William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

ا
ب
ت
ث
ج
ح
خ
د
ذ
ر
ز
س
ش
ص
ض
ط
ظ
ع
غ
ف
ق
ك
ل
م
ن
ه
و
ي
Book Home Page
الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
4025. مذح9 4026. مذر15 4027. مذق14 4028. مذقر8 4029. مذى6 4030. مر54031. مرأ13 4032. مرت13 4033. مرث12 4034. مرج18 4035. مرح17 4036. مرخ14 4037. مرد17 4038. مردقش4 4039. مرز10 4040. مرزجش5 4041. مرس18 4042. مرض23 4043. مرط17 4044. مرطرط1 4045. مرع14 4046. مرغ16 4047. مرن18 4048. مرى5 4049. مز4 4050. مزج17 4051. مزح15 4052. مزد7 4053. مزر15 4054. مزق16 4055. مزن16 4056. مزو3 4057. مس4 4058. مسأ9 4059. مستوتى1 4060. مسح22 4061. مسخ16 4062. مسد15 4063. مسك19 4064. مسل9 4065. مسى5 4066. مش5 4067. مشت3 4068. مشج15 4069. مشط15 4070. مشل6 4071. مشن8 4072. مشى4 4073. مص4 4074. مصت6 4075. مصح11 4076. مصخ8 4077. مصد9 4078. مصر19 4079. مصع14 4080. مصل12 4081. مض4 4082. مضح8 4083. مضر12 4084. مضرح3 4085. مضغ18 4086. مضف1 4087. مضى8 4088. مط4 4089. مطأ4 4090. مطث1 4091. مطر16 4092. مطق9 4093. مطل16 4094. مطى3 4095. مظ3 4096. مع6 4097. معت5 4098. معج11 4099. معد15 4100. معر13 4101. معز16 4102. معس10 4103. معص10 4104. معط15 4105. معق8 4106. معك15 4107. معل9 4108. معن18 4109. معى5 4110. مغث13 4111. مغج5 4112. مغد9 4113. مغر14 4114. مغس7 4115. مغص15 4116. مغط11 4117. مغنطس1 4118. مقأ2 4119. مقت15 4120. مقد6 4121. مقر15 4122. مقط14 4123. مقل17 4124. مكأ5 Prev. 100
«
Previous

مر

»
Next

مر



مَرٌّ A spade; [so in the present day;] syn. مِسْحَاةٌ; (M, K;) with which one works in land of seed-produce: (M and K, voce بَالٌ:) or the handle thereof: (M, K;) and in like manner, of the مِحْرَاث [app. here meaning fire-shovel]: (M:) [see سِخِّينٌ] the thing with which one works in earth, or mud. (Sgh, TA.) مُرَيْرَآءُ An anæsthetic herb: see سَكَرَةٌ.
مر

1 مَرَّ, (S, M, A, Mgh, Msb, K,) aor. مَرُّ, (S, M,) inf. n. مَرٌّ [and مَمَرٌّ] and مُرُورٌ, (S, M, Msb, K,) He, or it, passed; passed by, or beyond; went; went on; proceeded; passed, or went, along, or through, or over; went away; passed

away; syn. جَازَ; (M, K;) and ذَهَبَ; (S, M, Msb, K;) and مَضَى; (A, Mgh;) as also ↓ استمرّ. (S, A, Mgh, K.) You say, مَرَّ الرَّجُلُ, (TK,) and الدَّهْرُ, (Msb,) and الأَمْرُ; and ↓ استمرّ; (A, Mgh;) The man, (TK,) and time, (Msb,) and the affair, (A, Mgh,) passed; &c. (A, Mgh, Msb, TK.) The saying in the Kur, [vii. 189,] حَمَلَتْ حَمْلًا خَفِيفًا فَمَرَّتْ بِهِ signifies i. q. به ↓ استمرّت, (A, K,) which is another reading, (Bd,) i. e., [She bore a light burden in her womb, and] went with it, and moved from place to place, and rose and sat, not being oppressed by its weight: (A:) [or went on with it in the same course or manner:] or went and came with it, by reason of its lightness: (Jel:) or rose and sat with it, (Zj, Bd,) not being oppressed by its weight: (Zj:) so accord. to both the readings mentioned above: (Bd:) by the burden being meant the impregnating fluid. (Bd, Jel, TA.)

