William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3361. قرأ14 3362. قرّام1 3363. قرب22 3364. قربس9 3365. قرث8 3366. قرح213367. قرد21 3368. قرزح5 3369. قرس16 3370. قرش16 3371. قرشب5 3372. قرص18 3373. قرض18 3374. قرضأ3 3375. قرضب8 3376. قرط18 3377. قرطس15 3378. قرطف8 3379. قرطل8 3380. قرظ16 3381. قرع20 3382. قرف23 3383. قرفص13 3384. قرق13 3385. قرقع3 3386. قرم19 3387. قرمد9 3388. قرمز8 3389. قرمص10 3390. قرمط13 3391. قرمل9 3392. قرن22 3393. قرنب6 3394. قرنبط1 3395. قرنس9 3396. قرنص7 3397. قرنفل4 3398. قرى8 3399. قز5 3400. قزح15 3401. قزدر2 3402. قزع16 3403. قزم14 3404. قس7 3405. قسب16 3406. قسح8 3407. قسر18 3408. قسط21 3409. قسطس9 3410. قسقس6 3411. قسم22 3412. قسى2 3413. قش5 3414. قشب17 3415. قشد8 3416. قشر17 3417. قشط12 3418. قشع16 3419. قشعر13 3420. قشف18 3421. قشم13 3422. قص6 3423. قصب20 3424. قصد23 3425. قصر23 3426. قصطس2 3427. قصع17 3428. قصف20 3429. قصل16 3430. قصم18 3431. قصى4 3432. قض8 3433. قضأ7 3434. قضب19 3435. قضف12 3436. قضم17 3437. قضى9 3438. قط9 3439. قطب18 3440. قطر21 3441. قطرب10 3442. قطع23 3443. قطف20 3444. قطمر10 3445. قطن20 3446. قطو8 3447. قع2 3448. قعب10 3449. قعث9 3450. قعد19 3451. قعر15 3452. قعسس1 3453. قعص13 3454. قعط15 3455. قعى2 3456. قف5 3457. قفأ3 3458. قفخ6 3459. قفد9 3460. قفر19 Prev. 100




1 قَرَحَهُ, (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K, *) aor. قَرَحَ, (Msb, K,) inf. n. قَرْحٌ (S, A, Mgh, L, Msb) and قُرْحٌ, (A,) or the latter is a simple subst., (L, Msb,) He wounded him; syn. جَرَحَهُ. (S, Mgh, Msb, K. *) b2: قَرَحَ بِئْرًا: see 8. b3: And قُرِحَ said of an arrow: see 8. b4: قُرِحَ said of a camel, He was attacked by the disease termed قُرْحَة [q. v.]; as also ↓ قُرِّحَ. (L.) b5: قَرَحَهُ بِالحَقِّ, (S, A, L, K, [in some copies of the K قرّحهُ,]) inf. n. قَرْحٌ, (S,) (tropical:) He accused him to his face (اِسْتَقْبَلَهُ) with truth: (S, A, L, K:) or [simply] he accused him (رَمَاهُ) with truth. (L.) See an ex. voce قُرْحَانٌ. [See also 3.]

