشل18 3197. فشو9 3198. فص4 3199. فصح16 3200. فصد15 3201. فصع11 3202. فصل21 3203. فصم15 3204. فصى6 3205. فض5 3206. فضح13 3207. فضخ15 3208. فضل20 3209. فضو9 3210. فطأ9 3211. فطح11 3212. فطحل7 3213. فطر25 3214. فطس18 3215. فطم16 3216. فطن13 3217. فظ5 3218. فظع16 3219. فعل16 3220. فعم10 3221. فغر13 3222. فغفور1 3223. فغم11 3224. فغو6 3225. فقأ13 3226. فقح11 3227. فقد17 3228. فقر22 3229. فقص9 3230. فقع16 3231. فقم14 3232. فقه18 3233. فقو4 3234. فك4 3235. فكر16 3236. فكل10 3237. فكه18 3238. فل5 3239. فلت14 3240. فلج19 3241. فلح21 3242. فلذ16 Prev. 100




1 فَرَشَهُ, (S, A, O, K,) aor. فَرُشَ, (S, O,) inf. n. فَرْشٌ (O, K) and فِرَاشٌ, (S, O, K,) He spread it; expanded it. (S, A, O, K.) You say, فَرَشتُ لَهُ فِرَاشًا and فَرَشْتُهُ فِرَاشًا (A, TA) and ↓ أَفْرَشْتُهُ (TA) ↓ and اِفْتَرَشْتُهُ (A) [I spread for him a bed: or the last signifies I spread it (namely a bed) for myself]. And فَرَشْتُ فُلَانًا I spread for such a one. (Lth.) And فَرَشَ فُلَانًا بِسَاطًا, inf. n. فَرْشٌ; and بساطا ↓ أَفْرَشَهُ; and بساطا ↓ فَرَّشَهُ, inf. n. تَفْرِيشٌ; He spread for such a one a carpet (IAar, K) in his entertainment. (IAar.) And فَرَّشَ ↓ الثَّوْبَ, inf. n. تَفْرِيشٌ; and ↓ افترشهُ; [He spread the garment, or piece of cloth: or the latter signifies he spread it for himself.] (TA.) and تَحْتَهُ تُرَابًا ↓ افترش or ثَوْبًا [He spread, or spread for himself, beneath him, dust, or a garment, or piece of cloth]. (A.) And الرَّمْلَ ↓ كُنْتُ أَفْتَرِشُ وَأَتَوَسَّدُ الحَجَرَ [I used to spread the sand for my bed, and make the stone my pillow]. (A, TA.) And ذِرَاعَيْهِ ↓ افترش, (A, TA,) and يَدَيْهِ, (TA,) He (a lion, and a wolf, and a dog, TA, or a beast of prey, A, TA) spread his fore legs upon the ground: (TA:) and the former phrase, he (a man, Msb, TA) spread his fore arms upon the ground, (S, K, TA,) in the same manner, not raising them from the ground; the doing of which in prostrating oneself in prayer, is forbidden: (TA:) or laid his fore arms upon the ground (Mgh, Msb) like a bed for himself. (Msb.) فَرْشٌ [as an inf. n. of which the verb is فُرِشَت, as is shown by an explanation of إَقْعَادٌ in the S and L, and by the phrase مَفْرُوشَةُ الرِّجْلِ mentioned in the S and O and TA,] in the hind leg of a camel [and of a horse as is shown by the explanation above mentioned of اقعاد] signifies The being a little expanded; which is approved: (S, O, K:) when the width [between the shanks] is immoderate, so that the hock-joints knock together, which state is termed عَقَلٌ [inf. n. of عَقِلَ], it is disapproved: or, as some say, it signifies its not being erect nor much expanded. (S, O.) and فَرَشَ اللّٰهُ الفَرْشَ, (Fr, S,) inf. n. فَرْشٌ, (Fr, S, K,) means God spread abroad the young camels; syn. بَثَّ. (Fr, S, K. *) b2: [Hence,] فَرَشَهُ أَمْرَهُ, (S,) or أَمْرًا, (K,) (tropical:) He made, or rendered, his states, or case, or affair, (S,) or a