William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3419. قشعر12 3420. قشف17 3421. قشم12 3422. قص6 3423. قصب19 3424. قصد223425. قصر22 3426. قصطس2 3427. قصع16 3428. قصف19 3429. قصل15 3430. قصم17 3431. قصى4 3432. قض8 3433. قضأ7 3434. قضب18 3435. قضف11 3436. قضم16 3437. قضى9 3438. قط9 3439. قطب17 3440. قطر20 3441. قطرب9 3442. قطع22 3443. قطف19 3444. قطمر10 3445. قطن19 3446. قطو7 3447. قع2 3448. قعب9 3449. قعث8 3450. قعد18 3451. قعر14 3452. قعسس1 3453. قعص12 3454. قعط14 3455. قعى2 3456. قف5 3457. قفأ3 3458. قفخ5 3459. قفد8 3460. قفر18 3461. قفز15 3462. قفش9 3463. قفص14 3464. قفل17 3465. قفو12 3466. ققب5 3467. ققز4 3468. قل6 3469. قلب20 3470. قلت14 3471. قلح16 3472. قلخ6 3473. قلد17 3474. قلس16 3475. قلص21 3476. قلع14 3477. قلف15 3478. قلفع3 3479. قلق13 3480. قلقس5 3481. قلم18 3482. قلمس6 3483. قلو6 3484. قم4 3485. قمأ9 3486. قمح14 3487. قمحد3 3488. قمد7 3489. قمر19 3490. قمس13 3491. قمش10 3492. قمص16 3493. قمط14 3494. قمطر13 3495. قمع17 3496. قمل16 3497. قمه7 3498. قمهد4 3499. قن7 3500. قنأ14 3501. قنب14 3502. قنبر7 3503. قنبط5 3504. قنبع5 3505. قنت18 3506. قنح11 3507. قند12 3508. قنر6 3509. قنس8 3510. قنص12 3511. قنط16 3512. قنطر11 3513. قنع17 3514. قنفد3 3515. قنفذ8 3516. قنقل5 3517. قنو13 3518. قهب8 Prev. 100




1 قَصَدَهُ, and قَصَدَلَهُ, and إلَيْهِ, (S, M, A, L, Msb, K,) and نَحْوَهُ, (A in art. سمت, &c.,) aor. قَصِدَ, (M, Msb, K, &c.,) inf. n. قَصْدٌ, (S, M, Msb, K, &c.,) from which the pl. قُصُودٌ is formed by some of the professors of practical law; [and مَقْصَدٌ, q. v., is also an inf. n.;] (Msb;) He tended, repaired, or betook himself, or went, to, or towards, him, or it; (originally and properly, either in a direct course, in which sense it is in some places specially used, or indirectly; IJ, M, L;) he directed himself, or his course or aim, to, or towards, him, or it; he made for, or towards, him, or it; he made him, or it, his object; he aimed at him, or it: he sought, endeavoured after, pursued, or endeavoured to reach or attain, or obtain, him, or it: he desired it, or wished for it: he intended it; purposed it; or meant it: syn. تَوَجَّهَ وَنَهَدَ وَنَهَضَ نَحْوَهُ, (IJ, M, L,) and نَحَاهُ, (S, L,) and أَتَاهُ, (S, A, L,) and طَلَبَهُ بِعَيْنِهِ, (Msb,) and أَمَّهُ, and اِعْتَمَدَهُ, (M, L, K,) and اِعْتَزَمَهُ. (IJ, M, L.) b2: قَصَدْتُ قَصْدَهُ: see قَصْدَهُ, below. b3: قَصَدْتُهُ بِكَذَا and قَصَدْتُهُ لَهُ بِهِ [I brought to him such a thing: lit. I directed, or betook, myself to him with such a thing: see an ex. in the first para. of art. بى] (Ham. p. 41.) إِلَيْكَ قَصْدِى, and ↓ مَقْصَدِى, (the latter with fet-h to the ص, Msb), To thee is my tending, or repairing, &c. (A.) b4: قَصَدَ فِى الأَمْرِ, [aor. قَصِدَ,] (A, Msb,) inf. n. قَصْدٌ; (S. M, L, Msb, K) and فِيهِ ↓ اقتصد; (M, L, K;) (tropical:) He pursued a right, or direct, course in the affair: (L:) or he followed the middle and most just way in the affair; and did not exceed the due bounds therein: (Msb:) or he acted in a moderate manner, in a manner between that of prodigality and that of parsimoniousness, in the affair: (S, L:) or he acted in a manner the contrary of that of extravagance in the affair: (M, L, K:) or he kept within the due bounds in the affair, and was content with a middle course: (A:) and in like manner, فى النَّفَقَةِ in expense: (L:) and فِى مَعِيشَتِهِ with respect to his means of subsistence. (A, L.) See also 8. b5: قَصَدَ فِى مَشْيِهِ He (a man) walked at an equable, or a moderate, pace; syn. مَشَى مُسْتُوِيًا. (L.) وَاقْصِدْ فِى مَشْيِكَ [in the Kur xxxi. 18,] (S) meansAnd go thou at a moderate pace in thy walking; neither slowly nor quickly. (Beyd, Jel.) b6: اِقْصِدْ بِذَرْعِكَ Deal thou gently with thyself; moderate thyself; restrain thyself; i. q. اِرْبَعْ عَلَى

