William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3235. فكر16 3236. فكل10 3237. فكه18 3238. فل5 3239. فلت14 3240. فلج193241. فلح21 3242. فلذ16 3243. فلز10 3244. فلس18 3245. فلست1 3246. فلطح8 3247. فلع11 3248. فلق19 3249. فلقس5 3250. فلك19 3251. فلن13 3252. فلهد4 3253. فلو9 3254. فلى5 3255. فم5 3256. فن4 3257. فنتق3 3258. فنجان2 3259. فنخ9 3260. فند17 3261. فندر5 3262. فندق7 3263. فنزج6 3264. فنطس9 3265. فنع10 3266. فنق13 3267. فنك15 3268. فنو6 3269. فنى4 3270. فه3 3271. فهد13 3272. فهر14 3273. فهرس8 3274. فهم16 3275. فهو4 3276. فو4 3277. فوت16 3278. فوج14 3279. فوح13 3280. فوخ10 3281. فود15 3282. فور19 3283. فوز16 3284. فوص5 3285. فوض16 3286. فوط9 3287. فوظ5 3288. فوف13 3289. فوفل3 3290. فوق17 3291. فول10 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم18 3294. فوه18 3295. فى1 3296. فيأ16 3297. فيج9 3298. فيح13 3299. فيخ5 3300. فيد13 3301. فيروزج3 3302. فيش10 3303. فيص11 3304. فيض19 3305. فيظ9 3306. فيف14 3307. فيق7 3308. فيل17 3309. فين14 3310. فيه1 3311. فيهج1 3312. ق7 3313. قأب7 3314. قب6 3315. قبج6 3316. قبح17 3317. قبر19 3318. قبس20 3319. قبص18 3320. قبض21 3321. قبط17 3322. قبع14 3323. قبل22 3324. قبن13 3325. قبو9 3326. قبوس1 3327. قت6 3328. قتب19 3329. قتد11 3330. قتر19 3331. قترد4 3332. قتل20 3333. قتن11 3334. قث5 Prev. 100
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فلج

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فلج

1 فَلَجَ, aor. فَلُجَ, (S, M, O, L, Msb, K,) and فَلِجَ, (K,) or the latter only [when the verb is trans. as] in فَلَجَ القَوْمَ, (TA,) inf. n. فَلْجٌ, (S, O, K,) or فُلُوجٌ, (Msb,) or both, and, accord. to Kr, فُلْجٌ and فَلَجٌ, but it is said in the L that these two are simple substs: (TA;) and ↓ افلج, inf. n. إِفْلَاجٌ; (K, TA;) the latter verb authorized by AO and Ktr and others, but omitted by Th in the Fs; (TA;) He succeeded; succeeded in an enterprise or a contest; overcame, conquered, or gained a victory: (S, O, K, &c.:) or he attained his object; gained what he sought. (Msb.) One says, مَنْ يَأْتِ الحَكَمَ وَحْدهُ يَفْلُجْ [He who comes to the judge by himself will succeed, or overcome, or gain his cause]: a proverb. (S, O.) And فَلَجَ عَلَى خَصْمِهِ, (S, O,) and ↓ افلج, (TA,) He (a man) succeeded against, or overcame, his adversary; (S, O, TA;) and got before him, or got precedence of him. (TA.) And فَلَجَ بِحُجَّتِهِ, (Msb, TA,) and فِى حُجَّتِهِ, (TA,) He established, (Msb,) or he overcame by and in, (TA,) his argument, plea, allegation, or proof. (Msb, TA.) And فَلَجَتْ حُجَّتُهُ [His argument, &c., was successful]. (A.) And فَلَجَ سَهْمُهُ, and ↓ افلج, His arrow was successful. (O, TA.) And فَلَجَتْ بِقَلْبِى

She (a woman) took away [or captivated] my heart. (A, TA.) b2: And فَلَجَ القَوْمَ, in which case only one says يَفْلُجُ and يَفْلِجُ, and فَلَجَ

