William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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3200. فصد15 3201. فصع11 3202. فصل21 3203. فصم15 3204. فصى6 3205. فض53206. فضح13 3207. فضخ15 3208. فضل20 3209. فضو9 3210. فطأ9 3211. فطح11 3212. فطحل7 3213. فطر25 3214. فطس18 3215. فطم16 3216. فطن13 3217. فظ5 3218. فظع16 3219. فعل16 3220. فعم10 3221. فغر13 3222. فغفور1 3223. فغم11 3224. فغو6 3225. فقأ13 3226. فقح11 3227. فقد17 3228. فقر22 3229. فقص9 3230. فقع16 3231. فقم14 3232. فقه18 3233. فقو4 3234. فك4 3235. فكر16 3236. فكل10 3237. فكه18 3238. فل5 3239. فلت14 3240. فلج19 3241. فلح21 3242. فلذ16 3243. فلز10 3244. فلس18 3245. فلست1 3246. فلطح8 3247. فلع11 3248. فلق19 3249. فلقس5 3250. فلك19 3251. فلن13 3252. فلهد4 3253. فلو9 3254. فلى5 3255. فم5 3256. فن4 3257. فنتق3 3258. فنجان2 3259. فنخ9 3260. فند17 3261. فندر5 3262. فندق7 3263. فنزج6 3264. فنطس9 3265. فنع10 3266. فنق13 3267. فنك15 3268. فنو6 3269. فنى4 3270. فه3 3271. فهد13 3272. فهر14 3273. فهرس8 3274. فهم16 3275. فهو4 3276. فو4 3277. فوت16 3278. فوج14 3279. فوح13 3280. فوخ10 3281. فود15 3282. فور19 3283. فوز16 3284. فوص5 3285. فوض16 3286. فوط9 3287. فوظ5 3288. فوف13 3289. فوفل3 3290. فوق17 3291. فول10 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم18 3294. فوه18 3295. فى1 3296. فيأ16 3297. فيج9 3298. فيح13 3299. فيخ5 Prev. 100




1 فَضَّهُ, (S, Mgh, O, Msb,) aor. يَفُضُّ, (S, O, Msb,) inf. n. فَضٌّ, (S, A, Mgh, O, Msb, K.) He broke it; namely, the seal (A, Mgh, Msb, K) of a letter; (A, K;) and any other thing; (TA:) he broke it asunder, or into several pieces; he dissundered it; (S, Mgh, O, K;) for instance, the seal from a letter. (S, O.) فَصَّ الخَاتَمَ is also a metonymical phrase, meaning (tropical:) (??): (TA.) [or rather, i. a.] فَضّ البَكَارَةَ (tropical:) he destroyed the virginity: the virginity being likened to a seal, or this phrase is from فَضَضْتُ اللُّؤْلُؤَةَ I bored, or perforated, the pearl. (Msb.) [See also 8.] Yousay also, فَضَّ اللّٰهُ فَاهُ, (Msb, TA,) and, accord. to IKtt, ↓ أَفَضَّهُ, which J disallows, (TA,) God broke, or may God break, his teeth: (TA;) or God scattered, or may God scatter, his teeth. (Msb.) The phrase لَا يَفْضُضِ اللّٰهُ فَاكَ, (S, A.) meaning May God not break thy teeth, (TA,) occurs in a trad.: (S, A:) and J says. (TA,) you should not say ↓ يُفْضِض; (S, TA; [but in one copy of the S, I find يَفْضِض;]) though some allow it: and some say that إِفْضَاء [evidently a mistake for إِفْضَاض] means the falling out of the teeth from above and below; but the former explanation is the more common. (TA.) b2: He separated it; dispersed it; scattered it; broke it up; (S, A, Msb, TA;) namely, a thing; (Msb;) or a party of men; (S, O;) or a ring of men, (A, TA,) after they had collected together. (TA.) You say also, فَضَّ المَالَ عَلَى القَوْمِ (Mgh, * TA) He distributed the property among the people, or party of men. (Mgh, TA. *) b3: فَضَضْتُ مَا بَيْنَهُمَا I cut [the tie, or bond, that was between them]. (TA.) b4: فَضَّ المَآءَ, [aor. and] inf. n. as above, He poured out, or forth, the water; (TA;) and so الدُّمُوعَ the tears. (Har p. 57.) [See also 8.]

A2: فَضَّ المَآءُ, [aor., accord. to rule, يَفِضُّ,] The water flowed: (TA:) and الدُّمُوعُ ↓ انفضّت The tears poured forth. (Har p. 57.) 2 فَضَّّ [فضّض He silvered a thing: he ornamented a bit or bridle with silver: from فِضَّةٌ: see the pass. part. n., below.]4 أَفْضَ3َ see 1, in two places. b2: افضّ العَطَآءَ He made the gift large. (TA.) 5 تَفَضَّّ see 7.

