William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
4387. نفت9 4388. نفث19 4389. نفج14 4390. نفخ16 4391. نفد17 4392. نفذ204393. نفر21 4394. نفز10 4395. نفس22 4396. نفش19 4397. نفض18 4398. نفط16 4399. نفع15 4400. نفق22 4401. نفل21 4402. نفى5 4403. نقب25 4404. نقت7 4405. نقث9 4406. نقح16 4407. نقخ10 4408. نقد16 4409. نقذ16 4410. نقر20 4411. نقرس11 4412. نقز15 4413. نقس18 4414. نقش17 4415. نقص20 4416. نقض21 4417. نقط14 4418. نقع20 4419. نقف14 4420. نقل17 4421. نقلس2 4422. نقم18 4423. نقه14 4424. نقى2 4425. نكأ11 4426. نكب17 4427. نكت15 4428. نكث18 4429. نكح15 4430. نكد17 4431. نكر18 4432. نكز12 4433. نكس20 4434. نكش13 4435. نكص16 4436. نكع10 4437. نكف18 4438. نكل20 4439. نكه15 4440. نكى5 4441. نلج1 4442. نلك5 4443. نم6 4444. نمأ5 4445. نمت4 4446. نمذج5 4447. نمر17 4448. نمس21 4449. نمش16 4450. نمص13 4451. نمط16 4452. نمغ9 4453. نمل19 4454. نمى6 4455. نه1 4456. نهأ8 4457. نهب17 4458. نهت9 4459. نهج18 4460. نهد15 4461. نهر20 4462. نهز16 4463. نهس18 4464. نهش14 4465. نهض13 4466. نهق15 4467. نهك15 4468. نهل15 4469. نهم16 4470. نهى9 4471. نوأ13 4472. نوب17 4473. نوت8 4474. نوث3 4475. نوح18 4476. نوخ14 4477. نور19 4478. نوس18 4479. نوش17 4480. نوص12 4481. نوط18 4482. نوع14 4483. نوف11 4484. نوق15 4485. نول14 4486. نون14 Prev. 100




