William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3245. فلست1 3246. فلطح7 3247. فلع10 3248. فلق18 3249. فلقس5 3250. فلك183251. فلن12 3252. فلهد4 3253. فلو8 3254. فلى5 3255. فم5 3256. فن4 3257. فنتق3 3258. فنجان2 3259. فنخ8 3260. فند16 3261. فندر4 3262. فندق6 3263. فنزج6 3264. فنطس8 3265. فنع9 3266. فنق12 3267. فنك14 3268. فنو5 3269. فنى4 3270. فه3 3271. فهد12 3272. فهر13 3273. فهرس7 3274. فهم15 3275. فهو3 3276. فو4 3277. فوت15 3278. فوج13 3279. فوح12 3280. فوخ9 3281. فود14 3282. فور18 3283. فوز15 3284. فوص4 3285. فوض15 3286. فوط8 3287. فوظ4 3288. فوف12 3289. فوفل3 3290. فوق16 3291. فول9 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم17 3294. فوه17 3295. فى1 3296. فيأ16 3297. فيج8 3298. فيح12 3299. فيخ4 3300. فيد12 3301. فيروزج3 3302. فيش9 3303. فيص10 3304. فيض18 3305. فيظ8 3306. فيف13 3307. فيق6 3308. فيل16 3309. فين13 3310. فيه1 3311. فيهج1 3312. ق6 3313. قأب7 3314. قب6 3315. قبج5 3316. قبح16 3317. قبر18 3318. قبس19 3319. قبص17 3320. قبض20 3321. قبط16 3322. قبع13 3323. قبل21 3324. قبن12 3325. قبو8 3326. قبوس1 3327. قت6 3328. قتب18 3329. قتد10 3330. قتر18 3331. قترد4 3332. قتل18 3333. قتن10 3334. قث5 3335. قثأ10 3336. قثد9 3337. قثرد3 3338. قح5 3339. قحب12 3340. قحد9 3341. قحز10 3342. قحط16 3343. قحف15 3344. قحل13 Prev. 100
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فلك

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فلك

1 فَلڤكَ see the next paragraph, in two places.2 فلّك, (S, O, K,) inf. n. تَفْكِيكٌ, (S,) said of a girl's breast, It became round, (S, O, K, TA,) like the فَلْكَة [or whirl (of a spindle)], but less than is denoted by نُهُودٌ [inf. n. of نَهَدَ, q. v.]; (TA;) as also ↓ تفلّك, (S, O, K,) and ↓ افلك, (Th, O, K,) and ↓ فَلَكَ. (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K.) b2: And فلّكت, (K,) inf. n. as above, (TA,) She became round in the breast; as also ↓ فَلَكَتْ. (K, TA. [For the latter verb, the CK has فَلِكَت.]) A2: See also فَلْكَةٌ, second sentence. b2: التَّفْكِيكُ also signifies The pastor's making, of course hair (هُلْب), a thing like the فَلْكَة (AA, T, S, O, TA) of the spindle, (AA, T, TA,) and inserting it into the tongue of the young unweaned camel, (AA, T, S, O, TA,) having perforated the tongue [for that purpose], (AA, T, TA,) in order that he may not such: (AA, T, S, O, TA:) accord. to Lth, فَلَّكْتُ الجَدْىَ signifies I put a twig around the tongue of the kid in order that it might not suck: but Az says that the right explanation of التفكيك is that of AA [given above]. (TA.) [See also 4 in art. جر, and 4 in art. لهج.]

A3: And فلّك, inf. n. as above, He (a man) persisted, or persevered, (لَجَّ,) in an affair; (K, TA;) and so ↓ افلك. (TA.) A4: and فلّكت She (a bitch) desired copulation, and discharged blood from the womb; syn. اجعلت وحاضت. (O, K.) 4 أَفْلَكَ see 2, first sentence: b2: and فَلْكَةٌ, second sentence: A2: and see also 2, last sentence but one.5 تَفَلَّكَ see 2, first sentence.