state, &c., (K,) ample, or free from straitness, to him; and laid it open to him, altogether; [as though he expanded it to him;] syn. أَوْسَعَهُ إِيَّاهُ, (S, K,) and بَسَطَهُ لَهُ كُلَّهُ. (TA.) And in like manner the saying of 'Alee, فَرَشْتُكُمُ المَعْرُوفَ, is expl. by Ibn-Abi-l-Hadeed as signifying أَوْسَعْتُكُمْ إِيَّاهُ [meaning (tropical:) I largely conferred upon you favour, or kindness]: but MF deems this strange. (TA.) You say also, فَرَشْتُهُ أَمْرِى (tropical:) I displayed, or laid open, to him my state, or case, or affair; [and so أَمْرِى ↓ أَفْرَشْتُهُ; (see an ex. voce بَاطِنٌ;)] syn. بَسَطْتُهُ لَهُ. (A.) [and agreeably with this explanation, probably, the saying of 'Alee mentioned above should be rendered in the opinion of MF.] b3: [Hence also,] فُلَانٌ يَفْرُشُ نَفْسَهُ لِلنَّاسِ (tropical:) [Such a one lays himself out for the service of men]; (A;) and نَفْسَهُ ↓ يَفْتَرِشُ لَهُمْ: (TA:) [or perhaps, makes himself like a victim for them: (see مُتَفَرِّشٌ, below:) for you say, فَرَشَهُ لِلذَّبْحِ, or ↓ أَفْرَشَهُ, (which latter form is mentioned by Freytag in his Lexicon, but without any indication of the authority,) meaning, (assumed tropical:) he threw him down (namely a beast) for slaughter: (see فَرْشٌ, below:)] and ↓ افترشهُ (tropical:) he prostrated him, and got upon him: (A:) or (tropical:) he overcame him, (meaning another man,) and prostrated him, (O, K, TA,) and got upon him. (TA.) b4: فَرَشَ المَكَانَ, aor. فَرُشَ and فَرِشَ, inf. n. فَرْشٌ, means He spread the place [with carpets or the like]; as also ↓ افرشهُ, and ↓ فرّشهُ. (Msb.) And الدَّارَ ↓ فرّش, inf. n. تَفْرِيشٌ, He paved the house; (Lth, S, K;) he spread in the house baked bricks, or broad and thin stones. (Az, TA.) b5: هٰذَا فِرَاشٌ يَفْرُشُكَ [This is a bed sufficiently large for thee] is like the saying هٰذِهِ شَمْلَةٌ تَشْمَلُكَ i. e. تَسَعُكَ. (TA in art. شمل.) A2: فرش عَنْهُ [app. فَرَشَ] He desired, and prepared himself for, it, or him. (TA.) A3: and فَرَشَ, aor. فَرُشَ, (O, TA,) inf. n. فَرْشٌ, (O, K, TA,) He lied: (O, K, * TA:) one says, كَمْ تَفْرُشُ i. e. [How long] wilt thou lie? (O, TA.) 2 فَرَّشَ see 1, in four places; two near the beginning and two near the end.

A2: فرّش الزَّرْعُ, inf. n. تَفْرِيشٌ, (tropical:) The seed-produce spread itself (S, A, TA) upon the surface of the earth. (TA.) You say, فَرَّخَ الزَّرْعُ وَفَرَّشَ (tropical:) [The seed-produce put forth its shoots, and spread itself upon the surface of the earth]. (A.) And the latter of these two verbs is also like the former [in signification]. (TA.) b2: فرّش الطَّائِرُ, (A, K,) inf. n. as above; (K;) and ↓ تفرّش; (S, A, K;) (tropical:) The bird expanded and flapped its wings, (S, A, K, * TA,) عَلَى شَىْءٍ over a thing, (A, K, TA,) without alighting: (A, TA:) and ↓ the latter verb, it (a young locust) spread its wings. (Mgh.) 4 أَفْرَشَ see 1, in five places.

