William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3427. قصع17 3428. قصف20 3429. قصل16 3430. قصم18 3431. قصى4 3432. قض83433. قضأ7 3434. قضب19 3435. قضف12 3436. قضم17 3437. قضى9 3438. قط9 3439. قطب18 3440. قطر21 3441. قطرب10 3442. قطع23 3443. قطف20 3444. قطمر10 3445. قطن20 3446. قطو8 3447. قع2 3448. قعب10 3449. قعث9 3450. قعد19 3451. قعر15 3452. قعسس1 3453. قعص13 3454. قعط15 3455. قعى2 3456. قف5 3457. قفأ3 3458. قفخ6 3459. قفد9 3460. قفر19 3461. قفز16 3462. قفش10 3463. قفص15 3464. قفل18 3465. قفو13 3466. ققب5 3467. ققز4 3468. قل6 3469. قلب21 3470. قلت15 3471. قلح17 3472. قلخ7 3473. قلد18 3474. قلس17 3475. قلص22 3476. قلع15 3477. قلف16 3478. قلفع3 3479. قلق14 3480. قلقس5 3481. قلم19 3482. قلمس7 3483. قلو7 3484. قم4 3485. قمأ9 3486. قمح15 3487. قمحد3 3488. قمد8 3489. قمر20 3490. قمس14 3491. قمش11 3492. قمص17 3493. قمط15 3494. قمطر14 3495. قمع18 3496. قمل17 3497. قمه8 3498. قمهد5 3499. قن7 3500. قنأ14 3501. قنب15 3502. قنبر8 3503. قنبط5 3504. قنبع6 3505. قنت18 3506. قنح12 3507. قند13 3508. قنر7 3509. قنس9 3510. قنص13 3511. قنط17 3512. قنطر12 3513. قنع18 3514. قنفد4 3515. قنفذ8 3516. قنقل5 3517. قنو14 3518. قهب9 3519. قهد10 3520. قهر15 3521. قهزب3 3522. قهق2 3523. قهقب4 3524. قهقر10 3525. قهقم3 3526. قهل10 Prev. 100
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قض



قَضْقَاضٌ

, (K,) and some say قَصْقَاصٌ, (TA,) The أُشْنَان of Syria: (K, TA:) or the green, and lank (سَبْط), thereof: (Ibn-'Abbád, TA:) or a species of trees of the [kind called] حَمْض, (AHn, K, TA,) slender and yellow. (AHn, TA.) See فِرْسٌ.

