William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3309. فين14 3310. فيه1 3311. فيهج1 3312. ق7 3313. قأب7 3314. قب63315. قبج6 3316. قبح17 3317. قبر19 3318. قبس20 3319. قبص18 3320. قبض21 3321. قبط17 3322. قبع14 3323. قبل22 3324. قبن13 3325. قبو9 3326. قبوس1 3327. قت6 3328. قتب19 3329. قتد11 3330. قتر19 3331. قترد4 3332. قتل20 3333. قتن11 3334. قث5 3335. قثأ10 3336. قثد10 3337. قثرد4 3338. قح5 3339. قحب13 3340. قحد10 3341. قحز11 3342. قحط17 3343. قحف16 3344. قحل14 3345. قحم20 3346. قحو8 3347. قد14 3348. قدح16 3349. قدر23 3350. قدس20 3351. قدع14 3352. قدم22 3353. قدو11 3354. قذ4 3355. قذر16 3356. قذع13 3357. قذف19 3358. قذل15 3359. قذى9 3360. قر7 3361. قرأ14 3362. قرّام1 3363. قرب22 3364. قربس9 3365. قرث8 3366. قرح21 3367. قرد21 3368. قرزح5 3369. قرس16 3370. قرش16 3371. قرشب5 3372. قرص18 3373. قرض18 3374. قرضأ3 3375. قرضب8 3376. قرط18 3377. قرطس15 3378. قرطف8 3379. قرطل8 3380. قرظ16 3381. قرع20 3382. قرف23 3383. قرفص13 3384. قرق13 3385. قرقع3 3386. قرم19 3387. قرمد9 3388. قرمز8 3389. قرمص10 3390. قرمط13 3391. قرمل9 3392. قرن22 3393. قرنب6 3394. قرنبط1 3395. قرنس9 3396. قرنص7 3397. قرنفل4 3398. قرى8 3399. قز5 3400. قزح15 3401. قزدر2 3402. قزع16 3403. قزم14 3404. قس7 3405. قسب16 3406. قسح8 3407. قسر18 3408. قسط21 Prev. 100




