William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3204. فصى6 3205. فض5 3206. فضح12 3207. فضخ14 3208. فضل19 3209. فضو83210. فطأ9 3211. فطح10 3212. فطحل7 3213. فطر24 3214. فطس17 3215. فطم15 3216. فطن12 3217. فظ5 3218. فظع15 3219. فعل15 3220. فعم9 3221. فغر12 3222. فغفور1 3223. فغم10 3224. فغو5 3225. فقأ13 3226. فقح10 3227. فقد16 3228. فقر21 3229. فقص8 3230. فقع15 3231. فقم13 3232. فقه17 3233. فقو3 3234. فك4 3235. فكر15 3236. فكل9 3237. فكه17 3238. فل5 3239. فلت13 3240. فلج18 3241. فلح20 3242. فلذ15 3243. فلز10 3244. فلس17 3245. فلست1 3246. فلطح7 3247. فلع10 3248. فلق18 3249. فلقس5 3250. فلك18 3251. فلن12 3252. فلهد4 3253. فلو8 3254. فلى5 3255. فم5 3256. فن4 3257. فنتق3 3258. فنجان2 3259. فنخ8 3260. فند16 3261. فندر4 3262. فندق6 3263. فنزج6 3264. فنطس8 3265. فنع9 3266. فنق12 3267. فنك14 3268. فنو5 3269. فنى4 3270. فه3 3271. فهد12 3272. فهر13 3273. فهرس7 3274. فهم15 3275. فهو3 3276. فو4 3277. فوت15 3278. فوج13 3279. فوح12 3280. فوخ9 3281. فود14 3282. فور18 3283. فوز15 3284. فوص4 3285. فوض15 3286. فوط8 3287. فوظ4 3288. فوف12 3289. فوفل3 3290. فوق16 3291. فول9 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم17 3294. فوه17 3295. فى1 3296. فيأ16 3297. فيج8 3298. فيح12 3299. فيخ4 3300. فيد12 3301. فيروزج3 3302. فيش9 3303. فيص10 Prev. 100
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فضو and فضى 1 فَضَا, (M, Msb, K,) aor. يَفْضُو, (M, Msb,) inf. n. فُضُوٌّ (M, Msb, K) and فَضَآءٌ, (M, K,) It (a place) was, or became, wide, or spacious; (M, Msb, K;) as also ↓ افضى; (TA as from the K, in which I do not find it;) the latter occurring in a trad., and expl. in the Nh as signifying it became a فَضَآء [q. v.]. (TA.)

b2: [And It was, or became, empty, vacant, or void; (for it is said in the TA that الفضو, by which الفُضُوُّ is evidently meant, signifies الخُلُوُّ;) as also ↓ افضى, as appears from an explanation of the part. n. مُفْضٍ, q. v.]

b3: فَضَا الشَّجَرُ بِالمَكَانِ, inf. n. فضو [i. e. فُضُوٌّ], The trees became numerous, or abundant, [so as to occupy much space,] in the place. (IKtt, TA.)

b4: And فَضَا دَرَاهِمَهُ He did not put his dirhems, or money, into the purse [app. meaning that he left his money strewn]. (K.)

4 افصى: see the preceding paragraph, in two places.

b2: Also He went forth, (S,) or came, (TA,) to the فَضَآء [q. v.]. (S, TA.)

b3: [Hence]

افضى فُلَانٌ إِلَى فُلَانٍ Such a one came to, or reached, such a one: (M, Mgh, TA:) originally, became in the space, or the place, or quarter, of such a one: (M:) or properly, became in the فَضَآء of such a one. (Mgh.) And in like manner, افضى إِلَيْهِ الأَمْرُ [The thing, or event, came to, or reached, him]. (M.) And أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَى الشَّىْءِ I

came to, or reached, the thing. (Msb.) Accord.