أَصْحَابَهَ, He (a man) succeeded against, or overcame, the people, or party, and his companions. (TA.) b3: فَلَجَ, aor. فَلِجَ, (S, M, O, L, K,) and فَلُجَ, (K,) or the former only, (MF. TA,) inf. n. فَلْجٌ, He divided a thing; parted it; divided it in parts or shares; or distributed it: (S, O, K;) as also ↓ فلّج, inf. n. تَفْلِيجٌ: (O, K:) he divided property, (Mgh, TA,) or running water: (TA:) and he divided a thing in halves. (M, L, Msb, TA.) One says, فَلَجَتُ الشَّىْءَ بَيْنَهُمْ I divided, parted, or distributed, the thing between them, or among them. (S, O.) And فَلَجَ الشَّىْءَ بَيْنَهُمَا He divided the thing between them two in halves. (M, L, TA.) And فَلَجْتُ أَلْفًا, aor. فَلِجَ, inf. n. فَلْجٌ and فُلُوجٌ, I divided, parted, or distributed, a thousand [dirhems] by means of the فِلْج, a well-known measure of capacity. (Msb.) b4: And فَلَجْتُ الشَّىْءَ, (S, Msb, K, *) aor. in this case and in other cases following فَلُجَ and فَلِجَ, (K,) or فَلُجَ only, (TA,) [but it is implied in the S and O and Msb that it is فَلِجَ,] inf. n. فَلْجٌ, (K,) I split the thing, clave it, or divided it lengthwise: (S, O:) or I split the thing, &c., into two halves: (Msb, K:) or فَلَجْتُ الشَّىْءَ فَلْجَيْنِ has this latter meaning. (S, O.) b5: And فَلَجْتُ الأَرْضَ لِلزِّرَاعَةِ, (S, O, K, *) inf. n. فَلْجٌ, (K,) [like فَلَحْتُهَا,] I furrowed, or ploughed, the land for sowing. (S, O, K.) b6: And هُوَ يَفْلُجُ الأَمْرَ He looks into, and divides, or distributes, and manages, the thing, or affair. (L, TA.) b7: And فَلَجَ, inf. n. فَلْجٌ, He imposed the [tax called] جِزُيَة. (K.) One says, فَلَجَ الجِزْيَةَ عَلَى القَوْمِ, (T, S, Mgh, * O, &c.,) and فَلَجَ القَوْمَ, (TA,) He imposed the جزية upon the people, or party; (T, S, Mgh, O, &c.:) he di(??) the جزية among the people, or party, (??) upon each person his portion: (As, Mgh; *) and فَلَجَ الجِزْيَةَ بَيْنَهُمْ: (A:) [said to be] from فِلْجٌ, or فَالِجٌ, (As, Mgh,) or القَفِيزُالفَالِجُ; (A'Obeyd, S, O;) signifying a certain measure of capacity; because the جزيه used to he paid in wheat, or corn: (As, Mgh:) or the verb in this sense (??) arabicized word. (Shifá el-Ghaleel.) A2: فَلِجَ, aor. فَلَجَ, inf. n. فَلَجٌ and فَلَجَةٌ, He had what is termed فَلَجٌ, meaning [as expl. below, i. e.] width. between the teeth, and feet [or legs, and arms], &c. (Lh, TA.) b2: فَلِجَ, (Th, S, O, Msb, K,) inf. n. فَالِجٌ, one of the [few] inf. as. of the measure فَاعِلٌ; (ISd, TA;) and فَلِجَ, aor. فَلَجَ, mentioned by IKtt and Es-Sarakustee and others; (MF, TA;) but the former alone is mentioned by Th in the Fs, and by other celebrated lexicologists; (TA;) [and vulg. ↓ انفج;] He had the disease termed الفَالِجُ [expl. below]. (Th, S, O. Msb, K.) 2 فَلَّجَ see 1, former half: b2: and see also فَلَجٌ, in two places.3 فالجهُ He contended with him, trying which of them should succeed, or overcome. (TA.) Hence one says, (TA,) أُفَالِجُكَ أُمُورًا مِنَ الحَقِّ I will contend with thee, trying which of us shall succeed, to accomplish affairs of right. (A, TA.) 4 افلج as intrans.: see 1, former half, in three places.

A2: افلجهُ اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ God made him to succeed against him; to overcome him, conquer him, or gain the victory over him: (S, O, K: *) and made him to excel him. (TA.) b2: And خَاصَيْتُ فَأَفْلَجَنَى I contended in an altercation, disputed, or litigated, and he decided in my favour, and judged me to have prevailed against, or overcome, my adversary. (TA, from a trad.) b3: And افلج اللّٰهُ حُجَّتَهُ, (S, O, Msb,) or بُرْهَانَهُ, (K, *) God made his argument, plea, allegation, or proof, right, and manifest, or clear: (S, O, K: *) or established it. (Msb.) 5 تفلّجت قَدَمُهُ His foot became cracked, or chapped. (S, O, K.) [See also مُتَفَلِّح, in art. فلح.] b2: [And تفلّجت said of a woman, She made open spaces between her front teeth: see the part. n., voce أَفْلَجُ.]7 انفلج الصُّبْحُ i. q. انبلج [The daybreak shone, or shone brightly]. (TA.) A2: See also 1, last sentence.10 استفلج فُلَانٌ بِأَمْرِهِ Such a one mastered, or became master of, his affair: and so استفلح, with ح. (A, TA.) [See the latter verb.]

