William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
4303. نزل20 4304. نزه16 4305. نزو8 4306. نس5 4307. نسأ18 4308. نسب164309. نسج15 4310. نسح8 4311. نسخ16 4312. نسر16 4313. نسع10 4314. نسغ8 4315. نسف16 4316. نسك15 4317. نسل16 4318. نسم17 4319. نش4 4320. نشأ15 4321. نشب14 4322. نشج12 4323. نشد12 4324. نشر19 4325. نشز17 4326. نشط18 4327. نشف16 4328. نشق13 4329. نص5 4330. نصأ7 4331. نصب19 4332. نصح15 4333. نصر14 4334. نصع12 4335. نصف21 4336. نصل17 4337. نصم3 4338. نصى2 4339. نض4 4340. نضب15 4341. نضج15 4342. نضح16 4343. نضد16 4344. نضر17 4345. نضل16 4346. نضو10 4347. نطأ1 4348. نطب8 4349. نطح15 4350. نطر11 4351. نطس13 4352. نطش6 4353. نطع15 4354. نطف17 4355. نطق15 4356. نطل13 4357. نطم3 4358. نطو6 4359. نظر18 4360. نظف17 4361. نظم15 4362. نعب14 4363. نعت14 4364. نعث6 4365. نعج13 4366. نعر15 4367. نعس16 4368. نعش14 4369. نعظ8 4370. نعق15 4371. نعل17 4372. نعم23 4373. نعو6 4374. نغ2 4375. نغب11 4376. نغت4 4377. نغث3 4378. نغر15 4379. نغص12 4380. نغض16 4381. نغف13 4382. نغق11 4383. نغل15 4384. نغم12 4385. نغو4 4386. نفأ7 4387. نفت8 4388. نفث18 4389. نفج13 4390. نفخ15 4391. نفد16 4392. نفذ19 4393. نفر20 4394. نفز9 4395. نفس21 4396. نفش18 4397. نفض16 4398. نفط15 4399. نفع14 4400. نفق21 4401. نفل20 4402. نفى5 Prev. 100
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نسب

1 نَسَبَهُ, aor. نَسُبَ, (S, K,) inf. n. نَسْبٌ and نِسْبَةٌ; (S;) and aor. نَسِبَ, inf. n. نَسَبٌ and نِسْبَةٌ; (K, TA;) He mentioned his [i. e. another's] relationship, [lineage, or genealogy]; (S, K;) saying, He is such a one, the son of such a one; or He is of such a tribe, or city; or of such an art, or such a trade; and the like. (Lb. T.) b2: نَسَبَهُ, aor. نَسُبَ, inf. n. نَسْبٌ, He traced up his [i. e. another's] lineage to his greatest ancestor. (TA.) b3: نَسَبَهُ, [aor. نَسُبَ?,] He asked him to mention, or tell him, his relationship, [lineage, or genealogy]. (K.) b4: إِلَيْهِ ↓ جَلَسْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَنَسَبَنِى قَانْتَسَبْتُ (tropical:) [I sat by him, and he asked me to tell him my lineage; so I mentioned my lineage to him]. (A.) b5: لَهَا ↓ نَسَبَتْنَا فَانْتَسَبْنَا [She asked us to tell her our lineage; so we mentioned our lineage to her]. (IAar, from a trad.) b6: نَسَبَهُ الى فُلَانٍ He asserted him to be related to such a one: and he referred his lineage, or origin, to such a one. b7: He referred the origin or derivation of his name to such a one. b8: He attributed, or ascribed, it to such a one. See, for ex. صَدَّقَ and كَذَّبَ in the Msb. b9: نَسَبَهُ إِلَى كَذَا (tropical:) He referred its origin, or the origin or derivation of its name, to such a thing. b10: He attributed, or ascribed, it to such a thing. b11: ] نَسَبَهُ إِلَى فُلَانٍ He named him, or called him, in relation, or reference, to such a one; meaning an ancestor: and in like manner, in relation, or reference, to a tribe, a town or district, an art or trade, &c. See نِسْبَةٌ. b12: نَسَبَهُ إلَى كذَا (tropical:) He named it, or called it, in relation, or reference, to such a thing. b13: نَسَبَ إِلَيْهِ كَذَا, and, by inversion, نَسَبَهُ إِلَى

