William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
4026. مذر14 4027. مذق13 4028. مذقر7 4029. مذى6 4030. مر5 4031. مرأ134032. مرت12 4033. مرث11 4034. مرج17 4035. مرح16 4036. مرخ13 4037. مرد16 4038. مردقش4 4039. مرز9 4040. مرزجش5 4041. مرس16 4042. مرض22 4043. مرط16 4044. مرطرط1 4045. مرع13 4046. مرغ15 4047. مرن17 4048. مرى5 4049. مز4 4050. مزج16 4051. مزح14 4052. مزد7 4053. مزر14 4054. مزق15 4055. مزن15 4056. مزو3 4057. مس4 4058. مسأ9 4059. مستوتى1 4060. مسح21 4061. مسخ15 4062. مسد14 4063. مسك18 4064. مسل8 4065. مسى5 4066. مش5 4067. مشت3 4068. مشج14 4069. مشط14 4070. مشل6 4071. مشن7 4072. مشى4 4073. مص4 4074. مصت5 4075. مصح10 4076. مصخ7 4077. مصد8 4078. مصر18 4079. مصع13 4080. مصل11 4081. مض4 4082. مضح7 4083. مضر11 4084. مضرح2 4085. مضغ17 4086. مضف1 4087. مضى8 4088. مط4 4089. مطأ4 4090. مطث1 4091. مطر15 4092. مطق8 4093. مطل15 4094. مطى3 4095. مظ3 4096. مع6 4097. معت4 4098. معج10 4099. معد14 4100. معر12 4101. معز15 4102. معس9 4103. معص9 4104. معط14 4105. معق7 4106. معك14 4107. معل8 4108. معن17 4109. معى5 4110. مغث12 4111. مغج4 4112. مغد8 4113. مغر13 4114. مغس6 4115. مغص14 4116. مغط11 4117. مغنطس1 4118. مقأ2 4119. مقت14 4120. مقد6 4121. مقر14 4122. مقط13 4123. مقل16 4124. مكأ5 4125. مكت5 Prev. 100
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أ1 مَرُؤَ الطَّعَامُ, aor. مَرُاَ, inf. n. مَرَآءَةٌ, epithet مَرِىْءٌ; and مَرِئَ, (S, K,) and مَرَأَ, aor. مَرَاَ; (K;) and ↓ استمرأ; (TA;) The food was, or became, wholesome, or approved in its result: (Z:) or easy to swallow, and wholesome, or approved in its result: (K:) or easy to swallow, not attended by trouble: or quick in digesting. (Z.) It is said in the Keshsháf, on ch. iv., v. 3, of the Kur, that هَنِىْءٌ and مَرِىْءٌ are two epithets from هَنَأَ الطَّعَامُ and مَرَأَ, “the food was easy to swallow; not attended by trouble:” or the former epithet signifies “ pleasant, or productive of enjoyment, to the eater; ” and the latter, “wholesome, or approved in its result: ” or the former, food or drink that is “ not succeeded by harm, even after its digestion;” and the latter, that which is “ quick in digesting. ” (TA.) In conjunction with هَنَأَنِى, one says مَرَأَنِى (هنأنى الطَّعَامُ ومرأنى), (Fr. S, K,) aor. مَرَاَ, inf. n. مَرْءٌ; (Akh, S;) and in conjunction with هَنِئَنِى, مَرِئَنِى; (TA [also mentioned in the S, on the authority of Akh];) and alone, (i. e. not in conjunction with هنأنى or هنئنى,) ↓ أَمْرَأَنِى, (Fr, S, K,) inf. n. إِمْرَآءٌ, (AZ,) [It (food) was wholesome to me, &c. (see above):] it was light to my stomach, and descended thence well. (TA.) But مَرَأَنِى also occurs in this sense without هَنَأَنِى. (TA.) b2: مَرِئَ الطَّعَامَ, and ↓ استمرأهُ, [He found the food wholesome, &c.] (S.) (See above.]

الطَّعَامَ ↓ استمرأ, signifies عَدَّهُ مَرِيْئًا. (MA.) b3: مَرَأَ, aor. مَرَاَ, He fed; or ate food. (K.) Ex.