b2: [It is also said of water, meaning It ran, or flowed. And one says, مَرَّتِ الرِّيحُ The wind passed along, or blew.]

b3: مَرَّ بِهِ, (S, M, A, Msb, K,) and مَرَّ عَلَيْهِ, (S, A, Msb,) but the former is more common than the latter, (Mughnee, voce بِ,) for which the BenooYarbooa say, مِرَّ عليه, with kesr, (TA,) and مَرَّهُ, [respecting which see what follows the explanation,] (M, K,) aor. مَرُّ, (S,) inf. n. مَرٌّ and مَمَرٌّ (S, A, Msb) and مُرُورٌ; (A, Msb;) and بِهِ ↓ اِمْتَرَّ, and اِمْتَرَّ عَلَيْهِ; (M, K;) He passed, or went, by him, or it; syn. اِجْتَازَ, (S, Msb,) or جَازَ عَلَيْهِ, (M, K,) or جَاوَزَهُ وَذَهَبَ. (A.) مَرَّ

may be a verb trans. by means of a particle and without a particle: or in مَرَّهُ the particle may be suppressed: Jereer says, تَمُرُّونَ الدِّيَارَ وَلَمْ تَعُوجُوا

كَلَامُكُمُ عَلَىَّ إِذًا حَرَامُ

[Ye pass by the dwellings without turning aside and alighting: the speaking to you is therefore forbidden to me]: but it is said that the true reading is مَرَرْتُمْ بِالدِّيَارِ [Ye have passed by the dwellings]: which shows that he feared to make the verb trans. without a particle: IAar says, that مَرَّ زَيْدًا signifies the same as مَرَّ بِهِ [He passed by Zeyd], without being elliptical, but as being properly trans.; but IJ, allowing this, says that it is not a phrase commonly obtaining. (M, TA.)

b4: [مَرَّ عَلَيْهِ also signifies He, or it, passed, or went, along, or over, or across, it.

You say, مَرَّ عَلَى الجِسْرِ He passed, or went, along, or over the bridge, or dyke.] And مَرَّ

السِّكِّينُ عَلَى حَلْقِ الشَّاةِ The knife passed across the throat of the sheep, or goat. (Msb.)

b5: [Also, It (a period of time) passed over him, or it: and it (a calamity) came upon him: see an ex. of the latter signification below, voce مُرٌّ.]

b6: مَرَّ بِهِ as syn. with ↓ أَمَرَّهُ, trans. of مَرَّ: see 4.

A2: مَرَّ, aor. مَرَّ and مَرُّ: see 4.

b2: مَرَّهُ, as trans. of مَرَّ, of which the aor. is مَرَّ: see 2.

b3: مُرَّ His bile, or gall, became roused. (A.) You say مُرِرْتُ [I suffered an attack of bile], from المِرَّةُ, (T,) or مُرِرْتُ بِهِ, (Lh, M, K,) aor. أُمَرُّ, inf. n. مَرٌّ and مِرَّةٌ, (Lh, T, M, K,) the latter of which [in the CK written مَرَّة, but in the T, M, &c. مِرَّة, and expressly said in the TA to be with kesr,] is also a simple subst., (T,) or, as Lh says in one place, مِرٌّ is the inf. n. and مِرَّةٌ is a simple subst., (M, TA,) Bile, or gall, overcame me [by reason of it: app. referring to food]. (K.)

2 مرّرهُ, (inf. n. تَمْرِيرٌ, TA,) He, or it, made it bitter; (S, K;) as also ↓ امرّهُ: (IAar, S:) or ↓ مَرَّهُ, aor. مَرُّ, has this signification, and the first verb has an intensive signification [he, or it, made it very bitter]. (Msb.)

3 مارّهُ, (inf. n. مُمَارَّةٌ and مِرَارٌ, TA,) He passed, passed by or beyond, went, went away, or passed away, (مَرَّ,) with him. (K.)