A2: قَرَحَ, (S, A, Msb, K,) aor. قَرَحَ, (A, Msb, K,) inf. n. قُرُوحٌ; (S, A, K;) and قَرِحَ, aor. قَرَحَ, inf. n. قَرَحٌ; and ↓ اقرح; (K;) the last mentioned by Lh, but bad, or of weak authority, and rejected; (TA;) said of a horse, (A, K,) or of a solid-hoofed animal, (S, Msb,) He finished teething, (S, Msb, K,) completing his fifth year: (S, Msb:) or became in the state corresponding to that of the camel that is termed بَازِلٌ: or shed [his corner-nipper, i. e.] the tooth next after the رَبَاعِيَة: (K:) when a horse's nipper that is next to the central pair of nippers falls out, and a new tooth grows in its place, he is termed رَبَاعٍ: this is when he has completed his fourth year: and when the time of his قُرُوح comes, [the corner-nipper which is] the tooth next after the رَبَاعِيَة falls out, and his نَاب grows in its place: [but by the ناب (which more properly means the tusk, and which does protrude at this time,) must be here meant the permanent corner-nipper, corresponding to the ناب of a human being:] this tooth is his ↓ قَارِح: no tooth is shed, nor is any bred, after قُرُوح: and when the horse has entered his sixth year, you say of him قَدْ قَرَحَ: (IAar, T:) one says أَجْذَعَ المُهْرُ, and أَثْنَى, and أَرْبَعَ, and قَرَحَ; the last, only, without ا: and of every solid-hoofed animal one says يَقْرَحُ; and of [the camel, or] every animal that has a foot of the kind termed خُفّ, يَبْزُلُ; and of every animal that has a divided hoof, يَصْلَغُ. (S.) [See also قَارِحٌ.] b2: And قَرَحَ نَابُهُ His باب [here meaning permanent cornernipper as above] grew forth. (A.) b3: [Hence] one says also قَرَحَتْ سِنُّ الصَّبِىِّ (tropical:) The tooth of the young male child was about, or ready, to grow forth. (A.) b4: قَرَحَتْ, (S, K, TA,) aor. قَرَحَ, (S, TA,) inf. n. قُرُوحٌ (S, K, TA) and قِرَاحٌ, (TA,) said of a she-camel, She was, or became, in a manifest state of pregnancy: (S, K, TA:) or began to be in a state of pregnancy: or began to show a sign of pregnancy by raising her tail: (TA:) or was in a state in which she was not supposed to be pregnant, and did not give a sign of it with her tail, until her pregnancy became evident in the appearance of her belly. (Lth, TA.) [See also قَارِحٌ.]

A3: قَرِحَ, aor. قَرَحَ, (S, A, Msb, K,) inf. n. قَرَحٌ, (S, A, * Msb, K, TA, [accord. to the CK, app. قَرْحٌ, for the v. is there said to be like سَمِعَ, but this is wrong,]) He, (a man, Msb, K, *) or it, (his skin, S, A,) broke out with قُرُوح [i. e. purulent pustules]; (S, A, Msb, K;) and [in like manner] ↓ تقرّح it (his body) broke out, or became affected, therewith. (S.) b2: And [hence] one says, قَرِحَ قَلْبُ الرَّجُلِ مِنَ الحُزْنِ (assumed tropical:) [The heart of the man became as though it were ulcerated by grief]. (L.) b3: قَرِحَ, aor. قَرَحَ, inf. n. قَرَحٌ, said of a horse, He had a white mark in his face, such as is termed قُرْحَة. (IAar, S.) 2 قرّحهُ He wounded him much, or in many places. (Msb.) b2: قُرِّحَ said of a camel: see 1, near the beginning. b3: [قرّحهُ بِالحَقِّ in some copies of the K is a mistranscription; the verb in this phrase being without teshdeed.] b4: قرّح الوَشْمَ He pricked, or punctured, the وشم [or tattoo] with the needle. (A.) b5: And [the inf. n.]

التَّقْرِيحُ signifies التَّشْوِيكُ [by which may be meant The pricking with a thorn: or, as seems to be not improbable from what here follows, it may be from شوّك الزَّرْعُ, q. v.]. (TA.) b6: قرّح, (A,) inf. n. تَقْرِيحٌ, (TA,) said of the [plant called]

عَرْفَج, means (tropical:) It put forth its first growth. (A, TA. *) And قرّح الشَّجَرُ (tropical:) The trees put forth the heads [or extremities] of their leaves. (A.) Accord. to AHn, التَّقْرِيحُ signifies (assumed tropical:) The first vegetation of herbs, or leguminous plants, that grow from grain, or seed: and the growing of the stalk of herbs, or leguminous plants; i. e. the appearing of the stem thereof: IAar uses the phrase يَنْبُتُ صُلْبًا ↓ البَقْلُ مُقْتَرِحًا [as though meaning the herbs, or leguminous plants, grow putting forth the stem in a hard, or firm, state]; but it should be ↓ مُقَرِّحًا, unless ↓ اِقْتَرَحَ be a dial. var. of قَرَّحَ: or it may be that ↓ مُقْتَرِحًا here means standing upright upon the stem thereof. (TA.) تَقْرِيحُ الأَرْضِ signifies The land's beginning to give growth to plants, or herbage. (TA.) 3 قارحهُ, (K,) inf. n. مُقَارَحَةٌ, (S, K,) (tropical:) He faced him, confronted him, or encountered him. (S, * A, * K.) You say, لَقِيتُهُ مُقَارَحَةً (tropical:) I met him face to face. (S, A.) 4 اقرحهُ اللّٰهُ God caused his skin to break out with قُرُوح [or purulent pustules]. (S.) b2: and مَا زِلْتُ آكُلُ الوَرَقَ حَتَّى أَقْرَحَ شَفَتِى [app. I ceased not to eat the leaves until my lip broke out with purulent pustules, or sores]. (A. [So accord. to two copies: but perhaps correctly أُقْرِحَ.]) b3: And اقرحوا They had their cattle attacked by [what is termed] القَرْح [which may here mean purulent pustules, or sores]: (S, L:) or they had their camels attacked by the severe and destructive mange or scab termed القَرْح (K) or القُرْح. (L. [But see قَرْحٌ.]) A2: See also 1, first quarter.5 تَقَرَّحَ see 1, near the end.