فَلْجٌ an inf. n. of فَلَجَ [q. v.]. (S, O, K, &c.) b2: And [probably as such] i. q. قَمْرٌ [app. as meaning An overcoming in a game of hazard]; as also ↓ فُلْجٌ. (L.) A2: See also فَالِجٌ, in two places.

A3: Also, and ↓ فِلْجٌ, (S, O, K,) and ↓ فُلُجٌّ, [q. v.,] (Seer, L,) [or perhaps this is a mistranscription for فَلْجٌ or فِلْجٌ,] The half of a thing: (S, O, K:) pl. of the first and second فُلُوجٌ. (S, O.) One says, هُمَا فَلْجَانِ They two are two halves. (K.) b2: And one says, فِى رِجْلِهِ فُلُوجٌ, [pl. of فَلْجٌ,] In his foot are fissures, or cracks; as also فُلُوحٌ. (S in art. فلح.) b3: See also فَلَجٌ.

فُلْجٌ (S, O, K) and ↓ فَلَجٌ (L) and ↓ فُلْجَةٌ, (O, K,) substs., (or, accord. to some, the first and second are inf. ns., TA,) Success; success in an enterprise or a contest; conquest; or victory. (S, O, L, K.) One says, لِمَنَ الفُلْجُ and ↓ الفَلَجُ To whom belongs success, or the conquest, or victory? (Lh, L.) b2: See also فَلْجٌ.

فِلْجٌ: see فَلْجٌ. b2: Also, (S, O, Msb, K,) and ↓ فَالِجٌ, (TA,) or قَفِيزٌ فَالِجٌ, (AO, S, O,) A certain measure of capacity, (AO, S, O, Msb, K,) well known, (Msb, K,) with which things are divided, (TA,) of large size, said to be the same as the قَفِيز [q. v.]; and ↓ فَالِجٌ is said to be an arabicized word, from the Syriac فالغا: (L: [but see فُلُجٌّ:]) it is said that the ↓ فَالِج [thus in my copy of the Mgh, but it is there strangely added that it is “ with fet-h,” as though فَالَج,] is two fifths of what is termed الكُرُّ المُعَدَّلُ, [see art. كر,] and, by 'Alee Ibn-'Eesà, that it is larger than the فِلْج: in the T, the ↓ فَالِج is said to be the half of the great كُرّ; and the فِلْج is the measure of capacity that is called in Syriac فَالَغَا. (Mgh.) فَلَجٌ: see فُلْجٌ, in two places.

A2: It is also an inf. n. of فَلِجَ [q. v.]: (Lh, TA:) and signifies Distance, or width, between the teeth; (K;) as also ↓ تَفْلِيجٌ: (TA:) or, between the medial and lateral incisors, (T, S, O,) when natural; and تَفْلِيجٌ, distance, or width, between those teeth when it is the effect of art. (T.) فَلَجٌ in all the teeth is disapproved, and not at all beautiful; but it is esteemed goodly when only between the two middle teeth. (TA.) b2: Also Distance, or width, between the feet, (Lth, O, K, TA,) in the posterior direction: (O, TA:) or, between the shanks; like فَحَجٌ: (ISd, TA:) or crookedness, or curvature, [or a bowing outwards,] of the arms. (TA. [See أَفْلَجُ.]) And The turning over of the foot upon the outer side, and displacement of the heel; in a neuter sense. (L.) A3: Also, (S, K,) and, accord. to the S, فَلْجٌ, but this is a mistake, (IB, K,) A river: (A'Obeyd, TA:) or a small river: (S, O, K:) a rivulet, or streamlet; syn. جَدْوَلٌ: (A:) or a running spring of water: or running water: (R, TA:) or a large well: (Ibn-Kunáseh, TA:) pl. أَفْلَاجٌ (S, O) and فَلَجَاتٌ (R, TA) [or فُلْجَانٌ, for] فُلْجَانٌ signifies rivulets, streamlets, or small channels, for the irrigation of seed-produce: and ↓ فُلُجٌ, with two dammehs, signifies a rivulet, streamlet, or small channel, for irrigation, running to every part of a garden. (L.) b2: فَلَجٌ is also sometimes used as an epithet: one says مَآءٌ فَلَجٌ meaning Running water: and عَيْنٌ فَلَجٌ a running spring of water. (L.) A4: And الفَلَجُ signifies The daybreak. (TA.) فَلِجٌ [part. n. of فَلِجَ]: see an ex. voce أَفْلَجُ.