A2: See also 4, in five places.

4 امرّهُ, (inf. n. إِمْرَارٌ, TA,) He made him, or it, to pass, pass by or beyond, go, go away, or pass away; (A, Msb, TA;) as also بِهِ ↓ مَرَّ. (Msb.)

b2: [Hence,] امرّ الشِّعْرَ [(assumed tropical:) He recited the poetry, especially, with fluency]. (K, art. ذبر.)

b3: امرّهُ بِهِ (in some copies of the K, امترّ به, but the former is the right reading, TA) [and عَلَيْهِ] He made him, or it, to pass, or go, by him, or it, (K.)

b4: امرّهُ عَلَى الجِسْرِ He made him to pass, or go, along, or over, the bridge, or dyke. (Lh, K.) امرّ عَلَيْهِ يَدَهُ [He passed his hand over him, or it]. And امرّ عليه القَلَمَ [He passed the pen over it, or across it]. (A.) أَمْرَرْتُ السِّكِّينَ

عَلَى حَلْقِ الشَّاةِ I passed the knife across the throat of the sheep, or goat. (Msb.) It is said in a trad., respecting the sound that is heard by the angels when a revelation is sent down, كَإِمْرَارِ الحَدِيدِ عَلَى الطَّشْتِ, meaning, Like the dragging, or drawing, (in a trans. sense,) of the iron over the copper basin: and in another trad., صَوْتَ إِمْرَارِ السِّلْسِلَةِ [the sound of the dragging, or drawing, of the chain]: or, accord. to the more common relation, صَوْتَ مِرَارِ السِّلْسِلَةِ عَلَى

الصَّفَا, meaning, the sound of the dragging, (in an intrans. sense) and continuous running, of the chain upon the [smooth] rocks: (IAth, TA:) for ↓ مَارَّ, inf. n. مِرَارٌ, signifies it (a thing) dragged, or became drawn along. (K, TA.)

A2: امرّهُ He twisted it tightly; namely, a rope, (S, A, Msb,) and a thread. (Msb.)

b2: [Hence,] الدَّهْرُ ذُو

نَقْضٍ وَإِمْرَارٍ (tropical:) [Time, or fortune, as it were, untwists and twists tightly]. (A. TA.) [See art. نقض.]

b3: Hence also, امرّهُ (tropical:) He struggled, or strove, with him, (S, A,) and twisted about him, (S,) or twisted his neck, (A,) to throw him down; (S, A;) as also ↓ مارّهُ: (S:) or this latter signifies he twisted himself about him, and turned him round, to throw him down; (K,) [for يُدِيرُهُ, in the K, we find in the L يُرِيدُهُ, which latter is preferred by SM; but I prefer the former; for it also signifies] he turned him round, (namely, a camel,) in order to throw him down: (M:) or ↓ مارّهٌ signifies he struggled, or strove, with him, and twisted his neck, (A,) to throw him down, (AHeyth, T, A,) (AHeyth, T, A,) the latter desiring to do the same; and the inf. n. is مُمَارَّةٌ and مِرَارٌ: (AHeyth, T:) and ↓ إِمْرَأَتُهُ تُمَارُّهُ his wife opposes him, and twists herself about him: (A, TA:) and ↓ مِرَارُ

الحرْبِ is explained by As as signifying the striving to obtain the victory in war. (M.)

A3: امرّ, (inf. n. إِمْرَارٌ, A,) It was, or became, bitter; (Ks, Th, S, M, A, Msb, K;) as also ↓ مَرَّ, (Th, S, M, A, Msb, K,) but this was not known by Ks, and Th says that the former is the more common, (M,) aor. مَرَّ (S, M, Msb, K) and مَرُّ, (Th, M, K,) [whence it seems that the see.

pers. of the pret. is both مَرِرْتَ and مَرُرْتَ,] inf. n. مَرَارَةٌ, (S, M, A, K,) or this is a simple subst.: (Msb;) and ↓ استمرّ (A, Sgh, TA.)