فُلْكٌ A ship: (S, O, Msb, K, &c.:) [also particularly applied to the ark of Noah; as in the Kur-án vii. 62, &c.:] the word is generally thus only; but some say ↓ فُلُكٌ also, with two dammehs; and it is held that this may be the original form; and that فُلْكٌ may be a contraction, like as عُنْقٌ is [of غُنُقٌ accord. to Sb]: (MF, TA:) it is masc. and fem., (S, O, K, *) and sing. and pl., (S, O, K,) and Ibn-'Abbád says that it has فُلُوكٌ also for a pl.: (O:) [it is said that] it may be sing., and in this case masc.; and pl., and in this case fem.: (IB, Msb:) [but see what here follows:] it occurs in the Kur-án in the following (and other) places: in xxvi. 119, &c.; where it is sing. and masc.: (S, O, TA:) and in [xvi. 14 and] xxxv. 13; where it is pl. [and fem.]: (TA:) and in ii. 159; where it is fem., and may be either pl. or sing.: it seems that, when it is sing., it is regarded as meaning the مَرْكَب, and is therefore made masc.; or the سَفِينَة, and is therefore made fem.: (S, O, TA:) or, (K,) as Sb used to say, (S, O, TA,) the فُلْك that is a pl. [in meaning] is a broken pl. of that, (S, O, K, TA,) i. e. of the فُلْك, (IB, O, K, TA,) that is a sing. [in meaning]: and it is not like الجُنُبُ, which is sing. and pl. [in meaning], and the like thereof (S, O, K, TA) among substs., such as الطِّفْلُ &c.; (S, O, TA;) for فُلْكَانِ has been heard from the Arabs as dual of فُلْكٌ, but not جُنُبَانِ [or the like] as dual of جُنُبٌ [or the like]; and they say that what has not been dualized is not a pl. [form], but [is, or may be,] a homonym, and what has been dualized [is, or may be,] a pl. [form]: (MF, TA:) Sb then says in continuation, (TA,) for فُعْلٌ and فَعَلٌ share in application to one thing [or meaning], as العُرْبُ and العَرَبُ, (S, O, K, TA,) &c.; (S, O, TA;) and as it is allowable for فَعَلٌ to have for its pl. فُعْلٌ, as in the instance of أَسَدٌ and أُسْدٌ, so too فُعْلٌ may have for its pl. فُعْلٌ. (S, O, K, TA.) ↓ فُلْكِىٌّ is a dial. var. of فُلْكٌ; and Abu-d-Dardà read, [in the Kur x. 23,] كُنْتُمْ فِى الْفُلْكِىِّ [When ye are in the ships; where others read فى الفُلْكِ; and where the context shows that the pl. meaning is intended]. (IJ, TA.) A2: [It may also be a pl. of the word next following].

