William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
4037. مرد16 4038. مردقش4 4039. مرز9 4040. مرزجش5 4041. مرس16 4042. مرض224043. مرط16 4044. مرطرط1 4045. مرع13 4046. مرغ15 4047. مرن17 4048. مرى5 4049. مز4 4050. مزج16 4051. مزح14 4052. مزد7 4053. مزر14 4054. مزق15 4055. مزن15 4056. مزو3 4057. مس4 4058. مسأ9 4059. مستوتى1 4060. مسح21 4061. مسخ15 4062. مسد14 4063. مسك18 4064. مسل8 4065. مسى5 4066. مش5 4067. مشت3 4068. مشج14 4069. مشط14 4070. مشل6 4071. مشن7 4072. مشى4 4073. مص4 4074. مصت5 4075. مصح10 4076. مصخ7 4077. مصد8 4078. مصر18 4079. مصع13 4080. مصل11 4081. مض4 4082. مضح7 4083. مضر11 4084. مضرح2 4085. مضغ17 4086. مضف1 4087. مضى8 4088. مط4 4089. مطأ4 4090. مطث1 4091. مطر15 4092. مطق8 4093. مطل15 4094. مطى3 4095. مظ3 4096. مع6 4097. معت4 4098. معج10 4099. معد14 4100. معر12 4101. معز15 4102. معس9 4103. معص9 4104. معط14 4105. معق7 4106. معك14 4107. معل8 4108. معن17 4109. معى5 4110. مغث12 4111. مغج4 4112. مغد8 4113. مغر13 4114. مغس6 4115. مغص14 4116. مغط11 4117. مغنطس1 4118. مقأ2 4119. مقت14 4120. مقد6 4121. مقر14 4122. مقط13 4123. مقل16 4124. مكأ5 4125. مكت5 4126. مكث16 4127. مكد8 4128. مكر21 4129. مكس17 4130. مكن17 4131. مكو7 4132. مل4 4133. ملأ14 4134. ملب3 4135. ملت5 4136. ملث10 Prev. 100
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مرض

1 مَرِضَ, (S, Msb, K,) aor. مَرَضَ, inf. n. مَرَضٌ and مَرْضٌ, (Msb, K,) which latter is a dial. form rarely used, (Msb,) He (a man, S, or an animal [of any kind], Msb) was, or became, [diseased, disordered, distempered, sick, or ill; i. e.] in the state termed مَرَضٌ (S, Msb, K) denoting that change of the constitution or temperament which is described in the explanation of this term below; (K;) as also ↓ امرض, expl. by صَارَ ذَا مَرَضٍ. (K, TA; but not in the CK.) b2: [Hence, مَرِضَتِ العَيْنُ (tropical:) The eye became languid; or languishing; or weak: (see مَرِيضٌ:) or, as Golius says, on the authority of Ibn-Maaroof, was weak from much, and too much, looking.]

b3: And مَرِضَتِ اللَّيْلَةُ (tropical:) The night became dark. (Th, O.) b4: [The verb probably has several other tropical significations agreeable with explanations of مَرَضٌ and مَرِيضٌ which will be found below.]2 مرّضهُ, (S, Mgh, Msb,) inf. n. تَمْرِيضٌ, (S, Msb, K,) He took care of him in his sickness; (Sb, S, Mgh;) and treated him medically, to remove his disease; the measure فَعَّلَ in this instance having a privative quality, though its quality is in most instances confirmative: (Sb:) or he took good care of him, namely a sick person: (K:) or he undertook, or managed, or superintended, the medical treatment of him. (Msb.) A2: مرّض فِى الأَمْرِ, (IDrd, A,) [and مَرَّضَهُ, (O, K voce ضَهْيَأَ,)] inf. n. as above, (S, K,) (tropical:) He fell short of doing what he ought to have done, or was remiss, in, or with respect to, the affair: (S, A:) or he did not exert himself to the full, or to the utmost, or beyond what is usual, in it: (IDrd:) or he did it weakly, or feebly, (K, * TA,) not firmly or soundly: (TA:) as also فِيهِ ↓ مارض. (TA.) [See also 5.] and مرّض فُلَانٌ فِى حَاجَتِى (tropical:) Such a one was deficient in activity in accomplishing my want. (TA.) And مرّض فِى كَلَامِهِ (tropical:) He was weak in his speech. (IDrd.) b2: [حَكَاهُ بِصِيغَةِ التَّمْرِيضِ, probably a post-classical phrase, signifies (assumed tropical:) He mentioned it, or related it, in a manner implying that it was doubtful, or was a mere assertion; as when the word قِيلَ is used.]3 مارض فِى الأَمْرِ: see 2. b2: مَارَضْتُ رَأْيِى فِيكَ (tropical:) I deceived myself, or endeavoured to deceive myself, respecting thee. (A, TA.) 4 امرض: see 1. b2: He had a bane, or murrain, (Yaakoob, S,) or a disease, or distemper, (A, TA,) in his beasts, (Yaakoob, S, A,) or camels. (TA.) A2: امرضهُ He (God, S, Msb) rendered him مَرِيض [or diseased, &c.]. (Sb, S, * Msb, K.) You say also, أَكَلَ مَا لَمْ يُوَافِقْهُ فَأَمْرَضَهُ (A, TA) [He ate what did not agree with him, and] it caused him to fall into المَرَض [or disease, &c.]. (TA.) b2: [Hence,] إِمْرَاضُ الأجْفَانِ (S, voce إِسْجَادٌ) (tropical:) The lowering of the eyelids [in a languid, or languishing, manner: see مَرِيضٌ]. (TK, voce إِسْجَادٌ.) b3: امرضهُ also signifies He found him to be مَرِيض [or diseased, &c.]. (K.) A3: Also امرض (assumed tropical:) He was near to being right in opinion, (S, L, K, *) though not altogether right. (L.) In the K, this signification is wrongly assigned to امرضهُ. (TA.) A poet says, (S,) namely El-Ukeyshir El-Asadee, praising 'Abd-el-Melik Ibn-Marwán, (TA.) وَلٰكِنْ تَحْتَ ذَاكَ الشَّيْبِ حَزْمٌ

