William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3368. قرزح5 3369. قرس15 3370. قرش15 3371. قرشب4 3372. قرص17 3373. قرض173374. قرضأ3 3375. قرضب7 3376. قرط17 3377. قرطس14 3378. قرطف8 3379. قرطل7 3380. قرظ15 3381. قرع19 3382. قرف22 3383. قرفص12 3384. قرق12 3385. قرقع2 3386. قرم18 3387. قرمد8 3388. قرمز8 3389. قرمص10 3390. قرمط12 3391. قرمل8 3392. قرن21 3393. قرنب5 3394. قرنبط1 3395. قرنس8 3396. قرنص7 3397. قرنفل4 3398. قرى8 3399. قز5 3400. قزح14 3401. قزدر2 3402. قزع15 3403. قزم13 3404. قس7 3405. قسب15 3406. قسح7 3407. قسر17 3408. قسط20 3409. قسطس9 3410. قسقس5 3411. قسم21 3412. قسى2 3413. قش5 3414. قشب16 3415. قشد7 3416. قشر16 3417. قشط11 3418. قشع15 3419. قشعر12 3420. قشف17 3421. قشم12 3422. قص6 3423. قصب19 3424. قصد22 3425. قصر22 3426. قصطس2 3427. قصع16 3428. قصف19 3429. قصل15 3430. قصم17 3431. قصى4 3432. قض8 3433. قضأ7 3434. قضب18 3435. قضف11 3436. قضم16 3437. قضى9 3438. قط9 3439. قطب17 3440. قطر20 3441. قطرب9 3442. قطع22 3443. قطف19 3444. قطمر10 3445. قطن19 3446. قطو7 3447. قع2 3448. قعب9 3449. قعث8 3450. قعد18 3451. قعر14 3452. قعسس1 3453. قعص12 3454. قعط14 3455. قعى2 3456. قف5 3457. قفأ3 3458. قفخ5 3459. قفد8 3460. قفر18 3461. قفز15 3462. قفش9 3463. قفص14 3464. قفل17 3465. قفو12 3466. ققب5 3467. ققز4 Prev. 100
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قرض

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قرض

1 قَرَضَهُ, aor. قَرِضَ, (S, M, A, &c.,) inf. n. قَرْضٌ, (S, M, Msb,) He cut it; (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) namely a thing, (S, Msb,) or a garment, or piece of cloth, (A, Mgh,) with the مِقْرَاض, (A, Mgh, Msb,) and with the مِقْرَاضَانِ; (Msb;) and in like manner, [or as signifying he cut it much, or frequently, or repeatedly,] you say, ↓ قرّضهُ, (M, TA,) inf. n. تَقْرِيضٌ: (TA:) this is the primary signification. (TA.) b2: Hence, (TA,) said of a rat, or mouse, (A'Obeyd, S, A, Mgh, Msb,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (S, * Msb, TA,) He [cut it with his teeth; gnawed it; or] ate it; (Msb;) namely a garment, or piece of cloth, (S, A, Mgh, Msb, TA,) and bread, &c. (TA.) You say also قَرَضَهُ بِنَابِهِ He cut it with his canine tooth, or fang. (A.) And قَرَضَ البَعِيرُ جَرَّتَهُ, (M, TA,) aor. as above, (A, TA,) and so the inf. n., (TA,) The camel chewed his cud: (M, A, TA:) or returned it [to his mouth, to be chewed again, or to his stomach]. (TA.) b3: [Hence also,] قَرَضَ رِبَاطَهُ, (S, M, A, K,) [lit.] He cut, or severed, his bond, i. e. the bond of his heart; and consequently, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) he died; (IAar, M, K, TA;) as also قَرَضَ alone, (S, [in which the former is not explained] O, Msb, K,) and قَرِضَ: (IAar, O, K:) or (assumed tropical:) he was at the point of death. (K.) And you say, جَآءَ وَقَدْ قَرَضَ رِبَاطَهُ (AZ, Az, S, &c.) (assumed tropical:) He came harassed, or distressed, or fatigued, and at the point of death: (AZ, Az:) or (tropical:) harassed, or distressed, by thirst, or by fatigue: (A:) or (assumed tropical:) in a state of intense thirst and hunger: (M:) said of a man: (S:) mentioned in the S in such a manner as [appears] to indicate that the verb has here the first of the significations mentioned in this art.; but this is not the case [as is shown in the S itself in art. ربط]. (TA.) See also 7.

