William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3255. فم5 3256. فن4 3257. فنتق3 3258. فنجان2 3259. فنخ8 3260. فند163261. فندر4 3262. فندق6 3263. فنزج6 3264. فنطس8 3265. فنع9 3266. فنق12 3267. فنك14 3268. فنو5 3269. فنى4 3270. فه3 3271. فهد12 3272. فهر13 3273. فهرس7 3274. فهم15 3275. فهو3 3276. فو4 3277. فوت15 3278. فوج13 3279. فوح12 3280. فوخ9 3281. فود14 3282. فور18 3283. فوز15 3284. فوص4 3285. فوض15 3286. فوط8 3287. فوظ4 3288. فوف12 3289. فوفل3 3290. فوق16 3291. فول9 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم17 3294. فوه17 3295. فى1 3296. فيأ16 3297. فيج8 3298. فيح12 3299. فيخ4 3300. فيد12 3301. فيروزج3 3302. فيش9 3303. فيص10 3304. فيض18 3305. فيظ8 3306. فيف13 3307. فيق6 3308. فيل16 3309. فين13 3310. فيه1 3311. فيهج1 3312. ق6 3313. قأب7 3314. قب6 3315. قبج5 3316. قبح16 3317. قبر18 3318. قبس19 3319. قبص17 3320. قبض20 3321. قبط16 3322. قبع13 3323. قبل21 3324. قبن12 3325. قبو8 3326. قبوس1 3327. قت6 3328. قتب18 3329. قتد10 3330. قتر18 3331. قترد4 3332. قتل18 3333. قتن10 3334. قث5 3335. قثأ10 3336. قثد9 3337. قثرد3 3338. قح5 3339. قحب12 3340. قحد9 3341. قحز10 3342. قحط16 3343. قحف15 3344. قحل13 3345. قحم19 3346. قحو7 3347. قد13 3348. قدح15 3349. قدر22 3350. قدس19 3351. قدع13 3352. قدم21 3353. قدو10 3354. قذ4 Prev. 100
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فند