الفَلَكُ The place of the revolving of the stars; (O, K, TA;) [the celestial sphere: but generally imagined by the Arabs to be a material concave hemisphere; so that it may be termed the vault of heaven; or the firmament:] the astronomers say that it is [a term applied to every one, by itself, of] seven أَطْوَاق [by which they mean surrounding spheres], exclusive of the سَمَآء [or sky, as meaning the region of the clouds]; wherein have been set the seven stars [i. e. the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn], in every طَوْق [or surrounding sphere] a star, some being higher than others; revolving therein: (TA:) [it is also commonly imagined that above these is an eighth sphere, called by the astronomers فَلَكُ الثَّوَابِتِ (the sphere of the fixed stars), and by others فَلَكُ الكُرْسِىِّ; and above this, a ninth, called فَلَكُ الأَطْلَسِ and فَلَكُ العَرْشِ, and also called الأَثِيرُ (q. v.):] the pl. is أَفْلَاكٌ [a pl. of pauc.] (S, O, Msb, K, TA) and فُلُكٌ (K, TA) and فُلْكٌ may be another pl., like as أُسْدٌ and خُشُبٌ are pls. of أَسَدٌ and خَشَبٌ (S, O, TA. [Thus accord. to both of my copies of the S, as well as the O and TA: but it may be that أُسْدٌ and خُشْبٌ are mistranscriptions for أُسُدٌ and خُشُبٌ; and therefore that for فُلْكٌ (which is not mentioned as a pl. of فَلَكٌ in the K) we should read فُلُكٌ.]) And فَلَكُ السَّمآءِ signifies The pole of heaven; [generally the north celestial pole;] likened to the pivot, or axis, of the mill-stone. (TA.) b2: Also (i. e. الفَلَكُ) The revolving of the heaven [or celestial sphere]. (TA.) b3: And فَلَكٌ signifies also The circuit, and main part, of any-thing. (K.) b4: And Waves of the sea in a state of commotion, (O, K, TA,) circling, (TA,) and going to and fro. (O, TA.) This, (O, TA,) or what is next mentioned, (TA,) or the place of revolving of the stars, (O,) or the pole of heaven, (TA,) is meant in a trad. where it is said of a horse smitten by the [evil] eye, that he was as though he were turning in a فَلَك. (O, TA.) and Water put in motion by the wind, (O, K, TA,) going to and fro, in a state of commotion: (O, TA:) mentioned by Z. (TA.) b5: Also A hill, or mound, of sand, having around it a wide expanse of land: (IAar, O, K, TA:) or فَلَكٌ مِنَ الرَّمْلِ signifies rugged, round أَجْوِبَة [app. a pl. of جَوْبَة (though I do not find it mentioned as such), and meaning depressed and clear places], of the sands, like [tracts of] what are termed كَذَّان [or soft stones resembling dry pieces of clay], hollowed out by the gazelles. (TA.) b6: And Pieces of land, (S, O, K, TA,) or of sand, (S,) having a circular form, and elevated above what is around them, (S, O, K, TA,) with ruggedness and evenness; (TA;) one whereof is termed ↓ فَلْكَةٌ, (S, O, K, TA,) with the ل quiescent; pl. فِلَاكٌ; (K, TA;) i. e. [this is pl. of فَلْكَةٌ,] like قَصْعَةٌ and قِصَاعٌ: (TA:) in [the book entitled] El-Ghareeb ElMusannaf, [by Aboo-'Amr Esh-Sheybánee, we find] ↓ فَلَكَةٌ and فَلَكٌ, [each] بِالتَّحْرِيك; [accord. to which, فَلَكَةٌ is a n. un., and فَلَكٌ is a coll. gen. n.;] but in “ the Book ” of Sb, [agreeably with the K, we find] ↓ فَلْكَةٌ [as a sing.] and فَلَكٌ [as a quasi-pl. n.], like حَلْقَةٌ and حَلَقٌ. (IB, TA.) b7: See also فَلْكَةٌ, in two places.

فَلِكٌ A slave (AA, O) having a buttock like the فَلْكَة [or whirl] of a spindle (AA, O, K) in shape; (AA, O;) resembling the Zenj; (K;) [for] the buttocks of the Zenj are round: (AA, O:) or large in the buttocks. (TA.) And (O, K) it is said to signify (O) Thick, or coarse of make, in the joints: (O, K:) and loose in the bones; (K;) or weak, loose in the bones, and flaccid; thus expl. by Ibn-'Abbád: (O:) and having a pain in his patella (فِى فَلْكَةِ رُكْبَتِهِ). (O, K.) فُلُكٌ: i. q. فُلْكٌ, q. v.