A2: [Hence also,] قَرَضْتُ الوَادِى (assumed tropical:) I passed through, or across, the valley. (Msb.) It is said in the Kur, [xviii. 16,] وَإِذَا غَرَبَتْ تَقْرِضُهُمْ ذَاتَ الشِّمَالِ (assumed tropical:) And when it [the sun] set, to leave them behind on the left; to pass by and beyond them, leaving them on its left: (S, K:) so explained by AO, or by A'Obeyd: (so accord. to different copies of the S,) to leave them and pass by them on the left; not falling upon them at all: (Jel:) or to turn aside, or away, from them, on the left: (Msb:) or to be over against them, on the left: from قَرَضْتُهُ, meaning حَذَوْتُهُ, i. e. I was over against him, or it; as also ↓ أَقْرَضْتُهُ. (JK.) And a man says to his companion, Hast thou passed by such and such a place? and the man asked says قَرَضْتُهُ ذَاتَ اليَمِينِ لَيْلًا (assumed tropical:) [I passed by it, leaving it behind, on the right, by night]. (S.) The Arabs say, قَرَضْتُهُ ذَاتَ اليَمِينِ, and ذَاتَ الشِّمَالِ, and قُبُلًا, and دُبُرًا, (assumed tropical:) I was over against him, or it, on the right, and on the left, and before, and behind. (Fr.) You say also, قَرَضَ المَكَانَ, (M, Msb, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (M,) (assumed tropical:) He turned aside, or away, from the place. (M, Msb, K.) and قَرَضَ فِى الأَرْضِ (assumed tropical:) He traversed the land. (Z.) And قَرَضَ فِى سَيْرِهِ, (M, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (M,) (assumed tropical:) He turned to the right and left in his going or journeying. (M, K.) And قَرِضَ, like سَمِعَ, (assumed tropical:) He, or it, passed away from a thing to another thing. (IAar, Sgh, L, K.) A3: Hence also, (TA,) قَرَضَ الشِّعْرَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. as above, (S, Msb,) and so the inf. n., (S,) (tropical:) He said, spoke, uttered, or recited, poetry; or he poetized, or versified; syn. قَالَ الشِّعْرَ: (A'Obeyd, S, K:) or he composed poetry according to rule: (Msb:) because poetry consists of cut feet: or because it is called قَرِيض as being likened to the cud: (A:) or because it is language cut out: (Msb:) or as being likened to a garment; as though the poet cut it and divided it into portions; although MF denies that this phrase is from قَرَضَ as signifying “ he cut: ” he has also assigned to قَرْضُ الشِّعْرِ a signification which belongs to تَقْرِيضٌ, q. v. (TA.) A4: Hence also, قَرَضَهُ as syn. with قَارَضَهُ, q. v. (TA.) 2 قَرَّضَ see 1, first signification.

A2: تَقْرِيضٌ also signifies (assumed tropical:) The art of poetry: (M, TA:) or the criticism thereof; the picking out the faults thereof; and the discriminating, by consideration, of what is good thereof from what is bad, both expressed and speculative. (TA.) A3: Also, like تَقْرِيظٌ; (assumed tropical:) The act of praising: or dispraising: (S, TA:) or it has both these contr. significations; (K, TA;) relating to good and to evil; whereas تقريظ relates only to praise and good. (TA.) You say, فُلَان يُقَرِّضُ صَاحِبَهُ (assumed tropical:) Such a one praises his companion: or dispraises him. (S.) 3 قارضهُ, inf. n. مُقَارَضَةٌ and قِرَاضٌ, (M,) [He lent to him, and received from him, a loan: or it signifies, or signifies also,] i. q. أَقْرَضَهُ, q. v. (L, TA.) b2: قِرَاضٌ (S, A, Msb, K) and مُقَارَضَةٌ, (S, A, K,) with the people of El-Hijáz, (TA,) also signify i. q. مُضَارَبَةٌ; (S, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) as though it were a contract for traversing the land [for traffic], (K,) from القَرْضُ فِى السَّيْرِ, or, as Z says, from القَرْضُ فِى الأَرْضِ, meaning “ the traversing the land,” like