A2: تقرّح لَهُ (K, TA) بِالشَّرِّ (TA) i. q. تَهَيَّأَ [app. He prepared himself for him, or it, with evil intent]: and so تَقَذَّحَ and تَقَدَّحَ [if these be not mistranscriptions]. (TA.) 8 اقترح رَكِيَّةً (A) or بِئْرًا, (K,) and ↓ قَرَحَهَا, (A, K,) He dug a well (A, K) in a place in which one had not been dug, (A,) or in a place wherein water was not [as yet] found. (K.) b2: اُقْتُرِحَ and ↓ قُرِحَ, said of an arrow, (assumed tropical:) It was begun to be made. (TA.) b3: اقترح الجَمَلَ (tropical:) He rode the camel before it had been ridden [by any other person]. (S, A, K. *) b4: And اقترح (tropical:) He originated, invented, or excogitated, a thing; made it, did it, produced it, or caused it to be or exist, for the first time; (IAar, Msb, K, TA;) spontaneously, without his having heard it; (IAar, TA;) or without there having been any precedent. (Msb.) (assumed tropical:) He elicited a thing, without having heard it. (K.) And (tropical:) He uttered, or composed, a speech, or discourse, or the like, extemporaneously; without premeditation. (S, A, K, TA.) b5: Also (tropical:) He chose for himself, took in preference, or selected. (IAar, L, K.) Hence one says, اقترح عَلَيْهِ صَوْتَ كَذَا وَكَذَا (assumed tropical:) He desired of him in preference such and such an air, or such and such a tune or song. (IAar, L.) And one says, أَنَا أَوَّلُ مَنِ اقْتَرَحَ مَوَدَّةَ فُلَانٍ (tropical:) I am the first [who has chosen for himself the love, or affection, of such a one, or] who has taken such a one as a friend. (A.) b6: And (tropical:) He exercised his authority, or judgment, (K, TA,) عَلَيْهِ over him: (TA:) or he demanded some particular thing of some particular person by the exercise of his authority, or judgment, (El-Beyhakee, TA, and Har * p. 142,) and with ungentleness, roughness, or severity. (Har ibid.) And اقترح عَلَيْهِ بِكَذَا (tropical:) He exercised his authority, or judgment, over him, in such a thing, and asked without consideration. (TA.) And اقترح عَلَيْهِ شَيْئًا (tropical:) He asked of him a thing without consideration. (S, A.) A2: See also 2, last sentence but one.