مَا لَكَ لَا تَمْرَأُ What aileth thee, that thou dost not eat? (TA.) b4: مَرُؤَتِ الأَرْضُ, inf. n. مَرَاءَةٌ, The land was, or became salubrious, in its air. (K.) b5: مَرُؤَ, aor. مَرُاَ, (AZ, S, K,) inf. n. مُرُوْءَةٌ, (K,) epithet مَرِىْءٌ, (S, K,) He was, or became, possessed of مُرُوْءَة; (AZ, S, K;) sometimes written and pronounced مُرُوَّة; (S;) i. e., manliness; (S, K;) manly perfection; (TA;) consisting in abstinence from things unlawful, or in chastity of manners, and the having some art or trade; (El-Ahnaf;) or in abstaining from doing secretly what one would be ashamed to do openly; (TA;) or in the habit of doing what is approved, and shunning what is held base; (El-Khafájee;) or in preserving the soul from filthy actions, and what disgraces in the estimation of men; or in good manners, and guarding the tongue, and shunning impudence; (TA;) or in a quality of the mind by preserving which a man is made to persevere in good manners and habits: (Msb:) [in a word, virtue; or rather manly virtue or moral goodness.]

A2: مَرَأَ Inivit feminam. (K.) b2: مَرِئَ He became like a woman, in external appearance, or in talk. (K.) 4 هٰذَا يُمْرِئُ الطَّعَامَ [This makes the food wholesome, &c.] (AZ.) (See مَرُؤَ.) 5 تمرّأ He affected, or endeavoured to acquire, (تَكَلَّفَ,) manliness, مُرُوْءَة: (AZ, S, K:) accord. to some, he became possessed of that quality. (TA.) b2: تمرّأ بِهِمْ He sought to acquire the character of manliness (مُرُوْءَة) by disparaging them and vituperating them. (ISk, S, K.) b3: لَا يَتَمَرَّأْ أَحَدُكُمْ بِالدُّنْيَا (a trad.) [app., Let not any one of you delight himself in the present world]: but accord. to one relation, it is لَا يَتَمَرْأَى, from الرُّؤْيَةُ: [see art. رأى]. (TA.) [See also تَهَنَّأَ.]10 إِسْتَمْرَاَ see 1.

مَرْءٌ and ↓ مُرْءٌ (S, K) and ↓ مِرْءٌ (K) A man, or human being; syn. إِنْسَانٌ: (K:) or a man as opposed to a child or a woman; syn. رَجُلٌ. (S, K.) You say مَرْءٌ in the nom., مَرْءًا in the acc., and مَرْءٍ in the gen., (S,) agreeably with analogy. (TA.) And some say مُرْءٌ in the nom., مَرْءًا in the acc., and مِرْءٍ in the gen.; doubly declining the word. (TA, and some copies of the S.) And ↓ مِرْء is said to be of the dial. of Hudheyl. It is said that no pl. is formed from مرء; but مَرْؤُونَ occurs as its pl. in the following words of a trad.; أَحْسِنُوا أَمْلَاءَكُمْ أَيُّهَا المُرْؤُونَ [Amend your manners, O ye men!]; and in the saying of Ru-beh, أَيْنَ يُرِيدُ المرؤون [Whither do the men desire to go?]. (TA.) It forms a dual; مَرْآنِ: CCC they say هُمَا مِرْآنِ صَالِحَانِ [They are two just men] (S) in the dial. of Hudheyl. (TA.) It also forms a dim., مُرَىْءٌ, fem. مُرَيْئَةٌ. (S.) b2: The fem. of مَرْءٌ is مَرْأَةٌ, A woman: [and a wife:] also written and pronounced مَرَةٌ. (S, K.) b3: مرء is also written with the conjunctive ا: you say امْرَأٌ in the nom., امْرَأً in the acc., and امْرَأٍ in the gen.: also, امْرُؤٌ in the nom., امْرُؤًا in the acc., and امْرُؤٍ in the gen.: also, امْرُؤٌ in the nom., امْرَأً in the acc., and امْرِئٍ in the gen.; doubly declining the word. (S, K, TA.) [The last three forms are the most common in classical works: but in ordinary parlance, in the present day, the word is generally pronounced with fet-h to the ر in each case. The final ء is also often written without the ا or و or ى.] Ks and Fr say, that the word is doubly declined, as to the ر and ء, because the final ء is often omitted. (T, TA.) [When the disjunctive ا is substituted for the conjunctive, i. e., when the word is immediately preceded by a quiescence, its vowel is kesr: thus you say اِمْرَأٌ &c.; and thus also in the fem. The name of the famous poet اِمْرَأُ القَيْسِ CCC is commonly pronounced Imra-el- Keys and Imr-el-Keys.] b4: The fem. is امْرَأَةٌ, A woman: [and a wife:] but with ال you say المَرْأَةُ: الاِمْرَأَةُ [which is authorized by the K] is also said to be established by usage; but most of the expositors of the Fs reject this; and those who allow it to be correct judge it of weak authority: IO mentions also امْرَاةٌ, with soft ا after the ر. (TA.) b5: امْرَءٌ is also used in a fem. sense; (S;) though this is extr.: ex. إِنَّهَا لَامْرَءَ صِدْق [Verily she is an excellent woman: see صِدْقٌ]. (TA.) And امْرَأَةٌ is used, in a trad., as signifying a perfect woman: لَقَدْ تَزَوَّجْتَ امْرَأَةً