You say, قَدْ أَمَرَّ هَذَا الطَّعَامُ فِى فَمِى This food has become bitter in my mouth: and in like manner you say of anything that becomes bitter. (TA.) You say also, أَمَرَّ عَلَيْهِ العَيْشُ, and عَلَيْهِ ↓ مَرَّ, (tropical:) [Life became bitter to him]. (A.)

And Th cites, تُمِرُّ عَلَيْنَا الأَرْضُ مِنْ أَنْ نَرَى بِهَا

أَنِيسًا وَيَحْلَوْلِى لَنَا البَلَدُ القَفْرُ

[(tropical:) The land is displeasing to us from our seeing in it man, and the desolate country is pleasing to us]: the poet makes تُمِرُّ trans. by means of على, because it implies the meaning of تَضِيقُ [which is made trans. by means of the same particle]. (M, TA) You say also, أَمَرُّ وَأَحْلُو, and أَمُرُّ

وَأَحْلُو, meaning (tropical:) I am bitter at one time, and I am sweet at one time. (IAar, M.) [See also 1 in art. حلو.]

b2: But مَا أَمَرَّ وَمَا أَحْلَى signifies (tropical:) He said not. (IAar, S, M,) and he did not, (IAar, M,) a bitter thing, and he said not, (IAar, S, M,) and he did not, (IAar, M,) a sweet thing. (IAar, S, M.) You say, شَتَمَنِى

فُلَانٌ فَمَا أَمْرَرْتُ وَلَا أَحْلَيْتُ (tropical:) Such a one reviled me, and I did not say a bitter thing, nor did I say a sweet thing. (Lh, T.) And فُلَانٌ مَا يُمِرُّ

وَمَا يُحْلِى (tropical:) Such a one does not injure nor does he profit. (M, K. *)

b3: امرّهُ as syn. with مَرَّرَهُ: see 2.

6 تَمَارَّا They two struggled, or strove, each with the other, and each twisted the other's neck, to throw him down. (A, TA.)

8 امترّ بِهِ, and عَلَيْهِ: see مَرَّ بِهِ.

10 استمرّ: see 1, first signification, in three places.

b2: Also. It (a thing, M) went on in one [uniform] course or manner: (M, K:) it (an affair, A, or anything, Mgh) had a continuous course, or manner of being, &c.; (A, Mgh;)

it continued in the same state; (Mgh:) it (a thing) continued, or obtained: (Msb:) it (said of blood) continued in a regular, uniform, or constant, course. (Mgh.) [And it is often said of a man.]

A2: [It also seems to signify It (a rope) became tightly twisted.

b2: And hence, (assumed tropical:) He, or it, became strong, or firm, like a rope tightly twisted: as in the following phrases.]

استمرّ بِالشَّىْءِ (assumed tropical:) He became strong to bear the thing. (M, K. [See an ex. in a verse cited voce أَصْمَعُ.]) استمرّ مَرِيرُهُ (tropical:) He became firm; as also استمرّت مَرِيرَتُهُ: (A:) or his resolution, or determination, became firm, or strong; (S:) or he became strong, after being weak: and استمرّت مَرِيرَتُهُ his resistance (شَكِيمَة) became

firm. (TA.) You say also, استمرّت مَرِيرَتُهُ عَلَيْهِ (tropical:) He became firm against him, or it: and his resistance (شَكِيمَة) against him, or it, became strong: (K, TA:) and he became accustomed, or habituated, [or inured,] to him, or it: a tropical signification, from the twisting of a rope. (TA.)

b3: [And hence, app.,] استمرّ also signifies (assumed tropical:) His

case, or state of affairs, became right, after having been bad or corrupt: (ISh, T, TA) he repented, and became good, righteous, or virtuous. (A [but not given as tropical].)

A3: As syn. with

أَمَرَّ and مَرَّ, said of food, &c.: see 4.

R. Q. 1 مَرْمَرَ, [inf. n. مَرْمَرَةٌ, He murmured; grumbled; as also ↓ تَمَرْمَرَ: so in the present day; and probably the primary signification:] he was angry. (IAar, K.)

A2: He made water to pass, or go, upon the surface of the ground. (K.)