A2: افرشهُ also signifies (tropical:) He spoke evil of him; or did so in his absence: (IAar, A, * O, K, TA:) and they say, أَفْرَشْتَ فِى عِرْضِى (tropical:) [Thou spakest evil of me; &c.]. (TA.) [See افترش عِرْضَهُ.]

A3: And (assumed tropical:) He made it thin; or thin, and fine in the edge; namely, a sword. (O, K.) A4: افرش الشَّجَرُ (tropical:) The trees put forth branches; syn. أَغْصَنَ. (A, TA.) b2: افرش عَنْهُ (tropical:) He, or it, left him, or quitted him. (S, A, K.) You say, ضَرَبَهُ فَمَا أَفْرَشَ عَنْهُ حَتَّى قَتَلَهُ (tropical:) He beat him, or smote him, and left him not until he slew him. (A, * TA.) And افرش عَنْهُمُ المَوْتُ (tropical:) Death quitted them; became withdrawn from them. (IAar, O.) A5: افرشت said of a mare, (assumed tropical:) She desired to be covered. (O.) A6: افرشهُ [from فَرْشٌ signifying “ young camels ”] He gave him young camels, (O, K,) small or large. (O.) b2: and افرش [app. أَفْرَشَ, or perhaps أُشْرِفَ,] He (a man) became a possessor of فرش [app. فَرْش, and meaning young camels]. (IKtt, TA.) A7: And افرش said of a place, It abounded with فَرَاش, (O, K, TA,) i. e., [app., moths, or butterflies, and, as being the cause thereof,] seed-produce. (TA.) A8: أَقْفَلَ فَأَفْرَشَ [He locked, and made fast by means of the catch, or catches, (فَرَاشَة, or فَرَاش, which see below,) of the lock]. (S, TA.) 5 تَفَرَّشَ see 2, last sentence, in two places.7 إِنْفَرَشَ see 8, last signification.8 إِفْتَرَشَ see 1, first quarter, in five places; and latter half, in two places. b2: افترش لِسَانَهُ [lit.] He expanded his tongue: (S:) i. e. (tropical:) he spoke in whatsoever manner he desired. (S, A, K.) b3: افترشهُ (tropical:) He trod upon him or it: (S, K, TA:) [as though he made him or it a carpet or a bed:] from الفَرْشُ and الفِرَاشُ. (TA.) b4: [Hence,] افترش الطَّرِيقَ (tropical:) He went, or travelled, along the road. (TA.) b5: [Hence also,] افترش امْرَأَةً (assumed tropical:) He compressed a woman. (TA.) b6: And (assumed tropical:) He took to wife a woman. (O.) One says, افترش كَرِيمَةً (assumed tropical:) He took to wife a female of high birth. (TA.) b7: [Hence also,] افترش عِرْضَهُ lit. He made his honour as a bed for himself to tread upon; (O, TA;) i. e., (tropical:) he treated his honour as a thing which it was allowable to attack, by speaking evil of him. (O, K, TA.) [See also 4, second sentence.] b8: And اِفْتَرَشَتْنَا السَّمآءٌ بِالمَطَرِ (tropical:) The sky assailed us with rain. (A, * O.) b9: And افترش المَالَ (tropical:) He took the مال [i. e. property, or cattle, &c.,] wrongfully, or by force. (K, TA.) b10: and افترش أَثَرَهُ (tropical:) He followed his footsteps; he tracked him. (A, O, K.) A2: اِفْتَرَشَ [in one of my copies of the S, اُفْتُرِشَ, which is also allowable, as the verb in the act. form is trans. as well as intrans.,] It became spread, or expanded; (S, K, TA;) as also ↓ انفرش; said of a garment or the like. (TA.) فَرْشٌ [an inf. n. of 1, q. v. passim. b2: Also, used in the sense of a pass. part. n. in which the quality of a subst. is predominant,] What is spread, of household furniture, (S, K,) [such as carpets and mattresses and the like. See also فِرَاشٌ.] b3: (tropical:) Seed-produce when it spreads itself (S, K, TA) upon the ground: (TA:) in [some of] the copies of the K, instead of إِذَا