1 قَبَّ, aor. قَبِّ, (M, K,) inf. n. قَبِيبٌ, (M,) or قُبُوبٌ, (so in the K, [but see the next sentence,]) and قَبٌّ, (TA,) said of a number of men (قَوْمٌ), They raised a clamour, or confusion of cries or shouts or noises, in contention, or litigation, (M, K,) or in dispute. (M.) And قَبَّ, aor. قَبِّ, inf. n. قَبِيبٌ (S, M, O, K,) and قَبٌّ, (M, K,) said of a lion, (S, M, O, K,) and of a stallion [camel], (M, K,) He made the gnashing (قَبْقَبَة [inf. n. of ↓ قَبْقَبَ], S, O, or قَعْقَعَة, M, K) of his canine teeth to be heard: (S, M, O, K:) and in like manner the verb (M, K) with the same inf. ns. (M) is said of the canine tooth of the stallion [camel] and of the lion, (M, K,) meaning it made a sounding, and a gnashing: (K:) and some expl. قَبِيبٌ in a general manner, saying that it signifies a sounding, or sound: (M:) قَبْقَبَةٌ also, and قَبْقَابٌ, [both inf. ns. of ↓ قَبْقَبَ,] (M,) or the former and قَبِيبٌ, (TA,) signify the sounding [or gnashing] of the canine teeth of the stallion [camel]: and his braying: or, as some say, the reiterating of the braying: (M, TA:) and ↓ قبقبة and قَبِيبٌ signify the sounding of the chest or belly of the horse. (S, M, O.) A2: And قَبَّ, aor. قَبِّ, inf. n. قُبُوبٌ, said of flesh-meat, It lost its moisture, (S, M, O, K,) or fresh-ness: (M, K:) and in like manner said of dates (تَمْر), (S, M, O, Msb, [in my copy of the last of which the inf. n. is said to be قَبِيب,]) and of the skin, and of a wound: (S, O:) and hence said of the back of a man who had been beaten with the whip or some other thing, meaning the marks of the beating thereof became in a healing state, and dried. (As, O, TA.) And قَبَّتِ الرُّطَبَةُ, (M, TA,) thus correctly, but in copies of the K ↓ قَبَّبَت, (TA,) [and the CK has الرَّطْبَةُ for الرُّطَبَةُ,] is said to signify The fresh ripe date became somewhat dry after the ripening: (M, TA:) or became dry. (K.) b2: And قَبَّ النَّبْتُ, aor. قَبِّ and قَبُّ, [the latter anomalous,] inf. n. قَبٌّ, The plant dried up. (M, L, K.) A3: قَبَّ, (M, MA,) aor. يَقَبُّ, (M,) inf. n. قَبَبٌ, (S, * M, MA, O, * K, *) He was, or became, slender in the waist, (S, * M, MA, O, * K, *) lank in the belly: (S, * M, O, * K: *) and قَبِبَتْ, uncontracted, as in some other instances, said of a woman [as meaning she was, or became, slender in the waist, lank in the belly], is mentioned by IAar: (M:) and some say, of the belly of the horse, قَبَّ, (M, TA,) meaning his flanks became lank; (M;) or his flanks adhered to his حَالِبَانِ [dual. of حَالِبٌ, q. v.]: (TA:) or one says, [app. of a horse,] قَبَّ بَطْنُهُ, (K, TA,) inf. n. قَبٌّ; (TA;) and قَبِبَ, (K, TA,) inf. n. قَبَبٌ, in the original uncontracted forms, anomalously, (TA,) meaning his belly became lank. (K, TA.) And one says also, قُبَّ بَطْنُهُ, i. e. His (a horse's) belly was, or became, firmly compacted, so as to have a round form: and قَبَّهُ means He caused it to be so: (O, TA:) the aor. of the latter is قَبُّ, and the inf. n. is قَبٌّ. (TA.) A4: قَبَّ الشَّىْءَ He collected, or gathered together, the extremities of the thing; as also ↓ قَبَّبَهُ. (M, TA.) A5: And قَبَّهُ, aor. قَبُّ, (S, M, O,) inf. n. قَبٌّ, (M, K,) He cut it off; (S, M, O, K; *) and ↓ اقتبّهُ signifies the same: (M, K: *) or, [app. the latter,] as some say, peculiarly the hand, or arm: (M:) one says, اقتبّ فُلَانٌ يَدَ فُلَانٍ Such a one cut off the hand, or arm, of such a one: (As, S, O:) or اِقْتِبَابٌ signifies any cutting off that does not leave aught. (M.) A6: See also the next paragraph.2 قبّب He (a man) made a قُبَّة [q. v.]: (K:) or so ↓ قَبَّ: (TA:) and قبّب قُبَّةً, (M, TA,) inf. n. تَقْبِيبٌ, (TA,) he made, (M,) or constructed, (TA,) a قَبَّة. (M, TA.) [Hence,] الهَوَادِجُ تُقَبَّبُ [The women's camel vehicles of the kind called هوادج have dome-like, or tent-like, coverings made to them]. (S, O.) b2: [Hence also,] قبّب ظَهْرَهُ [He (a man) made his back round like a dome, lowering his head]. (S and K in art. دبخ.) A2: See also 1, in two places, near the middle and near the end.5 تقبّب قُبَّةً He entered a قُبَّة [q. v.]. (M, K.) 8 إِقْتَبَ3َ see 1, near the end. b2: IAar says, El-'Okeylee used not to discourse of anything but I wrote it down from him; wherefore he said, إِلَّا انْتَقَرَهَا إلَّا اقْتَبَّهَا وَلَا نُقَارَةً ↓ مَا تَرَكَ عِنْدِى قَابَّةً, meaning (assumed tropical:) He did not leave with me any approved and choice word but he cut it off for himself [or appropriated it to his own use], nor any such expression but he took it for himself. (M, TA.) R. Q. 1 قَبْقَبَ, and its inf. ns.: see 1, former half, in three places. Said of a stallion [camel], (O, TA,) it signifies [also] He brayed: (O, K, * TA:) and, said of a lion, (S, M, TA,) he roared; (S, K, * TA;) and he uttered a sound; (K, TA;) and (TA) he made a grating sound with his canine teeth: (M, TA:) and, said of the فَرْج of a woman by reason of the act of إِيلَاج, it made a sound. (IAar, O.) And, said of a sword, in a striking [therewith], It made a sound like قَبْ [q. v.]. (A.) A2: Also, (said of a man, O) He was, or became, foolish, stupid, or unsound in intellect or understanding. (O, K.) R. Q. 2 جَيْشٌ يَتَقَبْقَبُ An army of which one part presses upon another. (TA in art. جعب.) قَبْ, (M, A, K,) or قَبْ قَبْ, (TA,) an expression imitative of The sound of the fall of a sword [upon an object struck therewith] (M, A, * K, TA) in fight. (TA.) قَبٌّ The perforation in which runs [or rather through which passes] the pivot of the مَحَالَة [or great pulley]: (M, K:) or the hole which is in the middle of the بَكْرَة [or sheave] (M, A, K) and around which the latter revolves: (A:) or the [sheave or] perforated piece of wood which revolves around the pivot: and its pl., in these senses, is أَقُبٌّ, only: (M:) or the piece of wood above the teeth of the مَحَالَة: (K, TA:) or [this is app. a mistake, or mistranscription, and the right explanation is] the piece of wood [i. e. the sheave] (S, O, TA) in the middle of the بَكْرَة, (S, O,) above which are teeth (S, O, TA) of wood, (S, O,) the teeth of the محالة [between which teeth runs the well-rope]; thus says As. (TA.) [See an ex. in a verse of Zuheyr cited voce ثِنَايَةٌ.] b2: And The head [or truck] of the دَقَل [or mast] of a ship. (Az, TA in art. رنح.) b3: And [app. as being likened to the pivot-hole of the sheave of a pulley,] (tropical:) A head, chief, or ruler, (S, M, A, O, K,) of a people, or party: (M, A:) or the greatest head or chief or ruler; (M;) or such is called القَبُّ الأَكْبَرُ; (S, O;) and this appellation means the شَيْخ [or elder, &c.,] upon [the control of] whom the affairs of the people, or party, turn. (A.) And, (K,) some say, (M,) (assumed tropical:) A king: (M, K:) and, (K,) some say, (M,) a خَلِيفَة [q. v.]. (M, K.) [See also قِبٌّ.] b4: And [hence, perhaps,] (assumed tropical:) A فَحْل [i. e. stallion, or male,] of camels and of mankind. (O, K.) b5: Also (assumed tropical:) The back-part of a coat of mail: so called because that part is its main support; from the قَبّ of a pulley. (TA, from a trad.) b6: And (assumed tropical:) The piece, or pieces, inserted [i. e. sewed inside, next to the edge,] in the جَيْب [or opening at the neck and bosom] of a shirt. (A 'Obeyd, S, M, O, K.) [And in the present day it is likewise used to signify The collar of a shirt or similar garment; as also ↓ قَبَّةٌ.]