A2: تَفَضَّيْتُ from الفِضَّةُ, for تَفَضَّضْتُ, has been mentioned by Sb; but ISd says, I know not what he meant thereby; whether I took for myself, or acquired, فِضَّة, [i. e. silver], or I made use of it. (TA.) 7 انفضّ It broke; or became broken; (S, Mgh;) said of a seal, (Mgh,) or thing. (S.) b2: انفضّ مِمَّا صُنِعَ بِابْنِ عَفَّانَ, occurring in a trad., means His connections became cut, or sundered, [so that he became clear] from what was done to ['Othmán] Ibn-'Affán, through grief and regret: (O, TA:) but accord. to one relation, the verb is [انقضّ,] with ق. (TA.) b3: انفضّ also signifies It became separated, dispersed, scattered, or broken up; or it separated, dispersed, or scattered, itself, or it broke up; (S, Mgh, O, Msb;) said of a thing, (Msb,) and of a party of men; (S, Mgh, O, Msb;) as also ↓ تفضّض, said of a thing, (S,) and of a party of men. (TA.) One says, انفضّ المَجْلِسُ [The assembly of persons sitting together broke up]. (Msb in art. جلس.) b4: See also 1 last sentence.8 افتضّها He devirginated her: (O, K:) and so اقتضّها, with ق. (O, TA.) [See also 1, second sentence.] b2: افتضّ المَآءَ He poured out, or forth, the water by little and little, successively: (O, K:) or he obtained the water at the time of its coming forth (S, O, K,) from the spring or from the clouds. (TA.) [See also 1, near the end.] b3: افتضّتِ said of a woman, She broke [i. e. ended] her عِدَّة, (O, K, TA,) meaning a widow's عدّة [during which she may not marry again, nor use perfumes &c., and] which is a period of four months and ten nights, but was before the Prophet's time a year: (TA:) this she did by touching perfume, or by some other act, (K, TA,) such as paring the nail, or plucking out the hair from the face: (TA:) or she rubbed her body with [or against] a beast, (K, TA,) i. e. an ass, or a sheep or goat, (O in art. حفش,) thereby to quit the state of the عدّة: or it was customary with them for her to wipe her قُبُل with a bird, and to throw it away; in consequence of which it hardly ever, or never, lived: (K, TA:) she used to enter a حِفْش [or small tent], and wear the worst of her clothing until a year passed, when a beast or bird was brought to her, and by means thereof she broke her عدّة; then she went forth, and a بَعْرَة [or piece of camel's or similar dung] was given to her, and she threw it: (TA: [see 1 in art. بعر:]) she used not to wash herself, nor to touch water, nor to pare a nail, nor to pluck out hair from her face; then she would go forth, after the year, with the foulest aspect, and break her عدّة by means of a bird, wiping her قُبُل with it, and throwing it away. (O, TA.) The verb, thus used, occurs in a trad., but, as some relate it, with ق and ب [i. e. saying تَقْبِضُ instead of تَفْتَضُّ]; and Az mentions that EshSháfi'ee related this trad. [in like manner] pronouncing the word with ق and ض, from القبض. (TA.) R. Q. 1 فَضْفَضَ He made a garment, and a coat of mail, wide, or ample. (TA.) A2: [Also, probably, It (a garment, and a دِرْع and (assumed tropical:) the means of subsistence,) was, or became, wide, or ample: see فَضْفَضَةٌ, below.] R. Q. 2 تَفَضْفَضَ بَوْلُ النَّاقَةِ The urine of the she-camel became sprinkled upon her thighs. (TA.) فَضٌّ, (K,) or فَضٌّ مِنَ النَّاسِ, (O, TA,) A small number of men (نَفَرٌ) in a state of dispersion. (O, K, TA.) And تَمْرٌ فَضٌّ Dates in a separate state, not sticking together. (IAar. [See also فَثٌّ.]) And حَرِيرٌ فَضٌّ Silk scattered, strewn, or thrown dispersedly. (A, TA.) [See also فَضَضٌ, and فُضَاضٌ.]

فَضَّةٌ: see the next paragraph, in two places.

فِضَّةٌ [Silver;] a certain thing well known: (S, O, K:) or wrought silver: (IAar, T and K voce تِبْرٌ, q. v.:) pl. فِضَضٌ. (TA.) The phrase قَوَارِيرَ مِنْ فِضَّةٍ, in the Kur [lxxvi. 16], means Such [flasks] as, notwithstanding their clearness, or transparency, will be secure from being broken, and capable of being restored to a sound state if broken, (Az, O, K,) like silver: (Az, O,) being, as Zj says, originally of silver, yet transparent, so that what will be within them will be seen from without; whereas the قوارير of this world are originally from sand. (Az, O.) [See also art. قر.]