قَرْحٌ and ↓ قُرْحٌ A wound; (L;) the bite of a weapon, and of a similar thing that wounds the body: (L, K: [but in some copies of the K, for عَضُّ السِّلَاحِ وَنَحْوِهِ مِمَّا يَجْرَحُ البَدَنَ (which is the reading in the CK), we find عضّ السلاح وَنَحْوُهُ ممّا يَخْرُجُ بِالبَدَنِ, and the L and TA combine the two readings, the latter whereof gives a second signification, which will be found below:]) i. q. جُرْحٌ [with which جَرْحٌ is held by many to be syn.]: (TA:) they are two dial. vars., (S, Msb,) like ضَعْفٌ and ضُعْفٌ, (S,) and جَهْدٌ and جُهْدٌ, (Fr, Msb, TA,) and وَجْدٌ and وُجْدٌ; (Fr, TA;) the former of the dial. of El-Hijáz: (Msb:) or the former is an inf. n. and the latter is a simple subst.: (L, Msb:) or the former signifies as above; and the latter signifies its pain: (A:) or the latter seems to bear this latter signification; and the former, to signify wounds themselves: (Yaakoob, TA:) [and the like is said in the L and K:]) [and thus used in a pl. sense, the former is a coll. gen. n.;] and its n. un. is ↓ قَرْحَةٌ; and pl. قُرُوحٌ: (L:) one says, بِهِ قُرْحٌ مِنْ قَرْحٍ In him is pain from a wound; (A;) or from wounds. (L.) b2: قَرْحٌ also signifies Pustules, or small swellings, when they have become corrupt; (L, K;) [i. e. purulent pustules; and imposthumes, ulcers, or sores: and so ↓ قُرْحٌ accord. to the L and some copies of the K, as shown above; but this seems to be of doubtful authority: قَرْحٌ in this sense is a coll. gen. n.:] its n. un. is ↓ قَرْحَةٌ; and pl. قُرُوحٌ. (S.) Imra-el-Keys (the poet, TA) was called ذُو القُرُوحِ because the King of the Greeks sent to him a poisoned shirt, from the wearing of which his body became affected with purulent pustules, or ulcers, or sores, (تَقَرَّحَ,) and he died: (S, K, * TA:) or, as some say, he was called ذُو الفُرُوجٍ, with ف and ج; because he left only daughters. (Es-Suyootee, TA.) b3: Also, (accord. to the K,) or ↓ قُرْحٌ, (as in the L,) A severe scab or mange, that destroys young weaned camels; (L, K;) or that attacks young weaned camels, and from which they scarcely ever, or never, recover: so says Lth: Az, however, says that this is a mistake; but that قُرْحَةٌ signifies a certain disease that attacks camels, expl. below. (L.) A2: See also قَرِيحٌ.

قُرْحٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in three places.

A2: See also قَرِيحَةٌ in two places. [Hence] one says, هُوَ فِى قُرْحِ سِنِّهِ (tropical:) He is in the first part of his age. (TA.) أَنَا فِى قُرْحِ الثَّلَاثِينَ (tropical:) I am in the beginning of the thirtieth [year] was said by an Arab of the desert to IAar, who had asked him his age. (TA.) And القُرْحُ, (K,) by some written القُرَحُ [pl. of ↓ القُرْحَةُ], (MF, TA,) signifies Three nights (K, TA) of the first part (TA) of the month. (K, TA.) قَرَحٌ a subst. signifying The state (in a camel) of having never had the mange, or scab: and (in a child) of having never been attacked by the small-pox. (S.) قَرِحٌ A man, (Msb,) or a man's skin, (S,) breaking out with قُرُوح [or purulent pustules]. (S, Msb.) قَرْحَةٌ: see قَرْحٌ (of which it is the n. un.) in two places: A2: and see also فَرْجَةٌ.

قُرْحَةٌ A disease that attacks camels, consisting in قُرُوح [or purulent pustules] in the mouth, in consequence of which the lip hangs down; not scab, or mange. (Az, L, TA.) [See also قَرْحٌ, near the end.]

A2: Also A غُرَّة [meaning star, or blaze, or white mark,] in the middle of the forehead of a horse: (T, L:) or what is less than a غُرَّة in the face of a horse: (S, K:) or it is a whiteness in the forehead of a horse (Mgh) of the size of a dirhem, or smaller than it; (AO, Mgh, TA;) whereas the غُرَّة is larger than a dirhem: (AO, TA:) or what is like a small dirhem between a horse's eyes: (En-Nadr, TA:) or any whiteness, in the face of a horse, which stops short of reaching the place of the halter upon the nose; differently distinguished in relation to its form, as being round, or triangular, or four-sided, or elongated, or scanty: (L, TA:) [and it is also applied to a white mark upon the face of the common fly: (see قَدُوحٌ:) the pl. is قُرَحٌ, like غُرَرٌ.] b2: [Hence] one says, هُوَ قَرْحَةُ أَصْحَابِهِ i. e. غُرَّتُهُمْ [meaning (tropical:) He is the noble, or eminent, one of his companions; or the chief, or lord, of them]. (A.) b3: And [hence, likewise,] قُرْحَةٌ signifies also (tropical:) The first, or commencement, of the [rain called] وَسْمِىّ; (A;) and of the [season called] رَبِيع; or of the شِتَآء. (K.) b4: See also قُرْحٌ.