A2: Also The part between the two hips: (M, K:) or, between the two buttocks: (K:) or قَبُّ الدُّبُرِ meanswhat is between the two buttocks. (M.) See also قِبٌّ.

A3: And The hardest, or most severe, (M, O, K,) and largest, (M, K,) of لُجُم [i. e. bits, or bridles; pl. of لِجَامٌ, q. v.]. (M, O, K.) A4: and A certain measure for corn, or grain, or other kinds of the produce of land. (TA.) A5: وَتَرٌ قَبٌّ means [app. A bow-string] of which the several طَاقَات [or component fascicles of fibres or the like] are even. (A.) قِبٌّ, with kesr, The شَيْخ [or elder, &c.,] of a people, or party: (S, O, K:) but he is rather called قَبّ, with fet-h, as mentioned above. (TA.) A2: And The bone that projects from the back, between the two buttocks; (S, O, K;) i. q. عَجْبٌ: (TA:) one says, أَلْزِقْ قِبَّكَ بِالأَرْضِ, (S, O, TA,) but it is said that in a copy of the T, in the handwriting of its author, it is ↓ قَبَّكَ, with fet-h, (TA,) [as it is also in a copy of the A.] i. e. [Make thou] thy عَجْب [to cleave to the ground], (A, TA,) meaning (tropical:) sit thou. (A.) قَبَّةٌ: see قَبٌّ, last quarter.