R. Q. 2 تَمَرْمَرَ: see 1.

A2: It (the body of a woman, TA) shook; (S, K;) quivered; quaked: (K:) or became in a state of commotion: (Sgh:) or became smooth like [the kind of marble called]

مَرْمَر. (IKtt.) It (sand) moved from side to side, or to and fro. (A, K.)

مَرٌّ: see مَرَّةٌ.

مُرٌّ Bitter; (S, A, Msb, K;) contr. of حُلْوٌ; (K;) as also ↓ مَرِيرٌ and ↓ مُمِرٌّ: (A:) fem. مُرَّةٌ: (Msb, TA:) pl. masc. أَمْرَارٌ, (T, S, M,) and pl. fem. مَرَائِرُ, contr. to rule, (Msb,) because مُرَّةٌ means خَبِيثَةُ الطَّعْمِ [bad-tasted; and the pl. of خبيثة is خَبَائِثُ]. (Msb, voce حُرٌّ.) You say بَقْلَةٌ مُرَّةٌ [A bitter leguminous plant]: and هَذِهِ

البَقْلَةُ مِنْ أَمْرَارِ البُقْولِ [This leguminous plant is one of the bitter leguminous plants]. (T.) and شَجَرَةٌ مُرَّةٌ [A bitter tree]: pl. شَجَرٌ مَرَائِرُ: the only instance of the kind except حَرَائِرُ as pl. of حُرَّةٌ. (Suh, in Msb, art. حر.)

b2: [Hence the saying,] رِعْىُ بنى فُلَانٍ المُرَّتَانِ, (so in two copies of the S,) or ↓ المُرَّيَانِ, (as in the K,) The pasturage of the sons of such a one is the [bitter tree called] أَلآء and the [bitter plant called] شِيح. (S, K.) [For another application of المُرَّتَانِ, see أَمَرَّ.]

b3: Hence also, (TA,) المُرُّ [Myrrh;] a certain medicine, (K,) like الصَّبِر [or aloes], (TA,) useful for cough, (K,) when sucked (إِسْتِحْلَابًا)

in the mouth, (TA,) and for the sting of the scorpion, (K,) when applied as a plaster, (TA,) and for worms of the intestines, (K,) when taken into the mouth in a dry state, or licked up from the palm of the hand: (TA:) also said to be the same as الصَّبِرُ: (TA:) pl. أَمْرَارٌ. (K.)

b4: عيش مُرٌّ (tropical:) [A bitter life]: like as one says [of the contr.], حُلْوٌ. (TA.)

b5: مَرَّتْ عَلَيْهِ أَمْزَارٌ (tropical:) Afflictions or calamities [came upon him]. (TA.)

b6: نَفْسٌ مُرٌّ (tropical:) A loathing mind, or stomach; syn. خَبِيثَةٌ كَارِهَةٌ. (TA.)

b7: أَبُو مُرَّةَ A surname of Iblees, (S, K,) said to be from a daughter of his named مُرَّةُ [Bitter]. (TA.)

مَرَّةٌ A time; one time; [in the sense of the French fois;] syn. تَارَةٌ: (Msb:) one action; a single action or act; (M, K;) as also ↓ مَرٌّ: (M, K: [but see what follows:]) [a bout; an instance; a case; and a single temporary offection or attack; a fit; as, for instance, of hunger, thirst, disease, and the like:] pl. مَرَّاتٌ (A, Msb) and مِرَارٌ (S, M, A, Msb, K) and مِرَرٌ and ↓ مَرٌّ [or rather this is a coll. gen. n. of which مَرَّةٌ is the n. un.] and مُرُورٌ; (M, K;) the last on the authority of Aboo-'Alee, and occurring in the following verse of Aboo-Dhu-eyb: تَنَكَّرْتَ بَعْدِى أَمْ أَصَابَكَ حَادِثٌ