1 نَفَذَ, aor. نَفُذَ, (M, L,) inf. n. نَفَاذٌ and نُفُوذٌ, (M, L, K,) It went, or passed, through: (L:) or it went, or passed, through a thing, and became clear of it. (M, L, K.) b2: نَفَذْتُ I went, or passed, through. (L.) b3: نَفَذَ السَّهْمُ, aor. نَفُذَ, inf. n. نُفُوذٌ and نَفَاذٌ, The arrow perforated, transpierced, or pierced through, the animal at which it was shot, and went forth from it: (Msb:) or نَفَذَ السَّهْمُ الرَّمِيَّةَ, (M, L,) and نَفَذَ مِنْهَا, (S, L,) and فِيهَا, (M, A, L,) aor. نَفُذَ, (M, L,) inf. n. نَفَاذٌ (M, A, L, K) and نُفُوذٌ (A) and نَفْذٌ, (M, L, K,) the arrow penetrated into the inside of the animal at which it was shot, and its extremity went forth from the other side, or protruded from it, the rest remaining therein; the extremity of the arrow passed through the animal at which it was shot, the rest remaining therein; (M, L, K;) a part of the arrow passed through, or went forth or protruded from, the animal at which it was shot. (A, art. صرد.) See سهْمٌ نَافِذٌ b4: نَفَذَتِ الطَّعْنَةُ The wound made by a spear or the like passed through, or beyond, the other side (T, L.) b5: اُنْفُذْ عَنْكَ Go thou from thy place; pass thou from it. (L.) [See also عَنْ.] b6: نَفَذَ لِوَجْهِهِ He went his way. (TA.) b7: نَفَد الطَّرِيقُ (tropical:) The road was [a thoroughfare (see نَافِذٌ)] pervious, or passable, to every one in common. (Msb.) b8: هٰذَا الطَّرِيقُ يَنْفُدُ إِلَى مَكَانِ كَذَا [This road is a thoroughfare, along which every one may pass, to such a place]. (T, M, * L.) b9: نَفَذَ الَمْنزِلُ إِلَى الطَّرِيقِ (tropical:) The house, or abode, [was a thoroughfare, and] communicated with the road. (Msb.) b10: نَفَذَ القَوْمَ He passed through the people, and left them behind him; (T, M, L, K;) as also ↓ أَنْفَذَهُمْ; (L, K;) or only the former is used in this sense (L.) See also the latter. b11: نَفذَهُمُ البَصَرُ (tropical:) The sight reached them, and extended beyond them: (Ks, L:) or, extended over them all: (A'Obeyd, L:) you say also, البَصَرُ ↓ أَنْفَذَهُمُ in the former sense (L:) [or The sight penetrated into the midst of them: see أَنْفَذَ القَوْمَ.] b12: نَفَذَ رَأْيُهُ (assumed tropical:) His judgment was penetrating; syn. ثَفَبَ. (K in art ثفب) b13: نَفَذَ فِى الأَمْرِ (tropical:) He acted, or went on, with penetrative energy, or with sharpness, vigorousness, and effectiveness, in the affair; syn. مَضَى (S, K, art. مضى.) b14: نَفَذَ الكِتَابُ إِلَى فُلَانٍ, inf. n. نَفَاذٌ and نُفُوذٌ, (tropical:) [The letter passed to, came to, or reached, such a one]: (S, L:) [and in like manner, الرَّسُولُ the messenger: see 4.] b15: نَفَذَ الأَمْرُ,and القَوْلُ, (assumed tropical:) The command, or order, and the saying, was effectual; had effect; was, or became, executed, or performed; syn. مَضَى. (Msb.) b16: نَفَذَ العِتْقُ (assumed tropical:) [The act of emancipation had, or took effect; was, or became, executed. or performed; and in like manner, a covenant, contract, sale, &c.: see 4]. App. a met. expression, from نُفُوذُ السَّهْمِ; because there is no retracting it. (Msb.) b17: يَنْفُدُ بَيْنَنَا (tropical:) He shall judge between us, and make his command or order to have effect, or execute or perform it. (L.) b18: لَهُ نَفَاذٌ فِى الأُمُورِ (tropical:) [He has ability in affairs, to execute, or perform]. (A.) 2 نَفَّذَ see 4.3 نافذهُ (assumed tropical:) He cited him before a judge. It is said in a trad., ان نَافَذْتَهُمْ نَافَذُوكَ If thou cite them before a judge, they will do the same to thee; meaning, If thou say to them, they will say to thee. Accord. to one relation, the verb is with ق and د. (L.) [Accord. to another, it is with ف and ذ.]4 انفذ السَّهْمَ, (A, Msb,) and ↓ نفّذهُ, (Msb,) He made the arrow to pierce, and go forth from, or to pass through, the animal at which it was shot: (Msb:) [or, to penetrate within the animal at which it was shot, and to protrude its extremity from the other side, the rest remaining within; accord. to the explanation of نَفَذَ السَّهْمُ in the M, L, K: or to penetrate the animal at which it was shot, and to protrude a part of it from the other side; accord. to the explanation of سَهْمٌ نَافِذٌ in the A, art. صرد.] You say also, أَنْفَذْتُ فِيهِ السَّهْمَ [I made the arrow to pierce, or penetrate, him, &c.] (A.) b2: رَمَيْتُهُ فَأَنْفَذْتُهُ I shot, or cast, at him, and pierced, or made a hole, through him. (Mgh.) b3: See 1. b4: انفذ الأَمْرَ (assumed tropical:) [He brought to pass the command, or order; made it effectual; made it to have effect; executed or performed it: and in like manner, the saying: see 1]. b5: (assumed tropical:) He executed, performed, or accomplished, the affair. (M, L, K.) b6: انفذ القَوْمَ He became [or entered] among the people: (M, L:) in the copies of the K, explained by صَارَ مِنْهُمْ; but the correct reading is بَيْنَهُمْ [as in the M and L]: (TA:) or he penetrated into them, and went, or walked, in the midst of them. (T, L, K.) See also نَفَذَ القَوْمَ. b7: انفذ كِتَابًا إِلَى فُلَانٍ; (S, L;) and ↓ نفّذهُ, (A,) inf. n. تَنْفِيذٌ; (S, L;) (tropical:) [He sent, or transmitted, a letter to such a one; caused it to pass to or to reach him]: and in like manner, رَسُولًا a messenger. (A.) b8: انفذ عَهْدَهُ, inf. n. إِنْفَاذٌ (assumed tropical:) He made his covenant, or contract, or the like, to take effect; executed or performed it: [and in like manner, an act of emancipation: see 1.] (L, TA.) 6 تَنَافَذُوا إِلَيْهِ (assumed tropical:) They came to him, (namely, a judge,) and referred to him their cause, or suit, for judgment. When each party adduces his plea, or allegation, one says تنافدوا, with د, unpointed. (Aboo-Sa'eed, T, L, K. *) طَعْنَةٌ لَهَا نَفَذٌ i. q. طَعْنَةٌ نَافِذَةٌ; (S;) A wound having a passage through the other side; by نَفَذٌ being meant مَنْفَذٌ, or نُفُوذٌ: (T, L:) pl. أَنْفَاذٌ. (A.) Keys Ibn-El-Khateem says (see Ham. p. 85), طَعَنْتُ ابْنَ عَبْدِ القَيْسِ طَعْنَةَ ثَائِرٍ

