William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3264. فنطس9 3265. فنع10 3266. فنق13 3267. فنك15 3268. فنو6 3269. فنى43270. فه3 3271. فهد13 3272. فهر14 3273. فهرس8 3274. فهم16 3275. فهو4 3276. فو4 3277. فوت16 3278. فوج14 3279. فوح13 3280. فوخ10 3281. فود15 3282. فور19 3283. فوز16 3284. فوص5 3285. فوض16 3286. فوط9 3287. فوظ5 3288. فوف13 3289. فوفل3 3290. فوق17 3291. فول10 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم18 3294. فوه18 3295. فى1 3296. فيأ16 3297. فيج9 3298. فيح13 3299. فيخ5 3300. فيد13 3301. فيروزج3 3302. فيش10 3303. فيص11 3304. فيض19 3305. فيظ9 3306. فيف14 3307. فيق7 3308. فيل17 3309. فين14 3310. فيه1 3311. فيهج1 3312. ق7 3313. قأب7 3314. قب6 3315. قبج6 3316. قبح17 3317. قبر19 3318. قبس20 3319. قبص18 3320. قبض21 3321. قبط17 3322. قبع14 3323. قبل22 3324. قبن13 3325. قبو9 3326. قبوس1 3327. قت6 3328. قتب19 3329. قتد11 3330. قتر19 3331. قترد4 3332. قتل20 3333. قتن11 3334. قث5 3335. قثأ10 3336. قثد10 3337. قثرد4 3338. قح5 3339. قحب13 3340. قحد10 3341. قحز11 3342. قحط17 3343. قحف16 3344. قحل14 3345. قحم20 3346. قحو8 3347. قد14 3348. قدح16 3349. قدر23 3350. قدس20 3351. قدع14 3352. قدم22 3353. قدو11 3354. قذ4 3355. قذر16 3356. قذع13 3357. قذف19 3358. قذل15 3359. قذى9 3360. قر7 3361. قرأ14 3362. قرّام1 3363. قرب22 Prev. 100
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ى1 فَنِىَ, (T, S, M, Msb, K, &c.,) aor. يَفْنَى; (T, M, Msb, K;) and فَنَى, aor. يَفْنَى, (M, K,) which is extr., mentioned by Kr, and said by him to be of the dial. of Belhárith Ibn-Kaab; (M;) the former of the two verbs being that which is commonly known; (TA;) inf. n. فَنَآءٌ, (T, S, M, Msb, K, &c.,) which is of both of the verbs; (TA;) It (i. e. a thing, S, Msb, TA) passed away and came to an end; vanished away; became spent, or exhausted; failed entirely; ceased, perished, or came to nought; or was, or became, transitory, evanescent, or non-existent; the inf. n. being syn. with نَفَادٌ; (Aboo-'Alee El-Kálee, TA;) contr. of بَقَآءٌ; (M, TA;) and the pret. being syn. with عُدِمَ: (K, TA:) it is said of every created thing that it is subject to الفَنَآء. (Msb.) [Hence] دَارُ الفَنَآءِ [The abode of transitoriness, evanescence, or perishableness,] means the present world. (T in art. دور.) b2: And, said of a man, (T, M, K,) i. e. فَنِىَ, aor. and inf. n. as above, (M,) (tropical:) He was, or became, extremely aged; or old and infirm; syn. هَرِمَ: (M, K:) or he became on the verge of death by reason of extreme age or of age and infirmity. (T.) Lebeed says, حَبَائِلُهُ مَبْثُوثَةٌ بِسَبِيلهِ وَيَفْنَى إِذَا مَا أَخْطَأَتْهُ الحَبَائِلُ (T, M,) meaning [His snares are spread in his way, and when the snares fail to catch him] he becomes old and infirm and so dies: (T:) or it means, when death misses him he becomes old and infirm. (M.) 3 فاناهُ, (T, S, M, K,) inf. n. مُفَانَاةٌ, (T, TA,) He (a man, S, M) soothed, or coaxed, him: (AA, T, S, M, K:) and, (M,) accord. to El-Umawee, (T, S,) he stilled, or quieted, him. (T, S, M.) El-Kumeyt says, (S, M,) mentioning anxieties, (M,) تُقِيمُهُ تَارَةً وَتُقْعِدُهُ كَمَ يُفَانِى الشَّمُوسَ قَائِدُهَا [They rouse him at one time, and at another time they render him sedate like as her leader soothes, or coaxes, or like as he stills, or quiets, the refractory mare]. (S, M: in the T, accord. to the TT, the verse ends with رَائِدُهَا [her pastor], instead of قَائِدُهَا.) Accord. to IAar, فاناهُ signifies واِجاهُ [app. a mistranscription for وَاخَاهُ, originally آخَاهُ, He fraternized with him; or acted with him in a brotherly manner]. (TA.) [Hence the phrase]