نَفْسِكَ. (S.) b7: القَصْدَ القَصْدَ تَبْلُغُوا Keep ye to the middle way: keep ye to the middle way in affairs; in sayings and actions: so shall ye attain [to that which ye should desire]: القصد being in the accus. case as a corroborative inf. n.; and it is repeated also for the sake of corroboration. (L, from a trad.) b8: قَصَدَ, aor. قَصِدَ, (L,) inf. n. قَصْدٌ, (M, L, K,) (tropical:) It (a road, or way,) was direct, or right; had a direct, or right, tendency. (M, L, K.) عَلَى اللّٰهِ قَصْدُ السَّبِيلِ [Kur xvi. 9,] Upon God it rests to show the direct, or right way, (M, Beyd, L,) [or the right direction of the way] which leads to the truth, (Beyd,) and to invite to it by evident proofs: (M, L:) or upon God it rests to make the way direct, or right, in mercy and favour: or upon God depends one's directing his course to the [right] way. (Beyd.) b9: قَصَدَ, aor. قَصِدَ, (S, L,) inf. n. قَصْدٌ, (S, L, K,) (tropical:) He acted with justice, or equity. (S, L, K.) Abu-l-Lahhám Eth-Thaalebee says, عَلَى الحَكَمِ المَأْتِىِّ يَوْمًا إِذَا قَضَى

قَضِيَّتَهُ أَن لَّا يَجُورَ وَيَقْصِدُ (S, L) meaning, It is encumbent on the judge who is come to, any day, when he decides his case, that he do not deviate from what is right, but (بَلْ) act with justice, or equity. (IB, L.) Akh says, He means وَيَنْبَغِى أَنْ يَقْصِدَ; but as he makes an ellipsis, and puts يقصد in the place, syntactically, of ينبغى, he makes it marfooa, because it has the place of that which is [virtually] marfooa: and Fr says, he makes it marfooa because of the disagreement; for as its meaning disagrees with that of the preceding verb, it is made to disagree therefore in desinential syntax. (S, L.) A2: قَصَدَ, (S, L,) aor. قَصِدَ, (L,) inf. n. قَصْدٌ, (S, L, K,) [and قَصِدَ, see 7] He broke a stick: (S, L:) he broke in any way or manner: or he broke in halves: as also ↓ قصّد, inf. n. تَقْصِيدٌ: (L, K:) [or the latter signifies he broke many things; or broke in many pieces: see 7.]

A3: قُصِدَ لَهُ He was given a little. (S, O, K, art. قصد.) A4: قَصُدَ, aor. قَصُدَ, inf. n. قَصَادَةٌ, He (a camel, TA) became fat. (K.) A5: See also 4.2 قَصَّدَ see 1 last sentence but one.