Indeed thou hast married a perfect woman: like as you say فُلَانٌ رَجُلٌ, meaning “ Such a one is a perfect man. ” (TA.) b6: Also, اِمْرَأٌ or امْرُؤٌ, (S,) or مَرْءٌ, (K,) signifies A wolf: (S, K:) or, as Z and others assert, it is tropical in this sense. Yoo says, that the poet means, by امرؤ, in the following verse, a wolf: وَأَنْتَ امْرُؤٌ تَعْدُو عَلَى كُلِّ غِرَّةٍ

فَتُخْطِئُ فِيهَا مَرَّةً وَتُصِيبُ [And thou art a wolf that assaultest on every occasion of carelessness; and sometimes thou missest therein, and (sometimes) thou attainest thine object]. (TA.) b7: The rel. n. of امْرَءٌ is مَرَئِىٌّ (as in one copy of the S) or مُرَئِىٌّ (as in another copy) and أَمَرِىٌّ. (S, and El-Ashmoonee and others.) [For the last, Golius, from a copy of the S, gives اِمْرَئِىٌّ: and in one copy of the S, I find it written أَمْرَئِىٌّ: but I have not met with any confirmation of either of these two forms.]

مَرَئِىٌّ seems to be formed from مَرْءٌ; but is extr.; the analogous form being مَرْئِىٌّ. (TA.) مَرَأٌ A giving of food on the occasion of building a house, or marrying. (TA.) مَرِىْءٌ [The œsophagus, or gullet of a slaughtered camel, or sheep or goat, (S,) and of a man, (Zj, in his Khalk el-Insán,) the canal through which the food and drink pass; (S, K;) the head of the stomach; (K;) contiguous, (S,) or adherent (K) to the حُلْقُوم [or windpipe]; (S, K;) through which the food and drink pass, and by which they enter: (TA;) pl. [of pauc.] أَمْرِئَةٌ (K) and [of mult.] مُرُؤٌ. (S, K.) It is also written مَرِىٌّ. (TA.) b2: يَأْتِينا فِى مِثْلِ مَرِىْءِ النَّعَامِ [It comes to us as it were through the gullet of the ostrich]: a proverbial expression, from a trad., alluding to paucity of food; the ostrich being particularized because of the slenderness of its neck, whence is inferred the narrowness of its gullet. (TA.) b3: Wholesome, &c. (See مَرُؤَ.) b4: هَنِيْئًا مَرِيْئًا: see art. هنأ and see 1 in the present art. b5: غَيْثٌ مَرِىْءٌ [A rain productive of good result]. (TA.) b6: كَلَأٌ مَرِىْءٌ Wholesome herbage. (K.) b7: أَرْضٌ مَرِيْئَةٌ A land salubrious in its air. (K.) b8: مَرِىْءٌ Manly, &c. (See مَرُؤَ.) مَرَآءَةٌ: see مَرُؤَ.

مُرُوْءَةٌ and مُرُوَّةٌ: see مَرُؤَ امْرَأٌ and امْرَأَةٌ &c: see مَرْءٌ.

مُمْرِئٌ act. part. n. of 4, Wholesome food. (S.) [See 4, and مَرِىءٌ.]
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