1 فَنِدَ, aor. فَنَدَ, (TK,) inf. n. فَنَدٌ; (S, M, A, O, L, K, TA;) or فند, [perhaps فَنَدَ, not فَنِدَ,] inf. n. فُنُودٌ; (IKtt, TA;) and ↓ افند, (S, IKtt, L,) inf. n. إِفْنَادٌ; (S, L, K;) He lied; uttered a falsehood; said what was untrue: (S, M, IKtt, A, O, L, K:) this is [said to be] the primary signification. (L.) ↓ قَوْلٍ إِفْنَادٍ is used by a poet for قَوْلٍ ذِى إِفْنَادٍ [A saying having, or characterized by, lying, or falsehood]. (M, L.) b2: And فَنِدَ. aor. فَنَدَ, (TK,) inf. n. فَنَدٌ, (M, O, K,) He erred, or committed a mistake or mistakes, (M, O, K, TK,) in extreme old age, (O,) in speech, or in judgment, or opinion: (M, K, TK:) and ↓ افند he made many mistakes in his speech. (As, TA in art. سهب.) b3: And فَنِدَ, aor. فَنَدَ, (IKtt, TA, TK,) inf. n. فَنَدٌ; (T, S, M, IKtt, A, O, L, K;) and ↓ افند; (S, M, IKtt, L;) He became weak in judgment by reason of extreme old age (S, IKtt, A, O, L;) or he became unsound in mind, (M, L, K,) [in such a state that] his intellect, or intelligence, was denied, or disapproved. (T, M, K, TK, الفَنَدُ being expl. in the T and M and K by إِنْكَارُ العَقْلِ, and فَنَدَ in the TK by انكر عقله [meaning أُنْكِرَ عَقْلُهُ], and in like manner افند [of which see the part. n., مُفْنِدٌ, below, as expl. in the A],) by reason of extreme old age, (T, M, K, TK,) or disease; (M, K, TK:) primarily thus restricted to the case of old age, but sometimes used without the being so restricted: (M:) and ↓ افند is also expl. as signifying he became weak in intellect, or doted: (IKtt, TA:) and as signifying he became extremely aged, because he who has become so speaks perverted language; from the same verb as signifying he lied. (L,) b4: [And فَنِدَ, inf. n. فَنَدٌ, app. signifies also He was, or became, impotent: and unthankful for the favour of God: see فِنْدٌ.]2 فنّدهُ, inf. n. تَفْنِيدٌ, He pronounced him to be a liar, an utterer of falsehood, or a sayer of what was untrue. (Fr, M, K.) b2: See also 4. b3: He blamed him, (S, O, L,) and pronounced his judgment to be weak: (S, A, O, L:) or he pronounced him, (Fr, T,) or it, i. e. his judgment, (IAar, T,) to be weak. (Fr, IAar, T.) And He pronounced him to be impotent, or lacking in ability. (Fr, M, L, K.) A2: فنّد فَرَسًا He acquired, or got for himself, a horse: (T, O, TA:) so says Hároon Ibn-'Abd-Allah, as mentioned by Sh: but (Az says) I know it not in this sense: thus in the T: (TA:) or [rather] he took him for the purpose of tying him, or keeping post, on the enemy's frontier, (T, TA,) and as a refuge to which to have recourse (T, O, TA) when suddenly attacked by the enemy; (T, TA;) from فِنْدٌ, (T, O, TA,) signifying “ a شِمْرَاخ,” (O,) or “ a great شمراخ,” (T, TA,) “ of a mountain,” (T, O, TA,) or as signifying “ a great mountain: ” (O:) or i. q. ضَمَّرَهُ [as meaning he made him light of flesh for military service], (O, K, TA,) so as to be like the branch of a tree, termed فِنْد. (O, TA.) A3: فنّد فُلَانًا عَلَى الأَمْرِ He desired, of such a one, [the performance of] the affair; (K, TA;) as also ↓ فاندهُ, (O, K, TA, in the O فِى الأَمْرِ,) inf. n. مُفَانَدَةٌ; (TA;) and ↓ تفنّدهُ. (O, K, TA.) A4: فنّد فِى الشَّرَابِ He kept constantly, or perseveringly, to be beverage, or wine. (AHn, M, K, TA.) A5: And فنّد (inf. n. تَفْنِيدٌ, TA) He sat upon a فِنْد, (T, L,) i. e. a شِمْرَاخ of a mountain. (T, O, K.) 3 فَاْنَدَ see 2, near the end of the paragraph.4 افند, inf. n. إِفْنَادٌ, as intrans.: see 1, in five places.

A2: افندهُ (inf. n. as above, TA) He charged him with error in judgment, or opinion; as also ↓ فنّدهُ. (M, K.) b2: And It (old age) rendered him weak in judgment, or unsound in mind: (L:) or it (extreme old age) caused him to have little understanding; [or to be] like a stone. (A.) 5 تفنّد He repented, (K, B, TA,) مِنْهُ [of it]. (T, K.) A2: تفنّدهُ: see 2, near the end.8 اُفْتُنِدَ He was caused to perish by reason of extreme old age. (O.) فَنْدٌ: see the next paragraph, first sentence.

