William Edward Lane, Arabic-English Lexicon مدُّ القَامُوس، معجم عربي إنجليزي لوليام إدوارد لَيْن

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الصفحة الرئيسية للكتاب
Number of entries in this book
عدد المواضيع في هذا الكتاب 4952
4391. نفد17 4392. نفذ20 4393. نفر21 4394. نفز10 4395. نفس22 4396. نفش194397. نفض18 4398. نفط16 4399. نفع15 4400. نفق22 4401. نفل21 4402. نفى5 4403. نقب25 4404. نقت7 4405. نقث9 4406. نقح16 4407. نقخ10 4408. نقد16 4409. نقذ16 4410. نقر20 4411. نقرس11 4412. نقز15 4413. نقس18 4414. نقش17 4415. نقص20 4416. نقض21 4417. نقط14 4418. نقع20 4419. نقف14 4420. نقل17 4421. نقلس2 4422. نقم18 4423. نقه14 4424. نقى2 4425. نكأ11 4426. نكب17 4427. نكت15 4428. نكث18 4429. نكح15 4430. نكد17 4431. نكر18 4432. نكز12 4433. نكس20 4434. نكش13 4435. نكص16 4436. نكع10 4437. نكف18 4438. نكل20 4439. نكه15 4440. نكى5 4441. نلج1 4442. نلك5 4443. نم6 4444. نمأ5 4445. نمت4 4446. نمذج5 4447. نمر17 4448. نمس21 4449. نمش16 4450. نمص13 4451. نمط16 4452. نمغ9 4453. نمل19 4454. نمى6 4455. نه1 4456. نهأ8 4457. نهب17 4458. نهت9 4459. نهج18 4460. نهد15 4461. نهر20 4462. نهز16 4463. نهس18 4464. نهش14 4465. نهض13 4466. نهق15 4467. نهك15 4468. نهل15 4469. نهم16 4470. نهى9 4471. نوأ13 4472. نوب17 4473. نوت8 4474. نوث3 4475. نوح18 4476. نوخ14 4477. نور19 4478. نوس18 4479. نوش17 4480. نوص12 4481. نوط18 4482. نوع14 4483. نوف11 4484. نوق15 4485. نول14 4486. نون14 4487. نوه16 4488. نوى9 4489. نيأ11 4490. نيب16 Prev. 100
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نفش

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نفش

1 نَفَشَ, (S, A,) aor. نَفُشَ, (S,) inf. n. نَفْشٌ, (S, A, K,) He separated, or plucked asunder, or loosened, a thing, with his fingers, so that it became spread, or sparse, or dispersed; (A, K;) as also ↓ نفّش, inf. n. تَنْفِيشٌ: (S, K:) or the latter has an intensive signification: and accord. to some, the former signifies he separated a thing not difficult to separate, such as cotton and wool: or he pulled wool until its parts became separated, or plucked asunder, or loosened: (TA:) or he spread, or dispersed, a thing. (MF.) You say, نَفَشْتُ القُطْنَ and الصُّوفَ [I separated or plucked asunder, or loosened, with my fingers, &c., the cotton and the wool]. (S, A.) نَفْشٌ is likewise syn. with نَدْفٌ [the separating and loosening cotton by means of a bow and a wooden mallet]. (TA.) You also say, نَفَشَ الرَّطْبَةَ, inf. n. as above, meaning, He separated what was collected together, or compacted, in the [kind of trefoil called] رطبة. (TA.) And, of a cock, (T, S, in art. بول.) or of a حُبَارَى, (K, in that art.,) when about to fight, (T, K. ibid.,) نَفَشَ بُرَائِلَهُ [He ruffled the feathers around his neck]. (T, S, K, ibid.) A2: It is also intrans syn. with انتفش, q. v. (TA.) b2: [And hence,] نَفَشَتِ الغَنَمُ, (S, A, K,) and الإِبِلُ, (S, Msb, K,) accord. to IDrd the former only, but accord. to others the latter also, and in like manner one says of all beasts, though mostly of غَنَم, (TA,) aor. (S, Msb, K) and نَفِشَ, (S, K,) inf. n. نَفْشٌ, (Msb, K,) or نُفُوشٌ, (S,) or both: (TA;) and نَفشت, aor. نَفَشَ; (IAar. Sgh, K;) The sheep or goats, and the camels, pastured by night without a pastor: (S, Msb, K:) or without the knowledge of a pastor (TA:) or dispersed themselves by night: (A:) or dispersed themselves and pastured by night without knowledge [of the pastor]: or the sheep or goats entered among seed-produce: (TA:) occurring in the Kur, xxi. 78: (S, TA:) the subst. is نَفَشٌ, signifying their dispersion of themselves and pasturing by night without a pastor. (Msb.) 2 نَفَّشَ see 1, first signification.4 انفش الغَنَمَ, (S, A, K.) and الإِبِلَ, (S, K,) He (the pastor) sent the sheep or goats, and the camels, (K, * TA,) or left them, (S, TA,) to pasture by night without a pastor; (S, K, TA,) neglecting them: (TA:) or to disperse themselves by night. (A.) 5 تَنفّشت الهِرَّةُ, (S, A, K,) and ↓ انتفشت, (S, A,) The cat bristled up her hair. (S, A, K.) and in like manner you say of a hyena. (A, TA, *) And تنفّش الدِّيكُ, (A,) or الطَّاِئرُ, (K,) and ↓ انتفش, (A, TA,) The cock, (A,) or bird, (K,) ruffled, (A,) or shook, (K,) his feathers, as though he feared, (A, K,) or threatened, (A,) or trembled. (K.) 8 انتفش i. q. نَفَشَ used intransitively. [signifying It (a thing, or cotton, and wool, and the like,) became separated, or plucked asunder, or loosened, with the fingers, so that it became spread, or sparse, or dispersed; &c., being] quasi-pass. of نَفَشَ used transitively. (TA.) See also مُنْتَفِشٌ. And see 5, in two places.