مِنْ الدَّهْرِ أَمْ مَرَّتْ عَلَيْكَ مُرُورُ

[Hast thou become altered since I saw thee, or hath an accident of fortune befallen thee, or have vicissitudes come upon thee?] but Es-Sukkaree

holds that مرور is an inf. n.; and IJ says, I do not think this improbable, and that the verb is made fem. because the inf. n. implies muchness and genus. (M.) You say فَعَلْتُهُ مَرَّةً [I did it once], (A, Msb,) and مَرَّاتٍ and مِرَارًا [several times]. (A.) [And بِالْمَرَّةِ At once.] and لَقِيَهُ ذَاتَ مَرَّةٍ [He met him once]: only used adverbially: (M, K:) so says Sb. (M.) and لَقِيَهُ ذَاتَ المِرَارِ He met him many times: (M, K:) [or this has a different signification; for]

you say فُلَانٌ يَصْنَعُ ذٰلِكَ الأَمْرَ ذَاتَ المِرَارِ meaning Such a one does that thing sometimes, and sometimes he leaves it undone. (ISk, S.) Also, جِئْتُهُ مَرًّا أَوْ مَرَّيْنِ, i. e., مَرَّةً أَوْ مَرَّتَيْنِ [I came to him once or twice]. (M, K.)

مُرَّةٌ: see مُرٌّ.

مِرَّةٌ a subst. from مَرَّ, and مَرَّ بِهِ and عَلَيْهِ, and أَمَرَّهُ عَلَى الجِسْرِ, [The act of passing, passing by or beyond, going, going away, passing away, &c.]

El-Aashà says, أَلَا قُلْ لِتَيَّا قَبْلَ مِرَّتِهَا اسْلَمِى

[Now say to this damsel, or this little female, (see تَا,) before her passing, Be thou safe]. (M.)

A2: A firm, or strong, twisting. (TA.)

b2: Hence, (TA,) (tropical:) Strength: (ISk, S, A, K:) strength of make: (K:) pl. مِرَرٌ (ISk, K) and أَمْرَارٌ. (K.)

In the Kur, [liii. 6,] ذُو مِرَّةٍ is applied to (assumed tropical:) [The angel] Jibreel [or Gabriel]: (Fr, K, * TA:) whom God hath created endowed with great strength. (TA.) You say also رَجُلٌ ذُو مِرَّةٍ (tropical:) A strong man. (A.) And it is said in a trad., لَا تَحِلُّ الصَّدَقَةُ لِعِنِىٍّ وَلَا لِذِى مِرَّةٍ سَوِىٍّ (tropical:) The giving of alms to one who possesses competence, or riches, is not allowable, nor to him who has strength and is sound in limbs. (TA.)

b3: [Hence also,] (tropical:) Intellect: (K:) or strength of intellect: (S:) and sound judgment: and firmness; syn. إِحْكَامٌ, (K,) and مَتَانَةٌ. (TK.) Yousay إِنَّهُ لَذُو مِرَّةٍ (tropical:) Verily he is possessed of intellect and sound judgment and firmness. (TA.)

b4: Also, A strand, or single twist, of a rope; and so ↓ مَرِيرَةٌ: (L, * TA:) pl. مِرَرٌ. (TA.)

A3: المِرَّةُ [The gall, bile, or choler;] one of the humours of the body; (M, Msb, K;) which are four; (S, TA;)

what is in the مَرَارَة: (S:) or [rather] المِرَّتَانِ

denotes two of the four humours of the body; [namely, the yellow bile (الصَّفْرَآءُ) and the black bile (السَّوْدَآءُ);] the other two humours being the blood (الدَّمُ) and the phlegm (البَلْغَمُ): (TA, art. مزج:) pl. مِرَارٌ. (Msb.)

مُرَارٌ [a coll. gen. n.] A kind of tree; (Msb;) a kind of bitter tree; (S, A, K;) or a kind of sour tree; (TA;) of the best and largest of herbs; (K;) when camels eat of it, their lips become contracted, (S, Msb, K,) and their teeth appear: (K:) n. un. with ة. (S.)

