William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3290. فوق17 3291. فول10 3292. فولاذ1 3293. فوم18 3294. فوه18 3295. فى13296. فيأ16 3297. فيج9 3298. فيح13 3299. فيخ5 3300. فيد13 3301. فيروزج3 3302. فيش10 3303. فيص11 3304. فيض19 3305. فيظ9 3306. فيف14 3307. فيق7 3308. فيل17 3309. فين14 3310. فيه1 3311. فيهج1 3312. ق7 3313. قأب7 3314. قب6 3315. قبج6 3316. قبح17 3317. قبر19 3318. قبس20 3319. قبص18 3320. قبض21 3321. قبط17 3322. قبع14 3323. قبل22 3324. قبن13 3325. قبو9 3326. قبوس1 3327. قت6 3328. قتب19 3329. قتد11 3330. قتر19 3331. قترد4 3332. قتل20 3333. قتن11 3334. قث5 3335. قثأ10 3336. قثد10 3337. قثرد4 3338. قح5 3339. قحب13 3340. قحد10 3341. قحز11 3342. قحط17 3343. قحف16 3344. قحل14 3345. قحم20 3346. قحو8 3347. قد14 3348. قدح16 3349. قدر23 3350. قدس20 3351. قدع14 3352. قدم22 3353. قدو11 3354. قذ4 3355. قذر16 3356. قذع13 3357. قذف19 3358. قذل15 3359. قذى9 3360. قر7 3361. قرأ14 3362. قرّام1 3363. قرب22 3364. قربس9 3365. قرث8 3366. قرح21 3367. قرد21 3368. قرزح5 3369. قرس16 3370. قرش16 3371. قرشب5 3372. قرص18 3373. قرض18 3374. قرضأ3 3375. قرضب8 3376. قرط18 3377. قرطس15 3378. قرطف8 3379. قرطل8 3380. قرظ16 3381. قرع20 3382. قرف23 3383. قرفص13 3384. قرق13 3385. قرقع3 3386. قرم19 3387. قرمد9 3388. قرمز8 3389. قرمص10 Prev. 100





فِى is a particle governing the gen. case [and used in the manners and senses expl in what here follows]. (T, S, M, Mughnee, K.) b2: It relates to a receptacle; (Sb, S, M;) and, when used in a wider sense, to that which has some near resemblance thereto; (Sb, M;) [i. e.,] and also to what is considered as a receptacle: (S:) [in other words,] it denotes inclusion, or inbeing, (Msb, Mughnee, K, TA,) either in relation to place or in relation to time: (Mughnee, K, TA;) properly and tropically. (Msb, Mughnee, TA.) غُلِبَتِ الرُّومُ فِى أَدْنَى الْأَرْضِ وَهُمْ مِنْ بَعْدِ غَلَبِهِمْ سَيَغْلِبُونَ فِى بِضْعِ سِنِينَ [The Greeks have been overcome in the nearer, or nearest, part of the land, and they, after the overcoming of them, shall overcome in some few years], in the Kur [xxx. 1 — 3], is an ex. of its relation to place and to time. (Mughnee.) And وَلَكُمْ فِى الْقِصَاصِ حَيٰوةٌ (tropical:) [And there is, to you, in retaliation, life, or an advantage, (respecting the meaning of which see art. حى,) in the Kur ii. 175,] is an ex. of its being used tropically, (Mughnee.) أَدْخَلْتُ الخَاتَمَ فِى أُصْبَعِى is an ex. of its relation to place, but the proposition is inverted [i. e. the meaning is I inserted my finger into the signet-ring]. (Mughnee.) [Using it properly,] you say, المَآءُ فِى الإِنَآءِ [The water is in the vessel]: (S:) and هُوَ فِى الجِرَابِ [It is in the wallet,] and فِى الكِيسِ [in the purse]: and هُوَ فِى بَطْنِ أُمِّهِ [He is in the belly of his mother]: and هُوَ فِى الغُلِّ [He is in the shackle for the neck]: (M:) and زَيْدٌ فِى الدَّارِ [Zeyd is in the house], (S, M, * Msb,) or within the house, and in the midst of it, for فِى الدَّارِ, means دَاخِلِهَا, and وَسْطَهَا: (T:) and [using it tropically, you say,] الشَّكُّ فِى الخَبَرِ (assumed tropical:) [Doubt, or uncertainty, is in the information]. (S.) The saying فِيهِ عَيْبٌ [In him is a fault, or blemish], if relating to a real عَيْب, is proper; and if relating to an ideal عَيْب, tropical: the former is such as the amputation of the hand of the thief, and the redundance of a hand; and the latter, such as the runningaway of a slave. (Msb.) [When relating to time, it may in some cases be rendered In, or during; as in the phrase فِى أَيَّامٍ مَعْدُودَاتٍ, in the Kur ii. 139, i. e. In, or during, certain numbered days. إِنَّ أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ الْيَوْمَ فِى شُغُلٍ فَاكِهُونَ, in the Kur xxxvi. 