to IAar, (TA,) الإِفْضَآءُ properly signifies الاِنْتِهَآءُ

[i. e. The coming at last, or ultimately, or the reaching, to a person or thing]. (IAar, T, Msb, TA.) Hence the saying [in the Kur iv. 25], وَقَدْ أَفْضَى بَعْضُكُمْ إِلَى بَعْضٍ i. e. When one of you hath come, and betaken himself, to the other; (TA;) in which the verb is made trans. by means of إِلَى because having the meaning [of اِنْتَهَى or] of وَصَلَ: (M:) or this means, when one of you hath become alone with the other, agreeably with the original derivation; or, accord. to some, it is an allusion to mutual contact, skin to skin: or to copulation. (Mgh.) You say, افضى إِلَى امْرَأَتِهِ

[He went in to his wife: or] he became in contact with his wife, skin to skin: (S, Msb:) or it signifies, (M, K,) or signifies also, (S, Msb,) (tropical:) he compressed his wife: (S, M, Msb, K:) or he was, or became, with her alone in private, whether he compressed her or not. (M, K.)

b4: افضى بِهِمْ He reached with them, or brought them to, a wide, or spacious, place. (TA.) And افضى بِهِ الطَّرِيقُ إِلَى

وَعْرٍ مِنَ الأَرْضِ [The road brought him to a rugged tract of land]. (K * and TA in art. وعر)

b5: افضى بِيَدِهِ إلَى الأَرْضِ He touched the ground with the palm of his hand (IF, S, Msb, K) in his prostration [in prayer]. (S, K.) And أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَيْهِ

بِيَدِى مِنْ غَيْرِ حَائِلٍ I put my hand to it without anything intervening; i. q. مَسَسْتُهُ (Msb in art مس.)

b6: أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَى فَلَانٍ بِسِرِى [I communicated, or made known, to such a one my secret]: (S;) or أَفْضَيْتُ إِلَيْهِ بِالسِّرِّ I acquainted him with the secret. (Msb. TA.)

b7: افضى also signifies (assumed tropical:) He became poor: so says IAar: as though he came to the ground. (TA.)

A2: لَا يُفْضِى اللّٰهُ فَاكَ, occurring in a trad., is a phrase expressive of a prayer, meaning May God not make thy mouth wide and empty. (TA.)

b2: Hence the saying of IAar, الإِفْضَآءُ أنْ تَسْقُطَ الثَّنَايَا مِنْ تَحْتُ وَمِنْ فَوْقُ [app. meaning that اِفْضَآءٌ is the inf. n. of أُفْضِىَ signifying His central incisors, below and above, fell out: or he was caused to lose them]: and hence [the epithet] المُفْضَاةُ [and therefore hence also what here follows]. (TA.)

b3: افضى المَرْأَةَ He made the woman's مَسْلَكَانِ (i. e. her vagina and rectum, Msb) to become one, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K, TA,) in devirginating her, (Msb,) or in compressing her; (TA;) the intervening part becoming rent: (Mgh, TA:) and so أَفَاضَهَا: (M, in which it is mentioned in art. فضى:) the epithet applied to her is ↓ مُفْضَاةٌ, (M, Mgh, Msb, K,) which is syn. with شَرِيمٌ. (S.)

5 تَفَضَّيْتُ for تَفَضَّضْتُ see in art. فض (conj. 5).

b2: [التفضّى in a passage of the Fákihet el-Khulafà accord. to several copies thereof is an obvious mistake for التَّفَصِّى, with the unpointed ص: see Freytag's Critical Annotations and Corrections in his edition of that work, p. 6.]