فَرَّشَ, which is the right reading, we find اذا فُرِشَ: accord. to some, the word signifies seed-produce when it has become three-leaved, or four-leaved. (TA.) b4: (assumed tropical:) A place abounding with plants or herbage. (O, K.) b5: (tropical:) A wide, or spacious, plain, or tract of land, or place: (S, K, TA:) or land that is plain, or even, and soft, and unobstructed by mountains: (TA:) or a depressed tract of land in which are trees of the kinds called عُرْفُط and سَلَم, (IAar, O,) which cause the mouths of the camels that eat them to become relaxed. (O.) [Hence, app., the saying,] مِنَ العَرْشِ إِلَى الفَرْشِ, meaning, [From the highest sphere, or the empyrean, to] the earth. (A in art. عرش.) b6: (assumed tropical:) A collection of trees of the kind called عِضَاه: and a round plot of trees of the kind called طَلْح. (TA.) b7: (tropical:) Shrubs, or small trees: (Lth, A, K:) and small fire-wood. (Lth, K.) b8: (tropical:) Young camels; or the young of camels; (Fr, S, A, * K;) and ↓ فَرِيشٌ is said to have this meaning; but accord. to Aboo-Bekr, erroneously: (TA:) so the former signifies in the Kur vi. 143: (S, K:) Fr says, I have heard no pl. of it: and he adds, that it may here be an inf. n. used as a subst., from the saying, فَرَشَهَا اللّٰهُ فَرْشًا, meaning, بَثَّهَا بَثًّا: [see 1:] (S, TA:) but it is said in the K that in all of the above-mentioned senses that are assigned to it in that work, it has no sing.; meaning that it is used alike as sing. and pl.: (TA:) and bulls or cows: and sheep or goats: (K:) so accord. to some of the expositors of the Kur: (TA:) and such as are fit for nothing but slaughter, (K, TA,) of camels, and of bulls or cows, and of sheep or goats; as some say: (TA:) or such as is thrown down (يُفْرَشُ, i. e., يُلْقَى,) for slaughter, of the young of camels, and bulls or cows, and sheep or goats; used alike as sing. and pl.: (Mgh:) and فَرْشُ الإِبِلِ also signifies old camels. (Th, TA.) فَرْشَةٌ A track, somewhat depressed, extending to the distance [of the journey] of a day and a night, and the like thereof, and only in land that is wide and level and like the [desert termed] صَحْرَآء: pl. فُرُوشٌ. (AHn, TA.) فِرْشَةٌ Form; appearance; garb; or the like; syn. هَيْئَةٌ: so in the saying, هُوَ حَسَنُ الفِرْشَةِ [He is goodly in form, &c.]. (O, K.) فَرْشِىٌّ A seller of فَرْش [meaning household furniture such as carpets and mattresses and the like]. (TA.) فَرَاشٌ [Moths, and the like, that fly into the flame of a lamp &c.;] the flying things (S, TA) that fall one after another into the lamp, or lighted wick, (S, K, TA,) to burn themselves: (TA:) [and accord. to modern usage, butterflies also:] a pl., [or rather a coll. gen. n.,] of which the sing. [or n. un.] is ↓ with ة: (S, K:) the former mentioned in the Kur ci. 3: (TA:) or the former signifies what one sees, resembling small gnats, falling, one after another, into the fire: (Zj:) or young locusts, when their wings grow, (Fr, Mgh, Jel,) and they spread them forth, (Mgh,) and mount, one upon another: (Fr, Mgh:) and silk-worms; app. so called because they become like these when they come forth from the cocoon. (Mgh.) It is said in a prov., ↓ أَطْيَشُ مِنْ فَرَاشَةٍ [More light, or unsteady, or light-witted, than a moth that flies into the flame of the lamp]. (S.) And ↓ فَرَاشَةٌ is used to signify (tropical:) A man who is light (A, K) in head; (A, TA;) light-witted, or unsteady; (TA;) such being likened to the فراشة of the lamp, in respect of lightness, or unsteadiness, and contemptibleness. (A, * TA.) A2: Also Thin pieces of bone, such as fly off from any bone when it is struck: or any crusts, or coverings, that are upon bone, exclusive of the flesh: or the bone of the eyebrow: or what is thin, of the bone of the head: or the bones that come forth from the head of a man when it is broken: (TA:) or فَرَاشُ الرَّأْسِ signifies certain thin bones that are next to the bone that covers the brain: (S, TA:) and ↓ فَرَاشَةٌ, any thin bone: (S, K:) and الرَّأْسِ ↓ فَرَاشَةُ, the thin bones, or pieces of bone, of the head, such as fly off in consequence of a blow. (TA.) b2: Also, فَرَاشُ الظَّهْرِ The place where the upper parts of the ribs are infixed in [the spine of] the back. (TA.) b3: and الفَرَاشَانِ The two extremities of the haunches, in [or at] the نُقْرَة, q. v. (TA.) b4: And The parts of the upper portions (فُرُوع) of the two shoulder-blades that rise towards the base of the neck and the even part of the back. (AO, O.) b5: And Two veins, green, or of a dark, or an ashy, dust-colour, (أَخْضَرَانِ,) beneath the tongue. (En-Nadr, O, K. * [In the last of these, this signification and the next are erroneously assigned to the sing. word. See also الفِرَاشُ.]) b6: Also, (TA,) or فَرَاشَا اللِّجَامِ (En-Nadr, O,) or ↓ فَرَاشَتَاهُ, (IDrd in his Book on the Saddle and Bridle,) The two iron things with which are made fast the check-straps of the headstall. (En-Nadr, O, K.) b7: And فَرَاشٌ and ↓ فَرَاشَةٌ also signify The edge of anything. (Aboo-Sa'eed, in TA, art. نسر.) A3: And The former, Mud that has dried, after the water, upon the ground. (S, O, K.) b2: And it is said to signify A little water in pools left by torrents: n. un. ↓ فَرَاشَةٌ [q. v.]. (TA.) b3: And [Little] bubbles (حَبَب) upon the surface of [the beverage called] نَبِيذ: (S, O, K:) and likewise of the water of sweat: (S, * L:) or a little sweat: so says IAar. (L.) A4: فَرَاشُ قُفْلٍ signifies The مَنَاشِب [or catches] of a lock; [app. meaning the little pins which fall into corresponding holes in the bolt of the Arabian wooden lock of a door, (which see figured and described in the Introduction to my work on the Modern Egyptians,) when it is pushed into the hole or staple of the door-post, preventing its being drawn back until they are raised by the key, which has small pins, made to correspond with the holes, so that, being introduced into these, they push up the catching pins:] n. un. ↓ with ة: (A 'Obeyd, TA:) or قُفْلٍ ↓ فَرَاشَةُ signifies what catches, or sticks fast, in a lock; (S, K;) [or, as expl. in the Arabic Dictionary of Farhát, what enters into a lock and makes it fast;] meaning its teeth; (TK;) [which are the little pins described above:] the word is thought by IDrd to be not Arabic: or, thus applied, it is from the same word as signifying “ a thin bone,” because of the thinness of the فراشة of the lock. (TA.) فِرَاشٌ A thing that is spread (Mgh, K) upon the ground: (Mgh:) a thing that is spread for one to sit or lie upon; in which sense it is used in the Kur ii. 20: (TA:) and particularly, a bed, upon which one sleeps: (AA, Mgh:) pl. [of pauc.]