قَرْحَانُ: see قَارِحٌ, last sentence.

قُرْحَان ([i. e. قُرْحَانٌ or قُرْحَانُ] with or without tenween, as you please, Sh, TA) A camel that has never been attached by the mange, or scab: (S, K:) and a child, (S, K,) or a man, (A,) that has never been attacked by the small-pox, (T, * S, A, K,) nor by the measles, (T, A,) nor by purulent pustules or the like: (T:) applied alike to one (S, K) and to two (S) and to a pl. number, (S, A, K,) and expl. as meaning persons not yet attacked by disease, (S,) and also applied alike to the male and to the female: (TA:) قُرْحَانُونَ [as a pl. thereof] is of weak authority, (K,) or disused. (S, A, L.) b2: [Hence] one says, أَنْتَ بِهِ ↓ قُرْحَانٌ مِمَّا قُرِحْتَ i. e. (tropical:) Thou art clear [of that whereof thou hast been accused]. (A, TA.) And أَنْتَ قُرْحَانٌ مِنْ هٰذَا الأَمْرِ (tropical:) Thou art quit of this affair; and so ↓ قُرَاحِىٌّ. (Az, K, TA.) b3: And قُرْحَان signifies also One who has not witnessed war; and so ↓ قُرَاحِىٌّ: b4: and One who has been touched by قُرُوح [here app. meaning wounds, and perhaps also purulent pustules]: thus having contr. significations: (K:) masc. and fem. (TA.) A2: Also, قُرْحَانٌ, [with tenween,] A species of كَمَأَة [or truffle], (S, K, TA,) white, small, and having heads like those of the فُطْر [or toadstool]: (TA:) one of which is called قُرْحَانَةٌ, (S, K,) or ↓ أَقْرَحُ. (K.) [See also فَرْحَانَةٌ.]

قِرْحِيَآءُ: see the next paragraph.

قَرَاحٌ Clear, pure, or free from admixture; as also ↓ قَرِيحٌ. (AHn, K. [And particularly] Water not mixed with anything: (S, A:) or water not mixed with camphor nor with [any of the perfumes called] حَنُوط nor with any other thing: (Msb:) or water not mixed (Mgh, K) with aught of سَوِيق, (Mgh,) or with dregs of سويق, (K,) nor any other thing: (Mgh, TA:) such as is drunk after food. (TA.) And Water mixed [thus in the L, and hence in the TA, probably a mistake of a copyist for not mixed] with something to give it a sweet taste, as honey, and dates, and raisins. (L, TA.) b2: Also, (or أَرْضٌ قَرَاحٌ, A,) A place of seed-produce, having no building upon it, nor any trees in it: (S, Msb:) or land (T, K) lying open to view, (T,) containing neither water nor trees, (T, K,) and not intermixed with anything: (T:) or land having in it no herbage nor any places of growth of herbage: (A:) or any piece of land by itself, having in it no trees nor any intermixture of a place exuding water and producing salt: (Mgh:) or any piece of land by itself, in which palm-trees

&c. grow: (L:) or land cleared for sowing and planting: (AHn, K:) as also ↓ قِرْوَاحٌ and ↓ قِرْيَاحٌ and ↓ قِرْحِيَآءُ: (K:) or ↓ قِرْوَاحٌ signifies land lying open to the sun, not intermixed with anything: (S:) or [a place] exposed to the sky, not concealed from it by anything: (K:) or a wide tract of land: (A:) or a wide, or plain and wide, expanse of land, not having in it any trees, and not intermixed with anything: (IAar:) or a hard and even tract of land, and a plain tract in which the water is not retained, somewhat elevated, but having an even surface, from which the water flows off to the right and left: (ISh:) the pl. of قَرَاحٌ is أَقْرِحَةٌ, (S, Mgh, Msb, K,) or, as some say, this is pl. of ↓ قريح. (TA.) قَرِيحٌ Wounded; (S, A, * Mgh, L, Msb, K;) as also ↓ مَقْرُوحٌ; (A, * Mgh, Msb;) and ↓ قَرْحٌ [an inf. n. used as an epithet and therefore by rule applicable to a pl. as well as to a sing.]: (L:) pl. of the first قَرْحَى (S, A, L) and قَرَاحَى. (L.) El-Mutanakhkhil El-Hudhalee says, لَا يُسْلِمُونَ قَرِيحًا حلَّ وَسْطَهُمَا يَوْمَ اللِّقَآءِ وَلَا يُشْوونَ مَنْ قَرَحُوا (S, IB) i. e. They will not deliver up to the enemy a wounded man who has alighted in the midst of them, on the day of encounter, nor will they hit in a part not vital him whom they wound. (IB.) b2: See also مَقْرُوحٌ, in two places.

