William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
3487. قمحد3 3488. قمد7 3489. قمر19 3490. قمس13 3491. قمش10 3492. قمص163493. قمط14 3494. قمطر13 3495. قمع17 3496. قمل16 3497. قمه7 3498. قمهد4 3499. قن7 3500. قنأ14 3501. قنب14 3502. قنبر7 3503. قنبط5 3504. قنبع5 3505. قنت18 3506. قنح11 3507. قند12 3508. قنر6 3509. قنس8 3510. قنص12 3511. قنط16 3512. قنطر11 3513. قنع17 3514. قنفد3 3515. قنفذ8 3516. قنقل5 3517. قنو13 3518. قهب8 3519. قهد9 3520. قهر14 3521. قهزب3 3522. قهق2 3523. قهقب4 3524. قهقر9 3525. قهقم3 3526. قهل9 3527. قهنب3 3528. قو2 3529. قوب14 3530. قوت16 3531. قوح10 3532. قود13 3533. قور16 3534. قوس16 3535. قوض12 3536. قوط11 3537. قوع14 3538. قوف12 3539. قوق10 3540. قول14 3541. قولنج3 3542. قوم18 3543. قوه11 3544. قوى5 3545. قيا2 3546. قيح15 3547. قيد15 3548. قير14 3549. قيس17 3550. قيص9 3551. قيض19 3552. قيظ13 3553. قيق6 3554. قيل17 3555. قين15 3556. ك5 3557. كَ2 3558. كأ1 3559. كأب11 3560. كأد11 3561. كأس13 3562. كأكأ10 3563. كأن4 3564. كأى1 3565. كب4 3566. كبا6 3567. كبت17 3568. كبث10 3569. كبح14 3570. كبد19 3571. كبر18 3572. كبرت5 3573. كبس16 3574. كبش11 3575. كبعث2 3576. كبكب6 3577. كبن10 3578. كت5 3579. كتأ4 3580. كتب21 3581. كتد10 3582. كتف18 3583. كتل16 3584. كتلة1 3585. كتم18 3586. كتن14 Prev. 100
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قمص

1 قَمَصَ, aor. قَمُصَ (S, M, A, Msb, K) and قَمِصَ, (S, M, Msb, K,) inf. n. قَمْصٌ (S, Msb, K) and قِمَاصٌ, (S, M, A, K, or this is a simple subst., Msb,) and قُمَاصٌ, (M, K, or this last is not allowable, S,) He (a horse or other animal, S, A, K, or a camel, Msb) raised his fore legs together and put them down together, (S, A, Msb, K,) on being mounted or ridden, (Msb,) and beat the ground (عَجَنَ) with his hind feet; (S, K;) like اِسْتَنَّ; (S;) as also ↓ قمّص: (A:) or قُمَاصٌ, with damm, is the inf. n. when it signifies he did so usually: (K:) and, inf. n. قِمَاصٌ and قُمَاصٌ, he pranced, leaped, sprang, or bounded: (M, K:) and, inf. n. قِمَاصٌ, (tropical:) he was, or became, restless, unquiet, or unsteady, (K, TA,) and took fright, and ran away at random, or shied: (TA:) and, inf. n. قُمَاصٌ, (assumed tropical:) it (a bird of the kind called نُغَر) remained not steadily in a place, but leaped from its place impatiently: and, inf. n. قَمْصٌ, (assumed tropical:) he took fright, and ran away at random, or shied, and turned aside or away. (TA.) You say, هٰذِهِ الدَّابَّةُ فِيهَا قِمَاصٌ; you should not say قُمَاصٌ; (S;) or you say قُمَاصٌ also; (TA;) and قَمَاصٌ, which last is the most chaste; (L, TA;) This beast has in her a property of raising and putting down her fore legs together, and beating the ground with her hind legs. (S.) And it is said in a proverb, (S,) مَا بِالعَيْرِ مِنْ قِمَاصٍ, (S, A, K,) and قُمَاصٍ; (Sgh, TA; and so, as well as قِمَاصٍ, in two copies of the S;) i. e. الحِمَار; (S;) [There is not in the ass any power of raising and putting down his fore legs together, &c.;] applied to him who has become low, or mean, after being high, in rank, or condition; (S, A, K;) and to a weak man, in whom is no activity: (A, K:) or, as the proverb is related by Sb, أَفَلَا قُمَاصَ بِالعَيْرِ [Is there not, then, any power &c. in the ass?] (M, TA.) And in a trad., فَقَمَصَتْ بِهِ فَصَرَعَتْهُ And it leaped, or sprang, or bounded, and took fright, and ran away at random, or shied, with him, and threw him down. (TA.) You also say, النَّاقَةُ بِالرَّدِيفِ ↓ قَمَّصَتِ (tropical:) The she-camel went briskly with the rider upon the hinder part. (A.) And قَمَصَ البَحْرُ بِالسَّفِينَةِ, (S, K,) or بِهَا ↓ قَمَّصَ, (A,) (tropical:) The sea put the ship in a state of commotion (S, A, K) by the waves (S, A) thereof. (A.) And it is said in a trad., لَتَقْمِصَنَّ بِكُمُ الأَرْضُ قُمَاصَ النُّغَرِ (assumed tropical:) Verily the earth shall be in a state of commotion with you [like the commotion of the kind of bird called نغر]. (TA.) You say also, أَخَذَهُ القِمَاصُ (tropical:) Restlessness, or inquietude, or unsteadiness, seized him. (A, TA.) And, of a horse whose sciatic vein or nerve is contracted, (شَنِجَ, [not شبح as in Freytag's Lexicon,]) قَمَصَتْ رِجْلُةُ [app. meaning, His hind leg became twitched up, as in springhalt]: in which case you also say of him, العُرْقُوبِ ↓ إِنَّهُ لَقَامِصُ [as though meaning, verily he has a twitching up of the hock]. (S, TA.) [See also عُسَافٌ.]2 قَمَّصَ see 1, in three places.

