William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3227. فقد16 3228. فقر21 3229. فقص8 3230. فقع15 3231. فقم13 3232. فقه173233. فقو3 3234. فك4 3235. فكر15 3236. فكل9 3237. فكه17 3238. فل5 3239. فلت13 3240. فلج18 3241. فلح20 3242. فلذ15 3243. فلز10 3244. فلس17 3245. فلست1 3246. فلطح7 3247. فلع10 3248. فلق18 3249. فلقس5 3250. فلك18 3251. فلن12 3252. فلهد4 3253. فلو8 3254. فلى5 3255. فم5 3256. فن4 3257. فنتق3 3258. فنجان2 3259. فنخ8 3260. فند16 3261. فندر4 3262. فندق6 3263. فنزج6 3264. فنطس8 3265. فنع9 3266. فنق12 3267. فنك14 3268. فنو5 3269. فنى4 3270. فه3 3271. فهد12 3272. فهر13 3273. فهرس7 3274. فهم15 3275. فهو3 3276. فو4 3277. فوت15 3278. فوج13 3279. فوح12 3280. فوخ9 3281. فود14 3282. فور18 3283. فوز15 3284. فوص4 3285. فوض15 3286. فوط8 3287. فوظ4 3288. فوف12 3289. فوفل3 3290. فوق16 3291. فول9 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم17 3294. فوه17 3295. فى1 3296. فيأ16 3297. فيج8 3298. فيح12 3299. فيخ4 3300. فيد12 3301. فيروزج3 3302. فيش9 3303. فيص10 3304. فيض18 3305. فيظ8 3306. فيف13 3307. فيق6 3308. فيل16 3309. فين13 3310. فيه1 3311. فيهج1 3312. ق6 3313. قأب7 3314. قب6 3315. قبج5 3316. قبح16 3317. قبر18 3318. قبس19 3319. قبص17 3320. قبض20 3321. قبط16 3322. قبع13 3323. قبل21 3324. قبن12 3325. قبو8 3326. قبوس1 Prev. 100
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فقه

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فقه

1 فَقِهَ, aor. فَقَهَ, (S, Msb, K, &c.,) inf. n. فِقْهٌ, the verb being like عَلِمَ and the inf. n. like عِلْمٌ, in measure and in meaning, (TA,) or فَقَهٌ; (JK; [and the same seems to be implied in the Msb and the K;]) and فَقُهَ; (Msb, K;) He had, or possessed, what is termed فِقْهٌ, meaning understanding, (S, K,) and knowledge, and intelligence, and especially knowledge of the law (عِلْمُ الدِّينِ): (K:) or both are syn. with عَلِمَ: (Msb, TA:) or فَقُهَ, of which the inf. n. is فَقَاهَةٌ, (S, TA,) or فِقْهٌ, (JK,) signifies [peculiarly] he had, or possessed, knowledge of the law (عِلْم الشَّرِيعَة): (S:) or this latter verb signifies he had, or possessed, what is termed فِقْةٌ as a faculty firmly rooted in his mind: (Msb, TA:) or, accord. to IB, i. q. ↓ تَفَقَّهَ [q. v., as intrans.]: and he was, or became, [a فَقِيه, q. v., or] equal to the فُقَهآء. (TA in art. علم: see علم.) One says, فُلَانٌ لَا يَنْقَهُ [which may be rendered Such a one will not understand nor comprehend: but the two verbs are exactly syn.]. (S.) And to the witness one says, كَيْفَ فَقَاهَتُكَ لِمَا