أَفْرِشَةٌ (TA) and [of mult.] فُرُشٌ, (S, K,) for which one may say, in the dial. of the Benoo-Temeem, فُرْشٌ. (Sb.) [See also فَرْشٌ: and see what is quoted below from a trad.] b2: Hence, (TA,) (tropical:) A man's wife; (AA, S, O, K;) as also إِزَارٌ and لِحَافٌ: (O, TA:) pl. فُرُشٌ; so used, accord. to some, in the Kur lvi. 33. (K.) b3: Also (tropical:) A woman's husband: (AA, Er-Rághib:) and a female slave's master, or owner. (TA.) So, accord. to some, in the words of a trad., الوَلَدُ لِلْفِرَاشِ وَلِلعَاهِرِ الحَجَرُ, meaning The child is for the husband; (Er-Rághib, TA;) or for the master of the bed, who is the husband, or the owner of the woman; (Mgh, TA;) or for the bed, so that there is no ellipsis; (TA;) and for the adulterer, or fornicator, shall be stones, like as you say he shall have dust, meaning, nothing; i. e., he shall have no right of relationship; or, accord. to some, stoning. (Mgh.) [See also عَاهِرٌ.] b4: (assumed tropical:) The nest of a bird. (O, K, * TA.) b5: (assumed tropical:) A house, or tent. (AA.) b6: And الفِرَاشُ signifies The place against which the tongue goes in the furthest, or innermost, part of the mouth; (AA, O, K, TA;) or, as some say, in the lower part of the حَنَك [which word app. here, as it often does, means the palate]: or فِرَاشُ اللِّسَانِ signifies the portion of skin (الجِلْدَةُ [to which is here added الشَّنَّآء, app. a mistranscription which I am unable to rectify,] that covers the bases of the upper teeth. (TA. [In the TA voce مَحَارَةُ, in art. حور, q. v., q. v., it is written الفِرَاشَةُ.]) فَرِيشٌ A plant, or herbage, that becomes spread upon the ground, not standing up upon a stem. (TA.) [See also مُفَرِّشٌ.] b2: And (assumed tropical:) A girl, or young woman, compressed by a man; (O, K; *) an instance of فَعِيلٌ from اِفْتَعَلَ; (O;) [being from اِفْتَرَشَ;] but not heard by Az on any other authority than that of Lth. (TA.) b3: And (assumed tropical:) An Arabian Bull [or perhaps it is properly an epithet applied to that animal as meaning] having no hump: (TA:) [see also مُفَرَّشٌ as applied to a camel:] or فِرَاشٌ, which is pl. of فَرِيشٌ, signifies a sort of oxen, between the دِرَاب and عِرَاب having small humps, and their اعياب [a mistranscription for أَغْبَاب, i. e. dewlaps, pl. of غَبَبٌ,] are flaccid, or pendulous. (TA voce دَرَبَانِيَّةٌ.) b4: Also (tropical:) A mare, (As, O, K,) or any solid-hoofed animal, (S,) seven days, (As, S, K,) or seven nights, (O,) after her having foaled; (As, S, O, K, TA;) which is the best of times for putting a burden upon her: (O, K:) and that has recently brought forth; (O, K, TA;) so says Kt; like the نُفَسَآ of women; or like the مُعْوِذ of she-camels: (TA:) pl. فَرَائِشُ. (S, O, K.) b5: See also فَرْشٌ, latter half.

فَرَاشَةٌ: see فَرَاشٌ, in ten places.