A2: And see 4.4 أَقْصَدَنِى إِلَيْهِ الأَمُرْ The affair caused me to tend, repair, betake myself, or direct my course, to, or towards, him, or it; to aim at him, or it; to seek, endeavour after, pursue, or endeavour to reach, attain, or obtain, him, or it; to desire it, or wish for it; to intend it, or purpose it. (M, L.) b2: (tropical:) It (an arrow) hit its object, and killed on the spot. (S, K.) b3: He pierced a man with a spear, (K,) or shot him with an arrow, (TA,) and did not miss him: (K:) he struck, or shot, a thing so that it died on the spot: (As:) he killed on the spot: (Lth:) it (a serpent) killed a person (Lth, S) on the spot: (Lth:) or bit him so as to kill him. (K, * TA.) أَقْصَدَتْهُ المَنِيَّةُ Destiny killed him on the spot. (A.) A2: اقصد, (inf. n. إِقْصَادٌ, TA,) He composed [odes, or] poems of the kind termed قَصِيد; a verb similar to أَرْمَلَ and أَهْزَجَ and أَرْجَزَ: (Ibn-Buzurj, L:) also, (L, TA,) or ↓ اقتصد, inf. n. إِقْتِصَادٌ, accord. to the K, but the former is the correct form, (TA,) [or the latter is probably correct, as being similar to إِرْتَجَزَ, as well as the former, of which the act. part. n. occurs in a verse,] and ↓ قَصَدَ, inf. n. قَصْدٌ; (K;) or ↓ قَصَّدَ; (as in the M and L;) he continued uninterruptedly, (L, K,) and prolonged, (L,) the composition of [odes, or] poems of the kind termed قَصَائِد. (L, K.) See مُقْصدٌ.5 تقصّد He (a dog &c.) died. (S.) b2: and see 7, in three places.7 انقصد and ↓ تقصّد; (L, K;) and ↓ قَصِدَ, aor. قَصَدَ, inf. n. قَصَدٌ; but this form of the verb is seldom used; (L;) It broke, or became broken, in any way or manner: or it broke, or became broken, in halves: (L, K:) [but they are differently used: you say,] انقصد الرُّمْحُ [the spear broke: or] (S, L) the spear broke in halves: (L:) and الرِّمَاحُ ↓ تقصّدتِ the spears broke in many pieces. (S, A, L.) A2: انقصد and ↓ تقصّد It (marrow) became detached, or came forth, from its place. (TA.) 8 اقتصد: see 1. b2: He aimed at that which was right and just. (A, art. صيد. See 1 in that art.) A2: And see 4.

قَصْدٌ, [inf. n. of 1, q. v. b2: Used as a subst., The tending, self-direction, aim, or course of a person b3: Hence, An object of aim, of endeavour or pursuit, of desire or wish, or of intention or purpose; one's intention, intent, or meaning; as also ↓ مَقْصُودٌ. See مَقْصِدٌ] b4: A thing that is right, of what is said and of what is done; syn. سَدَادٌ and صَوَابٌ. (S, voce تَسْدِيدٌ, &c.) هُوَ عَاَى قَصْدٍ, He is following a right way, or course. (Msb.) See also قَاصِدٌ. b5: Conforming, or conformable, to the just mean. (M in art. ام.) See also مُقَصَّدٌ.

A2: A little that is given. (S, O, K, art. قصد.) A3: See also قَصِيدٌ.

قَصْدَهُ In the direction of, or towards, him, or it. Ex. قَصَدْتُ قَصْدَهُ I tended, repaired, betook myself, or directed my course, towards him, or it: (S, Msb:) [like صَمَدْتُ صَمْدَهُ, and حَرَدْتُ حَرْدَهُ, and شَدَا شَدْوَهُ, &c.:] also signifying, [I purposed his purpose, or] I pursued his (another's) way, or course, doing [and thinking] as he did. (L, in art. وكد.) أَخَذَ قَصْدَ الوَادِى, and ↓ قَصِيدَهُ, [He went towards the valley]. (A.) b2: هُوَ قَصْدَكَ, and قَصْدُكَ, He is before thee, before thy face. It is more commonly used as a subst. (M, L.) رُمْحٌ قَصِدٌ, and ↓ قَصِيدٌ, (M, L, K,) and ↓ أَقْصَادٌ, (S, L,) which is one of the words [used as a sing. epithet] having a pl. form, (Akh, S,) A spear broken: (M, L:) [or, broken in halves:] or broken in many pieces. (K.) قِصْدَةٌ A fragment; a piece of a thing that is broken: (S, K:) and any piece [of a thing]: (TA:) pl. قِصَدٌ. (S, K.) Ex. القَنَا قِصَدٌ [The spears are broken into fragments]. (S.) b2: قِصْدَةٌ مِنْ عَظْمٍ A piece of a bone; meaning, a third, or a quarter, of the thigh, or arm, or skin, or shoulder; (M, L;) less than the half; as much as the third, or quarter. (IKtt.) قَصُودٌ A camel having compact marrow. (ISh, L.) See also قَصِيدٌ.