مَرِيرٌ A rope that is slender (S, K) and long and strongly twisted: pl. مَرَائِرُ: (ISk, S:) or that is twisted of more than one strand; as also ↓ ة: pl. of both as above: (TA:) or ↓ مَرِيرَةٌ signifies a strongly twisted rope: or a long and slender rope: (K:) and a strand, or single twist, of a rope; as also ↓ مِرَّةٌ. (K, * TA.) [See an ex. voce سَحَلَ.] See also مُمَرٌّ.

b2: [Hence,] رَجُلٌ مَرِيرٌ (assumed tropical:) A strong man. (S.)

b3: [Hence also,] مَرِيرٌ and ↓ مَريرَِةٌ (assumed tropical:) Resolution, or determination: (S, K;) and ↓ the latter, strength (عِزَّة) of mind. (K.) See also 10.

A2: See also مُرٌّ.

مَرَارَةٌ (a subst., Msb) Bitterness. (S, Msb.)

b2: Hence, مَرَارَةُ النَّفْس (tropical:) A loathing (خُبْثٌ

وَكَرَاهَةٌ) of the mind or stomach. (TA.)

A2: [The gall-bladder;] that in which is the مِرَّة; (S;) a certain thing adhering to the liver, (K,) and serving to render the food wholesome, or quickly digestible; (TA;) pertaining to every animal except the camel (A, Msb, K) and the ostrich (K) and some few others, as is well known:] pl. مَرَائِرُ. (Msb.) [The camel is really destitute of a gall-bladder, as are several other animals; but]

one says of the camel لَا مَرَارَةَ لَهُ meaning (tropical:) He has no daring. (S, O voce طَحَالٌ, q. v.)

مَرِيرَةٌ: see مَرِيرٌ.

مُرِّىٌّ A certain kind of seasoning, or condiment, eaten with food to render it pleasant or savoury; (S, Msb, K;) like كَامَخ; (K;) or also called كامخ; (Msb;) pronounced by the vulgar without teshdeed. (S.)

مُرَّانٌ A certain kind of tall tree [or plant of the cane-kind]; (K;) a certain kind of tree [or cane] of which spears are made: (S:) and spears made of canes; (K;) made of this kind of tree [or cane]: (TA:) but the word belongs to art. مرن, (S, L,) being of the measure فُعَّالٌ. (L.)

مَرْمَرٌ [Marble: or alabaster: in the present day, more commonly the latter:] i. q. رُخَامٌ: (S, A, Mgh, K:) i. e., a kind of soft white stone: (Mgh:) or a hard kind of رخام: (TA:) or a kind of رخام, but harder and clearer [than what is commonly so called]. (Msb.)

A2: See also مَرْمَارٌ.

مَرْمَارٌ and ↓ مُرْمُورٌ [in the L, TA written مَرْمُورٌ, which is app. a mistake, as صَعْفُوقٌ is said to be the only Arabic word of good authority that is of this measure, and the fem. is expressly said in the K to be with damm,] and ↓ مُرَامِرٌ (M, K) A body (M) soft, (K,) and that quivers, or quakes, [by reason of its fleshiness,] (M, K,) when the person stands up, or rises: (M:) or [simply] soft. (TA.) And مَرَمَارَةٌ and ↓ مُرْمُورَةٌ, (S, M, K,) with damm, (K,) [in two copies of the S written مَرْمُورَةٌ,] applied to a damsel, or girl, (S, K,) or to a woman, (M,) Soft, (S, K,) and quivering, or quaking, in her flesh, (S, M, K,) when she stands up, or rises. (M.)

مُرْمُورٌ and مرْمُورَةٌ: see مَرْمَارٌ.

مُرَامِرٌ: see مَرْمَارٌ.

أَمَرُّ [More, or most, tightly twisted].

b2: [Hence,] فُلَانٌ أَمَرُّ عَقْدًا مِنْ فُلَانٍ (assumed tropical:) Such a one is firmer, and more faithful to his compact, than such a one. (S.)

A2: More, or most, bitter: fem.

مُرَّى: of which the dual is مُرَّيَانِ. (TA.) Yousay, هٰذَا أَمَرُّ مِنْ ذَا [This is more bitter than that]. (S.) And خُذِ الحَلْوَى وَأَعْطِهِ المُرَّى

[Take thou the sweeter, or sweetest, and give to him the bitterer, or bitterest]. (S in art. حلو.)