أَشْهَدْ نَاكَ [app. meaning How is thy understanding of (or how understandest thou) what we have made thee to witness?]: it is not said to any other than the witness: (K, TA:) thus in the M: (TA:) or, accord. to Z, it is said to other than the witness. (K, * TA.) b2: And فَقِهَهُ, (Mgh, K,) aor. فَقَهَ, inf. n. فِقْهٌ, (K,) He understood it, (Mgh, K,) namely, a meaning, (Mgh,) or a thing that one explained to him; (TA;) as also ↓ تفقّههُ. (K.) b3: See also 3.2 فقّههُ, (S, K,) inf. n. تَفْقِيهٌ, (K,) He (God) made him to know or have knowledge [or to understand, or instructed him], or taught him; (S, * K, TA;) and (K) so ↓ افقههُ, (Msb, K,) or he made him to understand. (S, Mgh.) It is said in a trad., اَللّٰهُمَّ عَلِّمْهُ الدِّينَ وَفَقِّهْهُ فِى التَّأْوِيلِ i. e. O God, teach him الدين [app. here meaning the science of the law] and [instruct him in] the تأويل [or interpretation, &c.,] and the meaning thereof. (TA.) And you say, الشَّىْءَ ↓ أَفْقَهْتُكَ I made thee to understand, (S, Msb, *) or I taught thee, (Msb,) the thing. (S, Msb.) And ↓ أَفْقَنْتُهُ I explained to him the learning of الفِقْه [meaning the science of the law]. (T, TA.) 3 فاقههُ He searched with him into [matters of] science, disputing with him, (S, K,) ↓ فَفَقَهَهُ, aor. فَقُهَ, [inf. n. فَقْهٌ,] and he overcame him therein. (K.) 4 أَفْقَهَ see 2, in three places.5 تفقّه He learned knowledge, or science: (M voce سَوَّدَ:) [and particularly] he learned الفِقْه [meaning the science of the law]: (JK:) or he took, or applied himself, to the acquisition of الفِقْه [meaning thus]. (S, TA.) And تفقّه فِى العِلْمِ is like تَعَلَّمَ [meaning He became, or made himself, learned, or thoroughly learned, in science]. (Msb.) لِيَتَفَقَّهُوا فِى الدِّينِ, in the Kur ix. 123, means That they may task themselves to obtain understanding in الدّيَنْ [i. e. the law, or religion in general], imposing upon themselves the difficulties attendant on the acquisition thereof. (Ksh, Bd.) See also 1, in two places; in the latter of which it is mentioned as transitive.

فِقْهٌ [as a simple subst.] signifies Understanding (S, Msb, K) of a thing; (Msb, K;) and knowledge thereof; (Msb, K;) and intelligence: (K:) accord. to IF, any knowledge of a thing is thus termed: (Msb:) [hence فِقْهُ اللُّغَةِ The science of lexicology is the title of a work written by him; and of another work, by Eth-Tha'álibee:] and, as used by the lawyers [and others], الفِقْهُ denotes a particular science; (Msb;) it signifies particularly, (S, TA,) or predominantly, (K, TA,) The science of the law; [jurisprudence;] (S, K, TA;) syn. عِلْمُ الشَّرِيعَةِ, (S, TA,) or عِلْمُ الدِّينِ, [which is the same as علم الشريعة,] because of its preëminence (K, TA) above the other kinds of science: (TA:) and more particularly, the science of the فُرُوع [or derivative institutes] of the law. (TA.) فَقُهٌ; and its fem., with ة: see the next paragraph.

فَقِيهٌ Any one possessing knowledge of a thing. (TA.) فَفِيهُ العَرَبِ signifies The عَالِم [or man of knowledge] of the Arabs; (TA;) and was an appellation given to El-Hárith Ibn-Keledeh (الحٰرِثُ بْنُ كَلَدَةَ), who was also called طَبِيبُ العَرَبِ [as is said in the S in art. ازم], because this appellation is syn. with the former; but IKh and El-Hareeree do not mean by فقيها لعرب any particular person. (Mz, close of the 39th نوع.) b2: [Particularly and predominantly,] فَقِيهٌ signifies One possessing knowledge of the law; [a lawyer;] (S, K;) as also ↓ فَقُهٌ; (Msb, K;) fem. فَقِيهَةٌ and ↓ فَقُهَةٌ: pl. [of فَقِيهٌ] فُقَهَآءُ; and [of فَفِيهَةٌ] فَقَائِهُ and فُقَهَآءُ; (K;) the last of these pls. mentioned by Lh, and anomalous, as applied to women: ISd says, “ in my opinion, he, of the Arabs, who says فُقَهَآء

[in speaking of women] takes no account of the fem. ة: it is like فُقَرَآءُ applied to women. ” (TA.) [In Egypt, the appellation فِقِى, a vulgar corruption of فَقِيه, is now applied to A schoolmaster; and to a person who recites the Kur-án &c. for hire.] b3: فَحْلٌ فَقِيهٌ means A stallion [camel] expert in covering, (K, TA,) that knows well the she-camels that are lusting, and the pregnant. (TA.) المُسْتَفْقِهَةُ The female companion of the wailing woman, who responds to her (K, TA) in what she says; because she catches and retains quickly, and understands, what she [the former] says, and to reply to it: [as though it signified “ she who seeks, or desires, to understand: ”] it is said in a trad. that each of these persons is cursed by God. (TA.)
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