قُبَّةٌ A certain kind of structure, (S, M, A, O, Msb, TA,) well known; (M, A, Msb, TA;) and applied to a round بَيْت [i. e. tent, or pavilion], well known among the Turkumán and the Akrád; (Msb;) it is what is called a خَرْقَاهَة [an Arabicized word from the Pers. خَرْكَاه]; (Mgh, Msb;) and signifies any round structure: (Mgh:) it is said to be a structure of skins, or tanned hides, peculiarly; (M, TA;) derived from قَبَّ الشَّىْءَ and قَبَّبَهُ meaning “ he collected, or gathered together, the extremities of the thing: ” (M:) accord. to IAth, it is a small round tent of the kind called خِبَآء; of the tents of the Arabs: in the 'Ináyeh it is said to be what is raised for the purpose of the entering thereinto; and not to be peculiarly a structure: (TA:) [also a dome-like, or tent-like, covering of a woman's camel-vehicle of the kind called هَوْدَج: and a dome, or cupola, of stone or bricks: and a building covered with a dome or cupola:] the pl. is قِبَابٌ (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K) and قُبَبٌ. (S, M, O, K.) b2: [Hence,] قُبَّةُ السَّنَامِ (assumed tropical:) [The round, protuberant, upper portion of the camel's hump]. (A, voce قَحَدَةٌ.) b3: قُبَّةُ الإِسْلَامِ is an appellation of El-Basrah. (M, K.) b4: And القُبَّةُ is the name by which some of the Arabs call (assumed tropical:) The thirteen stars that compose the constellation of Corona Australis; because of their round form. (Kzw.) قِبَّةُ الشَّاةِ, also pronounced without teshdeed [i. e. قِبَة], The حَفِث [q. v.] of the sheep or goat, (S, O, K,) which has أَطْبَاق, [see, again, حَفِثٌ,] (S, O,) and which is the receptacle whereto the feces of the stomach finally pass. (TA.) [See also art. وقب.]

قُبَابٌ Sharp; (O, K;) applied to a sword and the like: (K:) from قَبَّ “ he cut off. ” (TA.) A2: And A thick, large, nose. (M, K.) A3: And, (M, O,) or ↓ قِبَابٌ, (K,) A species of fish, (M, O, K,) which is eaten, resembling the كَنْعَد. (M, O.) قِبَابٌ: see what next precedes.

قَبِيبٌ an inf. n. of 1 [q. v.].

A2: Also Dry herbage: like قَفِيفٌ. (M.) b2: And [The preparation of curd called] أَقِط of which the dry has been mixed with the fresh. (M, K.) القَبَّابُ The lion; as also ↓ المُقَبْقِبُ. (O, K: in the CK the latter is written المُقَبْقَب.) حِمَارُ قَبَّانَ [The wood-louse; thus called in the present day;] a certain insect, or small creeping thing; (S, O, K;) mentioned in art. حمر [q. v.]; (Msb;) also called عَيْرُ قَبَّانَ; (K;) a small, smoothish, blackish thing, the head of which is like that of the [beetle termed] خُنْفَسَآء, and long, and its legs are like those of the خنفسآء, than which it is smaller; and it is said that what is called عير قبّان is party-coloured, black and white, with white legs, having a nose like that of the hedge-hog; when it is moved, it feigns itself dead, so that it appears like a [small] globular piece of dung; but when the voice is withheld, it goes away: (M, TA:) MF says that the appellation عير قبّان is used only in poetry, in a case of necessity, for the sake of the metre; and is not mentioned in the lexicons of celebrity [except the K]. but it is mentioned in the M and the L: he says also that what is called حِمَارُ قَبَّانَ is said to be a species of the [beetles termed] خَنَافِس [pl. of خُنْفَسَآء] found between Mekkeh and El-Medeeneh: (TA:) [accord. to Dmr, it is a kind of six-footed insect, round, smaller than the black beetle, with a shield-shaped back, bred in moist places: (Golius:)] it is related on the authority of Jáhidh that one species thereof is called أَبُو شَحْمٍ, which is the small [species] thereof; and that the people of El-Yemen apply the appellation حمار قبّان to a certain insect, or small creeping thing, above the size of a locust, of the same sort as the فَرَاش [generally meaning moth]: in the Mufradát of Ibn-El-Beytár, it is said that what is called حمار قبّان is also called حِمَارُ البَيْتِ: the reason for the appellation [حمار قبّان] seems to be because its back resembles a قُبَّة: (TA:) قَبَّان in this case is of the measure فَعْلَان, from قَبَّ, (S, O, K,) because the Arabs imperfectly decline it, and they use it determinately; if it were of the measure فَعَّال, they would decline it perfectly; the pl. is حُمُرُ قَبَّانَ. (S, O.) A2: قَبَّانٌ, syn. with قُسْطَاسٌ, see in art. قبن.