قض

1 قَٰضَّ, (S, M, A, &c.,) aor. يَقُضُّ, (S, M, Msb,) inf. n. قَضٌّ, (M, Msb,) He bored, or perforated, a pearl, (S, M, A, K,) or a piece of wood. (Msb.) قَضَّ دُرَّةً is also used as signifying قَضَّ عَنْهَا صَدَفَهَا فَاسْتَخْرَجَهَا [app. meaning He broke through the shell of the pearl so as to disclose it, and extracted it.] (TA.) b2: Also, (M, A, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (M,) He broke a thing: (M:) or he broke a stone with the مِقَضّ, q. v.: (A:) or he broke, brayed, crushed, or broke in pieces by beating, a thing; syn. دَقّ; (K;) as also ↓ قَضْقَضَ: (TA:) which latter also signifies he broke a thing in pieces [in any manner]. (M, TA.) You say also, قَضَّ الحَائِطَ, (A,) or الجِدَارَ, (TA,) meaning He threw down, pulled down, pulled to pieces, demolished, or destroyed, with violence, the wall. (A, TA.) And ↓ الأَسَدُ يُقَضْقِضُ فَرِيسَتَهُ (S, A) The lion breaks the limbs and bones of his prey. (A.) And جَنْبَهُ مِنْ صُلْبِهِ ↓ قَضْقَضْتُ I severed his side from his back-bone. (Sh.) b3: [Hence,] قَضَّ عَلَيْهِمُ الخَيْلَ, (S, M, A [in the first and last قَضَضْنَا]) aor. as above, (M, A,) and so the inf. n., (M,) (tropical:) He sent, or sent forth, (M, TA,) or impelled, (TA,) [or dispersed, (see 7,)] the horses, or horsemen, against them, or upon them. (M, TA.) b4: قَضَّ الوَتِدَ, (JK, O, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (TA,) He pulled out (قَلَعَ, in some copies of the K قَطَعَ,) the wooden pin or peg or stake. (JK, O, K, TA.) A2: قَضَّ السَّوِيقَ, (Zj, K,) aor. and inf. n. as above, (Zj,) (tropical:) He put into the سويق [i. e. meal of parched barley, or gruel made thereof,] something dry, or hard, such as sugar, or قَنْد [i. e. sugar-candy]; (Zj, K;) as also ↓ أَقَضَّهُ: (A, Sgh, K:) and ↓ قَضْقَضَ signifies (tropical:) he put much sugar into his سويق. (IAar.) A3: قَضِضْتُ الطَّعَامَ, (TA,) and قَضِضْتُ مِنْهُ, (S, M, K,) [aor. أَقَضُّ,] inf. n. قَضَضٌ, (M, TA,) I found pebbles, (S, M, K,) or dust, (M, K,) between my teeth in eating the food. (S, M, K.) b2: قَضّ الطَّعَامُ, aor. يَقَضُّ, (S, A, K,) inf. n. قَضَضٌ, (A, TA,) The food had in it pebbles, (S, * A, * K, * TA,) or dust, (K, * TA,) which got between the teeth of the eater: (S, * K, * TA:) from قَضَضٌ [q. v.]: (S:) the verb is like عَلِمَ, in this sense as well as in that next preceding; intrans. as well as trans.: (TA:) and ↓ أَقَضَّ signifies [in like manner] it (food) had in it pebbles and dust. (TA.) And قَضَّ اللَّحْمُ, (IAar, M,) second pers.

قَضِضْتَ, [aor. يَقَضُّ,] inf. n. قَضَضٌ, (M,) The flesh-meat had in it قَضَض [q. v.], which got between the teeth of its eater, like small pebbles: (IAar:) or fell upon pebbles, or dust, which one consequently found in the eating of it. (M.) and قَضَّتِ البَضْعَةُ بِالتُّرَابِ The piece of flesh-meat had some dust upon it; as also ↓ أَقَضَّت. (M, K.) An Arab of the desert, describing the effect of rains, said, لَوْ أَلْقَيْتَ بَضْعَةً مَا قَضَّتْ, i. e. [If thou wert to throw down a piece of flesh-meat,] it would not become dusty; meaning, by reason of the abundance of the herbage. (M.) You say also, قَضَّ المَكَانُ, aor. يَقَضُّ, inf. n. قَضَضٌ, The place had in it, or upon it, قَضَض [or small pebbles, or dust]; as also ↓ أَقَضَّ; (M, K;) and ↓ استقضّ. (K.) And قَضَّ الفِرَاشُ, aor. and inf. n. as in the next preceding instance, The bed became overspread with dust. (M.) And عَلَيْهِ المَضْجَعُ ↓ أَقَضَّ (S, M, A, K *) The bed, or place where he lay upon his side, was, or became, rough to him, and dusty: (S, K: *) or had قَضَض, or small pebbles, upon it: (TA:) or was, or became, uneasy to him; as also قَضَّ عليه: (M, TA:) or both signify he did not sleep: or his sleep was uneasy. (TA.) And [hence] عَلَيْهِ الهَمُّ ↓ أَقَضَّ (assumed tropical:) [Grief, or anxiety, disquieted him]. (A, TA.) 4 أَقْضَ3َ see 1, in six places; from قَضَّ السَّوِيقَ to the end of the paragraph.