A2: Also (tropical:) A small quantity of water: (A, O, K, TA:) one says, لَمْ يَبْقَ فِى الإِنَآءِ إِلَّا فَرَاشَةٌ [There remained not in the vessel save a small quantity of water]. (O, TA.) And A small quantity of water remaining in pools left by torrents, the ground beneath which is seen, by reason of its clearness: and some say, a place where water collects and remains in a smooth, or hard and smooth, rock. (TA.) A3: And Great stones, like mill-stones, which are laid first [as a foundation] and upon which is then built a تَرْكِيب, i. e. an enclosure for palm-trees. (TA.) A4: And الفَرَاشَتَانِ signifies Two cartilages near, or by, the لَهَاة [which generally means the uvula; but also, the arches, or pillars, of the soft palate; or the furthest part of the mouth]. (TA.) فَرَّاشٌ One who spreads the carpets and similar furniture [such as beds, or mattresses, and the like, and keeps them in order: app. a post-classical word: fem. with ة]. (KL.) مِفْرَشٌ A thing resembling the شَاذَكُونَة [a kind of thick quilted stuff made in El-Yemen]; (O, K;) i. e. a thing that is put upon the صُفَّة [or covering next the saddle] to sit upon; (TA;) as also ↓ مِفْرَشَةٌ: (A, TA:) or the latter is smaller than the former, (O, K,) and is put upon the صُفَّة of the camel's saddle, (A,) or upon the camel's saddle [itself], to sit upon: (O, K:) [pl. مَفَارِشُ.]

b2: [Hence,] مَفَارِشُ is applied to signify (tropical:) Women, or wives. (A, TA.) One says, فُلَانٌ كَرِيمُ المَفَارِشِ (tropical:) Such a one is a person who has highborn wives or women; (A;) or who takes as his wives high-born women. (S, O, K.) One says also of a man who has never married, إِنَّهُ لَهَالِكُ المِفْرَشِ, meaning (assumed tropical:) Verily his life has passed away lost. (TA.) And هُلْكُ المَفَارِشِ is said to mean (assumed tropical:) Persons who will not die upon their beds, and will not die otherwise than by slaughter. (TA.) مِفْرَشَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

جَمَلٌ مُفَرَّشٌ, (O, K,) [and] ↓ جَمَلٌ مُفْتَرِشُ الأَرْضِ, (T, TA,) or الظَّهْرِ ↓ مُفْتَرَشُ, (A, TA,) (tropical:) A camel having no hump. (T, A, O, K, TA.) [See also فَرِيشٌ.] And الظَّهْرِ ↓ أَكَمَةٌ مُفْتَرِشَةُ, (S, TA,) or الظهر ↓ مُفْتَرَشَةُ, (as in one of my copies of the S and in a copy of the A,) (tropical:) A flat-topped [hill, or eminence, of the kind termed] اكمة. (S, A, TA.) مُفَرِّشٌ Seed-produce spreading itself (S, K, TA) upon the ground. (TA.) [See also فَرِيشٌ.] b2: شَجَّةٌ مُفَرِّشَةٌ A wound of the head that reaches to the فَرَاش [q. v.]; as also ↓ مُفْتَرِشَةٌ: (L:) or that cracks the bone but does not crush. (S, O, K.) مَفْرُوشَةُ الرِّجْلِ (S, O, TA) applied to a she-camel, (TA,) Having what is termed فَرْشٌ in the kind leg; (thus, by implication, in the S and O; [see 1;]) or having a [certain] bending in the kind leg. (TA.) مُفْتَرَشٌ; and its fem., with ة: see مُفَرَّشٌ.

مُفْتَرِشٌ; and its fem., with ة: see مُفَرَّشٌ: b2: and for the latter, see also مُفَرِّشٌ.

فُلَانٌ مُتَفَرِّشٌ لِلنَّاسِ (tropical:) Such a one is a person who lays himself out for the service of men, or makes himself like a victim for them, (يَفْرُشُ لَهُمْ نَفْسَهُ,) in kindness for them. (A.) And فُلَانٌ كَرِيمٌ مُتَفَرِّشٌ لِأَصْحَابِهِ (tropical:) Such a one is a generous person, who lays himself out for the service of his companions, &c.; expl. by the words يَفْتَرِشُ نَفْسَهُ لَهُمْ. (TA.)
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