القُبِّيُّونَ, [in the CK القُبِيُّونَ,] occurring in a trad., in the saying خَيْرُ النَّاسِ القُبِّيُّونَ, means, (Th, O, K,) if the trad. be correct, (Th, O,) Those who continue uninterruptedly fasting [except in the night] until their bellies become lank: (Th, O, K:) or, accord. to one relation, it is ↓ المُقَبَّبُونَ, which means the same. (TA.) القَابُّ and قَابَّ: see قُبَاقِبٌ, in three places.

قَابَّةٌ A drop of rain: (AZ, ISk, S, M, A, O, K:) so in the saying مَا رَأَيْنَا العَامَ قَابَّةً [We have not seen this year a drop of rain]: (AZ, ISk, S, O:) and مَا أَصَابَتْنَا العَامَ قَابَّةٌ [Not a drop of rain has fallen upon us this year]. (ISk, S, M, * A, * O.) b2: And Thunder; (A, K;) or the sound of thunder: so in the saying مَا سَمِعْنَا العَامَ قَابَّةً [We have not heard this year the sound of thunder]; (ISk, S, M, A, * O;) accord. to As; but only he has related this. (ISk, S, O.) A2: See also 8.

قَبْقَبٌ The belly; (S, M, O, K;) as also ↓ قَبْقَابٌ: (Suh, TA:) from ↓ قَبْقَبَةٌ, [an inf. n. of R. Q. 1, q. v., and] a word imitative of the sounding [or rumbling] of the belly. (TA.) A2: And The wood of a horse's saddle: so in the saying, يُطَيِّرُ الفَارِسُ لَوْ لَا قَبْقَبُهُ [He would make the horseman to fly off, were it not for the wood of his saddle]. (M. [But in this sense it is app. a mistranscription for قَيْقَبٌ.]) b2: And A species of trees; as also ↓ قَبْقَبَانٌ. (M. [But in this sense both are app. mistranscriptions, for قَيْقَبٌ and قَيْقَبَانٌ.]) قِبْقِبٌ A certain marine shell (O, K) wherein is a flesh [i. e. mollusk] which is eaten. (O.) قَبْقَبَةٌ: see قَبْقَبٌ.

قَبْقَبَانٌ: see قَبْقَبٌ.

قَبْقَابٌ an inf. n. of R. Q. 1. [q. v.] b2: Also A camel that brays much. (S, O, K.) b3: And One who talks much; as also ↓ قُبَاقِبٌ: (M, * K, TA:) or one who talks much, whether wrongly or rightly: (M, * TA:) or one who talks much and confusedly. (M, K, * TA.) b4: And A liar. (O, K.) b5: See also قَبْقَبٌ. b6: Also The فَرْج [meaning external portion of the organs of generation] (M, O, K) of a woman: (O:) or [a vulva] such as is [described as being] وَاسِعٌ كَثِيرُ المَآءِ, (O, K,) [because]