A2: اقضّ اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ المَضْجَعَ God rendered the bed, or the place where he lay upon his side, rough to him, and dusty: thus the verb is trans. as well as intrans. (S, K. *) and اقضّ الشَّىْءَ He left the thing [consisting of, or overspread with,] small pebbles. (K, * TA.) 5 تَقَضَّضَ and تَقَضَّى: see 7.7 انقضّ It (a thing) broke, or became broken. (Msb.) Said of a wall, it signifies the same: (T, Msb, TA:) or it became thrown down, pulled down, pulled to pieces, demolished, or destroyed, with violence: (A:) or it fell down: (S:) or it cracked, without falling down; (M, K;) as also اِنْقَاضَّ [from نَقَضَ]; inf. n. [of the former]

اِنْقِضَاضٌ; (K;) [and اِنْقَاضَ, inf. n. اِنْقِيَاضٌ;] but if it fall, you say, تَقَيَّضَ, inf. n. تَقَيُّضٌ: so says AZ: (TA:) A 'Obeyd and others reckon it a biliteral-radical word, belonging to this art.; (M;) or AZ reckons it as such; (TA;) but Aboo-'Alee makes it a triliteral-radical, [like its syn. اِنْقَاضَّ,] from نَقَضَ, holding its measure to be اِفْعَلَّ. (M, TA.) b2: It became cut in pieces. (TA.) b3: [And hence,] انقضّت أَوْصَالُهُ (assumed tropical:) His connections became sundered, or separated. (TA.) [See also انفضّ.] b4: [And from انقضّ as explained above on the authority of the S, or of the A, is derived the phrase] انقضّ الطَّائِرُ (S, M, A, &c.) (tropical:) The bird dropped down (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K) swiftly from the air, (Mgh,) in its flight, (S, Msb,) to alight (M, K, TA) upon a thing; (TA;) [i. e. pounced down, darted down, or made a stoop;] as also ↓ تَقَضَّضَ and ↓ تَقَضَّى, (M, K,) the latter of which is formed by permutation; (M;) or only the latter of these two is used; (S;) or the latter of them is the more chaste; (TA;) for the three dáds are found difficult of pronunciation, and therefore one of them is changed into yé, like as is the case in تَظَنَّى [ for تَظَنَّنَ], from الظَّنٌّ, (S, TA,) and تَمَطَّى for تَمَطَّطَ. (TA.) You say, انقضّ البَازِى عَلَى الصَّيْدِ The hawk [made a stoop, or] flew down swiftly upon the prey, or quarry. (TA.) b5: Hence, (S,) انقضّ said of a star, or an asterism, (S, A,) (tropical:) [It darted down: or] it dropped down. (TA.) b6: Hence also, (TA,) انقضّت عَلَيْهِمْ الخَيْلُ (tropical:) The horses, or horsemen, rushed, or went swiftly, upon them, or against them: (S, * TA:) or dispersed themselves, or became dispersed, against them, or upon them. (M, K.) 8 اقتضّها (tropical:) He devirginated her; (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K;) namely a girl, (S, A, Mgh,) or a woman; (M;) or either, i. e. before and after puberty; whereas ابتكرها and ابتسرها and اختضرها are only used as meaning before puberty: (Msb:) and افتضّها, with ف, signifies the same as اقتضّها. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] اقتضّ الإِدَاوَةَ (assumed tropical:) He opened the head [or mouth] of the اداوة [or water-skin]. (TA.) 10 إِسْتَقْضَ3َ see 1, near the end.

A2: استقضّ مَضْجَعَهُ He found his bed, or the place where he lay upon his side, to be rough. (S, K.) b2: [And hence,] استقضّ الهَمَّ (assumed tropical:) [He found grief, or anxiety, to be disquieting to him]. (A, TA.) R. Q. 1 قَضْقَضَ: see 1, first half, in four places: and see قَضْقَضَةٌ, below. R. Q. 2 تَقَضْقَضَ It broke, or became broken, into pieces: (M:) it separated, or dispersed; or became separated, or dispersed; (K, TA;) said of a company of men, in a trad. (TA.) قَضٌّ A place in which are قَضَض, (M, K,) meaning small pebbles, or dust; (M;) as also ↓ قَضِضٌ. (M, K.) And أَرْضٌ قَضَّةٌ, (M,) or ↓ قَضَّةٌ [alone, as though a subst.], (K,) and ↓ قِضَّةٌ, (S, K,) Land in which are pebbles: (S, M, K:) and land abounding with stones: (M:) or low, or depressed, land, the ground of which is sand, and by the side of which is plain, or hard, and elevated land: (Lth in explanation of the last of these words, and K:) pl. of the last, قِضَضٌ. (Lth.) Also, Food in which are pebbles and dust: (TA:) and flesh-meat that has fallen upon pebbles, or dust, (M,) or upon stones, or pebbles, (TA,) which one consequently finds in eating it: (M, TA:) and anything having dust in it, or upon it; as food, or a garment, &c.: (M, TA:) and [in like manner] ↓ قَضِضٌ, (S,) or ↓ قَضَضٌ, (K,) but when applied to a place, the author of the K writes it قَضِضٌ, (TA,) food containing pebbles, (S, K,) or dust, (K,) getting between the teeth of the eater. (S, K.) A2: See also قَضَضٌ, in two places.