فُلُجٌ: see فَلَجٌ, last sentence but two. b2: It is also a pl. of فَلِيجٌ [q. v. voce فَلِيجَةٌ].

فَلْجَةٌ: see فَلِيجَةٌ.

فُلْجَةٌ: see فُلْجٌ.

فَلَجَاتٌ Fields, or lands, sown, or for sowing. (TA. [See also فَلَحَةٌ, in art. فلح.]) b2: See also فَلَجٌ, last sentence but two.

فُلُجٌّ, [thus in the L,] accord. to Sb, A sort of men: one says, النَّاسُ فُلُجَّانِ The people, or men, are two sorts; [for ex.,] consisting of entering and going out: [but I think it most probable that فُلُجٌّ and فُلُجَّانِ are mistranscriptions for فِلْجٌ and فِلْجَانِ, for] Seer says that فلج signifying “ a half ” and “ a sort ” is derived from فِلْجٌ syn. with قَفِيزٌ: thus he makes فِلْجٌ an Arabic word. (L.) See also فَلْجٌ.

فِلْجَانٌ, [said to be] from فِلْجٌ signifying “ a certain measure of capacity,” [but app. from the Pers. فِنْجَان,] A [small porcelain or earthenware] cup out of which coffee &c. is drunk; commonly pronounced by the vulgar فِنْجَان and فِنْجَال [from the Pers. پِنْگَان and پِنْگَال, and also called ↓ فِلْجَانَةٌ, vulgarly فِنْجَانَة; and ↓ فِيَالَجَة: (see سَوْمَلَةٌ:) pl. فَلَاجِينُ and فَنَاجِينُ and فَنَاجِيلُ]. (TA.) فِلْجَانَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

فَلِيجٌ: see the paragraph here following.

فَليِجَةٌ One of the oblong pieces of cloth of a tent: (TA:) or, of a [tent of the kind called]

خِبَآء: (As, S, O, K:) As says, I know not in what part it is: (TA:) ↓ فَلِيجٌ appears to be used for it by poetic license; or the word may be one of those pronounced with and without ة; or without ة it may be a pl. [or coll. gen. n.] of which the sing. [or n. un.] is with ة: (M, TA:) [or] فَلِيجٌ signifies a single oblong piece of a بِجَاد [q. v.]; and its pl. is فُلُجٌ: (L and TA in art. بجد:) and [in like manner] ↓ فَلْجَةٌ signifies a piece of a بِجَاد. (TA in the present art.) b2: See also فَلِيحَةٌ, with ح.

فَلُّوجٌ A writer. (Ibn-Jembeh, O, K.) and A manager and reckoner: from the phrase هُوَ يَفْلُجُ الأَمْرَ, expl. above. (TA.) فَلُّوجَةٌ Land that is put into a right, or proper, state for sowing; (S, O, K;) good, clear, land prepared for sowing: (TA:) pl. فَلَالِيجُ. (S, O, K.) And [hence, app.,] Any one town, or village, of the Sawád: (O, K: *) pl. as above. (O.) رَجُلٌ فَالِجٌ فِى حُجَّتِهِ A man who succeeds, or overcomes, in his argument, plea, allegation, or the like; as also ↓ فَلْجٌ. (TA.) And السَّهْمُ الفَالِجُ The arrow that is successful: (S, O, K:) the winning arrow in the game called المَيْسِر: or it may mean the arrow that is successful in a contest at archery. (TA.) A2: See also فِلْجٌ, in four places. b2: فَالِجٌ (S, O, L, K) and ↓ فَلْجٌ (L) also signify A large, or bulky, camel, with two humps, that is brought from Es-Sind for the purpose of covering: (S, O, * K:) or a camel with two humps, between the Bukhtee (البُخْتِىّ) and the Arabian: so called because his hump is divided in halves, or because his two humps have different inclinations: (L:) pl. of the former فَوَالِجُ. (S, M, K; all in art. صر.) b3: And الفَالِجُ signifies [Palsy, or paralysis, whether partial or general; hemiplegia or paraplegia:] a disease arising from a flaccidity in one of the lateral halves of the body; (A;) or a flaccidity in one of the lateral halves of the body, (K, TA,) arising suddenly, (TA,) occasioned by an efflux of a phlegmatic humour, and causing the passages of the spirit to become obstructed; (K, TA;) this being its first effect; it deprives the patient of his senses and his motion; and is sometimes in one member: (TA:) or a flatus (رِيحٌ S, O, L, TA) which attacks a man, and deprives him [of the use] of one lateral half of the body; (thus in the L, and the like is said in the 'Eyn; TA;) whence it is thus called: (IDrd, S, O:) or a disease that arises in one of the lateral halves of the body, occasioning the loss of the senses and of motion, and sometimes in both lateral halves, and sudden in its attack; on the seventh [day] it is dangerous; but when it has passed the seventh, its acuteness ceases; and when it has passed the fourteenth, it becomes a chronic disease: (Msb:) it is called in a trad. of Aboo-Hureyreh دَآءُ الأَنْبِيَآءِ [the disease of the prophets]: and is said by Et-Tedmuree, in the Expos. of the Fs, to be a disease that attacks a man when the venters (بُطُون) of the brain become filled with certain moistures, or humours, occasioning the loss of sensation and of the motions of the members, and rendering the patient like a dead person, understanding nothing. (TA.) A3: أَنَا مِنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ فَالِجُ بْنُ خَلَاوَةَ, or كَفَالِجِ بْنِ خَلَاوَةَ, is a saying expl. in art. خلو.