أُفَانِى الأَيَّامَ i. e. أُزَجِّى الزَّمَانَ [meaning I make the time to pass away easily; as though beguiling it]. (Har p. 607.) b2: And one says, بَنُو فُلَانٍ مَا يُعَانُونَ مَالَهُمْ وَلَا يُفَانُونَهُ i. e. The sons of such a one do not tend, or take care of, their cattle, or camels, or [other] property, and do not manage the same well. (T.) 4 افناهُ He, or it, caused it, or him, to pass away and come to an end; to vanish away; to become spent, or exhausted; to fail entirely; to cease, perish, or come to nought; he, or it, did away with, destroyed, or annihilated, it, or him; (T, S, * M, Msb, * K, TA;) trans. of فَنِىَ. (T, S, Msb, K.) The saying of a rájiz, (T, TA,) namely, Abu-n-Nejm, (TA,) describing a pastor of sheep or goats, يَقُولُ لَيْتَ اللّٰهَ قَدْ أَفْنَاهَا (T, TA,) may mean an imprecation against them, i. e. He says, would that God had destroyed them: (T:) b2: or it means, would that God had made to grow for them [the plant called] الفَنَى, i. e. عِنَبُ الثَّعْلَبِ; so that they might have abundance of milk, and become fat. (T, TA.) 6 تَفَانَوا, (S, K,) or تفانوا قَتْلًا, (M,) They destroyed one another, (S, M, K,) [or they shared, one with another, in destruction, (see an ex. in a verse cited voce دَقَّ,) by slaughter,] in war, or battle. (S.) الفَنَى, thus, with ى, in the M, and thus it should be written accord. to Aboo-'Alee El-Kálee, in the T and S with ا, and in like manner in the K, in which it is [mentioned in art. فنو, and] written without the article ال (فَنًا), and said to be a pl., of which the sing. is ↓ الفَنَاة, (TA,) [The plant called] عِنَبُ الثَّعْلَبِ; [see art. ثعلب; and see also الأَفَانِى, in this art.;] (T, S, M, K;) whereof one is called ↓ فَنَاةٌ: (S:) or, as some say, another plant; (T;) [i. e.,] as some say, a species of trees, or plants, (شَجَرٌ,) having red berries, (حَبّ), (S,) of which necklaces are made, (S,) or the unbroken of which are made use of as قَرَارِيط [meaning carat-weights] with which to weigh, every berry (حَبَّة) being a قِيرَاط: and some say that it is a herb that grows in rugged places, rising from the ground to the height of the measure of a finger, and less, and depastured by the cattle. (M.) فَنَاةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places: A2: and see also art. فنو.

فِنَآءٌ A yard, or an exterior court, i. e. a wide space, (T, S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) in front, (T, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) or extending from the sides, (S, Msb,) of a house: (T, S, M, Mgh, Msb, K:) pl. أَفْنِيَةٌ (T, S, M, Msb, K) and فُنِىٌّ: (K:) and ثِنَآءٌ [q. v.] signifies the same. (T, M.) فَانٍ part. n. of فَنِىَ [i. e. signifying Passing away and coming to an end; &c.]. (T.) b2: and (tropical:) An old man extremely aged, or old and infirm; (M, * Msb, K, * TA;) so called because of his nearness to passing away, or perishing: (Msb:) or an old man whose faculties have entirely failed. (Mgh.) And فَانِيَةٌ occurs in a trad., applied to a she-camel, or to camels, as meaning (assumed tropical:) Advanced in age. (TA.) b3: [فَانٍ فِى اللّٰهِ, in the language of the mystics, means (assumed tropical:) Lost in contemplation of God, and insensible to all else.]

أَفْنَآءٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ is expl. in art. فنو.

الأَفَانِى [without the article أَفَانٍ] is the name of A species of plant, (T, S, K,) yellow, and red; (T;) [said to be so called] while fresh and succulent; (S;) accord. to AA, (T,) when it has dried up, it is called الحَمَاطُ; (S, T;) but this is a mistake; for الافانى signifies a particular species of plant by itself, of the herbs, or leguminous plants, termed ذُكُور, which dries up, and becomes scattered; whereas the حماط is the حَلبة [a mistranscription for حَلَمَة], and this does not dry up, because it is of the [kind called] جَنْبَة and عُرْوَة (T:) the n. un. is أَفَانِيَةٌ, (T, S.) like ثَمَانِيَةٌ [in measure]. (S.) And it is said to signify also [The plant called] عِنَبُ الثَّعْلَبِ. (S. [See also الفَنَى, above.]) مَفْنَاةٌ A land (أَرْضٌ) suitable to those who alight and abide therein: (K, TA:) it occurs, in a verse of Keys Ibn-El-'Eyzár El-Hudhalee, with ق, [as some relate that verse,] but As says that in the dial. of Hudheyl it is with ف. (TA in art. قنى.)
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