55, may be rendered (assumed tropical:) Verily the inmates of Paradise this day shall be in the midst of diverting occupation, cheerful, or happy. The phrase أَمَّا قَوْلُهُ كَذَا فِيهِ مَا فِيهِ, lit. (assumed tropical:) As to his saying thus, in it is what is in it, is used as a polite expression of objection, or contradiction; like فِيهِ تَأَمُّلٌ, q. v. In many instances, فِى may be rendered Of, or concerning, or in respect of; as in قَالَ فِيهِ كَذَا (assumed tropical:) He said of, or concerning, him, or it, thus; for قَالَ فِى ذِكْرِهِ كَذَا (assumed tropical:) He said in mentioning him, or it, thus, or فِى وَصْفِهِ in describing him, or it; or the like hence, for ex., one says كَتَبَ كِتَابًا فِى عِلْمِ اللُّغَةِ (assumed tropical:) He wrote a book of, or concerning the science of lexicology: and hence, in the Kur ii. 133, أَتُّحَاجُّونَنَا فِى اللّٰهِ (assumed tropical:) Do ye argue with us concerning, or in respect of, God?] b3: It also denotes concomitance, (Mughnee, K,) and (K) in this ease (Mughnee) it is syn. with مَعَ. (Msb, Mughnee, K.) Thus in the phrase, قَالَ ادْخُلُوا فِى أُمَمٍ [He shall say, Enter ye with peoples]. (Msb, Mughnee, TA,) in the Kur [vii. 36]: (Msb, TA:) or, as some say, the meaning is, فِى جَمَاعَةِ أُمَمٍ [in the company of peoples]. (Mughnee.) Thus. too, in the phrase, in the Kur [xlvi. 15], فِى أَصْحَابِ الجَنَّةِ [With the inmates of Paradise]. (Msb, TA.) [Or in these and similar instances, فِى may be rendered, more agreeably with the primary signification, as meaning Among.] In the K, the meaning as denoting concomitance and that which is identical with مَعَ are made distinct: and it has been said that بِ denotes the continuance of concomitance and مَعَ denotes its commencement; though this is not invariably the case. (MF, TA.) [Hence it is used to denote a combination of two qualities: as in the phrase طُولٌ فِى اسْتِرْخَآءٍ (assumed tropical:) Length together with laxness: (occurring in the K voce طَنَبٌ:) and سَوَادٌ فِى حُمْرَةٍ (assumed tropical:) Blackness blending with redness: and the like. And in like manner it is used to denote the combination of the length and breadth of a thing: as in the phrase طُولُهُ عِشْرُونَ ذِرَاعًا فِى ثَلَاثِ أَذْرُعٍ عَرْضًا Its length is twenty cubits with (or as we say by) three cubits in breadth: in which case the number of square cubits is expressed by the phrase عِشْرُونَ فِى ثَلَاثٍ as though meaning Twenty as a multiplicand with three as its multiplier; i. e. twenty multiplied by three: see ضَرَبَ as signifying “ he multiplied. ”]. b4: It also denotes the assigning of a cause. (Msb, Mughnee, K.) Thus in the phrase فِى أَرْبَعِينَ شَاةٌ i. e. On account, or because, of completing [the possession of] forty sheep or goats, [the giving of] a sheep or goat [for the poor-rate] is incumbent [on the possessor: or this may be rendered, in the case of the possession of forty, a sheep or goat is to be given]. (Msb.) And thus in the saying, [in the Kur xii. 32,] فَذٰلِكُنَّ الَّذِى لُمْتُنَّنِى فِيهِ [And that is he because of whom ye blamed me]. (Mughnee.) Thus also in the saying, in a trad., إِنَّ امْرَأَةً دَخَلَتِ النَّارَ فِى هِرَّةٍ حَبَسَتْهَا [Verily a woman entered the fire of Hell because of a she-cat which she confined without food]. (Mughnee.) [And thus in the phrase أَسْلَفَ فِى كَذَا He paid in advance, or beforehand, for, or on account of, such a thing.] b5: It also denotes superiority; (Mughnee, K, TA;) i. e. (TA) it is used in the sense of عَلَى. (T, S, M, Msb, TA.) Thus in the saying, in the Kur [xx. 74], وَلَأُصَلِّبَنَّكُمْ فِى جُذُوعِ النَّخْلِ [And I will assuredly crucify you upon the trunks of palm-trees]. (T, S, Msb, Mughnee, TA.) And so in the verse of 'Antarah cited voce سَرْحٌ. (T, M, Mughnee, TA.) and Yoo asserts that the Arabs say, نَزَلْتُ فِى أَبِيكَ, meaning عَلَيْهِ [i. e. I alighted, or descended and stopped, &c., at the abode of thy father]. (S.) b6: It is also syn. with