A2: And a pl. of فَلَكٌ. (K, TA.) فَلْكَةٌ The whirl of a spindle: (MA:) [this is what is meant by the saying that] the فَلْكَة of the مِغْزَل is well known; (K;) [and] is thus called because of its roundness: (S, O:) [it is a piece of wood, generally of a hemispherical form, or nearly so, through the middle of which the upper part of the spindle-pin is inserted:] also pronounced ↓ فِلْكَة: (O, K:) the pl. [of the former] is ↓ فَلَكٌ [or rather this is a quasi-pl. n.] and [that of the latter sing. is] فِلَكٌ. (TA.) b2: And A thing that is made round, or hemispherical, (↓ يُفَلَّكُ, or ↓ يُفْلَكُ, accord. to different copies of the K,) like the فَلْكَة of the spindle, of coarse hair (هُلْب), then the tongue of the young unweaned camel is perforated, [and this thing is inserted into it, (see 2, and see also 4 in art. لهج,)] in order that he may be prevented from sucking. (K. [For فتَخْرِقُ لِسانُ الفَصِيلِ in the CK, I read فَيُخْرَقُ لِسَانُ الفَصِيلِ, as in other copies of the K and in the TA: after these words, the copies of the K have فَيُعْضَدُ بِهِ, app a mistranscription for some phrase meaning فَيُجْعَلُ فِيهِ, which is necessary to complete the explanation.]) b3: And An [eminence such as is termed] أَكَمَهٌ [formed] of one mass of stone; (K, TA;) accord. to ISh, [of] the smaller of the [eminences termed] إِكَام, compact in its head, as though this were the فَلْكَة of a spindle, not giving growth to anything, in height of the measure of two spears or a spear and a half. (TA.) b4: See also فلَكٌ, near the end, in two places. b5: Also Anything circular, (K.) b6: And [particularly] The joint [or cartilaginous disk] between the two vertebræ [i. e. between any one of the vertebrœ and that next to it] of the camel: (K, TA:) and the pl. [or rather quasi-pl. n.] thereof, in this sense and in the last two of the sense following, is ↓ فَلَكٌ. (TA.) b7: [and The cap of the knee; (see فَلِكٌ;) فَلْكَةُ الرُّكْبَةِ signifying the patella: so in the present day.] b8: And The small thing (الهَنَةُ [app. the foramen cæcum, from its round form, for, though the TA adds the epithet النَّاشِئَةُ, which means “ rising,” I think that this addition may be conjectural,]) upon the head of the root of the tongue. (K.) b9: And The side of the [portion of the breast called the] زَوْر [q. v.], and the part thereof that is round, or circular. (K. [K. [But see بَلْدَةٌ: where it is said that “ the فَلَك of the زَوْر of a horse are six in number: ” what they are I have been unable to determine: I incline to think that they may be spiral curls, such as are termed دَوَائِر, pl. of دَائِرَةٌ.]) فِلْكَةٌ: see فَلْكَةٌ, first sentence.

فَلَكَةٌ: see فَلَكٌ, near the end.

فُلْكِىٌّ: see فُلْكٌ, last sentence but one.

فَلَكِىٌّ [Of, or relating to, the فَلَك as meaning the celestial sphere. b2: And] One who occupies himself [as an astronomer, or astrologer] with the science of the stars. (TA.) فُلَيْكَةٌ [dim. of فُلْكٌ, which is sometimes fem. when used as a sing. as well as when used as a pl.,] A small ship: the vulgar say فلوكة [i. e.

فَلُوكَة; whence the Italian “ feluca ”]. (TA.) فَالِكٌ and ↓ مُفَلِّكٌ A girl whose breast is becoming round, (K, TA,) like the فَلْكَة [or whirl (of a spindle)]. (TA.) [And the former is also applied as an epithet to the breast: for] AA says that [the pl.] فَوَالِكُ is applied to breasts (ثُدِىّ) that are less than such as are termed نَوَاهِدُ. (TA.) فَيْلَكُونٌ The شُوبَق [or baker's rolling-pin: see the latter word]: (O, K, TA: [in the CK, السَّوِيقُ is erroneously put for الشُّوبَقُ:]) Az holds both of these words to be arabicized. (O.) b2: And (TA) The بَرْدِىّ [or papyrus]. (S; and K in art. فلكن.) A2: And Tar, or pitch; syn. قَارٌ, or زِفْتٌ. (K. n art. فلكن.) A3: And قَوْسٌ فَيْلَكُونٌ A great bow. (TA in art. فلكن.) أَفْلَكُ One who goes round about the فَلَك, (IAar, O, K,) i. e. the hill, or mound, of sand that has around it a wide expanse of land. (IAar, O.) الإِفْلِيكَانِ Two portions of flesh which border, on each side, the لَهَاة; (IDrd, O, K;) i. e. they are the غُنْدُبَتَانِ [q. v.]. (IDrd, O.) مُفَلِّكٌ: see فَالِكٌ.
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