as مضاربة is from الضَّرْبُ فِى الأَرْضِ; (TA;) and the form of the contract is what is shown by the following explanation. (K.) You say, قَارَضْتُهُ, (S, A, Mgh,) or قَارَضْتُهُ مِنَ المَالِ, (Msb,) I gave to him property (S, A, Mgh, K *) مُضَارَبَةً, (A, Mgh,) [i. e.] that he might traffic with it, on the condition that the gain should be between us, and the loss should fall upon the property. (S, K. [See also ضَارَبَهُ.]) b3: قارضهُ, (S, K,) inf. n. مُقَارَضَةٌ, (TA,) also signifies (tropical:) He requited him; he compensated him; (S, K;) and so ↓ قَرَضَهُ, (S, K,) inf. n. قَرْضٌ. (TA.) Hence the saying of Abu-l-Wardà, (TA,) إِنْ قَارَضْتَ النَّاسَ قَارَضُوكَ وَإِنْ تَرَكْتَهُمْ لَمْ يَتْرُكُوكَ وَإِنْ هَرَبْتَ مِنْهُمْ أَدْرَكُوكَ (tropical:) (A, * TA) [If thou requite men their evil deeds, they will requite thee; and if thou leave them, they will not leave thee; and if thou flee from them, they will overtake thee]: meaning if thou do evil to them, they will do the like thereof to thee; and if thou leave them, thou wilt not be safe from them, for they will not let thee alone; and if thou revile them and injure them, they will revile thee and injure thee: he said this intending thereby to censure them: and it is from the signification of “ cutting. ” (TA.) [See also قَرْضٌ, below.] You say also, فُلَانٌ يُقَارِضُ النَّاسَ, inf. n. مُقَارَضَةٌ, (tropical:) Such a one accords, or agrees, with men. (A.) And قَارَضْتُهُ الزِّيَارَةَ (tropical:) [I interchanged visiting with him]. (A.) 4 اقرضهُ He cut off for him a portion, to be requited, or compensated, for it. (Sgh, K.) [And hence,] He gave him, or granted him, a قَرْض [or loan, or the like]; (S, M, A, * Mgh, * K;) and ↓ قَارَضَهُ signifies the same as اقرضهُ. (L, TA.) You say also, اقرضهُ المَالَ, (M, Msb,) وَغَيْرَهُ, (M,) [He lent him the property, &c.;] he gave him the property, &c., as a قَرْض; (M;) he gave him the property, [&c.,] to demand its return. (Msb.) It is said in the Kur, [lxxiii. 20,] وَأَقْرِضُوا اللّٰهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا [lit. And lend ye to God a good loan; meaning (assumed tropical:) give ye to God good service for which to be requited]: (S, TA:) it is not here said إِقْرَاضًا because the simple subst. [as distinguished from the inf. n.] is what is meant. (TA.) And again, in the same, [ii. 246, and lvii. 11,] مَنْ ذَا الَّذِى يُقْرِضُ اللّٰهَ قَرْضًا حَسَنًا, meaning, accord. to Aboo-Is-hák the Grammarian, (assumed tropical:) [Who is he who will offer unto God] a good action or gift, or anything for which a requital may be sought? or, as Akh says, (assumed tropical:) Who will do a good action by following and obeying the command of God? (TA.) The Arabs say, قَدْ أَقْرَضْتَنِى قَرْضًا حَسَنًا (assumed tropical:) Thou hast done to me a good deed [which I am bound to requite]. (TA.) And it is said in a trad., أَقْرِضٌ عِرْضَكَ لِيَوْمِ فَقْرِكَ (assumed tropical:) [Lend thou thine honour for the day of thy poverty]; meaning, when a man defames thee, do not thou requite him, but reserve his recompense undiminished for thee, as a loan for the payment of which he is responsible, that thou mayest receive it from him in the day of thy need thereof: (TA:) [but see عِرْضٌ.] b2: [And hence,] أَقْرَضَنِى الشَّىْءَ He gave, or paid, to me the thing. (M.) A2: مَا عَلَيْهِ مَا يُقْرِضُ عَنْهُ العُيُونَ فَيَسْتُرُهُ (assumed tropical:) [There is not upon him what will turn aside, or away, from him the eyes, and cover him]. (Ibn-'Abbád, Sgh.) A3: See alse 1, latter half.6 تَقَاْرَضَ [تَقَارَضَا They lent and received loans, each to and from the other.]