بِ, (T, S, M, Mughnee, K,) sometimes. (S.) Thus in the saying of Zeyd-el-Kheyl, وَتَرْكَبُ يَوْمَ الرَّوْعِ فِيهَا فَوَارِسُ بَصِيرُونَ فِى طَعْنِ الأَبَاهِرِ والكُلَى (S, Mughnee, TA,) meaning, بِطَعْنِ الاباهر والكلى [i. e. And horsemen skilful in piercing the aor. as and the kidneys ride in the day of fear therein]. (S, TA.) And thus in a verse cited by Fr, أَرْغَبُ is made trans. by فِى and عَنْ instead of بِ and عَنْ. (T, TA.) [Thus, also, لَيْسَ فِى شَىْءٍ is sometimes used for لَيْسَ بِشَىْءٍ, meaning It is nought; or not of any account or weight; &c.: see more in art. شيأ.] b7: It is also syn. with إِلَى. (Mughnee, K.) Thus in the Kur [xiv. 10], فَرَدُّوا أَيْدِيَهُمْ فِى أَفْوَاههم [And they put their hands to their mouths]. (Mughnee, TA.) b8: It is also syn. with مِنْ. (M, Mughnee, K, TA.) Thus in the Kur [xxvii. 12], فِى تِسْعِ آيَاتٍ [Of, or among, nine signs]. (M, TA.) And in the saying, خُذْ لِى عَشْرًا مِنَ الإِبِلِ فِيهَا فَحْلَانِ [Take thou for me ten of the camels; of, or among, them let there be two stallions. (M, TA.) [Thus too in the saying هُوَ فِى أَصْلِ قَوْمِهِ He is of, or among, the purest in race, &c., of his people: and the like thereof.] b9: It also denotes comparison; and this is when it occurs between a preceding [mention of a] thing excelled and a following [mention of a] thing excelling: as in the saying, [in the Kur ix. 38,] فَمَا مَتَاعُ الْحَيٰوةِ الدُّنْيَا فِى الْآخِرَةِ إِلَّا قَلِيلٌ [But the enjoyment of the present life, in comparison with that which is to come, is no other than little]. (Mughnee, K.) b10: It is also used for compensation; and this is when it is redundant as a compensation for another [فِى] which is suppressed: as in the saying, ضَرَبْتُ فِيمَنْ رَغِبْتَ for ضَرَبْتُ مَنْ رَغِبْتَ فِيهِ [I beat, or struck, him whom thou desiredst]: (Mughnee, K:) but this is allowed by Ibn-Málik alone. (Mughnee.) b11: And it is used for corroboration: (Mughnee, K:) this is when it is redundant without its being for compensation: and this El-Fárisee allows in a case of necessity in verse; citing as an ex., أَنَا أَبُوا سَعْدٍ إِذَا اللَّيْلُ دَجَا تَخَالُ فِى سَوَادِهِ يَرَنْدَجَا [I am Aboo-Saad; when the night becomes dark, thou imagining its blackness to be black leather]. (Mughnee.) And it is thus used in the saying, in the Kur [xi. 43], وَقَالَ ارْكَبُوا فِيهَا [for ارْكَبُوهَا, i. e. And he said, Embark ye therein, the like of which occurs also in xviii. 70 and xxix. 65], (Mughnee, K,) accord. to some. (Mughnee.) A2: فِى as a prefixed noun in the gen. case, syn. with فَم, and فِىَّ as syn. with فَمِى, see voce فُوهٌ, in art. فوه.

فَىَّ is a word expressive of wonder: they say, يَا فَىَّ مَا لِى أَفْعَلُ كَذَا [O my wonder! What has happened to me that I do thus?]: or it is expressive of regret on account of a thing that is passing away [so that this exclamation may be rendered Oh! What has happened to me &c.]: Ks says that it is not to be written withء [though it is so written in several of the lexicons in art. فيأ, i. e. فَىْءَ]; and that it means يَا عَجَبِى [as first expl. above]: and in like manner one says, يَا فَىَّ مَا أَصْحَابُكَ [O my wonder! What are thy companions? i. e. what manner of men are thy companions? ما here denoting interrogation respecting qualities, or attributes; as in the Kur xxvi. 22]: and he says that ما in this case occupies the place of a noun in the nom. case. (M, TA.) Ks is also related to have said that some of the Arabs express wonder by فَىَّ and هَىَّ and شَىْءَ; and some add مَا, saying يَا فَيَّمَا and يَا هَيَّمَا and يَا شَيْئَمَا, meaning How good, or beautiful, is this! the K is faulty here; mentioning only يَا فَيَّمَا, and explaining it as denoting wonder. (TA.) تَفِيَّةٌ: see تَفِيْئَةٌ, in art. فيأ.
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