A2: And see قَرَاحٌ, first sentence; and end of last sentence. b2: Also A cloud when it first rises. (K.) b3: and The water of a cloud (K, TA) when it descends. (TA.) قَرِيحَةٌ The first water that is drawn forth, or produced, of a well, (S, A, K, TA,) when it is dug; (TA;) and ↓ قُرْحٌ signifies the same. (K.) b2: And The first of what pours forth, or descends, [for اصاب in my original I read صَابَ] of the contents of clouds. (A.) b3: And (tropical:) The first of a thing; (A;) and so ↓ قُرْحٌ; and the former, the first of anything. (K.) b4: And (tropical:) A faculty whereby intellectual things are elicited, or excogitated. (MF.) One says, لِفُلَانٍ قَرِيحَةٌ جَيِّدَةٌ i. e. (tropical:) Such a one has a good, or an excellent, natural faculty for the elicitation of matters of science: (S, A:) from قَرِيحَةٌ in the first of the senses expl. above. (S.) b5: And (tropical:) The natural, native, or innate, disposition, temper, or other quality, of a person: (K, TA:) and, as some expl. it, the mind, and intellect: (TA:) pl. قَرَائِحُ. (L.) قُرَاحِىٌّ: see قُرْحَان, in two places. b2: Also One who keeps to the town, or village, not going forth into the desert: (K:) or it is a rel. n. from قُرَاحٌ, a certain town, or village, on the shore of the sea. (T.) القُرَاحِيَّتَانِ The two flanks. (K.) قُرَيْحَآءُ A certain thing (هَنَةٌ [perhaps a large calculus, which may weigh several pounds,]) that is found in the belly of the horse, like the head of a man: thus in the K, and the like is said in the T and L. (TA.) b2: And, of the camel, [The ventricle into which it conveys whatever it eats of earth and pebbles;] what is called لَقَّاطَةُ الحَصَى

[and more commonly لَاقِطَةُ الحَصَى, q. v.]. (K.) قِرْوَاحٌ: see قَرَاحٌ, in two places. b2: هَضْبَةٌ قِرْوَاحٌ A [hill, or mountain, such as is termed] هضبة, that is smooth, bare of herbage, and tall, or long. (TA.) b3: And نَخْلَةٌ قِرْوَاحٌ A tall palm-tree: (S, * A:) or a tall and smooth palm-tree, (K, TA,) of which the lower parts of the branches are bare and long: (TA:) pl. قَرَاوِيحُ, (K,) and (by poetic license, L) قَرَاوِحُ. (S.) b4: And نَاقَةٌ قِرْوَاحٌ, (S, K,) or قِرْوَاحُ القَوَائِمِ, (A,) A long-legged she-camel; (S, A, K;) described by an Arab of the desert to As as one that walks as though upon spears [i. e. as though her legs were spears]. (S.) b5: And جَمَلٌ قِرْوَاحٌ A camel that dislikes the drinking with the great, or old, ones, but drinks with the small, or young, ones, when they come. (AA, K.) قِرْيَاحٌ: see قَرَاحٌ.