A2: قمّصهُ قَمِيصًا He clad him with a قميص [or shirt]: (S, Msb, K:) and قمّصهُ ثَوْبًا [he clad him with a garment as a shirt]. (A.) [Hence] you say, قمّصهُ اللّٰهُ وَشْىَ الخِلَافَةِ (tropical:) [God invested him with the variegated robe of the office of Khaleefeh]. (A.) And it is said in a trad., (K, TA,) that Mohammad said to 'Othmán, (TA,) إِنَّ اللّٰهَ سَيُقَمِّصُكَ قَمِيصًا, meaning (tropical:) Verily God will invest thee with the apparel of the office of Khaleefeh, (K, TA,) and will ennoble and adorn thee like as he is ennobled and adorned who has a robe of honour conferred upon him. (TA.) b2: قمّص الثَّوْبَ, (inf. n. تَقْمِيصٌ, TA,) He cut out a قَمِيص [or shirt] from the piece of cloth. (Lh, M, A, TA.) 5 تقمّص فِى النَّهْرِ He turned over, and became immersed, in the river. (TA.) A2: تقمّص, (K,) or تقمّص قَمِيصًا, (S, M, A, Msb,) He clad himself with a قميص [or shirt]. (S, M, A, Msb, K.) [Hence] you say, تقمّص الإِمَارَةَ and الوِلَايَةَ (tropical:) [He became invested with the office of commander, prefect, or the like]. (TA.) and تقمّص لِبَاسَ العِزِّ (tropical:) [He became invested with might, or nobility. (A, TA.) 6 تقامص الصِّبْيَانُ [app., The boys contended in leaping, springing, or bounding, raising both the legs together and putting them down together]: and بَيْنَهُمْ مُقَامَصَةٌ [between them is a contending in leaping, &c.]. (A, TA.) إِنَّهُ لَحَسَنُ القِمْصَةِ [Verily he has a good mode of attiring himself with the shirt]. (Lh, M.) قِمِصَّى i. q. قُِمَاصٌ, i. e. A leaping, springing, or bounding: (Kr, M:) or i. q. قِبِصَّى, (K,) i. e. a quick run. (Fr, TA.) قَمَاصٌ and قُمَاصٌ and قِمَاصٌ: see 1, passim.

قَمُوصٌ A beast of carriage that leaps, springs, or bounds, (تَقْمِصُ, K, i. e. تَثِبُ, TA,) with its master; as also ↓ قَمِيصٌ; (K;) likewise signifying a hackney (بِرْذَوْن) that leaps, &c., much. (TA.) b2: (tropical:) Restless; unquiet; that does not remain steadily in a place. (K, * TA.) b3: (assumed tropical:) The lion: (IKh, L:) because he goes about in search of his prey. (TA.) b4: إِنَّهُ لَقَمُوصُ الحَنْجَرَةِ (tropical:) Verily he is a liar; (Kr, M, A;) as also غموص. (TA.) قَمِيصٌ: see قَمُوصٌ.

A2: [A shirt; a shift;] a certain thing that is worn, (S,) well known; (M, K;) accord. to El-Keiyim Ibn-El-Jezeree, and others, a sewed garment with two sleeves, not opened [down the front], worn beneath the [other] clothes; (TA;) accord. to El-Hulwánee, that of which the slit is towards, or to, the shoulder-joint; thus differing from a woman's دِرْع, of which the opening for the head to pass through extends towards, or to, the bosom; but this [says Mtr] I find not in the lexicons: (Mgh, art. درع:) “ or,” as in some copies of the K, but in others “ and,” (TA,) only of cotton, (K,) or of linen; (TA;) not of wool: (Sgh, K:) or by this is app. meant that such is generally the case: (Ibn-El-Hajar El-Mekkee, TA:) accord. to some, it may be from the skin [so called] which is the pericardium; [but accord. to Z, the reverse is the case;] or from تَقَيَّصَ signifying “ he turned himself over: ” (TA:) sometimes fem.: (K:) or masc.; but sometimes meaning a coat of mail (دِرْعٌ), and then it is fem.: (M, TA:) pl. [of pauc.] أَقْمِصَةٌ (S, M, K) and [of mult.] قُمْصَانٌ (S, M, Msb, K) and قُمُصٌ. (M, Msb, K.) In a trad. mentioned above, (see 2,) it is used tropically. (TA.) b2: (assumed tropical:) The membrane that encloses a child in the womb. (Sgh, K.) b3: Also, (K,) or قَمِيصُ القَلْبِ, (A,) (tropical:) The pericardium: (IAar, K:) or the latter signifies the fat of the heart; app. as being likened to the garment above mentioned: (M:) [and, by a synecdoche, the heart itself, with its appertenances: see an ex. in a verse cited in art. سود, conj. 9.] You say, هَتَكَ الخَوْفُ قَمِيصَ قَلْبِهِ (tropical:) [Fear rent open his pericardium, or the fat of his heart]. (A, TA.) قَمَّاصٌ A seller of قُمْصَان [or shirts]. (TA.) قَامِصٌ: see 1, of which it is the act. part. n.: and see an ex. voce مَوْقُوصٌ. b2: Kicking; striking with the foot. (TA.) b3: قَامِصُ العُرْقُوبِ: see 1, last signification.
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