قَصِيدٌ and ↓ مَقْصُودٌ Aimed at, sought, desired, intended, or purposed. (L.) A2: Fat marrow: (K:) or thick and fat marrow, that breaks in pieces (يَتَقَصَّدُ) by reason of its fatness: a piece thereof is termed قَصِيدَةٌ: (L:) or the former word and ↓ قَصُودٌ signify marrow inferior to that which is fat (A, O, K) but superior to that which is lean: (A, O:) and قَصِيدَةٌ, a piece of marrow that has come forth from the bone. (L.) b2: and (L, K), or ذُو قَصِيدٍ, (L,) A bone containing marrow. (L, K.) b3: Dry, or tough, (يَاسِس,) fleshmeat; (Lth, S, L, K;) as also ↓ قَصْدٌ; and, as some say, fat fleshmeat. (L.) b4: A fat she-camel, (L, K,) plump and corpulent, (L,) and having marrow in her bones; as also قَصِيدَةٌ. (L, K.) b5: A fat camel's hump. (K.) A3: A staff; (L, K;) as also قَصِيدَة; (K;) or the latter has not been heard: (TA:) pl. قَصَائِدُ. (L.) A4: Poetry, or a poem, trimmed, pruned, or free from faults, well executed, (K,) and composed with premeditation; (TA;) as also قَصِيدَةٌ: (TA:) [but the latter is used as a subst.] b2: قَصِيدٌ, a gen. n., applied properly to poetry, and, by extension of the signification, to a single poem, for قَصِيدَةٌ; (IJ, L;). or it is pl. of قَصِيدَةٌ, like as سَفِينٌ is of سَفِينَةٌ; (S, L;) and so is قَصَائِدُ; (L;) [but properly, قَصِيدٌ is a coll. gen. n., and قَصِيدَةٌ is its n. un., and قَصَائِدُ is pl. of the latter;] Poetry, or a poem, [or an ode, (for it was always designed to be chanted or sung,)] of which the bipartition (شَطْر) of the verses is complete; (M, L, K;) [i. e., of which the hemistichs are complete, not curtailed; (see الرَّمَلُ;)] consisting of three verses or more; (Akh, M, L, K;) or of sixteen or more; (M, L, K;) for it is usual to call that which consists of three verses, or ten, or fifteen, قِطْعَةٌ, and what consists of more than fifteen the Arabs call قصيدة: (IJ, M, L:) or, as Akh has once said, what is of the metre called الطَّوِيل, and البَسِيط that is complete, and الكَامِل that is complete, and المَدِيد that is complete, by which he means the first species thereof, which is the most complete that is in use, and الوَافِر that is complete, by which, in like manner, he means the first species thereof, and الرَّجَز that is complete, and الخَفِيف that is complete, and [any ode, or] any poem that is sung by persons riding; but, he adds, we have not heard them sing what is of the metre called الخفيف: (M, L:) such poetry is thus termed because composed with purpose and consideration, and earnest endeavour to make it excellent; from قَصْدٌ as syn. with أَمٌّ: or because composed with care, and trimmed with excellent expressions and choice meanings, from قَصِيدٌ signifying “ thick and fat marrow; ” for the Arabs tropically apply to chaste, or eloquent, or excellent, language the epithet سَمِين, or “ fat: ” (L:) or because of its completeness, and the soundness of its measure. (M, L.) For the meanings of بَيْتُ القَصِيدَةِ, see بَيْتٌ; last sentence.

A5: See also قَصِدٌ.

قَصِيدَةٌ: see قَصِيدٌ throughout.