نَفَشٌ Wool. (IAar, K.) b2: [Hence, app., the saying,] إِنْ لَمْ يَكُنْ شَحْمٌ فَنَفَشٌ, [lit., If there be not fat, then let there be wool;] meaning, (assumed tropical:) If there be not action, then [let there be] a show of action: (IAar, Az, L:) or the last word signifies a little milk. (Meyd, cited by Freytag: see his Arab Prov., i. 70:) it also signifies, [and perhaps in the above saying,] (tropical:) abundance of speech or talk, and of pretensions. (MF.) A2: See also 1, at the end.

A3: And see: نَافِشٌ.

نَفَّاشٌ (assumed tropical:) Proud and boastful. or one who praises himself for that which is not in him; or who says that which he does not. (TA.) A2: A kind of لَيْمُون or citron; the limon sponginus sugosus Ferrari; (Delile, Floræ Aegypt. Illustr., no. 749)] of the largest size, (TA.) نَافِشٌ, applied to a camel [and to a sheep or goat]. fem. نَافشةٌ, Msb, part. n. of 1. (Msb, TA.) You say, إِبِلٌ نَافِشَةٌ, Msb, and نَفَشٌ [quasi-pl. p. of نَافِشٌ] (S, K) and نِفَاشٌ (Msb) and نُفَّاشٌ (S, K) and نُفّشٌ [pls. of نَافشٌ] (TA) and نَوَافِشٌ [pl. of نَافِشةٌ], (S, K,) [and in like manner عَنَمٌ,] Camels [and goats] pasturing by night without a pastur: (S, Msb, K; or dispersing themselves and pasturing by ?? without knowledge [of the pastor] (TA:) نَفَشٌ are only by night; but هَمَلٌ, by night and by day (S,) عِهْنٌ مَنْفُوشٌ (S) Wool of ramous colours separated and loosened by means of bow wooden mallet: (Bd, Jel, ei. 4.) and in like manner, ↓ قُطْنٌ مُسْتَفِشٌ [cotton that is separated, or plucked asunder, or loosened, with the fingers, so that it becomes spread, or dispersed. &c., See 1 and 8]. (TA, voce هَيّبَانٌ,) See also مُسْتَفشٌ, below.

مُنْتَفِشٌ: see مَنْفُوشٌ.b2: ?? A female slave having shaggy or dishevelled hair: (A;) شَعْتآءُ. (K) b3: ?? is likewise applied to anything Swollen, or humid, and loose or flaccid or soft within; as also ↓ مُتَعّشٌ. (Az, K.) b4: You say also أَنْفٌ مُنْتفِشٌ (tropical:) A nose short in the مَارِن [is soft part], and spreading upon the face, like the nose of the زَنْجِىّ] (A;) and ?? has the like signification; as also ↓ ??; (TA;) or in means are cad of a nose spreading upon the face: (K:) and ↓ مُتَبَفّشُ المُنْخِريْنِ, in like manner, wide in the two nostrils. (TA.) See also مُنَتَفّسٌ.

مُتَنَفِّشٌ: see مُنْتَفِشٌ, in three places.
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