كَذَا, (see S and K, in art. جهل, &c.) (tropical:) He attributed or imputed to him, or charged him with, or accused him of, such a thing; namely, a fault &c. Both phrases are often used as signifying thus by classical writers, and in the present day.] b14: نَسَبَ بِالْمَرْأَةِ, (S, K,) aor. نَسِبَ, (S,) and نَسُبَ, (L,) inf. n. نَسِيبٌ (S, K) and نَسَبٌ and مَنْسَبَةٌ, (K,) i. q. شَبَّبَ بِهَا; q. v.; (S, K;) He mentioned the woman in an amatory manner, in the beginning [or prelude] of a poem: (TA, voce شبّب:) he mentioned the woman in amatory language, in the beginning of a قَصِيدَة, and then turned to the object of praise: [for it is a general rule to commence a قصيدة in praise of a king, or hero, or the like, with نسيب; the transition from this is termed التَّخَلُّصُ: see also اِقْتَضَبَ:] (IKh:) he mentioned the woman in his poem, describing her as characterized by beauty and youth &c.: (Lb:) or describing her as characterized by good qualities, whether truly or falsely. (Z.) This phrase and نَسَبَ الرَّجُلَ both signify description; the latter signifying “ he described the man with relation to his father, or his city or country, or the like; ” and the former phrase, he described the woman as characterized by beauty and youth and love or affection &c. (IDrst.) نَسِيبٌ is also employed to signify the describing of the places where the objects of love have taken up their abode in the season of the رَبِيع and at other times, and the lover's longing to meet them and be united with them, and what else is comprised in the signification of the words تَشْبِيبٌ and غَزَلٌ. (MF.) [See غَزِلَ, and غَزَلٌ.]3 ناسبهُ He shared with him in relationship. (TA.) b2: فُلَانٌ يُنَاسِبُ فُلَانًا Such a one is related to, or a relation of, such a one. (S.) b3: ناسبه, inf. n. مُنَاسَبَةٌ, (tropical:) He, or it, bore relation to, resembled, was similar to, conformable to, analogous to, correspondent to, suitable to, befitted, him or it. (S, K, Msb.) See also نِسْبَةٌ.4 انسبتِ الرِّيحُ The wind was violent, and drove along the dust and pebbles: (K:) [as also انشبت].5 تنسّب He asserted himself to be a relation, or kinsman, or to be related, [إِلَيْكَ] to thee. Hence the proverb, القَرِيبُ مَنْ تَقَرَّبَ لَا مَنْ تَنَسَّبَ: (S, K:) i. e. He is [indeed] an ally who allies himself by affection and friendship: not he who asserts himself to be a kinsman. (TA.) 6 تناسبوا (tropical:) They were mutually, or reciprocally, related; resembled one another; were similar, conformable, analogous, correspondent, or suitable, one to another; befitted one another. (TA.) See also نِسْبَةٌ. b2: [And تناسب It was suitable in its parts, proportionate, symmetrical, or uniform.]8 إِنْتَسَبَ See 10 and 1. b2: انتسب إِلَى أَبِيهِ He asserted his relationship to his father, whether truly or falsely; (S;) [saying, I am the son of such a one: as was generally done by a champion when he sallied forth to challenge]. b3: انتسب إِلَيْهِ It (a voice) was attributed, or ascribed, to him. (TA, art. غنث.) 10 استنسب (K) and ↓ انتسب (TA) He mentioned his [i. e. his own] relationship, [lineage, or genealogy]. (K.) One says to a man, in asking him respecting his relationship, &c., إِسْتَنْسِبْ لَنَا أَىْ إِنْتَسِبْ لَنَا حَتَّى نَعْرِفَكَ [Mention thy relationship, or lineage, to us, that we may know thee]. (AZ.) Q. Q. 1 نَيْسَبَ بَيْنَهُمَا, inf. n. نَيْسَبَةٌ, He went to and fro between them two with malicious and mischievous misrepresentations, calumnies, or slanders, &c. (L, K.) نَسْبٌ: see نَسَبٌ.

نَسَبٌ and ↓ نِسْبَهٌ and ↓ نُسْيَةٌ (S, K) Relationship; relation; kindred; consanguinity; [family; race; lineage; parentage; pedigree; genealogy; origin; reputed relationship or lineage or origin;] (K;) with respect to father and mother; (ISk;) or with respect to fathers only: (K:) pl. of the first, أَنْسَابٌ; (S;) of the ↓ second, نِسَبٌ; and of the ↓ third, نُسَبٌ. (Msb.) The first, by poetical license, is contracted into ↓ نَسْبٌ. (T.) [You say,] بَيْنَهُمَا نَسَبٌ Between them is relationship; said whether they may lawfully marry one another, or not. (Msb.) See نَسِيبٌ.