إِذَا مَا ظَنَّ أَمْرَضَ أَوْ أَصَابَا [But beneath that hoariness is good judgment: when he forms an opinion, he is nearly right, or he is right]. (S, TA.) b2: Also, امرضهُ فُلَانٌ (tropical:) Such a one was near to attaining the object of his [another's] want. (A, TA.) 5 تمرّض (tropical:) He was weak, or feeble, in his affair. (A, * K, TA.) [It seems to be indicated in the A that ↓ تمارض also has this signification; like as مارض in nearly the same sense is syn. with مرّض, q. v.: or perhaps تمارض signifies (tropical:) he feigned, or made a false show of, weakness, or feebleness, in his affair: it is said, in the A, to be used tropically as well as properly.]6 تمارض He feigned, or made a false show of, مَرَض [or disease, &c.] in himself. (S, A. *) b2: See also 5.

مَرْضٌ: see 1: and see what here next follows, in six places.

مَرَضٌ (IDrd, S, O, Msb, K) and ↓ مَرْضٌ: (Msb, K:) see 1: i. q. سُقْمٌ [Disease, disorder, distemper, sickness, illness, or malady]; (IDrd, S;) which is the contr. of صِحَّةٌ; and affects man and the camel [&c.]: (IDrd:) or a certain state foreign to the constitution or temperament, injurious to the intellect; whence it is known that pains and tumours are accidents arising therefrom: or, as IF says, that whereby a man passes beyond the limit of health or soundness or perfection or rectitude, whether it be disease (عِلَّة), or (assumed tropical:) hypocrisy, or (assumed tropical:) a falling short of doing what he ought to do in an affair: (Msb:) or a dark and disordered state of the constitution or temperament, after a clear and right state thereof: (O, K:) or ↓ مَرْضٌ is (assumed tropical:) [a disease] of the heart: (K:) Aboo-Is-hák says, مَرَضٌ and سُقْمٌ are said to be in the body and (assumed tropical:) in religion, like as صِحَّةٌ is said to be in the body and in religion; and ↓ مَرْضٌ is in the heart, applying to (assumed tropical:) everything whereby a man quits a state of soundness or perfection or rectitude in religion: (TA:) and As says, I recited to Aboo-'Amr Ibn-El-'Alà

[the words of the Kur, ii. 9, &c.,] فِى قُلُوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ and he said to me ↓ “ مَرْضٌ, O boy ”: (AHát, IDrd, Msb:) and مَرَضٌ, or this and ↓ مَرْضٌ also, signifies (assumed tropical:) doubt: and (assumed tropical:) hypocrisy: (K:) and (assumed tropical:) weakness of belief: (TA:) and the former, (TA,) or ↓ both, (K,) (assumed tropical:) languor, or languidness, or weakness: (K:) and (assumed tropical:) darkness (IAar, K) in the heart: (IAar:) and (assumed tropical:) defectiveness; deficiency; or imperfection; (IAar, K;) which last is said by IAar to be the primary signification: (TA:) or مَرَضٌ in the body is a languor, or languidness, or weakness, of the limbs, or members: and in the eye, (assumed tropical:) weakness of sight: and in the heart, (assumed tropical:) a flagging, or remissness, in respect of the truth: (Ibn-'Arafeh:) or it properly signifies an accidental affection of the body, which puts it out of the right state proper to it, and necessarily occasions interruption, or infirmity, in its actions: and tropically, (tropical:) affections of the mind, which interrupt, or mar, its integrity; such as (tropical:) ignorance; and (tropical:) evil belief; and (tropical:) envy; and (tropical:) malevolence, or malice; and (tropical:) love of acts of disobedience; for these prevent from the attaining of excellences, or lead to the cessation of true eternal life: (Bd, ii. 9:) it is a gen. n.: (IDrd:) and the n. un. is ↓ مَرْضَةٌ: (A, TA:) it is one of the inf. ns. which have pls., like شُغْلٌ and عَقْلٌ; the pls. of these three being أَمْرَاضٌ and أَشْغَالٌ and عُقُولٌ. (Sb.) فِى