قَضَّةٌ: see قِضَّةٌ, in four places.

A2: Also, of a star, or an asterism, (tropical:) i. q. نَوْءٌ [here signifying The dawn-setting thereof; for it is] from إِنْقَضَّ said of a star, or asterism. (TA.) So in the saying (TA) أَتَيْنَا عِنْدَ قَضَّةِ النَّجْمِ (tropical:) [We came at the dawnsetting of the asterism, meaning the Pleiades]. (A, * TA.) And مُطِرْنَا بِقَضَّةِ الأَسَدِ (tropical:) [We were rained upon, or we had rain at, lit. by means of, the dawn-setting of the Lion]. (A, TA.) A3: See also قَضَضٌ, in three places.

A4: And see قَضٌّ.

قِضَّةٌ, (M, K,) or ↓ قَضَّةٌ, (A,) (tropical:) [Devirgination]; a subst. from إِقْتَضّ in the former of the two senses assigned to it above. (M, K.) You say, لَيْلَةَ عُرْسِهَا ↓ كَانَ ذٰلِكَ عِنْدَ قَضَّتِهَا (tropical:) [That was on the occasion of her devirgination, on the night of her being conducted to her husband]. (A, TA.) A2: Also the former, (S, M, Msb,) or ↓ latter, (A, Mgh,) or both, (K,) (tropical:) The virginity, or maidenhead, (S, M, Mgh, Msb, K,) of a girl, (S, Mgh, K,) or of a woman, (M,) or of both. (Msb.) You say, أَخَذَ قِضَّتَهَا, (Lh, M,) and ↓ ذَهَبَ بِقَضَّتِهَا, (A, Mgh,) (tropical:) He took her virginity. (Lh, M, Mgh.) A3: See also قَضَضٌ.

A4: And see قَضُّ.

قَضَضٌ A thing broken, brayed, crushed, or broken in pieces by beating: (TA:) pebbles broken in pieces and crushed: (TA:) or, as also ↓ قَضَّةٌ, pebbles broken into small pieces: (K:) or small pebbles broken in pieces: (A:) or, accord. to some, the former is pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] of the latter: (TA:) or both signify pebbles, and dust: (TA:) or the former signifies small pebbles; (S, M;) as also ↓ قِضَّةٌ, (S, K,) and ↓ قَضَّةٌ, (K,) and ↓ قَضِيضٌ, accord. to IAar, as is said by IAth and Sgh and the author of the L, not ↓ قَضٌّ, as is said in the K, for this signifies large pebbles, accord. to IAar, as is said by the three authors mentioned above as citing him, and the author of the K has erred in assigning this last meaning to ↓ قَضِيضٌ: (TA:) or ↓ قَضٌّ signifies pebbles; and ↓ قَضِيضٌ is a pl. [or rather a quasi-pl. n.] thereof: (AHeyth, L:) and قَضَضٌ also signifies dust that overspreads a bed. (M, K.) You say, إِتَّقِ القَضَضَ فِى طَعَامِكَ, and ↓ القَضَّةَ, Beware thou of the pebbles and dust in thy food. (TA.) A2: See also قَضٌّ.

قَضِضٌ: see قَضٌّ, in two places.

قَضِيضٌ: see قَضَضٌ, in three places. b2: Also, (tropical:) Small pieces of food; as being likened to small pebbles. (Kt.) قَضْقَضَةٌ The sound of the breaking of bones. (S.) b2: [See also R. Q. 1., of which it is the inf. n.]

مِقَضٌّ An instrument with which stones are broken, (JK, A, TA,) resembling a قَدُوم, q. v. (JK.)
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