A2: [And hence,] هُمَا يَتَقَارَضَانِ الخَيْرَ وَالشَّرَّ (assumed tropical:) [They two interchanged good and evil, each with the other]; (IKh, S, K;) as also يتقارظان: (IKh:) [but see the latter in its proper place.] And هُمَا يَتَقَارَضَانِ المَدْحَ, (AZ,) or الثَّنَآءَ, (A, Msb,) or الثَّنَآءَ بَيْنَهُمْ, (TA,) [or بَيْنَهُمَا, (in the M, هُمْ يَتَقَارَضُونَ الثَّنَآءَ بَيْنَهُمْ,)] (tropical:) They praise each other; (AZ, Msb;) as also يتقارظان: (AZ:) or they requite, or compensate, each other with praise. (TA.) And القِرْنَانِ يَتَقَارَضَانِ النَّظَرَ (assumed tropical:) The two opponents, or adversaries, look askance, with anger, each at the other: (S, K:) and يَتَقَارَضُونَ نَظَرًا (assumed tropical:) They look with enmity and vehement hatred, one at another. (TA.) And هُمْ يَتَقَارَضُونَ الزِّيَارَةَ (tropical:) [They interchange visiting]. (A.) El-Kumeyt, says, يَتَقَارَضُ الحَسَنَ الجَمِيلَ مِنَ التَّأَلُّفِ وَالتَّزَاوُرْ meaning, Interchanging what is good and comely, of sociable conduct and mutual visiting. (O.) b2: El-Hasan El-Basree, being asked whether the companions of the Apostle of God used to jest, or joke, answered, (TA,) نَعَمْ وَيَتَقَارَضُونَ, (K, * TA,) i. e. Yes, and they used to recite poetry [one to another]: (TA:) from قَرِيضٌ as signifying “ poetry. ” (K.) 7 انقرضوا (assumed tropical:) They passed away, or perished, [as though cut off,] (S, K,) all of them, (K,) not one of them remaining; (S;) as also ↓ قُرِضُوا [perhaps a mistake for قَرِضُوا: see 1]. (TA.) 8 اقترض He received what is termed قَرْض [a loan, or the like], (S, Msb, K,) i. q. اِسْتَلَفَ; (A;) مِنْهُ from him. (S, A, K.) A2: اقترض عِرْضَهُ (assumed tropical:) He defamed him, or spoke evil of him, behind his back or in his absence, or otherwise; syn. اِغْتَابَهُ: (K:) as though he cut off [somewhat] from his honour. (TA.) 10 استقرض مِنْ فُلَانٍ, (S, Msb, *) or استقرضهُ, (A, Mgh,) He sought, or demanded, of such a one what is termed قَرْض [a loan, or the like]. (S, A, * Mgh, * Msb.) b2: [And hence,] اِسْتَقْرَضْتُهُ الشَّىْءَ I sought, or demanded, of him the gift, or payment [in advance], of the thing. (M.) قَرْضٌ (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K) and ↓ قِرْضٌ; (Ks, S, M, K;) or, accord. to Th, the former is an inf. n., and the latter a simple subst., but this [says ISd] does not please me; (M;) or the former is an inf. n. used as a subst.; (Mgh;) or a subst. from أَقْرَضْتُهُ المَالَ; (Msb;) [A loan: and the like:] a piece of property which a man cuts off from his [other] articles of property, and which, itself, he receives back; [in rendering the explanation in the Mgh, for the words فَيُعْطِيه عينًا in my copy of that work; I read فَيُقْضَاهُ عَيْنًا, which makes this agreeable with explanations given in other works;] but what is due to the one from the other as a debt is not so called; (Mgh, [see دَيْنٌ;]) what one gives, (S, Msb, K,) to another, (Msb,) of property, (S, Msb,) to receive it back, (S, K,) or to demand it back: (Msb:) or a thing that one gives to be requited for it, or to receive it back: (TA in art. فرض:) or a thing of which men demand the payment [or restitution], one of another: (M, L:) or a thing which a man gives, or (assumed tropical:) does, to be requited for it: (Aboo-Is-hák the Grammarian, and TA:) pl. قُرُوضٌ. (M, Msb.) You say, عَلَيْهِ قَرْضٌ [He owes a loan], and قُرُوضٌ [loans]. (A.) b2: Hence, (S, TA,) (tropical:) What one does, in order to be requited it, of good, and of evil. (S, K, TA.) See three exs. above, under 4. The Arabs also say, قَدْ أَحْسَنْتَ قَرْضِى, meaning (assumed tropical:) Thou hast done to me a good deed [which I am bound to requite]. (TA.) And لَكَ عِنْدِى قَرْضٌ حَسَنٌ, and قَرْضٌ سَيِّئٌ (assumed tropical:) I owe thee a good deed, and an evil deed. (Aboo-Is-hák the Grammarian, and TA.) قِرْضٌ: see قَرْضٌ.