نِسْبَةٌ (tropical:) Relation; proportion; comparison; with respect to quantity, or measure, and the like. See نَسَبٌ. b2: بِنِسْبَةِ كَذَا In proportion to such a thing. b3: نِسْبَةُ العَشَرَةِ إِلَى المِائَةِ The proportion of ten to a hundred is [that of a tenth]. (Msb.) b4: [You also say بِالنِّسْبَةِ إِلَى كَذَا In relation to, or in comparison with, such a thing.] b5: نِسْبَةٌ A name of relation to a father, mother, tribe, town or district, art or trade, &c.: [as عَلَوِىٌّ, فَاطِمِىٌّ, قُرَشِىٌّ, مَكِّىٌّ, جَوْهَرِىٌّ:] ending with ىّ. A more general name of this kind should precede a more particular one: thus you say القُرَشِىُّ الهَاشِمِىُّ: and it is better that a name of relation to a tribe should precede one of relation to a town or the like: thus you say القُرَشِىُّ المَكِّىُّ. It is said that the Arabs originally called themselves by such names only in relation to tribes; and that, when they took up their abodes in cultivated lands and in cities, they borrowed names of relation to towns and the like from the Persians and Copts. (Msb.) b6: نِسْبَةٌ (TA) and ↓ مُنَاسَبَةٌ (S, K) and ↓ تَنَاسُبٌ (TA) (tropical:) Resemblance; similarity; conformity; analogy; correspondence; suitableness; fitness. (S, K, TA.) Ex. بَيْنَ الشَّيْئَيْنِ نسبةٌ, and ↓ مناسبةٌ, and ↓ تناسبٌ, Between the two things is a resemblance, &c. بَيْنَهُمَا نسبةٌ قَرِيبَةٌ. Between them two is a near resemblance, &c. (TA.) [نِسْبَةٌ حُكْمِيَّةٌ The relation of a predicate to its subject (in books on logic).]

نُسْبَةٌ: see نَسَبٌ.

نَسِيبٌ i. q. ↓ مُنَاسِبٌ, [A sharer in relationship; one who becomes a sharer in relationship by marriage]: (K:) pl. نُسَبَاءُ and أَنْسِبَاءُ.) (TA.) b2: نَسِيبٌ (S, K) and ↓ مَنْسُوبٌ (K) One related; a relation; a kinsman. (S, K, TA.) You say فُلَانٌ نَسِيبِى [Such a one is my relation]: and هُمْ أَنْسِبَائِى [They are my relations]. (TA.) ↓ نَسَبٌ, also, is used for ذُو نَسَبٍ [A relation, or kinsman]; and means a male, or female, relation; (Jel, xxv. 56;) and for ذَوُو نَسَبٍ [relations, or kinsmen]. (Bd, ibid.) [See also صِهْرٌ.] b3: نَسِيبٌ and ↓ مَنْسُوبٌ A man of rank, or quality, or the like, and of family, or lineage. (TA.) b4: ↓ نَسِيبٌ نَاسبٌ [An elegant amatory mentioning of a woman, or of women, in the beginning of a poem] is a phrase like شَعْرٌ شَاعِرٌ. (K.) See أَنْسَبُ.

نَسَّابٌ (K) and ↓ نَسَّابَةٌ (S, K.) Skilful in genealogy: (K:) [or rather, the former signifies very skilful in genealogies; or a great genealogist:] the latter, possessing the utmost knowledge in genealogies; or a most skilful genealogist: [this being of a doubly intensive form;] the ة being annexed to render the epithet one of excessive praise: (S:) pl. of the former نَسَّابُونَ, and of the latter نَسَّابَاتٌ: (TA:) you say عِنْدِى ثَلَاثَةُ نسّاباتٍ, meaning ثلاثة رِجَالٍ نسّاباتٍ. (S.) نَسَّابَةٌ: see نَسَّابٌ.

نَاسِبٌ: see نَسِيبٌ.

نَيْسَبٌ A straight, or direct, and conspicuous, or open, road, or way: (K:) or narrow road, or way: (TA:) as also ↓ نَيْسَبَانٌ: (K:) some say نَيْسَمٌ, which is a dial. form: (TA:) or نيسب signifies the traces of a road, or way. (K.) b2: Also نَيْسَبٌ Ants that appear like a road; (S;) ants following one another uninterruptedly. (K.) Dukeyn Ibn-Rejà says, عَيْنًا تَرَى النَّاسَ إِلَيْهَا نَيْسَبَا [A source to which thou seest the people (repairing like) ants proceeding in uninterrupted succession]. (S.) b3: Also, the track of ants, (ISd, K,) and of a serpent, and of wild asses going to their watering-places. (TA.) نَيْسَبَانٌ: see نَيْسَبٌ.

هٰذَا الشِّعْرُ أَنْسَبُ This poetry is more, or most. elegant in what is termed نَسِيب. see 2: (K:) as though they had said نَسِيبٌ نَاسِبٌ, like شِعْرٌ شَاعِرٌ, to give intensiveness to the signification, and thence formed the word أَنْسَبُ. (TA.) خَطٌّ مَنْسُوبٌ [A] regular [hand-writing]: syn. ذُو قَاعِدَةٍ: (TA:) [properly, named in relation to its author &c.] b2: شِعْرٌ مَنْسُوبٌ Poetry, or a poem, in which is نَسِيب, [or an amatory mention of a woman, or women, in its beginning]: pl. مَنَاسِيبُ. (K.) See نَسِيبٌ.

مُنَاسِبٌ: see نَسِيبٌ.

مُنَاسَبَةٌ and تَنَاسُبٌ: see نِسْبَةٌ.
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