إِذَا أَوْلَجَ الرَّجُلُ ذَكَرَهُ فِيهِ قَبْقَبَ أَىْ صَوَّتَ. (IAar, O.) And they also used it as an epithet; [but in what sense is not expl.;] saying ذَكَرٌ قَبْقَابٌ. (M.) b7: And The [clog, or] wooden sandal: (O, K:) [app. because of the clattering sound produced by it:] of the dial. of El-Yemen: (O, TA:) [but now in common use; applied to a kind of clog, or wooden patten, generally from four to nine inches in height, and usually ornamented with mother-ofpearl, or silver, &c.; used in the bath by men and women; and by some ladies in the house:] in this sense the word is said to be post-classical. (TA.) A2: Also, (K,) accord. to Az, (O,) The خَرَزَة [app. a polished stone, or a shell,] with which cloths are glazed: (O, K:) but this is called قَيْقَاب. (O.) قُباقِبٌ: see قَبْقَابٌ. b2: Also, as an epithet applied to a man, (K,) i. q. جَافٍ [Coarse, rough, or rude, of make, or of nature or disposition; &c.]. (O, K.) A2: And القُبَاقِبُ signifies العَامُ المُقْبِلُ [i. e. The year that is the next coming]: (K:) or [this is a mistake occasioned by an omission, and] its meaning is العَامُ الَّذِى بَعْدَ العَامِ المُقْبِلِ [the year that is after that which is the next coming]; you say, لَا آتِيكَ العَامَ وَلَا قَابِلَ وَلَا قُبَاقِبَ [I will not come to thee this year, nor next year, nor the year after the next]; and AO cites as an ex.

العَامُ وَالمُقْبِلُ وَالقُبَاقِبُ [This year, and the next year, and the year after the next]: (S:) or قُبَاقِبٌ [without the art. ال and perfectly decl.] signifies [thus, i. e.] العامُ الَّذِى

يَلِى قَابِلَ عَامِكَ, and is a proper name of the year; whence the saying of Khálid Ibn-Safwán to his son, when he reproved him, إِنَّكَ لَنْ تُفْلِحَ العَامَ

↓ وَلَا قَابِلًا وَلَا قُبَاقِبًا وَلَا مُقَبْقِبًا [Verily thou wilt not prosper this year, nor next year, nor the year after the next, nor the year after that]; every one of these words being the name of the year after the year; thus related by As, who says that they know not what is after that: (M:) IB says that the statement of J is what is commonly known; i. e., that قُبَاقِب means the third year [counting the present year as the first], and that ↓ المُقَبْقِبُ means the fourth year: but some make ↓ القَابُّ the third year; and القُبَاقِبُ, the fourth year; and ↓ المُقَبْقِبُ, the fifth year: (TA:) [thus Sgh says,] ↓ القَابُّ is the third year: and Khálid Ibn-Safwán [is related to have] said, وَلَا قُبَاقِبَ ↓ يَا بُنَىَّ إِنَّكَ لَا تُفْلِحُ العَامَ وَلَا قَابِلَ وَلَا قَابَّ

↓ وَلَا مُقَبْقِبَ [O my child (lit. my little son), verily thou wilt not prosper this year, nor next year, nor the year after the next, nor the year after that, nor the year after that]; (O, K; *) every one of these words being the name of the year after the year. (O.) أَقَبُّ Lank in the belly: (S, O:) or slender in the waist, lank in the belly: (M:) fem. قَبَّآءُ, (S, M, A, O, K,) applied to a woman, (S, A, O,) meaning slender in the waist; (K;) or lank in the belly; (TA;) or lank in the belly, slender in the waist: (A:) and pl. قُبٌّ, (S, A, O, K,) applied to horses, (S, A, O,) meaning lean, or light of flesh: (S, O:) and some say that أَقَبُّ applied to a horse signifies lank in his flanks. (M.) مُقَبَّبٌ, applied to a house, or chamber, Having a قُبّة [q. v.] made above it. (S, O, K.) [and in like manner applied to a woman's camel-vehicle of the kind termed هَوْدَج: see 2. b2: And it is also an epithet applied to a solid hoof; meaning Round like a cupola: see مُفِجٌّ, and see the first sentence in art. قعب.]

A2: سُرَّةٌ مُقَبَّبَةٌ, (M, K, TA,) in a copy of the K erroneously written مُقَبْقَبَة, (TA,) A lean navel; as also ↓ مَقْبُوبَةٌ. (M, K, TA.) b2: See also القُبِّيُّونَ.

سُرَّةٌ مَقْبُوبَةٌ: see the next preceding paragraph.

مُقَبْقِبٌ: see القَبَّابُ: A2: and see also قُبَاقِبٌ, in four places.
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