فَضًا, (S, M, K,) also written فَضًى, (TA,) A thing (S, K) mixed. (S, M, K.) You say طَعَامٌ

فَضًا Mixed food: (S:) and تَمْرٌ فَضًا dates mixed, (AA, * S, M,) as, for instance, (S, TA,) with

raisins, (Lh, S, M, TA,) in one vessel, or bag; thus says El-Kálee; (TA;) or scattered, or strewn, and mixed; (M:) and تَمْرَانِ فَضَيَانِ [two sorts of dates mixed]: and تُمُورٌ أَفْضَآءٌ [several sorts of dates mixed]. (AA, TA.) And مَتَاعُهْمٌ فَوْضَى

فَضًا Their goods are mixed together: (M:) or are shared in common. (TA.) And أَمْرُهُمْ فَضًا بَيْنَهُمْ

[Their case is mixed, or promiscuous, &c., like أَمْرُهُمْ فَوْضَى بَيْنَهُمْ (q. v. in art. فوض); or] their

case among themselves is alike; (M, TA;) i. e. they have no commander over them. (S, TA.) and تَرَكَ الأَمْرَ فَضًا i. e. [He left the affair] in an unsound [or a disordered] state. (TA.) And أَلْقَى

ثَوْبَهُ فَضًا [He threw down his garment in a disorderly, or cureless, manner;] he did not commit his garment to any one's care. (M, TA.)

b2: [Also One; a single thing or person: and alone; by itself or himself; not having any other with it or him; apart from others: thus it has two contrmeanings.] You say سَهْمٌ فَضًا One, or a single, arrow. (K:) or an arrow that is alone, by itself, not having any other with it, in the quiver. (AA, TA.) And بَقِيتَ فَضًا I remained alone, (Az, K, TA,) of such as were fellows: (Az, TA:) or a part from my brethren and my family. (Akh, TA)

A2: Also, i. e. فَضًا, (M, K,) or correctly with ى [i. e. (??)], as written by El-Kálee, (TA,) The stones (حَبّ) of raisins; (M;) i. q. فَضًا [or فصًى]. (K.)

A3: See also what next follows.

فَضْيَةٌ Water collecting and stagnating: pl. فِضَاءٌ, with medd, accord. to Kr: and also ↓ فَضًى and فِصًى, with fet-h and with kesr, the former of these like حَلَقٌ as pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] of حَلْقَةٌ, and the latter like بِدَرٌ as a pl. of بَدْرَةٌ; occurring in different relations of a verse of 'Adee

Ibn-Er-Rikáa. (M in art. فضى, and TA.)

فَضَآءٌ is an inf. n.: (M, K, TA:) and is expl.

by Aboo-'Alee El-Kálee as signifying Width, or spaciousness. (TA.)

b2: [It is also used as an epithet:] see فَاضٍ.

b3: And [as a subst., or an epithet in which the quality of a subst. is predominant,] it signifies A court, an open area, or a yard, of a house; syn. سَاحَةٌ: (S, K:) and a wide, or spacious, tract of land: (ISh, S, M, K:) or a plain and wide expanse of land: (Sh, TA:) the pl. is أَفْضِيةٌ. (ISh, TA.)

فِضَآءٌ Water running upon the ground: (K:) or, accord. to Aboo-'Alee El-Kálee it is [in measure, but not exactly in meaning,] like حِسَآءٌ

[a pl. of حِسْىٌ], signifying water running upon the surface of the earth; [or rather waters &c.; for he adds,] and its sing. is ↓ فَضِيَّةٌ: in the M, [in art. فضى,] it is said to be a pl. of فَضْيَةٌ, [q. v.,] on the authority of Kr. (TA.)

فَضِيَّةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

فَاضٍ (Msb, TA) and ↓ مُفْضٍ (M, * TA) Wide, or spacious, (M, * Msb, TA,) as also ↓ فَصَآءٌ, (Az, Er-Rághib, Mgh, Msb, TA,) open and plain, and vacant. (TA.)

b2: [The first of these words, in the present day, pronounced فَاضِى, is commonly used in the sense of فَارِغٌ as meaning Unoccupied, unemployed, or at leisure.]

مَفْضًى i. q. مُتَّسَعٌ [A place of width or spaciousness, &c.]. (TA.)

مُفْضٍ: see فَاضٍ. [And see also its verb, 4.]

مُفْضَاةٌ: see 4, last sentence.
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