فَيْلَجٌ [The cocoon of a silk-worm;] the thing from which قَزّ is obtained: an arabicized word; [from the Pers. پِيلَهْ pélah; but said to be] originally فَيْلَق, and thus some pronounce it. (Msb,) فِيَالَجَةٌ: see فِلْجَانٌ. [فَيَالِجَة occurs in art. قز.

in the TA, as its pl.; being there expl. as meaning small cups (فَنَاجِين) in which wine (شَرَاب) is drunk: but I think that this may be taken from a mistranscription for فِيَالَجَة.]

أَفْلَجُ, (TA,) or أَفْلَجُ الأَسْنَانِ, (S, Mgh, O, K, TA,) applied to a man, and فَلْجَآءُ الأَسْنَانِ applied to a woman, (S, O,) for the teeth must be mentioned, (IDrd, S, O, K,) [but MF disputes this,] and الأَسْنَانِ ↓ مُفَلَّجُ, applied to a man, accord. to one reading of a trad., (TA,) Having the teeth separate, one from another: (TA:) or, distant, or wide apart, one from another: (Mgh, * K:) or having the medial and lateral incisors distant, one from another, or wide apart. (S, O.) [See also أَفْرَقُ.] And الثَّنَايَا ↓ مُفَلَّجُ A man having an interstice between the middle pair of teeth; (S, O, K;) as also الثَّنَايَا ↓ فَلِجُ; (A;) contr. of مُتَرَاصُّ الثَّنَايَا. (S, O.) And ↓ مُتَفَلِّجَةٌ A woman that makes open spaces between her front teeth, for the purpose of improving their appearance. (L, from a trad., in which a curse is pronounced against her who does this.) And ثَغْرٌ أَفْلَجُ Front teeth that are separate, or distant, or wide apart, one from another; and ↓ مُفَلَّجٌ signifies the same [app. when they are rendered so artificially: see فَلَجٌ]. (TA.) b2: And أَفْلَجُ applied to a man, Having a crookedness, or curvature, [or bowing outwards,] in the arms: when it is in the legs, the person is termed أَفْحَجُ: (L:) or wide between the arms: (O, K:) or wide between the paps; (S, L;) which last explanation is said in the K to be erroneous; but he who is wide between the paps is also wide between the arms. (MF.) b3: هِنٌ أَفْلَجُ A vulva, of a woman, whereof the labia majora are wide apart. (L.) b4: فَرَسٌ أَفْلَجُ A horse having the prominent parts of the haunch-bones wide apart. (IDrd, O, L.) أَفْلَجِىٌّ Having the fingers wide apart. (Freytag, from the Deewán of the Hudhalees.)]

مُفْلَجٌ [Rendered] successful, or victorious; and safe, or secure. (KL.) [See also its verb.]

مُفَلَّجٌ: see أَفْلَجُ, in three places. b2: أَمْرٌ مُفَلَّجٌ An affair not rightly disposed or directed. (O, K.) مَفْلُوجٌ Having the disease termed الفَالِجٌ. (S, Mgh, O, Msb, K.) مُتَفَلِّجَةٌ: see أَفْلَجُ.
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