فِنْدٌ (T, S, M, A, O, L, K) and ↓ فَنْدٌ (Ibn-'Abbád, O, K) A great mountain: (IF, O, K:) or a mountain apart from others: (Ibn-Abi-l- Hadeed, TA:) or a portion of a mountain, (Ibn-'Abbád, S, O, K,) or a great portion thereof, (M, TA,) having tallness, or length, [app. the former,] (Ibn-'Abbád, S, O, K, TA,) and some add, with slenderness: (TA:) or a head, or round and tall and slender head, or peak, (شِمْرَاخ,) of a mountain: (T, A:) or a great peak or head (شمراخ, T, L, or رَأْس, M, L,) of a mountain: (T, M, L:) or a رُكْن [i. e. a side, or an outward part, or the strongest side or outward part,] of a mountain: (L:) pl. أَفْنَادٌ. (M, L.) One says of a bulky and heavy man, كَأَنَّهُ فِنْدٌ, meaning As though he were a head, or peak, (شِمْرَاخ,) of a mountain. (A.) b2: And the former (فِنْدٌ) is the sing. of أَفْنَاد in the phrase أَفْنَادُ اللَّيْلِ, (T,) which means The component parts, or portions, of the night. (T, O, K, TA.) b3: And A congregated party (T, O, K, TA.) of men. (T, O.) One says, هُمْ فِنْدٌ عَلَى حِدَةٍ They are a party by itself. (T, TA.) And it is said in a trad., (T.) respecting the Prophet, (T, O, K,) that, when he died, (O.) صَلَّى النَّاسُ عَلَيْهِ أَفْنَادًا أَفْنَادًا i. e. [The people prayed for him, or invoked blessing upon him,] one by one, without an Imám; (Th, T, O, K;) or companies after companies: (O, K:) and they were computed to be thirty thousand, with sixty thousand angels; two angels to every one (T, O, K) of the believers. (T, O.) And the Prophet said, (T, O, K,) after announcing that he would be among the first that should die, (T, O,) تَتَّبِعُونِى أَفْنَادًا أَفْنَادًا يُهْلِكُ بَعْضُكُمْ بَعْضًا, meaning [Ye will follow me] in scattered companies, company after company; [killing one another;] أَفْنَادًا being pl. of فِنْد; (Nh, TA;) and in like manner is expl. a similar phrase in a trad. of 'Áïsheh: (T, TA:) or the former means ↓ ذَوِى فَنَدٍ i. e. [impotent; and unthankful; lit] having impotence; and unthankfulness for [God's] favour. (O, K, TA.) b4: And A sort, or species: (K, TA:) pl. أَفْنَادٌ: one says, جَاؤُوا أَفْنَادًا They came being diverse sorts. (TA.) b5: And A branch of a tree. (T, O, K. *) b6: And Land upon which rain has not fallen; (T, O, K;) also termed ↓ فِندية [app. فِنْدِيَّةٌ]. (T.) فَنَدٌ [inf. n. of فَنِدَ, q. v.: as a subst.,] i. q. فُحْشٌ [app. as meaning Exorbitance in speech]; and error in judgment: pl. أَفْنَادٌ. (Ham p. 112.) b2: See also فِنْدٌ, near the end.

فِنْدَةٌ A complete branch from which a bow is made. (O.) فِندية [app. فِنْدِيَّةٌ]: see فِنْدٌ, last sentence.

فِنْدَأْوَةٌ (in the O and CK without hemz) A sharp قَدُوم [or adz]. (S, O, K.) b2: And A bold, or fearless, she-camel. (IAar and Sh, TA in art. عدأ.) فِنْدَأْيَةٌ An adz, or an axe, or a hoe; syn. فَأْسٌ: (I'Aar, T, L:) or a broad-headed فأس: (M, L:) pl. فَنَادِيدُ, which is anomalous. (IAar, T, L.) فَانِيدٌ A sort of sweetmeat, made of concrete juice of the sugar-cane (قَنْد, q. v.,) and starch (نَشًا): a foreign word; for the measure فَاعِيلٌ is not found in Arabic; and therefore the lexicographers have not mentioned it: (Msb:) it is also written with ذ; (MF;) and is an arabicized word, from [the Pers.] پَانِيدْ [or پَانِيذْ]: (K voce فَانِيذ:) but is more properly with د. (MF.) مُفْنِدٌ, (T, S, L, K,) or ↓ مُفَنَّدٌ, [meaning Weak in judgment, or unsound in mind, &c., (see 1,) by reason of extreme old age, or disease,] an epithet applied to a man only: you do not use the fem. form, with ة, applying it to an old woman, because [it is held that] she has not possessed judgment (T, S, M, L, K) in her youth (T, S, M, L) or at any time: (K:) or both مُفْنِدٌ and ↓ مُفَنَّدٌ signify [as above: or] one whose intellect, or intelligence, is denied, or disapproved, (أَنْكِرَ عَقْلُهُ,) by reason of extreme old age: or who confounds [things] in his speech: (A:) or the former, or ↓ the latter, signifies loquacious by reason of unsoundness of mind: (As, T:) and the former signifies weak in intellect: (L:) [and extremely aged: (see 1:)] and the same, (T,) or ↓ the latter, (L,) weak in judgment; notwithstanding he may be strong in body: and weak in body; notwithstanding he may be right in judgment: and weak in judgment and in body. (Fr, T, L.) مُفَنَّدٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in four places.
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