A2: Also An elevated [stony tract such as is termed]

حَرَّة; and so ↓ فَضَّةٌ: pl. فِضَضٌ and فِضَاضٌ. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.) b2: And فِضَاضُ الجِبَالِ signifies Rocks scattered (مَنْثُور, in the CK مَنْشُور), one upon another: (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K:) sing. ↓ فَضَّةٌ. (TA.) فَضَضٌ What is separated, dispersed, or scattered; (S, O, K;) as also ↓ فَضِيضٌ; (O, K, TA;) of rain-water, and of hail, and of sweat: (TA:) and sprinkled: (K:) and particularly what is sprinkled, of water, when one performs ablution with it, (A, O, K,) and what flows upon the limbs on that occasion; (A;) as also ↓ فَضِيضٌ. (K.) The saying of 'Áïsheh to Marwán, فَأَنْتَ فَضَضٌ مِنْ لَعْنَةِ اللّٰهِ, (A, O, K,) or ↓ فَضِيضٌ, (A,) or ↓ فُضُضٌ, or ↓ فُضَاضٌ, accord. to different relations, (K,) means So thou art a part [of the object] of the curse of God: (Sh, A, O, K:) for the Apostle of God had cursed the father of Marwán, the latter being at the time [essentially] in his father's loins: (A:) or it means that he came forth in sprinkled seed from his father's loins: (Th, S, * TA:) or, accord. to another relation, she said فُظَاظَةٌ [see فَظِيظٌ]. (TA.) [See also فَضٌّ and فُضَاضٌ.]

فُضُضٌ: see فَضَضٌ [and فَضِيضٌ].

فُضَاضٌ What is separated, dispersed, or scattered, of a thing, when it is broken; (S, O, K;) as also ↓ فِضَاضٌ; (O, K;) and ↓ فُضَاضَةٌ. (TA.) You say, طَارَتْ عِظَامُهُ فُضَاضًا His bones became scattered in fragments on the occasion of the blow. (TA.) See also فَضَضٌ.

فِضَاضٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

فَضِيضٌ: see مَفْضُوضٌ: b2: and see فَضَضٌ, in three places. b3: Also What is cast forth from the mouth, of date-stones. (TA.) b4: And Sweet water: (S, O, K:) or flowing water: (A'Obeyd, S, O, K:) or fresh water when it comes forth from the spring or from the clouds: (O:) or water such as is termed غَرِيضٌ: pl. فُضُضٌ. (TA in art. فظ.) And a place abounding with water. (TA.) b5: نَاقَةٌ كَثِيرَةُ فَضِيضِ اللَّبَنِ A she-camel having much milk: and رَجُلٌ كَثِيرُ فَضِيضِ الكَلَامِ a man of much speech or talk. (TA.) A2: And accord. to El-Khattábee and others, [and among them the author of the K,] A طَلْع [or spadix of a palmtree] when it first comes forth: but this is a mistranscription; correctly غَضِيضٌ, with غ (O, TA.) فُضَاضَةٌ: see فُضَاضٌ.

فَاضَّةٌ A calamity; a misfortune: (Fr, S, O, K:) as though breaking and demolishing that which it befalls: (O, TA:) pl. فَوَاضُّ. (O, K.) فَضْفَضَةٌ Wideness, or ampleness, of a garment, and of a دِرْع [see فَضْفَاضٌ], and (assumed tropical:) of the means of subsistence. (S, O, K.) [See R. Q. 1.]

فَضْفَاضٌ Wide, or ample: (S, O, K:) in this sense applied to a garment; (S, O;) and to a دِرْع; (O, K;) the درع [or shift] of a woman, and the درع [i. e. coat of mail] used in war; (O;) as also فَضْفَاضَةٌ, (S, A, O, K,) and ↓ فُضَافِضَةٌ; (TA;) and (assumed tropical:) to the means of subsistence: (S:) also much, or abundant, and ample: (TA:) and [in this sense] applied to water. (TA.) فَضْفَاضُ الرِّدَآءِ وَالبَدَنِ, in a trad. of Sateeh, means (tropical:) Liberal, or generous, in disposition: or a large giver: (TA:) and رَجُلٌ فَضْفَاضٌ means (tropical:) a man who gives much; likened to water to which the same epithet is applied. (TA.) You say also, جَارِيَةٌ فَضْفَاضَةٌ A fleshy, corpulent, tall, girl. (O, K.) And سَحَابَةٌ فَضْفَاضَةٌ A cloud abounding with rain. (TA.) And أَرْضٌ فَضْفَاضٌ Land overspread with water from abundance of rain. (O, TA.) فُلَانٌ فَضْفَاضَةُ وَلَدِ أَبِيهِ, accord. to Lth, means Such a one is the last of the children of his father; but Az says that the word known in this sense is نَضْنَاضَة, with ن. (TA.) فُضَافِضَةٌ: see فَضْفَاضٌ.

مِفَضَّةٌ A thing with which clods of earth are broken; (S, O, K;) as also ↓ مِفْضَاضٌ. (O, K.) مُفَضَّضٌ A thing silvered: (TA:) a bridle (لِجَام) ornamented with silver. (S, TA.) مِفْضَاضٌ: see مِفَضَّةٌ.

مَفْضُوضٌ Broken; as also ↓ فَضِيضٌ. (TA.)
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