قَارِحٌ A solid-hoofed animal finishing teething, completing his fifth year: (S, Msb:) or in the state corresponding to that of the camel that is termed بَازِلٌ: (K:) [or shedding his corner-nipper: (see قَرَحَ:)] in the first year he is termed حَوْلِىٌّ; then, جَذَعٌ; then, ثَنِىٌّ; then, رَبَاعٍ; and then قَارِحٌ: (S:) or in the second year, فَلُوٌّ; and in the third, جَذَعٌ: (TA:) pl. قَرَّحٌ (S, K) and قَوَارِحُ (K) and ↓ مَقَارِيحُ, (S, K,) the last (which occurs in a verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb, S) anomalous, (K, TA,) as though pl. of مِقْرَاحٌ: (TA:) fem. قَارِحٌ and قَارِحَةٌ, (K,) but the former is the more approved, and the latter is by Az disallowed; (TA;) pl. قَوَارِحُ. (S.) b2: The tooth by [the growing, or shedding, of] which a horse, or other solid-hoofed animal becomes what is termed قَارِحٌ; (K;) the [permanent, or the deciduous, cornernipper, or] tooth next but one to the central pair of incisors: pl. قَوَارِحُ: the teeth thus called are four. (S.) [See قَرَحَ.] b3: Also A she-camel becoming in a manifest state of pregnancy: (S, K:) or in the first stage of pregnancy: or showing a sign of pregnancy by raising her tail: (TA:) or not supposed to be pregnant, and not giving a sign of being so by raising her tail, until her pregnancy becomes evident in the appearance of her belly: (Lth:) or not known to have conceived until her pregnancy has become manifest: or whose pregnancy is complete: (TA:) or a she-camel is so termed in the days when she is covered by the stallion; after which, when her pregnancy has become manifest, she is termed خَلِفَةٌ, until she enters upon the term called التَّعْشِير: (IAar:) also a mare that has gone forty days from the commencement of her pregnancy, and more, until it has become known: pl. قَوَارِحُ and قُرَّحٌ. (TA.) A2: See also مَقْرُوحٌ.

A3: Also A bow having a space between it and its string. (K.) A4: and القَارِحُ signifies The lion; as also ↓ القَرْحَانُ. (K.) أَقْرَحُ A horse having in his face a [star, or blaze, such as is termed] قُرْحَة: [fem. قَرْحَآءُ:] (S, A, Mgh:) pl. قُرْحٌ. (A.) And it is also an epithet applied [in a similar sense] to every common fly. (A, TA. [See قَدُوحٌ.]) b2: [Hence,] رَوْضَةٌ قَرْحَآءُ (tropical:) [A meadow] in which, (S, K,) or in the middle of which, (TA,) is a white نُوَّارَة [or flower]; (S, K, TA;) or in the middle of which are white نَوْر [or flowers]: (A:) and of which the herbage has appeared. (TA.) b3: And [hence also] تَعَرَّى الدُّجَى عَنْ وَجْهٍ أَقْرَحَ (tropical:) [The darkness became stripped] from the dawn, or daybreak. (A, TA.) b4: See also قُرْحَان, last signification. b5: [اَقْرَحُ in the CK voce قَسَامِىّ is a mistake for the verb أَقْرَحَ; not an epithet as Freytag has supposed it to be.]

مُقَرَّحٌ: see مَقْرُوحٌ, in two places. b2: المُقَرَّحَةُ also signifies أَوَّلُ الإِرْطَابِ; (so in copies of the K; but in one copy المُقَرِّحَةُ; [the right explanation, however, is evidently, I think, أَوَّلُ الأَرْطَابِ, and the meaning (assumed tropical:) The first, or earliest, of the ripe dates; المُقَرَّحَةُ being an epithet applied to them;]) this being the case when there appear [upon them] what are like قُرُوح [or purulent pustules]. (TA.) مُقَرِّحٌ: see 2, last quarter.

مُقْرُوحٌ: see قَرِيحٌ. b2: Also Having قُرُوح [or purulent pustules]. (K.) b3: Also A young weaned camel attacked by the disease termed قُرْح; [see قَرْحٌ;] as also ↓ قَارِحٌ: or a camel attacked by the disease termed قُرْحَة; as also ↓ قَرِيحٌ and ↓ مُقَرَّحٌ: (L:) one says ↓ إِبِلٌ مُقَرَّحَةٌ, [accord. to some copies of the K مُقَرِّحَةٌ, but erroneously, for it is from قُرِّحَ,] meaning camels having قُرُوح [or purulent pustules] in their mouths, in consequence of which their lips hang down; (K;) and so إِبِلٌ قَرْحَى [in which the epithet is pl. of ↓ قَرِيحٌ]. (L.) b4: And طَرِيقٌ مَقْرُوحٌ (assumed tropical:) A road in which marks, or tracks, have been made [by the feet of men and of beasts], so that it has been rendered conspicuous. (K, TA.) مَقَارِيحُ an anomalous pl. of قَارِحٌ, q. v.

مُقْتَرِحٌ: see 2, last quarter, in two places.
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