قُلْوبِهِمْ مَرَضٌ, in the Kur, [ii. 9, &c.,] means (assumed tropical:) In their hearts is doubt: (AO:) or (assumed tropical:) doubt and hypocrisy. (TA.) And الَّذِى فِى قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ, in the same, [xxxiii. 32,] (assumed tropical:) In whose heart is darkness: or (assumed tropical:) flagging, or remissness, in respect of what is commanded and what is forbidden: or (assumed tropical:) love of adultery or fornication: (TA:) or hypocrisy. (A.) مَرِضٌ: see مَرِيضٌ.

مَرْضَةٌ [A single disease, &c.]: see مَرَضٌ, near the end of the paragraph.

مُرَاضٌ A disease [or blight or the like] which affects fruits, and destroys them. (K.) مَرِيضٌ [Diseased; disordered; distempered; sick; or ill;] in the state termed مَرَضٌ (Msb, K) denoting that change of the constitution or temperament which is described in the explanation of the latter word above; (K;) as also ↓ مَرِضٌ (K,) and ↓ مَارِضٌ, (IB, Msb, K,) the first [and second] being from the verb of which the inf. n. is مَرَضٌ, and the third from that of which the inf. n. is مَرْضٌ, (Msb,) and ↓ مَمْرُوضٌ, and ↓ مُتَمَرِّضٌ: (TA:) or, applied to a body, it signifies deficient in strength: (IAar:) pl. مِرَاضٌ (A, K, TA:) and مَرْضَى (IDrd, Msb, K) and مَرَاضَى (IDrd, K) and مُرَضَآءُ; (TA;) or مِرَاضٌ may be pl. of مَارِضٌ (TA) [or of مَرِضٌ]. Accord. to Lh, you say, عُدْ فُلَانٌ فَإِنَّهُ مَرِيضٌ [Visit thou such a one, for he is sick]: and لَا تَأْكُلْ هٰذَا

إِنْ أَكَلْتَهُ ↓ الطَّعَامَ فَإِنَّكَ مَارِضٌ meaning تَمْرَضُ [i. e. Eat not thou this food, for thou wilt be sick if thou eat it]. (TA.) [مَرِيضٌ has also several tropical significations.] You say also, عَيْنٌ مَرِيضَةٌ (tropical:) An eye in which is languor, or languidness, or weakness: (S, TA:) pl. أَعْيَنٌ مِرَاضٌ, and مَرْضَى. (A, TA.) And إِمْرَأَةٌ مَرِيضَةُ الأَلْحَاظِ and مريضةُ النَّظَرِ (assumed tropical:) A woman weak in sight. (IDrd.) and قَلْبٌ مَرِيضٌ (assumed tropical:) A heart deficient in religion. [IAar.) And شَمْسٌ مَرِيضَةٌ (tropical:) A sun having a feeble light; (A, K; *) not clear, (S, TA,) and not beautiful. (TA.) And أَرْضٌ مَرِيضَةٌ (tropical:) A land in which are frequent seditions, or factions, or conflicts, or dissensions, (A, TA,) and wars, (A,) and slaughters: (TA:) or (assumed tropical:) in a weak condition: (K:) or straitened with its inhabitants: or (assumed tropical:) in which the wind is still, and the heat intense: or that causes disease; meaning (assumed tropical:) corrupt in its air. (TA.) And رِيحٌ مَرِيضَةٌ (A, K) (tropical:) A weak wind: (K:) or (tropical:) a still wind: or (tropical:) a wind intensely hot, and blowing feebly. (TA.) And لَيْلَةٌ مَرِيضَةٌ (tropical:) A night in which no star shines; (A;) in which the sky is clouded, so that there is no light. (TA.) And رَأْىٌ مَرِيضٌ (A, TA) (tropical:) An opinion deviating from what is right. (TA.) مَارِضٌ: see مَرِيضٌ, in two places.

مُمْرِضٌ A man having diseased camels: so in the following trad.: لَا يُورِدُ مُمْرِضٌ عَلَى مُصِحٍّ

[One having diseased camels shall not bring them to water immediately after one whose camels are in a healthy state]: the prohibition being not because of the transition of disease by contagion; but because sometimes disease may befall the healthy beasts, and it may come into the mind of the owner that that is from contagion. (TA.) [See also مُصِحٌّ.]

مِمْرَاضٌ A man frequently diseased or sick. (S, K.) مَمْرُوضٌ see مَرِيضٌ.

مُتَمَرِّضٌ: see مَرِيضٌ. b2: Also, (tropical:) A man weak, or feeble, in his affair. (TA.)
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