طريق قَاصِدٌ, (M, L,) and قَاصِدَةٌ, (A,) and ↓ قَصْدٌ, (A, Msb,) (tropical:) A direct, or right road, or way; a road, or way, having a direct, or right, tendency: (A, L:) an even, and a direct, or right, road, or way: (M, L:) an even road, or way. (Msb.) b2: سَهْمٌ قَاصِدٌ (tropical:) An arrow rightly directed towards the animal at which it is shot: pl. سِهَامٌ قَوَاصِدُ. (A.) b3: قَاصِدٌ Near. (S, K.) b4: سَفَرٌ قَاصِدٌ An easy, short journey: (TA:) [a moderately easy and short journey:] a journey not difficult, nor extremely far. (Ibn-'Arafeh.) b5: بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَ المَآءِ لَيْلَةٌ قَاصِدَةٌ (tropical:) Between us and the water is an easy night's journey (S, K) without fatigue or tardiness: (S:) pl. لَيَالٍ قَوَاصِدُ. (TA.) b6: مَآءٌ قَاصِدٌ Water of which the herbage, or pasture, is near. (IAar, TA, voce مُطْلِبٌ.) أَقصَدُ [A more, or most, direct road]. (S, voce أَرْشَدُ.) b2: عَلَيْكَ بِمَا هُوَ أَقْصَدُ وَأَقْسَطُ (tropical:) Keep thou to that which is most right and most just. (A.) أَقْصَادٌ: see قَصِدٌ.

مَقْصَدُ الكَلَامِ means the intended sense of the saying; the meaning thereof: (see مَعْنًى in art. عنى:) مَقْصَدٌ being an inf. n. used as in the sense of the pass. part. n. of its verb, i. e. in the sense of ↓ مَقْصُودٌ; like as is generally said of its syn. مَعْنًى, of which مَقْصُودٌ is one of the explanations: hence it has a pl. مَقَاصِدُ: in the CK in art. غزو it is erroneously written مَقْصِد, which is the n. of place and of time from قَصَدَ. b2: And in like manner مَقْصَدٌ signifies also A thing aimed at, intended, or purposed; an object of aim or pursuit: see 1: and ↓ مَقْصِدٌ, tropically used, has the same meaning.]

مَقْصِدٌ, with kesr to the ص, A place to, or towards, which one tends, repairs, or betakes himself; to which one directs his course; at which one aims; which one seeks, pursues, endeavours to reach, desires, or wishes for; [pl. مَقَاصِدُ.] Ex.

لَهُ مَقْصِدٌ مَعَيَّنٌ He has a specified place to which, or towards which, he tends, or repairs, &c. (Msb.) بَابُكَ مَقْصِدِى Thy door, or gate, is the place to which, or towards which, I tend, or repair, &c. (A.) b2: مَقَاصِدُ الطَّرُقِ [The right places to which roads tend]; i. q. مَرَاشِدُهَا. (S, L, K, art. رشد.) See also مَقْصَدٌ.

مُقْصَدٌ One who falls sick and quickly dies. (K.) مُقْصِدٌ [One who composes poems of the kind termed قَصَائِد: see 4: also,] and ↓ مُقَصِّدٌ, one who continues uninterruptedly, and prolongs, the composition of poems of the kind termed قصائد. (M, L.) مَقْصَدَةٌ [lit., A thing that causes people to repair to, or seek, or endeavour after, or desire, it]. b2: A woman great, and perfect, or complete, who pleases every one (K) that beholds her. (TA.) b3: Also, (or, as some write it, ↓ مُقَصَّدَةٌ, TA,) A woman inclining to shortness. (K.) مَقْصُودٌ: see قَصْدٌ, قَصِيدٌ, and مَقْصَدٌ.

مُقَصَّدٌ (tropical:) A man neither corpulent nor thin; as also ↓ مُقْتَصِدٌ and ↓ قَصْدٌ: (L, K:) or a man of moderate, or middle, stature; (ISh, L;) neither tall nor short, nor corpulent; (IAth, L;) as also قَصْدٌ: (ISh:) or a man &c. neither corpulent nor short. (Lth, L.) See مَقْصَدَةٌ.

مُقَصِّدٌ: see مُقْصِدٌ.

فُلَانٌ مُقْتَصِدٌ فِى النَّفَقَةِ (tropical:) Such a one acts in a moderate manner, in a manner between that of prodigality and that of parsimoniousness, in expense. (S, L.) See 1. And see مُقَصَّدٌ.
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