William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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3436. قضم16 3437. قضى9 3438. قط9 3439. قطب17 3440. قطر20 3441. قطرب93442. قطع22 3443. قطف19 3444. قطمر10 3445. قطن19 3446. قطو7 3447. قع2 3448. قعب9 3449. قعث8 3450. قعد18 3451. قعر14 3452. قعسس1 3453. قعص12 3454. قعط14 3455. قعى2 3456. قف5 3457. قفأ3 3458. قفخ5 3459. قفد8 3460. قفر18 3461. قفز15 3462. قفش9 3463. قفص14 3464. قفل17 3465. قفو12 3466. ققب5 3467. ققز4 3468. قل6 3469. قلب20 3470. قلت14 3471. قلح16 3472. قلخ6 3473. قلد17 3474. قلس16 3475. قلص21 3476. قلع14 3477. قلف15 3478. قلفع3 3479. قلق13 3480. قلقس5 3481. قلم18 3482. قلمس6 3483. قلو6 3484. قم4 3485. قمأ9 3486. قمح14 3487. قمحد3 3488. قمد7 3489. قمر19 3490. قمس13 3491. قمش10 3492. قمص16 3493. قمط14 3494. قمطر13 3495. قمع17 3496. قمل16 3497. قمه7 3498. قمهد4 3499. قن7 3500. قنأ14 3501. قنب14 3502. قنبر7 3503. قنبط5 3504. قنبع5 3505. قنت18 3506. قنح11 3507. قند12 3508. قنر6 3509. قنس8 3510. قنص12 3511. قنط16 3512. قنطر11 3513. قنع17 3514. قنفد3 3515. قنفذ8 3516. قنقل5 3517. قنو13 3518. قهب8 3519. قهد9 3520. قهر14 3521. قهزب3 3522. قهق2 3523. قهقب4 3524. قهقر9 3525. قهقم3 3526. قهل9 3527. قهنب3 3528. قو2 3529. قوب14 3530. قوت16 3531. قوح10 3532. قود13 3533. قور16 3534. قوس16 3535. قوض12 Prev. 100




Q. 1 قَطْرَبَ, (K,) inf. n. قَطْرَبَةٌ, (O,) He hastened, sped, or went quickly. (O, K.) A2: and قَطْرَبَهُ He threw him down, or prostrated him, on the ground: (O, K: *) and so قَرْطَبَهُ. (O.) Q. 2 تَقَطْرَبَ He (a man, TA) moved about his head: and made himself to resemble the قُطْرُب: (K:) or became like the قُطْرُب in some one of the senses assigned to it in what follows. (TA.) قُطْرُبٌ A certain bird; (S, O, K;) [app. a species of owl; accord. to Dmr, as cited by Freytag, a bird that roves about by night and does not sleep; and hence rendered by him, and by Golius, strix. No other meaning of the word, as an appellative, is mentioned in the S.] b2: And A certain insect that rests not all the day, going about, or going about quickly, (O, K, TA,) or, as they used to assert in the Time of Ignorance, that never rests, (TA,) moving about on the surface of water. (KL.) Mohammad Ibn-El-Mustaneer, (K, TA,) the grammarian, (TA,) was surnamed قُطْرُب because he used to go early in the morning to Seebaweyh; so that the latter, whenever he opened his door, found him there; wherefore he said to him, مَا أَنْتَ إِلَّا قُطْرُبُ لَيْلٍ [Thou art none other than a kutrub of night]. (K, * TA.) It is also expl. in the K as meaning Light, or active; and Th mentions that it signifies thus; and adds that one says, إِنَّهُ لَقُطْرُبُ لَيْلٍ [Verily he is a kutrub of night]; but this shows that it means an insect [described above], and is not [properly speaking] an epithet. (TA.) To this insect is likened a man who labours during the day in accomplishing worldly wants and in the evening is fatigued so that he sleeps during the night until he enters upon the time of morning to betake himself to the like thereof, هٰذَا جِيفَةُ لَيْلِ قُطْرُبُ نَهَارٍ [lit. This is a corpse of the night, a kutrub of the day]. (O, from an explanation of a trad.) [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 329 and 643.]

b3: And [hence, app.,] (assumed tropical:) A thief who is skilful, or active, in thievishness: (O, M, TA:) for اللِّصُّ الفَارِهُ فِى اللُّصُوصِيَّةِ, an explanation of القُطْرُبُ given [in the O and] by IM and others, the copies of the K erroneously substitute اللِّصُ وَالفَأْرَةُ [as though قُطْرُبٌ had the significations of a thief and a rat or mouse]. (TA.) b4: And The male (Lth, O, K, TA) of the [kind of demon called]

سِعْلَاة (Lth, TA) or of the غُول [which is said to signify the same as سعلاة]; as also ↓ قُطْرُوبٌ. (O, K, TA.) b5: And [app. A young, or little, jinnee: thus قُرْطُبٌ is expl. in the L: or] the young ones, or little ones, of the jinn. (K.) b6: And A young, or little, dog: (O:) or the young ones, or little ones, of dogs. (K.) b7: And A wolf such as is termed أَمْعَط [i. e. whose hair has fallen off, part after part, or has become scanty; or mischievous, or malignant]. (O, K.) b8: And An ignorant person, (O, K, TA,) who boasts by reason of his ignorance (يَظْهَرُ بِجَهْلِهِ). (O, TA.) b9: and Cowardly, or a coward, (O, K, TA,) even if intelligent. (O, TA.) b10: And Lightwitted; syn. سَفِيهٌ; (O, K, TA;) as also ↓ قُطْرُوبٌ: and IAar has mentioned as a pl. in this sense, used by a poet, قَطَارِيبُ, which, ISd says, may be pl. of قُطْرُوبٌ or of a sing. of some other form requiring such a form of pl., or it may be used as a pl. of قُطْرُبٌ by poetic license. (TA.) b11: And Thrown down, or prostrated, on the ground, syn. مَصْرُوعٌ, (O, K, TA,) by reason of diabolical possession or wrestling. (O, * TA.) A2: Also A species of melancholia; (O, K, TA;) a well-known disease, arising from the black bile; (TA;) mostly originating in the month of شُبَاط [February, O. S.]; vitiating, or disordering, the intellect, contracting the face, occasioning continual unhappiness, causing to wander about in the night, and rendering the face أَخْضَر [here app. meaning of a dark, or an ashy, dust-colour], the eyes sunken, and the body emaciated. (O.) [A more ample discription is given by Avicenna (Ibn-Seenà). in book iii. pp. 315, et seq. SM states that he had not found this in any other lexicon than the K. Golius explains the word as signifying Lycanthropia, on the authority of Rhazes (Er-Rázee).]

قُطْرُوبٌ: see the next preceding paragraph, in two places.
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