لَهَا نَفَذٌ لَوْلَا الشَّعَاعُ أَضَاءَهَا (T, S, L) I pierced the son of 'Abd-El-Keys with the wound of one making an angry assault, that had a passage through, which, but for the spirtling blood, would have made it show the light through him. (T, L [See also شُعَاعٌ.]) See also مَنْفَذٌ. b2: نَفَذٌ (tropical:) A place, or way, or means, of exit, escape, or safety; syn. مَخْرَجٌ (T, S, A, L, K.) So in the saying أَتَى بِنَفَذِ مَا قَالَ (tropical:) He effected a means of escape from [the natural consequences of] what he had said; i. e., بِالمَخْرَجِ مِنْهُ. (T, S, A, L, K.) It occurs in a trad., where it is said, that unless a man who has published against a Muslim a charge of which he is clear do this, he is to be punished. (T, L.) b3: نَفَذٌ a subst., (M, L,) used in the sense of إِنْفَاذٌ: (T, M, L, K: *) نَفَذٌ أَمْرٍ signifying (assumed tropical:) [The making a command, or order, effectual; making it to have effect; to be executed or performed;] i. q. إِنْفَاذُهُ: (T, L:) you say, أَمَرَ بِنَفَذِهِ (assumed tropical:) He commanded that it should have effect, or be executed or performed;] i. e., بِإِنْفَاذِهِ: (M, L:) and قام المُسْلِمُونَ بِنَفَذِ الكِتَابِ (assumed tropical:) [The Muslims accomplished the execution, or performance, of what was in the Scripture:] i. e. بإِنفَاذِ مَا فِيهِ. (T, A, L.) نَفُوذٌ: see نَافِذٌ.

أَمْرٌ نَفِيذٌ (assumed tropical:) An affair arranged, or made easy. (L.) See also نَافِذٌ.

نَفَّاذٌ: see نَافِذٌ.

سَهْمٌ نَافِذٌ [An arrow that perforates, transpierces, or pierces through, and goes forth from, or passes through, the animal at which it is shot; accord. to the explanation of the verb in the Msb: or, that penetrates into the inside of the animal at which it is shot, and of which the extremity goes forth from the other side, or protrudes from it, the rest remaining therein; accord. to the explanation of the verb in the M, L, K: or,] of which a part has passed through the animal at which it is shot: when the extremity only has passed through, it is termed صارِدٌ; and when the whole of it has passed through, مَارِقٌ. (A, art. صرد.) b2: طَعْنَةٌ نَافِذَةٌ A wound made by a spear or the like passing through both sides: (M, L:) pl. طَعَنَاتٌ نَوَافِذُ. (A.) See also نَفَذٌ. b3: طَرِيقٌ نَافِذٌ (tropical:) A road which is a thoroughfare; (T, M, L, K;) [pervious;] not stopped up; (T, L;) along which every one may pass. (T, A, L, Msb.) See also مَنْفَذٌ. b4: نَافِذٌ sing. of نَوَافِذُ, (Msb,) which signifies All the holes, or perforations, by which joy or grief is conveyed to the mind (of a man, Msb); as the two ear-holes, (IAar, on the authority of Abu-l-Mekárim, T, L, Msb, K,) and the two nostrils, and the mouth, and the anus: (IAar, T, L, K: *) called by the doctors of practical law مَنَافِذُ, which is contr. to analogy: see مَنْفَِذٌ. (Msb.) b5: نَافِذٌ and ↓ نَفُوذٌ and ↓ نَفَّاذٌ [but the second and third are intensive epithets] (tropical:) A man (M, L) penetrating, or acting with a penetrative energy, or sharp, energetic, vigorous, and effective, (مَاضٍ,) in all his affairs. (M, L, K.) b6: رَجُلٌ نَافِذٌ فِى أَمْرِهِ (tropical:) A man penetrating, or acting with a penetrative energy, or sharp, vigorous, and effective, in his affair; (S, L;) and فى الأُمُورِ in affairs. (A.) b7: أَمْرُهُ نَافِذٌ (assumed tropical:) His command, or order, is effectual; has effect; is executed, or performed; syn. مَاضٍ (K;) and obeyed; (S, L, Msb, K; *) as also ↓ نَفِيذٌ. (K.) b8: دَائِرَةٌ نَافِذَةٌ A feather, or curl of hair in a horse's coat, of the kind which, when it is only on one side, is called هَقْعَةٌ, but which is on both sides. (AO, T, L.) ذَا مَنْفَذُ القَوْمِ, and ↓ نَفَذُهْمُ; and هٰذِهِ مَنَافِذُهُمْ, and أَنْفَاذُهُمْ, [This is the place of passage of the people, and these are their places of passage]. (A.) b2: هٰذَا الطَّرِيقُ مَنْفَذٌ لِمَحَلِّ كَذَا (tropical:) This road is a way along which every one may pass to such a place. (A.) b3: فِيهِ مَنْفَذٌ للقَوْمِ (tropical:) In it (the road) is a [free, or an open,] passage to, or for, the people. (T, L.) See also نَافِذٌ.

مَنْفِذٌ, in measure like مَسْجِدٌ, [or مَنْفَذٌ, agreeably with analogy, as it is written in copies of the T, A, L,] A place by which a thing passes through; [a thoroughfare; an outlet; a place of egress:] pl. مَنَافِذُ. (Msb.) See also نَافِذٌ.

مُنْتَفَذٌ (assumed tropical:) Ample room, space, or scope, or liberty to act &c.: (syn. سَعَةٌ, (M, L, K, TA,) and مَنْدُوحَةٌ: (TA:) [ample means of escape: see also نَفَذٌ:] you say, إِنَّ فِى ذٰلِكَ لَمُنْتَفَذًا Verily in that there is ample room, scope, or means [for action, or for escape]. (TA.) See also مُنْتَفَدٌ.
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