And it is said in a prov., (A,) by a certain Arab woman, (S,) صُغْرَاهَا مُرَّاهَا (tropical:) [The youngest of them is the most bitter of them]. (S, A.) See Freytag's Arab. Prov., i. 720; where another reading is given, شُرَّاهَا for مُرَاهَّا.]

b2: الأَمَرَّانِ (tropical:) Poverty and decrepitude: (S, K:) or decrepitude and disease. (A.)

b3: Also, (tropical:) Aloes (الصَّبِرُ) and الثُّفَّآءُ, (A, K,) i. e., mustard: (TA:) so in a trad. (A, TA.)

b4: You say also, لَقِيتُ مِنْهُ الأَمَرِّينَ, (T, S, M, K,) with the pl. ن, (T, S,) and with kesr to the ر, (K,) and الأَمَرَّيْنِ, (IAar, M, A, K,) dual of أَمَرُّ, (M,) with fet-h to the ر, (K,) and المُرَّيَيْنِ, dual of مُرَّى, (M,) or ↓ المُرَّتَيْنِ, (as in copies of the K,) (tropical:) I experienced from him, or it, calamities: (S, A:) or evil, and a grievous, or distressing, thing. (M, K.)

مَمَرٌّ A place of مُرُور [i. e. passing; passing by; &c.; or a place of passage: see 1]. (S.) Yousay قَعَدْتُ عَلَى مَمَرِّهِ [I sat at his place of passing]. (A.)

b2: It is also an inf. n.: see ??. (S.)

مُمَرُّ A rope, (S, Msb,) and thread, (Msb,) tightly twisted: (S, Msb:) a rope well twisted: (TA:) and anything twisted. (M, TA.) See also مَرِيرٌ.

b2: [Hence,] (tropical:) A man, and a horse, strongly, or firmly, made. (A, * TA.)

مُمِرٌّ: see مُرٌّ.

مَمْرُورٌ Overcome by bile; (S;) a man whose bile is roused. (A.)

بَعِيدُ المُسْتَمَرِّ, with fet-h to the second م, Strong in altercation, not weary of labouring or striving. (S, K.) A'Obeyd cites the following verse: وَجَدْتَنِى أَلْوَى بَعِيدَ المُسْتَمَرْ

أَحْمِلُ مَا حُمِّلْتُ مِنْ خَيْرٍ وَشَرْ

[Thou findest me very contentious, strong in altercation, not weary of labouring or striving, bearing what is imposed on me of good and evil]. (S, T, A.) IB says, that this rejez is commonly ascribed to 'Amr Ibn-'Ás, but it is said to be quoted by him from Artáh Ibn-Suheiyeh: Sgh says, that it is ascribed to El-'Ajjáj, but is not his; and to En-Nejáshee El-Hárithee; and Aboo-Mohammad ElAarábee says, that it is by Musáwir Ibn-Hind. (TA.)

مُسْتَمِرٌّ act. part. n. of 10, q. v.

b2: عَادَةٌ مُسْتَمِرَّةٌ

A custom constantly obtaining; unvarying. (A, Mgh.)

b3: سِحْرٌ مُسْتَمِرٌّ [in the Kur, liv. 2,] En-chantment going on: or having one continuous course: or continuing in the same manner: or continuing in a regular, uniform, or constant, course: (Mgh:) or passing away, and vain, or ineffectual: or (assumed tropical:) strong: (K:) or bitter. (TA.)

b4: فِى يَوْمِ نَحْسٍ مُسْتَمِرٍّ [in the Kur, liv. 19,] In a day of ill fortune that was lasting, or continual: (Zj, K:) or of which the evil, (K:) or ill luck, (TA,) was continual; (K, TA:) or effective, (K, * TA,) with respect to that which it was ordered and constrained to accomplish: (K:) or (assumed tropical:) potent in its evil fortune: or bitter: or in a Wednesday that did not come round again in the month: (K:) or in the last Wednesday of the month of Safar. (TA.)
You are viewing Lisaan.net in filtered mode: only posts belonging to William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن are being displayed.