قَرِيضٌ The cud: (Lth, A:) or what the camel returns [to his mouth, to be chewed again, or to his stomach,] of his cud; (S, K;) as also ↓ مَقْرُوضٌ: (S:) or it is applied to the cud (جِرَّة) of the camel, and signifies chewed: or, accord. to Kr, this is فَرِيضٌ, with ف. (M.) And hence, accord. to some, the saying حَالَ الجَرِيضُ دُونَ القَرِيضِ [explained in art. جرض]: but accord. to others, the last word in this saying has the signification next but one following. (S.) A2: The sound, or voice, of a man in dying. (Er-Riyáshee, in TA, art. جرض.) A3: (tropical:) Poetry: (S, M, A, Msb, K:) so called for one or another of the reasons mentioned under 1, last sentence but one; (A, Msb, TA;) of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ: (Msb:) El-Aghlab El-'Ijlee distinguishes between it and رَجَز. (IB.) قُرَاضَةٌ [Cuttings; clippings; and the like;] what falls by the action termed القَرْض; (S, A, * Mgh, * K;) as, for instance, of gold, (S, TA,) and of silver; and of a garment, or piece of cloth, which a tailor cuts with his shears; (TA;) and of this last, and of bread, (JK, TA,) &c., (TA,) by the gnawing (قَرْض) of a rat, or mouse: (JK, A, Mgh, TA:) pl. قُرَاضَاتٌ. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] أَخَذَ الأَمْرَ بِقُرَاضَتِهِ (assumed tropical:) He took the thing, or affair, in its fresh state. (M, L.) b3: [Hence also,] قُرَاضَةُ المَالِ (assumed tropical:) [The refuse, or] what is bad, vile, paltry, or of no account, of property. (TA.) b4: قُرَاضَةٌ also relates to an evil action, and an evil saying, which one man directs against another. (TA.) [What is meant by this is not clear to me.]

قَرَّاضَةٌ A certain creeping insect (دُوَيْبَّة) that eats wool. (TA.) b2: [And hence, app.,] (assumed tropical:) A man who defames others, or speaks evil of them, behind their backs, or otherwise; syn. مُغْتَابٌ لِلنَّاسِ. (TA.) اِبْنُ مِقْرَضٍ, (S, M, A, Msb,) [in one copy of the S, ابن مُقْرِضٍ, and in another, ابن مُقَرَّضٍ,] like مِقْوَد, (Msb,) [A species of weasel;] a certain small beast (دُوَيْبَّة), (S, M, Msb,) called in Persian دَلَهٌ, (S, Msb,) or دَلَّهٌ, (as in one copy of the S,) whence the arabicized word دَلَقٌ, (Msb,) which kills pigeons, (S, M, A,) seizing upon their throats, and it is a species of rat; (A;) the longbacked quadruped that kills pigeons: (Lth, O, Msb:) this last explanation is given by the author of the Bári', after saying that it is a small beast (دويبّة), like the cat, which is in houses, and, when angry, gnaws clothes: (Msb:) accord. to some, i. q. النِّمْسُ [q. v.]: (Msb:) pl. بَنَاتُ مِقْرَضٍ. (A, (Msb.) مُقَرِّضَاتُ الأَسَاقِى A [kind of] small creeping thing (دُوَيْبَّة), which makes holes in, and cuts, skins used for water or milk. (M.) مِقْرَاضٌ is the sing. of مَقَارِيضُ; (S, Msb, K;) and a pair thereof is called مِقْرَاضَانِ: (Msb, K:) the مِقْرَاض is [A single blade of a pair of shears or scissors;] a thing with which one [shears, or clips, or] cuts; and when you speak of the two together, you do not say مِقْرَاضٌ, as the vulgar say, but مِقْرَاضَانِ; (Msb;) which last is syn. with جَلَمَانِ [a pair of shears]; a word, accord. to the lexicologists having no sing.; but Sb mentions مِقْرَاضٌ, thus using the sing. form: (M:) or مِقْرَاضٌ and مِقْرَاضَانِ signify the same; [a pair of shears;] like جلَمٌ and جَلَمَانِ, and قَلَمٌ and قَلَمَانِ: (Msb in art. جلم:) or مِقْرَاضٌ signifies جَلَمٌ صَغِيرٌ [a small pair of shears; i. e. a pair of scissors]: (JK:) 'Adee Ibn-Zeyd uses the expression شَفْرَتَا مِقْرَاضٍ [the two blades of a pair of shears or scissors] in a poem; (IB;) and other poets use the sing., مقراض: (TA:) and مِفْرَاصٌ, with ف and ص, signifies the same. (IB.) Hence the saying, لِسَانُ فُلَانِ مِقْرَاضُ الأَعْرَاضِ (tropical:) [The tongue of such a one is the detractor of reputations]. (TA.) مَقْرُوضٌ pass. part. n. of قَرَضَهُ. b2: See قَرِيضٌ.
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